This comparison examines the religious beliefs, traditions and practices of Catholics and Episcopalians — two sects of Christianity.

Comparison chart

Catholicism versus Episcopalianism comparison chart
Edit this comparison chartCatholicismEpiscopalianism
Place of origin Jerusalem England(as the Anglican Church).
Place of worship Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica. Church, chapel, cathedral
Birth of Jesus Virgin Birth, through God. Virgin Birth
About Belonging to the Church Founded By Christ, when He chose St. Peter as His Rock (first Pope). Apostles creed gives summary of Catholic creed, man fell and Christ came to redeem mankind. Episcopalians follow the teachings of Jesus Christ through the New Testament via interpretation by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Scriptures Holy Bible, a collection of 73 canonical books in two parts, 46 in the Old Testament, and 27 in the New Testament. King James Bible
Founder Jesus Christ, St. Peter the Apostle. King Henry VIII(as the Founder of the Anglican Church)
Death of Jesus Death by Crucifixion, Resurrection, and Ascent to Hevean Death by Crucifixion followed by Resurrection on the 3rd day.
Literal Meaning catholic - from the Greek adjective καθολικός, (katholikos) meaning "general" or "universal". Episcopal -meaning 'of the Bishop's'
Resurrection of Jesus Affirmed Affirmed
Clergy Heirarchial clergy in Holy Orders Deacons, monks, nuns, Priests and Bishops, other ranks are only offices (archibshop, cardinal Pope etc. although several other offices also exist) vicars, monks, nuns, bishops, arch bishops.
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed. Affirmed.
Prophet Moses, Abraham, John the Baptist, many others. Moses, Abraham, John the Baptist, many others
Geographical predominance Catholicism has spread worldwide across all six settled continents, predominantly Europe, North, Central, and South America, Australia, Africa and New Zealand. The United States of America (The Episcopalian Church is the American wing of the Anglican Church).
Rites 7 Sacraments: Baptism, Eucharist, Penance, Confirmation, Marriage, Holy Orders, Anointing of the Sick; exorcisms, blessings of objects, dedication of churches sacred garments installation into clerical offices. Roman Missal and eastern rites. Sacraments
Status of women Women are Equal to men and have the same dignity as men, but women are not eligible for Ordination in Catholicism.They can be religious (sister, or commonly called "Nun") and can lead many offices assisting the clergy within the church. Women can become vicars and/or nuns.
Branches Latin rite & Eastern rite and as of 2008 the Anglo-Catholic derivative of Latin Rite. Episcopalianism is part of Anglicanism.
Definition Universal. of the Bishop's
Principle Adam and Eve sinned, as have all subsequent human beings because God created us with a free will to make choices. Man was unable to adhere to laws of God, so Christ came as the ultimate sacrifice to reconcile us to God. Because our first parents sinned, all human beings sin. So Christ Came down from Heaven to Save us from our sins.
Goal of religion To give glory to God and share Eternal Life in Him. To gain Eternal Salvation
Human Nature Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of their sin. Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam, and must be baptized to wash away this sin. Then, forgiveness must be sought throughout life for all other sins committed by an individual.
Confessing sins Confess to priests for absolution from sins in the name of Christ (John 20:22-23). Prayer to the Saints. Not recognized as a Sacrament.
Legislation Canon Law, diocesan Law, Papal Decree. Follows the Anglican Church
Promised Holy one. Second Coming of Christ The Lord Jesus is the long-awaited Messiah of Old Testament Prophecy; He Will Come again at the end of time, to Fulfill New Testament Prophecy.
Belief of God One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit Apostle's Creed, Nicene Creed
Belief Believe that Jesus Christ is the Messiah, the King of Heaven, and Saviour of the entire world. Jesus Christ is Messiah who came as a sacrifice for our sins to put us right with God.
Holy days/Official Holidays Sunday (The Lord's Day), Advent, Christmas, Lent, Holy Week, Easter, Pentecost. Sunday(The Lord's Day), Advent, Christmas and New Years, Lent, Holy Week, Easter, Whitsun, Saints'Feast Days.
View of other Oriental religions N/A. N/A
Identity of Jesus God Incarnate. Son of the Father. The Messiah saviour of mankind sole mediator between God and man. The Son is consubstantial with the Father, which means that, in the Father and with the Father the Son is one and the same God. The Word became flesh and dwelt among us.
Status of Adam Adam was the first man created by God. He fell into temptation and brought sin and death to the human race. Adam was the first man created by God. He fell into temptation and brought sin and death to the human race.
Original Languages Latin and Greek. English (Possibly Latin)
View of Animistic religions Pagan Idolatrous. Pagan.
Three Jewels Faith, Hope and Charity Christ, Grace and Virtue

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