Catholicism vs. Islam

Catholicism
Islam

This comparison examines Catholicism and Islam to contrast their principles, beliefs and religious practices.

Comparison chart

Edit this comparison chart

Catholicism

Catholicism

Islam

Islam
Place of origin Jerusalem Arabian Peninsula.
Place of worship Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica. Mosque/masjid, any place which is considered clean by Islamic standards.
Practices Catholics are expected to participate in the liturgical life, celebrate and revere Jesus' sacrifice on the cross at Mass. The celebration of seven sacraments Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation, Matrimony, Anointing of Sick, Holy Orders and Confession. Five pillars: Testament that there is one God and Muhammad is his messenger (shahadah); prayer five times daily; fast during Ramadan; charity to the poor (zakat); pilgrimage (Hajj).
About Belonging to the Church Founded By Christ, when He chose St. Peter as His Rock (first Pope). Apostles creed gives summary of Catholic creed, man fell and Christ came to redeem mankind. Islam consists of individuals who believe in Allah, a deity whose teachings its followers—Muslims—believe were recorded, verbatim, by the god's last prophet, Muhammad.
Religious Law 10 Commandments, Canon law , Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC), papal decrees and orders. Sharia law, or law that is loosely or strictly based on the Qur'an, exists in many countries that have a majority Muslim population. Only some regions with sharia law apply it to judicial or criminal issues.
Original Languages Latin and Greek. Arabic.
Clergy Heirarchial clergy in Holy Orders Deacons, monks, nuns, Priests and Bishops, other ranks are only offices (archibshop, cardinal Pope etc. although several other offices also exist) Imam leads congregational prayer in a mosque. Sheikh, Maulana, Mullah and Mufti
Life after death Eternal Salvation in Heaven; Eternal Damnation in Hell; Temporal third state before Heaven for those who desire purification, known as Purgatory. A Muslim and all the beings will be accountable to Allah on the Day of Judgement.
Angels Angels are God's messengers. Spirits seen as immortal and always praising God. They never disobey God except for Lucifer (Satan) and the angels who follow him (demons). Angels are created from light and remain unseen as they worship and follow God's commands.
Means of salvation Received at baptism; may be lost by mortal sin; salvation through faith and penance. Belief in Jesus as the sole savior of humanity. Must have a relationship with Jesus. Good Works. Seven Sacraments. Belief in one God, remembrance of God, repentance, fear of God and hope in God's mercy.
Definition Universal. Islam is an Arabic word for "Submission or surrender in Ultimate Peace".Muslim means a believer in One God (Al-Illah or Allah)
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed. Affirmed
Principle Adam and Eve sinned, as have all subsequent human beings because God created us with a free will to make choices. Man was unable to adhere to laws of God, so Christ came as the ultimate sacrifice to reconcile us to God. Say, "He is Allah , [who is] One, Allah , the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent." - Quran: Surah Al Ikhlas
Use of statues and pictures Crosses, statues and pictures are acceptable in Catholicism. Catholics widely use them as depictions of Christ, Mary, and the Saints. Muslims are not permitted to depict the image of God nor any prophet.
Concept of Deity Believe in the Trinity. Three persons in one God: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. God (Allah) is the only god and is all-powerful and omniscient.
Day of worship Worship should be a continual process in the lives of Roman Catholics. Sunday is not the only day Catholics can attend Church for Mass. Prayer five times daily is obligatory. Friday is the day of congregational prayer, obligatory for men, but not for women.
Literal Meaning catholic - from the Greek adjective καθολικός, (katholikos) meaning "general" or "universal". N/A
Position of Mary The Queen of all Saints. View is similar to the Orthodox church - the title 'Mother of God' being used more commonly than Theotokos. In addition, it is claimed that at various points in history, Mary has revealed herself to the world in apparitions. Mary receives significant admiration from Muslims. She is said by the Prophet Muhammad to be the best woman God created. She is free of sin as the mother of Jesus.
Belief of God One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit Only one God.
Status of Adam Adam was the first man created by God. He fell into temptation and brought sin and death to the human race. Free from all major sins and faults. Adam is the first prophet and man on earth as sent by Allah and he is the father of Humanity, and Muhammad is the last prophet in Islam.
Praying to Saints, Mary, and Angel Allowed. They can intercede with God on your behalf. Shiites ask for Saints' intercession, but, Sunnis do not. Mary is venerated by both Sunnis and Shiites however.
Status of Muhammad False Prophet. Deeply loved and revered in Islam, last Prophet, but is not worshipped, only God is worshipped, according to Islam creation is never to be worshipped under any circumstances only the creator
View of other Oriental religions N/A. N/A
Authority of Dalai Lama N/A. N/A.
Belief Believe that Jesus Christ is the Messiah, the King of Heaven, and Saviour of the entire world. Belief in one God,who has sent messengers with revelation and guidance for humanity so they may be guided to Islam (submission to God) & who have came with both good news and a warning, the last & final messenger being Muhammad صلى الله علي
Presence of Christ in Eucharist Yes. Denied, although Alawites believe that Allah is present in their ceremonial wine.

Share this comparison:

If you read this far, you should follow us on:

"Catholicism vs Islam." Diffen.com. Diffen LLC, n.d. Web. 23 Jul 2014. < http://www.diffen.com/difference/Catholicism_vs_Islam >

Stay informed Related Comparisons
Follow Diffen
Make Diffen Smarter.

Log in to edit comparisons or create new comparisons in your area of expertise!

Sign up »
Top 5 Comparisons Recently Compared

Comments: Catholicism vs Islam

Comments via Facebook

Anonymous comments (4)

May 4, 2014, 2:36pm

Allah is better.

— 121.✗.✗.89
0

January 18, 2014, 2:47am

Hm I am a catholic and I find this quite interesting

— 162.✗.✗.64
0

December 24, 2013, 8:56pm

Dear brother, you seem to be truthful when u said
1jesus was possibly crucified 2.when u said he was receive to heaven
3.he is coming back again
note the koran said another take his place to be crucified and died which make u false.but i see a lie in you which disqualifys ur writing.
1.Will a all know God allow his word to be corrupt
2.if yes it means the koran is corrupt because it was not copied immediately after the death of mohammed
3.how will a merciful god will have led the jews astray by using the death of jesus to decieve them?
4.y was the koran not reveal long ago
5.y did the koran list the trinity as God the father God the son and God the mother(mary) which is different from the bible.
6. History will never agree with u that abraham isaac and jesus are muslim but jews etc
7.lastly u never mention similarity like the use of cape-women.cap-men. The use of rosary. The use of the word purification. The of latin and arabic in islam. The use of recitation during prayer.the use of white robe. The use of spiritual water. Catholic and islam like political ambition. You said other religion are tolerated read about religious crises in nigeria pakistan bangladesh afganistan and kenya. Dont a unirevelation without evidence.

— 141.✗.✗.58
0

July 6, 2013, 6:45am

Both Catholicism and Islam are corrupted and are both wrong.

Only faith & belief in Jesus the Christ and His redemptive work on the cross (done 2000 years back in approx 30AD), His death and resurrection from the dead after 3 days will make you a new creation and a child of God and thereby inheriting the eternal life in Heaven through Jesus the only Son of the living God.

God bless you as you put your trust in Jesus the True Messiah and Redeemer of all mankind.

— 116.✗.✗.199
-1

share

Up next

Catholic vs. Protestant