Behaviourism vs. Constructivism

Behaviourism is a philosophy based on the proposition that all things which organisms do — including acting, thinking and feeling—can and should be regarded as behaviors. In education, behaviourist approaches emphasise changing behaviour through rewarding correct performance.

The constructivist psychologies theorize about and investigate how human beings create systems for meaningfully understanding their worlds and experiences. In education, constructivist approaches emphasise active engagement of learners with the conceptual content through staregies such as talking (not just listening), writing (not just reading), interaction, problem-solving and other 'active' approaches.

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Behaviourism

Constructivism

Introduction (from Wikipedia) Behaviorism or Behaviourism, also called the learning perspective (where any physical action is a behavior) is a philosophy of psychology based on the proposition that all things which organisms do — including acting, thinking and feeling—can and

edit Behaviourism vs Constructivism in Psychology

Behaviorism in psychology based on the proposition that all things which organisms do — including acting, thinking and feeling—can and should be regarded as behaviors. The behaviorist school of psychology maintains that all behaviors can be described scientifically without recourse either to internal physiological events or to hypothetical constructs such as the mind. Behaviorism comprises the position that all theories should have observational correlates but that there are no philosophical differences between publicly observable processes (such as actions) and privately observable processes (such as thinking and feeling).

Constructivism in psychology theorizes about and investigates how human beings create systems for meaningfully understanding their worlds and experiences. In psychotherapy, for example, this frame could translate into a therapist asking questions that confront a client's world-view in an effort to expand his or her meaning-making habits. The assumption here is that clients encounter problems not because life is inherently problematic or because they have a mental disease but because of the language the client used to describe their "problems".

In education, constructivist approaches emphasize active engagement of learners with the conceptual content through strategies such as talking (not just listening), writing (not just reading), interaction, problem-solving and other 'active' approaches.

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