Behaviorism or Behaviourism, also called the learning perspective, is a philosophy of psychology based on the proposition that all things which organisms do — including acting, thinking and feeling—can and should be regarded as behaviors. The school of psychology maintains that behaviors as such can be described scientifically without recourse either to internal physiological events or to hypothetical constructs such as the mind. Behaviorism comprises the position that all theories should have observational correlates but that there are no philosophical differences between publicly observable processes (such as actions) and privately observable processes (such as thinking and feeling).
Constructivism in Psychology concerns the world of constructivist psychologies. The constructivist psychologies theorize about and investigate how human beings create systems for meaningfully understanding their worlds and experiences. In psychotherapy, for example, this frame could translate into a therapist asking questions that confront a client's world-view in an effort to expand his or her meaning making habits. The assumption here is that clients encounter problems not because life is inherently problematic or because they have a mental disease but because of the way the client languages their problems.
In education, constructivist approaches emphasise active engagement of learners with the conceptual content through staregies such as talking (not just listening), writing (not just reading), interaction, problem-solving and other 'active' approaches.
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Behaviourism (retrieved on Jun 25, 2008)
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constructivism_%28psychological_school%29 (retrieved on Jun 25, 2008)
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constructivist_teaching_methods (retrieved on 1 July 2008)
- http://www.verso.co.nz/learning-technology/23/readwrite-learning/ (retrieved on 1 July 2008)
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