Catholicism vs Islam


This comparison examines Catholicism and Islam to contrast their principles, beliefs and religious practices.

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Place of worship Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica. Mosque/masjid, any place which is clean.
Founder Jesus Christ, St. Peter the Apostle. Muhammad.
Use of statues and pictures Crosses, statues and pictures are acceptable in Catholicism. Catholics widely use them as depictions of Christ, Mary, and the Saints. Muslims are not permitted to depict the image of God nor any prophet.
Place of origin Jerusalem Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Practices Catholics are expected to participate in the liturgical life, celebrate and revere Jesus' sacrifice on the cross at Mass. The celebration of seven sacraments Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation, Matrimony, Anointing of Sick, Holy Orders and Confession. Five pillars: Testament that there is one God and Muhammad is his messenger (shahadah); prayer five times daily; fast during Ramadan; charity to the poor (zakat); pilgrimage (Hajj).
Concept of Deity Believe in the Trinity. Three persons in one God: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. God (Allah) is the only god and is all-powerful and omniscient.
Clergy Heirarchial clergy in Holy Orders Deacons, monks, nuns, Priests and Bishops, other ranks are only offices (archibshop, cardinal Pope etc. although several other offices also exist) Imam leads congregational prayer in a mosque. Sheikh, Maulana, Mullah and Mufti
Life after death Eternal Salvation in Heaven; Eternal Damnation in Hell; Temporal third state before Heaven for those who desire purification, known as Purgatory. A Muslim and all the beings will be accountable to Allah on the Day of Judgement.
Literal Meaning catholic - from the Greek adjective καθολικός, (katholikos) meaning "general" or "universal". Islam means "submission", or the total surrender of oneself to the will of God. The root word means peace.
Scriptures Holy Bible, a collection of 73 canonical books in two parts, 46 in the Old Testament, and 27 in the New Testament. The Quran/Koran (the direct words of Allah through Angels to the Prophet. Hadith are not holy scriptures but sayings of the Prophet Muhammad.
Goal of religion To give glory to God and share Eternal Life in Him. Submission to the will of God, peace.
Angels Angels are God's messengers. Spirits seen as immortal and always praising God. They never disobey God except for Lucifer (Satan) and the angels who follow him (demons). Angels are created from light and remain unseen as they worship and follow God's commands.
Means of salvation Received at baptism; may be lost by mortal sin; salvation through faith and penance. Belief in Jesus as the sole savior of humanity. Must have a relationship with Jesus. Good Works. Seven Sacraments. Belief in one God, remembrance of God, repentance, fear of God and hope in God's mercy.
Time of origin Approx. 33 AD. 610 CE
Human Nature Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of their sin. Man has equal ability to do good or evil. God has given mankind free will.
Principle Adam and Eve sinned, as have all subsequent human beings because God created us with a free will to make choices. Man was unable to adhere to laws of God, so Christ came as the ultimate sacrifice to reconcile us to God. Say, "He is Allah , [who is] One, Allah , the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent." - Quran: Surah Al Ikhlas
Definition Universal. Islam is an Arabic word for "Submission or surrender in Ultimate Peace".Muslim means a believer in One God (Al-Illah or Allah)
Status of women Women are Equal to men and have the same dignity as men, but women are not eligible for Ordination in Catholicism.They can be religious (sister, or commonly called "Nun") and can lead many offices assisting the clergy within the church. It it said in the Quran that all woman are equal to men, and should be treated like any other man.
View of Animistic religions Pagan Idolatrous. Paganism is idolatry.
Birth of Jesus Virgin Birth, through God. Virgin birth from Mary.
About Belonging to the Church Founded By Christ, when He chose St. Peter as His Rock (first Pope). Apostles creed gives summary of Catholic creed, man fell and Christ came to redeem mankind. Islam is an Abrahamic religion originating with the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (a decendent of Ishmael) born in 560 AD came to teach pure monotheism, restore the true religion which had been lost. submission to the Will of God, pure monotheism.
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed. Affirmed
God's role in salvation God sent His only Divine Son to save humanity from their sins. Mercy
Population 1.1 Billion. There are around 1.5 billion Muslims in the world. Islam is the second-largest faith of the planet and claims to be the fastest growing
Rites 7 Sacraments: Baptism, Eucharist, Penance, Confirmation, Marriage, Holy Orders, Anointing of the Sick; exorcisms, blessings of objects, dedication of churches sacred garments installation into clerical offices. Roman Missal and eastern rites. Five pillars: Prayer, purification, funerals, circumsicion, sharing of animals in thanksgiving, Quran recitation, marriage.
Branches Latin rite & Eastern rite and as of 2008 the Anglo-Catholic derivative of Latin Rite. There is a political division Shia and Sunni Muslims, though it is not doctrinal.
Confessing sins Confess to priests for absolution from sins in the name of Christ (John 20:22-23). Prayer to the Saints. Praying and repenting to god - no self-harm allowed
Marriage Marriage is sacrament between one man and one woman. Divorce does not exist in Catholicism, but there is annulment (that the marriage was invalid to begin with) by competent church official. The holy union of a couple. Men in Islam may marry more than one women (but no more than four) as long as he can treat them all fairly, give them all their rights and support them all.
Identity of Jesus God Incarnate. Son of the Father. The Messiah saviour of mankind sole mediator between God and man. A true prophet of God, born of a chaste virgin mother (Mary). Jesus is highly respected and loved in Islam, but not worshipped or seen as a son of God. Muslims believed that Jesus preached Islam, but his message was corrupted by some.
Death of Jesus Death by Crucifixion, Resurrection, and Ascent to Hevean He did not die, but was taken into heaven by god, and will come back down to earth. He was never crucified.
Religious Law 10 Commandments, Canon law , Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC), papal decrees and orders. Sharia law is the foundation of Islam - religious law is to be interpreted only by scholars who are knowledgeable in advanced religious studies.
Day of worship Worship should be a continual process in the lives of Roman Catholics. Sunday is not the only day Catholics can attend Church for Mass. Prayer five times daily is obligatory. Friday is the day of congregational prayer, obligatory for men, but not for women.
Status of Adam Adam was the first man created by God. He fell into temptation and brought sin and death to the human race. Free from all major sins and faults. Adam is the first prophet and man on earth as sent by Allah and he is the father of Humanity, and Muhammad is the last prophet in Islam.
Belief of God One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit Only one God.
Religion which atheists may still be adherents of None. Faith is integral to Catholicism, a christian who rejects Christianity altogether is considered an Apostate. Atheism is a sin against Faith. No.
View of other Abrahamic religions According to Catholic doctrine, Catholicism is the original Christian Church. Christianity is the true religion, and Catholicism is true Christianity. Jews and Christians are respected as "People of the Book". All religions should be respected and tolerated, though Islam is the only correct way.
Authority of Pope Successor of St. Peter. N/A
Offshoot religions Protestant denominations and many others. Baha'i
Position of Mary The Queen of all Saints. View is similar to the Orthodox church - the title 'Mother of God' being used more commonly than Theotokos. In addition, it is claimed that at various points in history, Mary has revealed herself to the world in apparitions. Mary receives significant admiration from Muslims. She is said by the Prophet Muhammad to be the best woman God created. She is free of sin as the mother of Jesus.
Promised Holy one. Second Coming of Christ Mahdi
Goal of Philosophy Eternal Salvation. To Reach Heaven
View of the Buddha N/A. N/A
Clothes Clergy dresses in robes, and many other garments depending on rite and season. Women must present themselves modestly to cover the hair and body shape. The hands, face and feet may be left bare. Men must be modestly dressed and covered from waist to knee.
Holy days/Official Holidays Sunday (The Lord's Day), Advent, Christmas, Lent, Holy Week, Easter, Pentecost. Ramadan, Eid-ul Adha, Eid-ul Fitr
Three Jewels Faith, Hope and Charity None
Status of Muhammad False Prophet. Deeply loved and revered in Islam, last Prophet, but is not worshipped, only God is worshipped, according to Islam creation is never to be worshipped under any circumstances only the creator
Geographical predominance Catholicism has spread worldwide across all six settled continents, predominantly Europe, North, Central, and South America, Australia, Africa and New Zealand. Middle East, Central Asia, North Africa, East Asia (Indonesia Malaysia), and the Balkans
Prophet Moses, Abraham, John the Baptist, many others. Muslims believe in all prophets of the Holy Books, joining over 124,000 prophets who were unknown and unmentioned. Muhammad is the final prophet.
Virtue on which religion is based upon Love. Peace
Resurrection of Jesus Affirmed. No because his death is denied in Islam.
Legislation Canon Law, diocesan Law, Papal Decree. Sharia
Direction of Prayer Facing the Blessed Sacrament (when in Church). the Ka'bah Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Original Languages Latin and Greek. Arabic
Praying to Saints, Mary, and Angel Allowed. They can intercede with God on your behalf. Shiites ask for Saints' intercession, but, Sunnis do not. Mary is venerated by both Sunnis and Shiites however.
View of other Oriental religions N/A. N/A.
Belief of God God is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Belief in One God.
Authority of Dalai Lama N/A. N/A.
Belief Believe that Jesus Christ is the Messiah, the King of Heaven, and Saviour of the entire world. Belief in one God,who has sent messengers with revelation and guidance for humanity so they may be guided to Islam (submission to God) & who have came with both good news and a warning, the last & final messenger being Muhammad صلى الله علي
Presence of Christ in Eucharist Yes. Denied, although Alawites believe that Allah is present in their ceremonial wine.
Views on other religions The Catholic Church contains the fullness of Truth and is the only means of salvation. Other faiths have access to that truth and non-Catholics may be saved by a special grace of God. All other religions are false, but Muslims should not disrespect them.

Comments: Catholicism vs Islam

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January 18, 2014, 2:47am

Hm I am a catholic and I find this quite interesting

— 162.✗.✗.64

December 24, 2013, 8:56pm

Dear brother, you seem to be truthful when u said
1jesus was possibly crucified 2.when u said he was receive to heaven
3.he is coming back again
note the koran said another take his place to be crucified and died which make u false.but i see a lie in you which disqualifys ur writing.
1.Will a all know God allow his word to be corrupt
2.if yes it means the koran is corrupt because it was not copied immediately after the death of mohammed will a merciful god will have led the jews astray by using the death of jesus to decieve them?
4.y was the koran not reveal long ago
5.y did the koran list the trinity as God the father God the son and God the mother(mary) which is different from the bible.
6. History will never agree with u that abraham isaac and jesus are muslim but jews etc
7.lastly u never mention similarity like the use of cape-women.cap-men. The use of rosary. The use of the word purification. The of latin and arabic in islam. The use of recitation during prayer.the use of white robe. The use of spiritual water. Catholic and islam like political ambition. You said other religion are tolerated read about religious crises in nigeria pakistan bangladesh afganistan and kenya. Dont a unirevelation without evidence.

— 141.✗.✗.58

July 6, 2013, 6:45am

Both Catholicism and Islam are corrupted and are both wrong.

Only faith & belief in Jesus the Christ and His redemptive work on the cross (done 2000 years back in approx 30AD), His death and resurrection from the dead after 3 days will make you a new creation and a child of God and thereby inheriting the eternal life in Heaven through Jesus the only Son of the living God.

God bless you as you put your trust in Jesus the True Messiah and Redeemer of all mankind.

— 116.✗.✗.199

July 28, 2011, 10:36pm

Kharijite and Shiite are NOT branches of Islam. They a corrupted!

— 41.✗.✗.1
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