Plant Cell vs. Animal Cell

Animal Cell
Plant Cell

Plant and animal cells have several differences and similarities. For example, animal cells do not have a cell wall or chloroplasts but plant cells do. Animal cells are round and irregular in shape while plant cells have fixed, rectangular shapes.

Comparison chart

Animal Cell

Plant Cell

Cell wall Absent Present (formed of cellulose)
Shape Round (irregular shape) Rectangular (fixed shape)
Vacuole One or more small vacuoles (much smaller than plant cells). One, large central vacuole taking up 90% of cell volume.
Centrioles Present in all animal cells Only present in lower plant forms.
Chloroplast Animal cells don't have chloroplasts. Plant cells have chloroplasts because they make their own food.
Cytoplasm Present Present
Endoplasmic Reticulum (Smooth and Rough) Present Present
Ribosomes Present Present
Mitochondria Present Present
Plastids Absent Present
Golgi Apparatus Present Present
Plasma Membrane Only cell membrane Cell wall and a cell membrane
Microtubules/ Microfilaments Present Present
Flagella May be found in some cells May be found in some cells
Lysosomes Lysosomes occur in cytoplasm. Lysosomes usually not evident.
Nucleus Present Present
Cilia Present It is very rare.

Contents: Plant Cell vs Animal Cell

Chloroplasts

Plant cells have chloroplast for photosynthesis whereas animal cells do not have chloroplasts.

Shape

Vacuoles

Shape and size of vacuoles

Animal cells have one or more small vacuoles whereas plant cells have one large central vacuole that can take up to 90% of cell volume.

Difference in function of vacuoles

In plant cells, the function of vacuoles is to store water and maintain turgidity of the cell. Vacuoles in animal cells store water, ions and waste.

Pictures of plant and animal cells

Structure of a Typical Plant Cell (click to enlarge)
Structure of a Typical Plant Cell (click to enlarge)
Structure of a Typical Animal Cell (click to enlarge)
Structure of a Typical Animal Cell (click to enlarge)

Video comparing plant and animal cells

This video summarizes the differences between animal and plant cells:

Types of plant cells

This is a picture of the various types of plant cells, including xylem, phloem, sclerenchyma and collenchyma.
This is a picture of the various types of plant cells, including xylem, phloem, sclerenchyma and collenchyma.

References

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"Plant Cell vs Animal Cell." Diffen.com. Diffen LLC, n.d. Web. 30 Oct 2014. < http://www.diffen.com/difference/Animal_Cell_vs_Plant_Cell >

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Comments: Animal Cell vs Plant Cell

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January 21, 2014, 9:35pm

Shapes are SO varied across plant and animal cells that they should NEVER be used as a comparison... e.g. columnar epithelial cells in animals are cuboidal and parenchyma cells in plant stems are spherical.

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