Comparison chart

Christianity versus Hinduism comparison chart
ChristianityHinduism
ChristianityHinduism
Place of origin Roman province of Judea. Indian Subcontinent
Place of worship Church, chapel, home bible study, personal dwellings. Temple (Mandir)
Practices Baptism, Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Meditation, yoga, contemplation, yagna (communal worship), offerings in the temple.
Use of statues and pictures Art for representation of a story not for idolatry. Common
Means of Salvation Through Christ's Birth, Death, and Resurrection. Reaching enlightenment by the Path of Knowledge, the Path of devotion, or the Path of Good Deeds.
Belief of God One God : Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. All equal in power, nature, and eternal. Many gods, but realize that they all come from Atman.
Clergy Pastor, Reverend, Minister, Missionary, Evangelist. No official clergy. Gurus, Yogis, Rishis, Brahmins, Pundits, priests, priestesses, monks, and nuns.
Human Nature Mankind inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. Sin separate man from God. Salvation through Christ Jesus is needed in order to restore the broken relationship between man and God. Depends on sects.
Life after death Mankind was created to be eternal beings. Either eternally with God through acceptance of Jesus as Savior. Or eternally with Satan for rejection Jesus Christ's Salvation. A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached.
About Christianity consists of individuals who believe in the deity Jesus Christ. Its followers, called Christians, believe Christ is "the Son" of God, the Holy Trinity and walked the earth as the incarnate form of God ("the Father"). Devotion to the various gods & goddesses of Hinduism.
Confessing sins Confess to God through prayer. Repent (turn away) and ask for forgiveness from God for sin. Only God can forgive sin although one can confess sin to a human. All sin must be forgiven by God alone. Repentance for unintentional sins are prescribed, but intentional sins have to be repaid through karmic consequences.
Goal of religion To have a relationship with Jesus Christ; restoration with God. To love God with all one's heart, mind, and soul. To love one another, share the gospel of Jesus Christ; to obey God. To break the cycle of birth, death and reincarnation, and attain salvation.
Founder THE TRINITY. (God The Father, Jesus The Son, And The Holy Spirit.) Not credited to a particular founder.
Marriage Man to woman. Is Holy in God's site. And is to last a lifetime. Man may marry one woman. However, kings in mythology often married more than one woman.
Religious Law Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ is necessary, required, and essential for salvation. The 10 Commandments is the law to show why one needs Jesus Christ's forgiveness. No one is capable of keep all the law, at all time, throughout all their lives. Dharma shastras
Authority of Dalai Lama None N/A.
Scriptures The Holy Bible Vedas, Upanishad, Puranas, Gita. Smrti and Sruti are oral scriptures.
Literal Meaning Follower Of Christ. The followers of Vedas are called as Arya, noble person. Arya is not a dynasty, ethnicity or race. Anyone who follows the teachings of Vedas is considered Arya.
Followers Christian (follwers of Christ) Hindus.
Goal of Philosophy To bring all people to a relationship with God through the salvation given through Jesus Christ. Salvation, freedom from the cycle of birth and reincarnation.
God's role in salvation God sent His Son Jesus to earth to save all mankind. That all people who believe and accept Him would be saved. There is no other way to Heaven and restoration with God except through Salvation through His Son Jesus Christ. Beliefs vary by sect. Upanishads (scripture) say God chooses who gets salvation. Salvation is attained via good deeds and righteousness (following the "dharma" and avoiding sin)
Original Language(s) Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. Sanskrit
View of the Buddha A false God. Some Hindu sects claim Buddha was an avatar of Vishnu. Others believe he was a holy man.
Status of Muhammad Not Recognized in Christianity N/A.
Day of worship Sunday, the Lord's Day. Orthodox schools prescribe three prayer times a day: at dawn, noon and dusk.
View of other Dharmic religions False religion They believe that Buddhists, Jains, & Sikhs should reunite with Hinduism(which is the original Dharmic religion).
Rites Baptism and communion, laying on of hands, Anointing, speaking in tongues, marriage. Some Hindus believe in a "thread ceremony" for men.
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed.No one knows when he will return. N/A.
Population Over a billion adherents worldwide. 1 Billion.
Belief of God One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The deity often varies from sect to sect. Smarta/Monists sect believes Everything is God. There are monotheistic sects also.
View of other Abrahamic religions Judaism is regarded as a True religion but incomplete (without Gospel, and Messiah) Islam is regarded as a false religion, Christianity does not accept the Qur'an as true. Hinduism is a Dharmic religion, not an Abrahamic religion.
Branches Baptist, Lutheran, Church of God In Christ, Methodist. Shaivism and Vaishnavism
Birth of Jesus Virgin Birth, through the Holy Spirit. N/A.
Definition Disciple of Jesus Christ. The word Hindu has geographical significance and was used originally for those people who lived beyond the river Sindhu or the region watered by the river Indus. Hindus themselves, call their religion "Sanatana Dharma, " meaning "Eternal Law."
Identity of Jesus The Son Of God. The physical representation of God on earth. N/A.
Virtue on which religion is based upon Love. Follow righteousness.
Death of Jesus Death by crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension to heaven. Will return. His ministry continues through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit until His return. N/A.
Holy days/Official Holidays Sunday, Christmas (celebration of the birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus), Sunday (day of rest), Easter (resurrection of Jesus), Lent (Day of Sacrifice) Diwali, Holi, Janmashtami, Ganesh Chaturthi, etc.
Promised Holy one. Jesus the Messiah came the first time to offer salvation to all mankind. In the Second Coming of Jesus Christ, Christ will bring His church (Christians) to the land that He has prepared for them. Kalki, the 10'th avatar of Vishnu.
Use of Statues Forbidden in Protestant denominations; icons are used in Catholic & Orthodox denominations. Allowed
Belief Salvation is found in Jesus Christ alone. The Father, The Son, and The Holy Spirit is God in three persons. He has always existed in three persons and will always exist. (The Nicene Creed) Diverse beliefs depending on sects.
Geographical distribution and predominance Is a worldwide religion Mainly in India and Nepal.
Views on the afterlife Eternity in Heaven or Hell. A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached after which moksha is attained.
Jesus Son Of God. N/A.
Prophets Prophets in the Bible are greatly respected. Prophecy is given directly from God to the prophet and always comes to pass without fail. No prophets, but Rishis could be considered equivalent in Vedic times. Avataras of Vedic God are different from human reincarnations, but could be considered equivalent to Christian idea of God in flesh.
Views on other religion Christianity is the only True Faith. Believe all religions have some truth in them.
Authority of Pope The Pope has no authority for the Christian. Only in Catholicism does the Pope have authority. N/A.
Abrahamic Lineage Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. N/A.
Names of God God, Gud, Gott, Deo, Dios. Jehovah, YHWH, Eli Elohim... Brahman and many other names in other languages
Position of Mary Mother Of Jesus Christ N/A.
Place and Time of origin Jerusalem, approx. 33 AD. Indian Subcontinent, beginning with the Vedic civilization circa 3000 BC
Status of Vedas N/A. Vedas are generally regarded as sacred in Hinduism. Post-Vedic texts like the Gita are also revered.
Religion which atheists may still be adherents of No. Charvakas and Sankyas are atheistic groups in Hinduism.
View of God One God, Who Is the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Monists believe only Brahman exists, Pantheists believe all things/entities are God, Monotheistic sects consider God as immanent and transcendent and different from others. The Nasadiya Sukta even explores creation-ex-nihilo.
Promised Holy One Second Coming Of Jesus Christ. Kalki, the 10th Avatar of Vishnu
Use of statues, images Only as art Common.
sects Baptist, Protestant, Methodist, COGIC, Four Square, Lutheran, AME, Presbyterian, Pentecostal Vaishnava, Shaivaya, & Shaktism.
Position of Abraham Father of the faith. N/A.
Symbols Cross, ichthys ("Jesus fish"), Mary and baby Jesus. Om, Swastika, etc.
Virtue(s) in which religion is based upon Love. Follow dharma (righteouness), eternal law.
No. of Gods and Godesses 1 God 33 Crore (330 million)
Related Religions Islam, Judaism Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism

Further Reading

For further reading, there are several books available on Amazon.com on Hinduism and Christianity:


References

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