Christianity vs Sikhism


While Christianity is about 2,000 years old, Sikhism is a relatively newer religion that originated in the Indian subcontinent in the fifteenth century. Both religions are monotheistic but their rituals and practices are very different.

Comparison chart

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Founder Jesus,Peter and Paul Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Concept of Deity Believe in the Trinity. Three persons in one God: Father, Son and Holy Spirit Belief in one God and teachings of the Sikh Gurus. God is merged with the Gurus and the Gurus are Manifests of The Creator.
Place of worship Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, home bible study, personal dwellings. Gurdwara for congregational worship. Anyone may enter a Gurdwara, however-no matter their faith, caste, or skin color. Personal worship can be done in any place at any time. God resides in everything and everyone.
Practices Prayers, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Daily prayers. The three pillars of Sikhism are: a) To remember God at all times which includes being thankful to God for what you have been given, b) To live your life honestly/with integrity and c) Sharing what you have with those less fortunate.
Place of origin Jerusalem Punjab, in an area which was partitioned into modern-day Pakistan. Sikhs are now predominant in Indian-Punjab.
Use of statues and pictures Used in Catholicism Orthodox Christianity; statuary is not used in most Protestant denominations. Statues are not worshiped but looked to as a point of focus in prayer and meditation. Not allowed as considered Idolatry. Pictures of the Sikh Gurus are considered Idolatry and are not accepted from a religious perspective. Gurus maybe praised because they are equivalent to God.
Scriptures The Holy Bible, a collection of canonical books in two parts: the Old Testament and the New Testament. Sahib Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji Maharaaj (Holy Scripture and final Guru of the Sikhs completed by the 10th Guru, Sahib Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji Maharaaj)
Literal Meaning Christ means "the anointed" or "Messiah". A Christian is a believer in Christ. A believer is also called and known as a saint in Protestant branches. Sikh means "Student" in Persian-Punjabi. It Means To Learn.Sikh means a person who learn all his life from others.
Angels Angels are servants of God used as messengers and warriors and guardians of humanity. N/A
Life after death Man is appointed to die once, and then face judgment. Those who believe live on in heaven, while those that rejected God suffer eternity in hell. After the culmination of the events of the Book of Revelation all believers shall be bodily resurrected. A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached. Sikhs believe that there are 8,400,000 forms of life and that many souls have to travel though a number of these before they can reach Waheguru. The goal is to merge with God.
Time of origin Approx. 33 AD. 1469 AD.
Clergy Priests, Monks, Bishops, Pastors, president. depending on denomination The Granthi is appointed as one take care of Guru Granth Sahib besides No clergy. Raagi who sings the Granth Sahib Baani in Respective Raagas.
Definition Follower of the Christ. Disciple, student or learner of God.
Means of salvation Through Christ's death and resurrection. Salvation is by grace, through faith. Not by works, lest anyone should boast. Worship God, do Good Deeds in the name of God, performing service for community. Fight 5 evils (5 sins) - Greed, Ego, Attachment, Anger, and Lust. Meditate, pray, and improve your relationship with God and God will forgive, cleanse, and save you.
Human Nature Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. By knowing right and wrong Christians choose their actions. Humans are a fallen, broken race in need of salvation and repair by God. People are essentially good; the divine spark within them needs only to be fanned into a flame of goodness. Guru Nanak taught that a man's sins are moral lapses caused by his environment. They may be cleansed through meditation and prayer.
Status of women Can become nuns in the Catholic and Orthodox Churches and may be priests in Protestant churches. The Bible states that men and women have different roles but are not inferior. Women are equal to men in modern times. Sikhism teaches that men and women are 100% equal in the eyes of God. Women have the exact same rights as men and are to be respected and honored. God loves both equally and neither is better than the other.
Identity of Jesus Son of the Living God and Saviour of the world. Second person of the Trinity. Jesus is looked as a "saint". Sikhs do not believe that Jesus is God because Sikhism teaches that God is neither born, nor dead. Jesus was born and lived a human life, therefore, he cannot be God. However, Sikhs still show respect to all beliefs.
About Salvation through faith in Jesus Christ. A Religion spread by 10 Gurus to preach to worship one creator
Goal of religion To love God and obey his commandments while creating a relationship with Jesus Christ and spreading the Gospel so that others may also be saved. To merge with and have the greatest relationship with God possible. To love and obey God unconditionally. Guru Nanak Dev Ji stressed that we should not be afraid of God's wrath, but instead be afraid of not receiving the full benefits of God's love.
Status of Adam Adam was the first man created by God. He fell into temptation and brought sin and death to the human race. Only God knows who was created first and who will be created last. Most likely the first Guru on earth as a fish form.
Birth of Jesus Virgin Birth, through God. N/A
Principle God created man. Man sinned and fell under its curse. God redeems sinful man through the shed blood of Jesus Christ. Those that He redeems, He regenerates them and they become "born-again". The worship of the One God through prayer and devotion. Sikhs are required to meditate on God's name to clear their mind and eliminate the 5 evils. Meditation is also used to bring oneself closer to God.
God's role in salvation Humans cannot save themselves or ascend on their own to a higher level. Only God is good and therefore only God is able to save a person. Jesus came down from Heaven to save mankind. God is generous and loving. mankind will reincarnate until he becomes a Sikh and achieves paradise.
Rites Seven sacraments: Baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance, anointing of the sick, holy orders, matrimony (Catholic Anglican and Orthodox). other denominations just Baptism and communion. Amrit Sanchar (Being Initiated into the Khalsa. Mandatory for both men and women).
Marriage Marriage is between one man and one woman. Jesus affirms this in Mathew 19:3-9 ‘...Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh’. Marriage can be arranged or it can be a love marriage. Monogamistic, against premarital sex. Marriage is the merging of two souls as one.
Population 2.1 Billion includes Catholics, Protestants, Orthodox and other Christians. 30 million
Belief of God One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit Monotheism
Branches Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant. Udasis – An order of ascetics & holy men, often active as missionaries. Sahajdharis – who are clean shaven but have chosen the path of Sikhism & eventual baptism. The Khalsa, who are baptized and follow the traditional practices of Sikhism
Religious Law The 10 Commandments and the New Commandment to "Love one another". No necessary laws but a sikh may follow the 3 rules of their life such as 1)Naam Japna 2)Vand K Shakhna 3)Kirat Karna.
Death of Jesus Death by crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension to heaven. Will return. N/A
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed, No one knows the date of return not even Jesus, only the Father. Irrelevant
Clothes Conservative Christians dress Modestly (women usually put up their hair, dresses below knees, cover up the top, some even cover their head) men wear dress clothes do not show chests legs and arms. although Liberal Christians reject Prohibitions. Men should wear turbans and women are permitted to wear turbans or scarfs if they so desire, once baptized. In addition to that, they wear the five articles of faith: Kesh(uncut hair), Kanga(comb), Kara(metal bangle), Kirpan(dagger), Kachera(shorts).
Confessing sins Protestants confess straight to God, Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God (Orthodox have similar practice) Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional. God always forgives sins in Jesus. As the Divine light is in all of us, God already knows of our "sins". We are to pray to God for God to forgive us and cleanse us. Only through God and doing Good Deeds in God's name in a way that God is pleased can we obtain salvation-escape from sin
Legislation Varies through denomination. Panj Pyare, (Akal Takht is meeting place)
View of Animistic religions Paganism is Heathenism. Witchcraft is communication and interaction with demons, fallen evil angelic beings. These have no real interest ultimately, in helping their worshipers. Demonic possession is common. N/A
Offshoot religions Rastafarianism,Universalism, and Deism, and Masonry. Dharmik Schools and Teachings In Gurudwara.
Geographical predominance Christianity exists strongly worldwide while it is concentrated in Europe, the Americas, Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and the Pacific. Indian Punjab, hundreds of thousands in the US, Canada, UK , Europe, Africa, Australia, New Zealand and elsewhere.
Holy days/Official Holidays Christmas (birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus), Sunday (day of rest), Easter (resurrection of Jesus). No one day is deemed holier then another. However dates that have historical significance such as Vasaikhi and Gurpurabs are celebrated with Prayers in Gurdwaras.
Ressurection of Jesus affirmed N/A
Prophet Noah ,Moses, Abraham, Isaac, David, Solomon Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekial, Nahum, Elijah, Elisha, Obadiah, Amos, Hosea, Zechariah, Zephaniah, Malachi, Daniel, Nathan, John the Baptist and many others. No prophets in Sikhism only direct relation with God with no mediator. No Prophets but Gurus existed.
Promised Holy one. Second Coming of Christ N/A
View of other Abrahamic religions Judaism is regarded as a True religion but incomplete (without Gospel, and Messiah) Islam is regarded as a false religion, Christianity does not accept the Qur'an as true. All faiths will get what they work towards. Sikhism does not condemn others to Hell or say if you are not Sikh you are eternally damned. Sikhs prays for "Sarbat Da Bhala", meaning the good and prosperity of all Humanity regardless of differences.
Original Language(s) Hebrew, Aramaic, Koine Greek Punjabi was the original language in Sikhism and Persian also but Sikhs can learn as many languages as they want to learn.
Authority of Pope Leader and overseer of the Catholic Church. his authority is completely rejected by Protestants, and is viewed by Orthodox as first among equals. Orthodox and Protestants reject Papal infallibility and Papal supremacy. Not relevant to Sikhism.
Day of worship Worship should be daily. Many Christians attend church on Sundays. only sundays is considered mandatory. Every day Sikhs worship the one God at their homes, even with or without a Gurdwara service.
Status of Muhammad False Prophet with wrong Ideas about God and Jesus, and the Bible. Saint, a guru of time. He is mentioned in Sikhism- but is used to name the guru incarnate of god.(irrelevant to some)
Concept of God Eternal, uncreated, triune, Single and unique, Creator of life and the universe, righteous, just, merciful. All-knowing, everywhere present. Self Created, Indestructible, Unborn, Creater of Universe, Guru Nanak is God and Manifest.
Goal of Philosophy Objective reality. Worship of God who created life, the universe, and is eternal. Christianity has its own philosophy, found in the 66 books of the Bible. Refer to Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji.
Religion which atheists may still be adherents of A person must believe in God and Jesus to be Christian. A person must believe in God to be a Sikh
Position of Mary She is the Mother of God, and is highly honored in Catholic, Orthodox, Anglican (Episcopalian), and Lutheran Christianity. Most Protestants do not honor the Virgin Mary. N/A
Three Jewels Faith, Hope and Charity Naam Japna (Meditate on God), Kirat Karni (To work and earn by the sweat of the brow, to live a family way of life, and practice truthfulness and honesty in all dealings), Vand Chakna (To share with others without expecting anything in return).
Resurrection of Jesus Affirmed N/A.
View of other Dharmic religions N/A. Sikhs respect other Dharmic religions.
View of God Our Heavenly Father. One God
Use of statues, images some denominations regard It as forbidden and Idolatry. Anglicans and Lutherans allow pictures but forbid venerating them. Catholics encourage pictures and statues and venerate them. Orthodox encourage pictures and venerate them. Forbidden.
View of the Buddha N/A. There is an important person in Sikhism who is called Buddha.
Names of God God, Gud, Gott, Deo, Dios. Jehovah, YHWH, Eli Elohim, Allah, (depending on language Christians are of every language and culture around the world) WaheGuru, Ik Onkaar, Sat Nam, Akhal Purakh, Allah, Bhagwan, Ishwar, Allah, Alakh, Jeshua, Kareem, Krishna, Ram and Sai Baba and Vishnu and Hafeez and Aziz
Direction of Prayer Catholics and Orthodox usually face Jerusalem in their prayers but it is not considered necessary, but recommended. God is present everywhere recent reforms have prompted many Christians to not face anywhere in their prayers. Sikh's reject the notion of fixed direction of Prayer
Marriage and Divorce Explained by Jesus in Mathew 19:3-9 and said, ‘Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh. Therefore what God has put together let man not seperate.' One can marry peacefully and take Laavan in Gurudwara but if personal differences occur they can take divorce.
Praying to Saints, Mary, and Angel Catholics do, Orthodox do, but Protestants do not. forbidden Worship is to be for One God only, gurus may be Praised because they are manifestations of God in the flesh.
Saints Catholics and Orthodox venerate very Holy people as Saints. Most Protestants do not do this. The Sikh notion of a saint or prophet is called a guru, meaning one who can offer salvation, and deliver a soul from darkness, into light.
Followers Christian (follwers of Christ) Sikhs
Use of statues Permitted in Catholic & Orthodox Churches, Forbidden
Can atheists partake in this religion's practices? No. Yes.
Authority of Dalai Lama N/A. N/A.
Three Jewels/Trinity The Blessed Trinity: In the name of the Father the Son and the Holy Spirit Naam Japo, Kirat Karo and Vand K Shakho
sects Catholic, Protestant, & Orthodox. Jat, Namdhari, Nirmala, Sanatan, and many others.
imams identified as N/A. N/A.
Teachings about Behavior And he answered, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself;” Go and sin no more- John 8 Never Commit any sin always do good thing and praise god's name.
Views about other religions all other religions are false and founded by satan. Judaism being a unique exception, Jews viewed as ignorant of the Messiah. All religions are equal, 15 of the legendary saints in sikhism (Bhagats), in the Sikh Guru, have came from different religions and reflect its universality.

Contents: Christianity vs Sikhism

edit The concept of Heaven and Hell in Christianity vs Sikhism

edit Heaven and Hell in Christianity

Christians believe that God created human beings to live with Him eternally. Resurrection of all people; judgment; eternal life in heaven or hell. Heaven is God's abode. Salvation is finally received and fully realised when people go there and be with God individually. Many Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the only way to heaven, but for a few it is a mixed matter. Hell is the bottomless pit unto which God cast away Satan after his rebellious acts against God. The people who are not close to God and reject him will be judged and be separated from God forever.

Another theory is that before judgement day, Satan's home is here on earth where he is busy deceiving and destroying. On judgement day Satan, the fallen angels, his followers and the people that did not commit to God the creator will be sent to hell.

edit Heaven and Hell in Sikhism

Sikhs believe that through good deeds, worship of God, helping the poor, and living a pure life, you can join God in Sach Khand (Sikh concept of Heaven). It is a Sikh's goal to end his own suffering, and join God.

Heaven: Known as Sach Khand. Salvation is finally recieved when a Sikh unites with God, master and creator. Sikhs believe that all religions are paths to God, but must follow their religions truthfully.

Hell: Hell is a mixed matter in Sikhism. Mainstream Sikhism believes that Hell is the cycle of rebirth over and over again. Unless one finally reaches God, he/she must go through 8.4 million lives (different life forms) to become human again and get the next chance to reach God. Yet other Sikhs believe Hell is a real place, and the wicked are sent there.

edit Further Reading

For further reading, there are several books available on on Sikhism and Christianity:

Comments: Christianity vs Sikhism

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March 5, 2014, 4:58pm

Sihkism is not the truth. The 'Guru' made up Sikhsm but Christianity wan't made up.

— 2.✗.✗.53

March 5, 2014, 4:56pm

All of you should just give your lives to Jesus

— 2.✗.✗.53

October 13, 2013, 6:08am

Sikhism is so beautiful. I admire the teachings. I loved reading this.

— 98.✗.✗.175

February 9, 2013, 1:12am

I believe the Christian Bible does not treat men and women as equals. There are many passages that indicate that women are treated differently than men. 1 Timothy 2:12, 1 Corinthians 11:6. There are many other passages, but these are just a few.

— 72.✗.✗.222

October 25, 2012, 3:37am

Sikhism is practical

— 198.✗.✗.17

September 24, 2012, 4:46pm

i agree with jemma because shes right i admit i did get a bit confused reading it but still she did do it in her spare time so yeah i just thought i would say that

— 92.✗.✗.178

August 6, 2012, 10:04am

Christianity is not just based on the virtue of faith. The Bible says "Faith, Hope and Love... but the Greatest of these is LOVE." :)

— 112.✗.✗.3

March 14, 2012, 2:48pm

To the young Christian man with the Catholic girlfriend.
Are you a Born Again or non denominational Christian? Do you attend a contemporary style church? If so, you understand that God's Word - the Holy Bible is the only guide book you need to Christian living. If you ask the Holy Spirit to reveal truth and meaning to you as you read it, you will always get a clear message for your life and Christian walk from God. Have faith not religion.
I was brought up as a Catholic by strict parents. I had a repressed life. I was restricted to living a good Catholic girl's life. I had to follow man written Chatechisms (these are not God's Word but Catholic extended beliefs) I had to bow down to statues of (Saints) - the bible tells us to worship, pray and bow down ONLY to the Lord your God.
I am now a non denominational Christian - a follower of Christ, I attend a contemporary style church which is filled with love and acceptance of me. They do not judge or condition me. My church is Holy Spirit filled and is a joy to sing and worship God in.
If your girlfriend and yourself are both Holy Spirit filled Christians that love and honour the living God, then it shouldn't matter if she chooses a Catholic approach to her worship and you choose a comtemporary style approach. If she truly loves you and loves God, she will accept your choice. If she still insists on you converting to Catholicism, then I hope you will make a Godly and wise decision to rethink your relationship with her.
It is important as Christians to choose partners that believe the same way we do, anyone that is truly Holy Spirit filled, reads the Word with Godly wisdom and lives their life according to the new testament (as Jesus lived). They will make a great partner for life. We are here to live and build a kingdom life while on this earth. Heaven starts here right now and leads into eternity.
God bless you and all the best for your life. :-)

— 124.✗.✗.98

September 7, 2011, 3:14am

Very poor comparison as the chart credits many cultural phenomena such as arranged weddings in Indian culture and praying on the day of Sabbath in the West as inherently Sikh values.

They're not.

— 174.✗.✗.77

March 24, 2011, 3:53pm

hi i am a christian young man...n i am trying to seek help on whether i should continue dating a catholic woman..i love her to death n the only thing that is slowing us down is our religion, some how i feel i should continue just bcause we connect like that...but then again it gets to me will i become a catholic too...or should i stay christian...i mean i do love her n this is the point where i make a decision...she wants me to follow her way...but then again what about my way...should i have a saying in this...or just go along with...i am just confuse on whether we should go forth in our relationship...cause in the end i want to live my life as a holy man n a follower of jesus christ....

— 207.✗.✗.17

November 22, 2010, 11:46am

Love God and your neighbor as yourself is a process requiring a person to know himself, to know why he re-enacts, recreates his life in patterns wasting energy, separating himself from his true nature and from God. Gospel of Thomas says if you know what is inside you it can help you; if you don't know what is inside you it can kill you. Christ came to the earth, sacrificed from deity to mankind, in order to lead us, instruct us to the truth. When mankind murdered Christ, God through Christ sent the Holy Spirit to counsel us, and to send us to teachers, counselors, physicians of the soul to teach us the non violent kingdom of God is Gtotally separate from the vilolent kindom of man. Whenever the spoken or written word deviates from that principle, whenever it separates us from the non violent God it's not from the Holy Spirit; when it connects to God, moves to make us whole it is of the Holy Spirit.

— 174.✗.✗.234

October 9, 2011, 8:54pm

Just convert to catholocism. It will be a lot easier on you.

— 98.✗.✗.231
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