Comparison chart

Christianity versus Orthodox Christianity comparison chart
Edit this comparison chartChristianityOrthodox Christianity
Place of origin Roman province of Judea. Palestine, Rome, and Armenia.
Place of worship Church, chapel, home bible study, personal dwellings. Church, Chapel, Cathedral, shrine, parish.
Scriptures The Holy Bible Holy Bible, a collection of canonical books in two parts(the Old Testament and the New Testament). Orthodox Bibles have more Books in their Old Testament than Protestant or Catholic Bibles.
Practices Baptism, Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Baptism: New Birth in the New Covenant with God. Holy Communion: Partaking in the Body and Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ, under the Form of Bread and Wine. Personal prayer and devotion are also entirely a matter of personal preference.
Belief of God One God : Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. All equal in power, nature, and eternal. Believe in God, as revealed in the Nicene Creed.
Holy days/Official Holidays Sunday, Christmas (celebration of the birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus), Sunday (day of rest), Easter (resurrection of Jesus), Lent (Day of Sacrifice) Sunday(The Lord's Day), Advent, Christmas and New Years, Lent, Holy Week, Easter, Pentecost, Saints' Feast Days.
Offshoot religions Rastafarianism,Universalism, and Deism, and Masonry. N/A.
Goal of religion To have a relationship with Jesus Christ; restoration with God. To love God with all one's heart, mind, and soul. To love one another, share the gospel of Jesus Christ; to obey God. To gain Eternal Salvation.
About Christianity consists of individuals who believe in the deity Jesus Christ. Its followers, called Christians, believe Christ is "the Son" of God, the Holy Trinity and walked the earth as the incarnate form of God ("the Father"). Following the Teachings of Jesus Christ and His Church.
Founder THE TRINITY. (God The Father, Jesus The Son, And The Holy Spirit.) Jesus Christ, and His Apostles.
Life after death Mankind was created to be eternal beings. Either eternally with God through acceptance of Jesus as Savior. Or eternally with Satan for rejection Jesus Christ's Salvation. Eternal Salvation in Heaven; Eternal Damnation in Hell.
Use of statues and pictures Art for representation of a story not for idolatry. Icons are widely used in Orthodoxy.
God's role in salvation God sent His Son Jesus to earth to save all mankind. That all people who believe and accept Him would be saved. There is no other way to Heaven and restoration with God except through Salvation through His Son Jesus Christ. Salvation is a completely free gift from the Lord and comes by grace alone through Jesus Christ and partaking in the Sacraments(or Mysteries).
Clergy Pastor, Reverend, Minister, Missionary, Evangelist. Priests, monks, nuns, Bishops, Patriarchs.
Rites Baptism and communion, laying on of hands, Anointing, speaking in tongues, marriage. Sacraments(aka 'Mysteries')
View of other Abrahamic religions Judaism is regarded as a True religion but incomplete (without Gospel, and Messiah) Islam is regarded as a false religion, Christianity does not accept the Qur'an as true. Judaism is true revelation, but, with incomplete revelation. Islam and Baha'i are wrong, because they follow men who claim to have been greater than the Christ.
Birth of Jesus Virgin Birth, through the Holy Spirit. Virgin Birth in Bethlehem.
Branches Baptist, Lutheran, Church of God In Christ, Methodist. 2 main branches are: Eastern and Oriental. Both break off into further branches, such as Greek(Eastern), Coptic(Oriental), etc.
Means of Salvation Through Christ's Birth, Death, and Resurrection. Through the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Our Lord Jesus Christ, and through the Sacraments(or Mysteries).
Death of Jesus Death by crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension to heaven. Will return. His ministry continues through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit until His return. Death by Crucifixion.
Literal Meaning Follower Of Christ. Orthodox: Conforming to approved doctrine. Christian: Follower Of Christ.
Marriage Man to woman. Is Holy in God's site. And is to last a lifetime. Monogamistic:. "and two shall become one." One man and one woman are united under God in the holy sacrament of Matrimony. In Heaven, marriage does not exist, except for Marriage between God and the soul.
Confessing sins Confess to God through prayer. Repent (turn away) and ask for forgiveness from God for sin. Only God can forgive sin although one can confess sin to a human. All sin must be forgiven by God alone. Confesses to pastors, for absolution and for intercession.
Belief of God One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. One True God in 3 Divine Persons: The Father, the Son(the Lord Jesus), and the Holy Spirit.
Human Nature Mankind inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. Sin separate man from God. Salvation through Christ Jesus is needed in order to restore the broken relationship between man and God. All men and women sin, so Christ Died for all our sins.
Identity of Jesus The Son Of God. The physical representation of God on earth. Jesus is the Logos, or eternal Word. He is the Son in the Holy Trinity Who Descended into time to become the man Christ, Jesus. He is both fully God and fully man.
Promised Holy one. Jesus the Messiah came the first time to offer salvation to all mankind. In the Second Coming of Jesus Christ, Christ will bring His church (Christians) to the land that He has prepared for them. The Lord Jesus is the long-awaited Messiah of Old Testament Prophecy; He Will Come again at the end of time, to Fulfill New Testament Prophecy.
Ressurection of Jesus Believe that Jesus was physically resurrected. Affirmed.
Day of worship Sunday, the Lord's Day. Sunday(the Lord's Day).
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed.No one knows when he will return. Affirmed
Legislation Given by Jesus Christ. The the particular Church diocese.
Geographical distribution and predominance Is a worldwide religion Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and the Far East. Many are in North America too.
View of other Dharmic religions False religion Views all non-Abrahamic religions as pagan in worship.
Belief Salvation is found in Jesus Christ alone. The Father, The Son, and The Holy Spirit is God in three persons. He has always existed in three persons and will always exist. (The Nicene Creed) Believe in Christ Jesus, and received Eternal Salvation from Him and His Church.
Original Language Aramaic, Greek, and Latin Aramaic, Greek, and Armenian.
Use of Statues Forbidden in Protestant denominations; icons are used in Catholic & Orthodox denominations. Icons are used.
Prophets Prophets in the Bible are greatly respected. Prophecy is given directly from God to the prophet and always comes to pass without fail. Prophets are people Chosen By the Holy Spirit, to reveal His Message to humanity.
Place and Time of origin Jerusalem, approx. 33 AD. Pentecost.
Holy Days Christmas (celebration of the birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus), Sunday (day of rest), Easter (resurrection of Jesus), Lent (Catholicism), saints' feast days. Sunday(The Lord's Day), Christmas, Holy Week, and Easter, New Year, Pentecost, Saints' Feast Days
View of Animistic religions Paganism is Heathenism. Witchcraft is communication and interaction with demons, fallen evil angelic beings. Pagan.
Original Languages Greek, Hebrew. Aramaic, Greek, and Armenian.

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