Christianity vs. Hinduism

Christianity
Hinduism

Comparison chart

Christianity

Christianity

Hinduism

Hinduism
Place of origin Roman province of Judea. Indian Subcontinent
Place of worship Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, home bible study, personal dwellings. Temple (Mandir)
Practices Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Meditation, Yoga, contemplation, yagna (communal worship), offerings in the temple.
About Christianity broadly consists of individuals who believe in the deity Jesus Christ. Its followers, called Christians, often believe Christ is "the Son" of the Holy Trinity and walked the earth as the incarnate form of God ("the Father"). Devotion to the various gods & goddesses of Hinduism.
Religious Law Has existed among Catholics in the form of canon law. Dharma shastras
Time of origin Approx. 33 AD. circa 3000 B.C.E
Confessing sins Protestants confess straight to God, Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God (Orthodox have similar practice) Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional. God always forgives sins in Jesus. Repentance for unintentional sins are prescribed, but intentional sins have to be repaid through karmic consequences.
Authority of Pope Leader and overseer of the Catholic Church. his authority is completely rejected by Protestants, and is viewed by Orthodox as first among equals. Orthodox and Protestants reject Papal infallibility and Papal supremacy. N/A.
Status of Vedas N/A. Vedas are generally regarded as sacred in Hinduism. Post-Vedic texts like the Gita are also revered.
Goal of religion To love God and obey his commandments while creating a relationship with Jesus Christ and spreading the Gospel so that others may also be saved. To break the cycle of birth, death and reincarnation, and attain salvation.
Human Nature Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. By knowing right and wrong Christians choose their actions. Humans are a fallen, broken race in need of salvation and repair by God. Depends on sects.
Birth of Jesus Virgin Birth, through God. N/A.
Death of Jesus Death by crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension to heaven. Will return. N/A.
Rites Seven sacraments: Baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance, anointing of the sick, holy orders, matrimony (Catholic and Orthodox). Anglicans: Baptism and Eucharist. Other denominations: Baptism and communion. Some Hindus believe in a "thread ceremony" for men.
God's role in salvation Humans cannot save themselves or ascend on their own to a higher level. Only God is good and therefore only God is able to save a person. Jesus came down from Heaven to save mankind. Beliefs vary by sect. Upanishads (scripture) say God chooses who gets salvation. Salvation is attained via good deeds and righteousness (following the "dharma" and avoiding sin)
View of other Abrahamic religions Judaism is regarded as a True religion but incomplete (without Gospel, and Messiah) Islam is regarded as a false religion, Christianity does not accept the Qur'an as true. Hinduism is a Dharmic religion, not an Abrahamic religion.
Goal of Philosophy Objective reality. Worship of God who created life, the universe, and is eternal. Christianity has its own philosophy, found in the 66 books of the Bible. Salvation, freedom from the cycle of birth and reincarnation.
Promised Holy one. Second Coming of Christ Kalki, the 10'th avatar of Vishnu.
Branches Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant. Myriad
Names of God God, Gud, Gott, Deo, Dios. Jehovah, YHWH, Eli Elohim, Allah, (depending on language Christians are of every language and culture around the world) Brahman
sects Catholic, Protestant, & Orthodox. Vaishnava, Shaivaya, & Shaktism.
Followers Christian (follwers of Christ) Hindus.
Use of statues, images some denominations regard It as forbidden and Idolatry. Anglicans and Lutherans allow pictures but forbid venerating them. Catholics encourage pictures and statues and venerate them. Orthodox encourage pictures and venerate them. Common.
View of other Dharmic religions N/A They believe that Buddhists, Jains, & Sikhs should reunite with Hinduism(which is the original Dharmic religion).
Views on other religion Christianity is the True Faith. Believe all religions have some truth in them.
View of God N/A Monists believe only Brahman exists, Pantheists believe all things/entities are God, Monotheistic sects consider God as immanent and transcendent and different from others. The Nasadiya Sukta even explores creation-ex-nihilo.
Virtue(s) in which religion is based upon Love. Follow dharma (righteouness), eternal law.
Promised Holy One Second Coming Of Christ. Kalki, the 10th Avatar of Vishnu

Further Reading

For further reading, there are several books available on Amazon.com on Hinduism and Christianity:

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Comments: Christianity vs Hinduism

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Anonymous comments (10)

January 3, 2014, 5:23am

countless great souls like jesus christ have sacrifised themselves on the path of divinity throughout history... it pains me to see that christians are so ignorant of them and describe jesus as the only son of god....

— 106.✗.✗.39
1

November 5, 2013, 2:33pm

Jesus is the way the truth and the life.....Did any of your God"s" told this?
Jesus Died for our sins....But goats,hen,...etc are killed for salvation

— 14.✗.✗.97
1

September 21, 2013, 10:24am

Vedas --
This knowledge was received first by the creator of our world, Brahma, and later it was received in consciousness by many generations of Saints. When human civilization started it later took the form of a book. The language of the Vedas and all the prime scriptures of Hinduism is Sanskrit. There are four sections of the Vedas:

•Rig Veda


•Sam Veda


•Yajur Veda


•Atharva Veda
Originally the Vedas had 1,180 branches comprised of 100,000 verses. Each branch has three sections, each containing three types of Vedic verses:

•Mantra bhag -- comprised of mantras or Vedic verses and is related to material attainments


•Brahman bhag -- specifies use of Vedic rituals and is related to material attainments


•Aranyak bhag -- specifies styles of formal worship and also includes the Upanishads which are directly related to God and God realization
Upanishads -- Part of the aranyak bhag of the Vedas. Originally there were 1180 Upanishads corresponding to 1180 branches of the Vedas. Today approximately 200 are avialable. Their philosophy relates to the almighty aspect of God. They generally refer to the liberation of the soul or its blissful experience in the Divine world. Out of 200 Upanishads, eleven are prominent: Isha, Kath, Mundak, Mandukya, Taittariya, Shvetashvatar, Mukti, Yogshikha, Tripadvibhushit Mahararayana, Krishna, Gopal Poorva.

Upavedas -- There are four 'up' or subsidiary Vedas related to the four Vedas:

•Arthveda -- science of sociology and economics


•Dhanurveda -- science of defense and war and weaponry


•Ghandarvaveda -- the science of instrumental and vocal music


•Ayurveda -- medical science
Vedangas -- Vedangas are also part of the Vedas. They include:


•Vyakaran -- Sanskrit grammar


•Jyotish -- Vedic astrology


•Nirtukt -- detailed explanations and meanings of Vedic words


•Shikcha -- correct pronunciation of Vedic mantras


•Chand -- Vedic poetry


•Kalp Sutras -- The Kalp Sturas include:
1.Shraut Sutra - the protocal of Vedic rituals
2.Grihya Sutra - prescribed rituals for family life
3.Dharma Sutra - one's religious, social and moral duties
4.Shulb Sutra - how to create an altar for Vedic rituals
Smritis -- The Smritis relate to social living. They describe what are good and bad actions, define what penances redeem which sin and also describe the punishment for a particular sin. They also describe the rites and rituals prescribed for families as well as the right conduct and behavior for the various orders and stages of life.

Darshanas or Darshan Shastras - The six schools of philosophy a re also part of Hindu scriptures. They are:

•Poorva Mimansa by Sage Jaimini explains the performance of lower or apar dharma actions and rituals for material prosperity and happiness


•Nyaya by Sage Gautama is a system of logic for discerning the difference between maya, matter, and God, who we should desire to attain and know


•Vaisheshika by Sage Kanad is another system of logic for finding happiness through renouncing worldly desires and attaining absolute liberation and knowledge of the Divine


•Sankhya by Bhagwan Kapil delineates 24 stages of physical creation and discriminates between what is material and what is Divine, and explains that material attachment binds the soul in the cycle of birth and death, and the understanding of Divine truth (God) releases the soul from that bondage


•Yoga Sutras or Yoga Darshana by Sage Patanjali explain there are three kinds of evidence for determining the aim of life, perceptual, inferential and scriptural.
There are five kinds of mental anguish associated with ignorance, ego, attachment, hatred, and the fear of death. These are eliminated through the practice of yoga and total renunciation.

The Yoga Sutras define renunciation as the elimination of all the thoughts and the desires that arise out of direction perception of, or indirect knowledge of this world. The practice of perfecting this renunciation is ashtanga yoga, which has 8 stages:

1.yama -- moral codes of behavior
2.niyama -- disciplines of self-restraint
3.asana -- physical postures,
4.pranayama -- breath control,
5.pratyahara -- sense control,
6.dharana -- concentration,
7.dhyana -- meditation
8.samadhi -- complete absorption in thought-free trance. For success in perfecting the final state of samadhi, Patanjali advises the practitioner to seek God's help (Sutra 2/45).


•Uttar Mimansa or Brahm Sutra by Bhagwan Ved Vyas states the prerequisite for its study is a deep desire to know God, and true liberation is only attained through surrender to God. God is unlimited and endowed with Divine qualities including a Divine personal form. It describes the existing state of the universe, the state of a soul under the bondage of maya, and the greatness of bhakti. It explains that through bhakti God's Grace is easily attained. The Brahm Sutra conveys the same theme of the Upnishads, which are the essence of the scriptures of Hinduism.

Puranas by Bhagwan Ved Vyas are 18 in number: Brahm Purana, Padma Purana, Vishnu Purana, Vayu Purana, Bhagwat Maha Purana, Narada Purana, Markandeya Purana, Agni Purana, Bhavishya Purana, Brahmaivarta Puran, Linga Purana, Varah Purana, Skanda Purana, Vaman Purana, Kurma Purana, Matsya Purana, Garuda Purana and Brahmanda Purana.

The important contribution the Puranas make to Hinduism is that they describe the creation and dissolution of the universe, the succession of Manus or progenitors of human civilization, and the history of important lineages, successions and dynasties on the earth.

The main focus of the Puranas is to introduce a feeling of bhakti or devotion towards a personal form of God in the heart of the reader. They praise God and describe and establish the graciousness of the actions of those Divine personalities who appeared as Sages, Rishis, and Saints.

The Puranas explain that God's Grace isn't arbitrary nor is it the consequence of good actions, hatha yoga or the performance of austerities or rituals. It is automatically experienced through total surrender to God. This loving submission is bhakti.


The Puranas explain the same philosophy as the Upanishads and the Darshana Shastras in a style that is easy to understand.

Itihasas -- In Hinduism these scriptures refer to the Ramayana, which describes the descension of Lord Rama, and the Mahabharata, which details the history of the Puru dynasty and the Pandava family, along with the history of creation, this earth, general teachings of dharma and devotion to God. The Mahabharata is sometimes referred to as the 'fifth Veda' of Hinduism because its knowledge and teachings relate to the Upanishads and Puranas.

Bhagavad Gita -- Part of the Mahabharata, the Bhagavad Gita is considered by eastern and western scholars alike to be one of the greatest spiritual books in the world. In a clear and succinct way, Lord Krishna describes in a conversation with His disciple Arjuna the science of God-realization and the exact process by which a human being can establish their eternal relationship with God through bhakti, which the Gita refers to with the term 'yoga'.

Writings of the Jagadgurus - Jagadguru is a title bestowed on a true Saint or Divine personality by scholars of Hinduism. While on this earth, a Jagadguru's Divine state of realization and depth of spiritual understanding, and the universal benefit of his teachings for all the souls make him the supreme spiritual master of that age.

A Jagadguru establishes the path of bhakti and also imparts teachings related to the soul, the material existence (maya) and God, based on the philosophies of the Brahma Sutra, Bhagavad Gita and the Upanishads. The most recent Jagadgurus of the last 5,000 years are:

•Jagadguru Nimbarkacharya (3096 BCE)


•Jagadguru Shankaracharya (509 BCE)


•Jagadguru Ramanujacharya (1017 CE)


•Jagadguru Madhvacharya(1300 CE)


•Jagadguru Shri Kripalu ji Mahararaj (1922 CE)
Writings of Saints -- The scriptures of Hinduism include the writings of true Saints who impart teachings of bhakti also comprise a significant part of the Hindu scriptures. Two prominent Divine personalities in this category are Shri Vallabhacharya (1478 CE) who taught the path of pushti, and Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1485 CE), who was regarded as a descension of Radha Krishna love, and who revealed the bliss of the Divine name through his sankirtan (chanting) movement.



The greatesr source of knowledge the most athanthic source of knowledge is are the vedas the 4 vedas,
1)Rig veda.
2)saam veda.
3)yajur veda.
4)yatharva veda.
there was only one veda but bhagwaan veda vasya divided it into 4.these r not man made these r etarnal voice of God NI SWASITA MASYA VEDAHA, it is eluminated from a natural breath of God Ramayan says the same JA KI SAHAJ SWAAS SHRUTI CHARI SO HARI PADH YAHA KAUTI BHARI.there r many other scripture which refers to the vedic scripture they accept the athority of veda they do not say any thing different from veda they completly agree with the vedas infact that is y we accept them. if any person even if God come down to earth n speak agenst the vedas we would not listen to him.exempal God apear in the form of lord buddha.because it is necessari to speak agenst the veda agnest his own voice.and he said forget about the veda don't worry about whats writen there it dosent matter i shall tell u what u should fallow because the situation at time become very bad so call scholer of the scripture the true pandit they r not true any more they were miss interpreating the veda knowledge, n so the naiv people of a leyman of the world getting confuse .so bhagwan buddha come down to eath n speak agnest veda.this is y today buddhisam is not in our country..it is another parts of the world..but not in our country but we voicut his phillosphy because he spoke agenst vedas we bow down to him we say u r not Mahatma Buddha u r Bhagwaan Buddha but we do not accept his phillosoply because it is agenst the vedas,so vedas r so important they r authanic source of knowledge VEDO NARAYANA SAKCHAT the bhagwat purans says the vedas r form of God him self the vedas r narayan him self this is how important the vedas they r manufestation of God they r the etarnal knowledge the God has given the vedas r time less there was never a time the vedas exists u may heard that vedas r five thousnd year old y do u hear that is is because before that time vedas was not putting in writing the guru would speak the vedic knowledge to his deciple nd the deciple being so speritual inclined would internlid the knowledge on vedas n he would memorise the vedas and intern would tell to his deciple n so one n so for in other words before 5000 year ago vedas fallows as oral treditions the knowledge of the vedas were given orally they were not writen down but 5000 year ago when kal youga apear on the horizon then god thought him self people living in kalyouga r not going to be very intelactual they r not going to be very very intelligent they won't have much mental capacity so i have to make arrangement for them they r not able to intrnlize the massage of vedas.by just hearing so there is need to write it down so bhagwaan apear in the world as a vedya vayasa and he wrote the vedas down.that's y some people arineasly claim that vedas is 5000 old they have always existed and they manufested at the begining of every creation peroid bcz time goes as a cycle there is creation( sristi) n disulation(pyalaye) then sristi then pralaye creation distructions in the begning of every creation peroid vedas r rebuiled God rbuild them through brahma.God given to brahma the knowledge is given by to brahma to sapta rishis and that knowledge come down to us to the humans the vedas r known as binirgat grantha that means they r etarnal n u also hear about upnishad.there r 108 upnishad they r the part of veda they contain they tell us who we r?etC.

— 49.✗.✗.241
1

May 31, 2013, 12:02pm

Hinduism is not just a religion its a way of life. hinduism is not bounded by any kind of practice or believe it helps us to achieve our wisdom by following it. a non-beliver of god can also enter heaven by good deeds. thats what hinduism. I believe that many christian are following hinduism without having a single about knowledge of hinduism by their good deeds. we are not bound to follow god or his instruction, only our karma leads us to our destination.

— 49.✗.✗.187
1

May 22, 2013, 6:53am

Hinduism is not a religion. It is 'sanathana Dharmam'. Vedas are the holy scriptures of Santhana Dharmam. The word 'Hindu' is not mentioned anywhere in Scriptures.
It does not force anyone to follow a religion. It is very natural way of worshiping nature.
People worship (Pancha bootham)Sun,Moon,air,Prakrithi (Nature). Can we live one day without sun rising or moon rising. Can we live one day without breathing air. Is it not our duty to worship them.
It answers to the question? How this world is created? How we came to life? How perfect is this nature (Sun rising, Moon rising, raining)?
It teachs us one clear concept "questioning ourself leads to spirutualy" and "questioning other than self leads to science and technology"

"Hari Om Tat Sat"

— 72.✗.✗.102
1

March 1, 2014, 10:00am

All religions are just important as long as they operate for solidarity

— 82.✗.✗.158
0

February 18, 2012, 2:44am

to the guy who's wondering what he should do--> If you really DO love christ and are a TRUE christian, then you probably wouldn't be questioning whether or not you should change. Also, if you really do want to convert, then you should probably look at what you're getting into....

— 183.✗.✗.58
-1

July 21, 2013, 6:25am

One and only god in the world is lord Shiva....Shiva is allah and bhagwan etc.....and Jesus ana Mohammad are the prophets of lord shiva .....this is the truth.....

— 117.✗.✗.241
-2

November 9, 2012, 10:26pm

"Christians no longer live under the curse of """the law""" but under grace. We are still expected to live by the law."

Something funny... the words, "the law" were linked in the above statement... out of curiosity I put my cursor over the words,"the law". Then popped up a window saying, "Need a good lawyer?", with a pretty caption, and a pretty picture. I guess modern atheism can't quite hold a candle to modern marketing.

— 130.✗.✗.176
-2

September 15, 2012, 12:10am

To the guy that is questioning whether or not to stay with his catholic girlfriend. Catholics are Christians, they believe in God and Jesus Christ so it seems odd that you would consider letting this end your relationship. Maybe you mean you are Protestant. A Catholic is no less a Christian then any other denomination of Christianity. There may be some differences in actual worship style and personal beliefs, perhaps you should find common ground on all the things you will agree on first and then try to sort out where your beliefs differ. Since you are both Christian there should be plenty of common ground.

— 63.✗.✗.123
-2

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