While Christianity is about 2,000 years old, Sikhism is a relatively newer religion that originated in the Indian subcontinent in the fifteenth century. Both religions are monotheistic but their rituals and practices are very different.

Comparison chart

Christianity versus Sikhism comparison chart
Edit this comparison chartChristianitySikhism
Place of origin Roman province of Judea. Punjab, in an area which was partitioned into modern-day Pakistan. Sikhs are now predominant in Indian-Punjab.
Place of worship Church, chapel, home bible study, personal dwellings. Gurdwara for congregational worship. Anyone may enter a Gurdwara, however-no matter their faith, caste, or skin color. Personal worship can be done in any place at any time. God resides in everything and everyone.
Practices Baptism, Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Daily prayers. The three pillars of Sikhism are: a) To remember God at all times which includes being thankful to God for what you have been given, b) To live your life honestly/with integrity and c) Sharing what you have with those less fortunate.
Use of statues and pictures Art for representation of a story not for idolatry. Not allowed as considered Idolatry. Pictures of the Sikh Gurus are considered Idolatry and are not accepted from a religious perspective. Gurus maybe praised because they are equivalent to God.
Means of Salvation Through Christ's Birth, Death, and Resurrection. Worship God, do Good Deeds in the name of God, performing service for community. Fight 5 evils (5 sins) - Greed, Ego, Attachment, Anger, and Lust. Meditate, pray, and improve your relationship with God and God will forgive, cleanse, and save you.
About Christianity consists of individuals who believe in the deity Jesus Christ. Its followers, called Christians, believe Christ is "the Son" of God, the Holy Trinity and walked the earth as the incarnate form of God ("the Father"). A Religion spread by 10 Gurus to preach to worship one creator
Belief of God One God : Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. All equal in power, nature, and eternal. Monotheism
Human Nature Mankind inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. Sin separate man from God. Salvation through Christ Jesus is needed in order to restore the broken relationship between man and God. People are essentially good; the divine spark within them needs only to be fanned into a flame of goodness. Sinning is following the veil of illusion "Maya". Karma is unavoidably paid f you sin.
Clergy Pastor, Reverend, Minister, Missionary, Evangelist. The Granthi is appointed as one take care of Guru Granth Sahib besides No clergy. Raagi who sings the Granth Sahib Baani in Respective Raagas.
Life after death Mankind was created to be eternal beings. Either eternally with God through acceptance of Jesus as Savior. Or eternally with Satan for rejection Jesus Christ's Salvation. A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached. Sikhs believe that there are 8,400,000 forms of life and that many souls have to travel though a number of these before they can reach Waheguru. The goal is to merge with God.
Religious Law Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ is necessary, required, and essential for salvation. The 10 Commandments is the law to show why one needs Jesus Christ's forgiveness. No one is capable of keep all the law, at all time, throughout all their lives. No necessary laws but a sikh may follow the 3 rules of their life such as 1)Naam Japna (remember/meditate on God) 2)Vand K Shakhna (give to those who need it) 3)Kirat Karna (earn by honest means).
Goal of religion To have a relationship with Jesus Christ; restoration with God. To love God with all one's heart, mind, and soul. To love one another, share the gospel of Jesus Christ; to obey God. To merge with and have the greatest relationship with God possible. To love and obey God unconditionally. Guru Nanak Dev Ji stressed that we should not be afraid of God's wrath, but instead be afraid of not receiving the full benefits of God's love.
Founder THE TRINITY. (God The Father, Jesus The Son, And The Holy Spirit.) Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Confessing sins Confess to God through prayer. Repent (turn away) and ask for forgiveness from God for sin. Only God can forgive sin although one can confess sin to a human. All sin must be forgiven by God alone. As the Divine light is in all of us, God already knows of our "sins". We are to pray to God for God to forgive us and cleanse us. Only through God and doing Good Deeds in God's name in a way that God is pleased can we obtain salvation-escape from sin
God's role in salvation God sent His Son Jesus to earth to save all mankind. That all people who believe and accept Him would be saved. There is no other way to Heaven and restoration with God except through Salvation through His Son Jesus Christ. God is generous and loving. mankind will reincarnate until he becomes a Sikh and achieves paradise.
Literal Meaning Follower Of Christ. Sikh means "Student" in Persian-Punjabi. It Means To Learn.Sikh means a person who learn all his life from others.
Marriage Man to woman. Is Holy in God's site. And is to last a lifetime. Marriage can be arranged or it can be a love marriage. Monogamistic, against premarital sex. Marriage is the merging of two souls as one.
Status of Muhammad Not Recognized in Christianity Saint, a guru of time. He is mentioned in Sikhism- but is used to name the guru incarnate of god.(irrelevant to some)
Rites Baptism and communion, laying on of hands, Anointing, speaking in tongues, marriage. Amrit Sanchar (Being Initiated into the Khalsa. Equivalent to baptism).
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed.No one knows when he will return. Irrelevant
Day of worship Sunday, the Lord's Day. Every day Sikhs worship the one God at their homes, even with or without a Gurdwara service.
View of other Abrahamic religions Judaism is regarded as a True religion but incomplete (without Gospel, and Messiah) Islam is regarded as a false religion, Christianity does not accept the Qur'an as true. All faiths will get what they work towards. Sikhism does not condemn others to Hell or say if you are not Sikh you are eternally damned. Sikhs prays for "Sarbat Da Bhala", meaning the good and prosperity of all Humanity regardless of differences.
Authority of Dalai Lama None N/A.
Holy days/Official Holidays Sunday, Christmas (celebration of the birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus), Sunday (day of rest), Easter (resurrection of Jesus), Lent (Day of Sacrifice) No one day is deemed holier then another. However dates that have historical significance such as Vasaikhi and Gurpurabs are celebrated with Prayers in Gurdwaras.
Branches Baptist, Lutheran, Church of God In Christ, Methodist. Udasis – An order of ascetics & holy men who follow Guru Nanak's son Baba Sri Chand. Sahajdharis – who are clean shaven but have chosen the path of Sikhism & eventual baptism. The Khalsa, who are baptized and follow the traditional practices of S
Followers Christian (follwers of Christ) Sikhs
Definition Disciple of Jesus Christ. Disciple, student or learner of God.
Identity of Jesus The Son Of God. The physical representation of God on earth. Jesus is looked as a "saint". Sikhs do not believe that Jesus is God because Sikhism teaches that God is neither born, nor dead. Jesus was born and lived a human life, therefore, he cannot be God. However, Sikhs still show respect to all beliefs.
View of the Buddha A false God. There is an important person in Sikhism who is called Buddha.
Original Language(s) Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. Punjabi was the original language in Sikhism and Persian also but Sikhs can learn as many languages as they want to learn.
Legislation Given by Jesus Christ. Panj Pyare, (Akal Takht is meeting place)
Ressurection of Jesus Believe that Jesus was physically resurrected. N/A
View of other Dharmic religions False religion Sikhs respect other Dharmic religions.
Population Over a billion adherents worldwide. 30 million
Prophet Moses, Samuel, Nathan, Elijah, Elisha, and many others., as well as both Johns in the New Testament too. No prophets in Sikhism only direct relation with God with no mediator. No Prophets but Gurus existed.
Use of Statues Forbidden in Protestant denominations; icons are used in Catholic & Orthodox denominations. Forbidden
Direction of Prayer A conversation with God. Prayer is the Christians way to communicate with God. Sikh's reject the notion of fixed direction of Prayer as God is everywhere.
Position of Mary Mother Of Jesus Christ N/A
Names of God God, Gud, Gott, Deo, Dios. Jehovah, YHWH, Eli Elohim... Waheguru, Ik Onkaar, Sat Nam, Akhal Purakh.
Praying to Saints, Mary, and Angel Christians only pray directly to God. forbidden Worship is to be for One God only, gurus may be Praised because they are manifestations of God in the flesh.
Symbols Cross, ichthys ("Jesus fish"), Mary and baby Jesus. The Khanda ☬
Religion which atheists may still be adherents of No. A person must believe in God to be a Sikh
Use of statues, images Only as art Forbidden.
On Food/Drink All food and drink is good when eaten and drank in moderation. Do not drink intoxicating drinks, vegetarianism encouraged, eating animals killed ritualistically is forbidden. Only "jhatka" meat allowed, i.e. animal must be slaughtered in 1 stroke. Therefore, fish is not allowed.
View of Animistic religions Paganism is Heathenism. Witchcraft is communication and interaction with demons, fallen evil angelic beings. Sikhism respects animistic religions.
Revered People Varies by sect/denomination. Reverends, Bishops, Pastors, Prophets, Missionaries, Evangelist Gurus, bhagats, sants, gursikhs.
Original Languages Greek, Hebrew. Punjabi
Belief of deities Only One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. There is one God whom is without form.
On Race All races viewed equally in Christianity. All are equal.
On Clothing Conservative Christians dress modestly; women may cover their heads, wear long skirts or dresses; men may wear dress clothes that do not show the chest, legs, and arms. More moderate or liberal Christians generally reject such clothing restrictions. Wear the 5 Ks (kangha, kara, kachera, kirpan, kesh)
Views about other religions No other religion leads to God. All religions are equal, 15 of the legendary saints in sikhism (Bhagats), in the Sikh Guru, have came from different religions and reflect its universality.
View of Jesus God in human form, "Jesus Christ, " Savior. Death by crucifixion. Christians believe Jesus rose from the dead, was taken up into heaven, and will return again. A very holy messenger of God.
Marriage and Divorce Explained by Jesus in Mathew 19:3-9 and said, ‘Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh. Therefore what God has put together let man not seperate.' One can marry peacefully and take Laavan (wedding prayer) in Gurudwara but if personal differences occur they can take divorce. Conservative Sikhs believe marriage is a holy bond that cannot be broken.
Saints All Christians are saints The Sikh notion of a saint or prophet is called a guru, meaning one who can offer salvation, and deliver a soul from darkness into light (Sanskrit: gu = darkness, ru = light).
Important Tenets The Ten Commandments, The Beatitudes. Rehat Maryada, 52 Hukams of Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
Sacred Texts Christian Bible (includes Old and New Testaments). Adi Granth. Nihang Sikhs regard Dasam Granth and Sarbloh Granth also as sacred, but orthodox Sikhs consider them true but lesser. Janamsakhis provide stories of the gurus' lives.
Number of Adherents An estimated 2.1 billion, largest religion in the world. A estimated 30 million, fifth largest religion in the world.
On Women Equal to men though is considered to have different roles by many Christians. Equal to men.

The concept of Heaven and Hell in Christianity vs Sikhism

Heaven and Hell in Christianity

Christians believe that God created human beings to live with Him eternally. Resurrection of all people; judgment; eternal life in heaven or hell. Heaven is God's abode. Salvation is finally received and fully realised when people go there and be with God individually. Many Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the only way to heaven, but for a few it is a mixed matter. Hell is the bottomless pit unto which God cast away Satan after his rebellious acts against God. The people who are not close to God and reject him will be judged and be separated from God forever.

Another theory is that before judgement day, Satan's home is here on earth where he is busy deceiving and destroying. On judgement day Satan, the fallen angels, his followers and the people that did not commit to God the creator will be sent to hell.

Heaven and Hell in Sikhism

Sikhs believe that through good deeds, worship of God, helping the poor, and living a pure life, you can join God in Sach Khand (Sikh concept of Heaven). It is a Sikh's goal to end his own suffering, and join God.

Heaven: Known as Sach Khand. Salvation is finally recieved when a Sikh unites with God, master and creator. Sikhs believe that all religions are paths to God, but must follow their religions truthfully.

Hell: Hell is a mixed matter in Sikhism. Mainstream Sikhism believes that Hell is the cycle of rebirth over and over again. Unless one finally reaches God, he/she must go through 8.4 million lives (different life forms) to become human again and get the next chance to reach God. Yet other Sikhs believe Hell is a real place, and the wicked are sent there.


The video below showcases some of the elementary beliefs of Sikhism in comparison to Christianity beliefs:

Further Reading

For further reading, there are several books available on Amazon.com on Sikhism and Christianity:

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