While Christianity is about 2,000 years old, Sikhism is a relatively newer religion that originated in the Indian subcontinent in the fifteenth century. Both religions are monotheistic but their rituals and practices are very different.

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Christianity

Christianity

Sikhism

Sikhism
Place of origin Roman province of Judea. Punjab, in an area which was partitioned into modern-day Pakistan. Sikhs are now predominant in Indian-Punjab.
Place of worship Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, home bible study, personal dwellings. Gurdwara for congregational worship. Anyone may enter a Gurdwara, however-no matter their faith, caste, or skin color. Personal worship can be done in any place at any time. God resides in everything and everyone.
Practices Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Daily prayers. The three pillars of Sikhism are: a) To remember God at all times which includes being thankful to God for what you have been given, b) To live your life honestly/with integrity and c) Sharing what you have with those less fortunate.
Belief of God One God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Monotheism
Use of statues and pictures In Catholic & Orthodox Churches. Not allowed as considered Idolatry. Pictures of the Sikh Gurus are considered Idolatry and are not accepted from a religious perspective. Gurus maybe praised because they are equivalent to God.
Religious Law Has existed among Catholics in the form of canon law. No necessary laws but a sikh may follow the 3 rules of their life such as 1)Naam Japna (remember/meditate on God) 2)Vand K Shakhna (give to those who need it) 3)Kirat Karna (earn by honest means).
About Christianity broadly consists of individuals who believe in the deity Jesus Christ. Its followers, called Christians, often believe Christ is "the Son" of the Holy Trinity and walked the earth as the incarnate form of God ("the Father"). A Religion spread by 10 Gurus to preach to worship one creator
Means of salvation Through Christ's Passion, Death, and Resurrection. Worship God, do Good Deeds in the name of God, performing service for community. Fight 5 evils (5 sins) - Greed, Ego, Attachment, Anger, and Lust. Meditate, pray, and improve your relationship with God and God will forgive, cleanse, and save you.
Goal of religion To love God and obey his commandments while creating a relationship with Jesus Christ and spreading the Gospel so that others may also be saved. To merge with and have the greatest relationship with God possible. To love and obey God unconditionally. Guru Nanak Dev Ji stressed that we should not be afraid of God's wrath, but instead be afraid of not receiving the full benefits of God's love.
Day of worship Sunday, the Lord's Day. Every day Sikhs worship the one God at their homes, even with or without a Gurdwara service.
Founder The Lord Jesus Christ. Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Human Nature Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. By knowing right and wrong Christians choose their actions. Humans are a fallen, broken race in need of salvation and repair by God. People are essentially good; the divine spark within them needs only to be fanned into a flame of goodness. Sinning is following the veil of illusion "Maya". Karma is unavoidably paid f you sin.
Clergy Priests, bishops, ministers, monks, and nuns. The Granthi is appointed as one take care of Guru Granth Sahib besides No clergy. Raagi who sings the Granth Sahib Baani in Respective Raagas.
Ressurection of Jesus Affirmed. N/A
Literal Meaning Follower Of Christ. Sikh means "Student" in Persian-Punjabi. It Means To Learn.Sikh means a person who learn all his life from others.
Rites Seven sacraments: Baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance, anointing of the sick, holy orders, matrimony (Catholic and Orthodox). Anglicans: Baptism and Eucharist. Other denominations: Baptism and communion. Amrit Sanchar (Being Initiated into the Khalsa. Equivalent to baptism).
Definition Disciple of Jesus Christ. Disciple, student or learner of God.
Marriage A Holy Sacrament. Marriage can be arranged or it can be a love marriage. Monogamistic, against premarital sex. Marriage is the merging of two souls as one.
God's role in salvation Humans cannot save themselves or ascend on their own to a higher level. Only God is good and therefore only God is able to save a person. Jesus came down from Heaven to save mankind. God is generous and loving. mankind will reincarnate until he becomes a Sikh and achieves paradise.
Life after death Eternity in Heaven or Hell, in some cases temporal Purgatory. A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached. Sikhs believe that there are 8,400,000 forms of life and that many souls have to travel though a number of these before they can reach Waheguru. The goal is to merge with God.
View of other Abrahamic religions Judaism is regarded as a True religion but incomplete (without Gospel, and Messiah) Islam is regarded as a false religion, Christianity does not accept the Qur'an as true. All faiths will get what they work towards. Sikhism does not condemn others to Hell or say if you are not Sikh you are eternally damned. Sikhs prays for "Sarbat Da Bhala", meaning the good and prosperity of all Humanity regardless of differences.
Branches Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant. Udasis – An order of ascetics & holy men who follow Guru Nanak's son Baba Sri Chand. Sahajdharis – who are clean shaven but have chosen the path of Sikhism & eventual baptism. The Khalsa, who are baptized and follow the traditional practices of S
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed. Irrelevant
Confessing sins Protestants confess straight to God, Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God (Orthodox have similar practice) Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional. God always forgives sins in Jesus. As the Divine light is in all of us, God already knows of our "sins". We are to pray to God for God to forgive us and cleanse us. Only through God and doing Good Deeds in God's name in a way that God is pleased can we obtain salvation-escape from sin
Status of Muhammad N/A. Saint, a guru of time. He is mentioned in Sikhism- but is used to name the guru incarnate of god.(irrelevant to some)
View of other Dharmic religions N/A Sikhs respect other Dharmic religions.
View of the Buddha N/A. There is an important person in Sikhism who is called Buddha.
Followers Christian (follwers of Christ) Sikhs
Position of Mary Mother Of God. N/A
Original Language(s) Aramaic, Greek, and Latin. Punjabi was the original language in Sikhism and Persian also but Sikhs can learn as many languages as they want to learn.
Identity of Jesus The Son Of God. Jesus is looked as a "saint". Sikhs do not believe that Jesus is God because Sikhism teaches that God is neither born, nor dead. Jesus was born and lived a human life, therefore, he cannot be God. However, Sikhs still show respect to all beliefs.
Use of statues Forbidden in Protestant denominations; icons are used in Catholic & Orthodox denominations. Forbidden
imams identified as N/A. N/A.
Population Over a billion adherents worldwide. 30 million
Authority of Dalai Lama N/A. N/A.
Names of God God, Gud, Gott, Deo, Dios. Jehovah, YHWH, Eli Elohim, Allah, (depending on language Christians are of every language and culture around the world) Waheguru, Ik Onkaar, Sat Nam, Akhal Purakh.
Use of statues, images some denominations regard It as forbidden and Idolatry. Anglicans and Lutherans allow pictures but forbid venerating them. Catholics encourage pictures and statues and venerate them. Orthodox encourage pictures and venerate them. Forbidden.
Religion which atheists may still be adherents of No. A person must believe in God to be a Sikh
Holy days/Official Holidays The Lord's Day; Advent, Christmas; New Year, Lent, Easter, Pentecost, every day is dedicated to a Saint. No one day is deemed holier then another. However dates that have historical significance such as Vasaikhi and Gurpurabs are celebrated with Prayers in Gurdwaras.
View of Animistic religions Paganism is Heathenism. Witchcraft is communication and interaction with demons, fallen evil angelic beings. These have no real interest ultimately, in helping their worshipers. Demonic possession is common. Sikhism respects animistic religions.
Legislation Varies through denomination. Panj Pyare, (Akal Takht is meeting place)
Three Jewels Christ, Grace, and Virtue Naam Japna (Meditate on God), Kirat Karni (To work and earn by the sweat of the brow, to live a family way of life, and practice truthfulness and honesty in all dealings), Vand Chakna (To share with others without expecting anything in return).
Symbols Cross, ichthys ("Jesus fish"), Mary and baby Jesus. The Khanda ☬
On Race All races generally viewed equal in Christianity. However, Bible passages on slavery were used to support the practice in the past in the U.S. The "curse of Ham" was sometimes thought to be black skin; modern interpretations reject this. All are equal.
Direction of Prayer Catholics and Orthodox usually face the Tabernacle in their prayers but it is not considered necessary, but recommended. God is present everywhere recent reforms have prompted many Christians to not face anywhere in their prayers. Sikh's reject the notion of fixed direction of Prayer as God is everywhere.
On Clothing Conservative Christians dress modestly; women may cover their heads, wear long skirts or dresses; men may wear dress clothes that do not show the chest, legs, and arms. More moderate or liberal Christians generally reject such clothing restrictions. Wear the 5 Ks (kangha, kara, kachera, kirpan, kesh)
On Food/Drink Though the Old Testament of the Bible says certain meats should not be consumed, Christians usually feel this information does not apply to them (in the New Testament) and so eat what they want to eat. Do not drink intoxicating drinks, vegetarianism encouraged, eating animals killed ritualistically is forbidden.
Original Languages Aramaic, Common (Koine) Greek, Hebrew. Punjabi
View of Jesus God in human form, "Son of God," savior. Death by crucifixion. Most, though not all, of Christians believe Jesus rose from the dead, was taken up into heaven, and will return during an apocalypse. A very holy messenger of God.
Prophet Moses, Samuel, Nathan, Elijah, Elisha, etc., as well as both Johns in the New Testament too. No prophets in Sikhism only direct relation with God with no mediator. No Prophets but Gurus existed.
Marriage and Divorce Explained by Jesus in Mathew 19:3-9 and said, ‘Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh. Therefore what God has put together let man not seperate.' One can marry peacefully and take Laavan (wedding prayer) in Gurudwara but if personal differences occur they can take divorce.
Saints Catholics and Orthodox venerate very Holy people as Saints. Most Protestants do not do this. The Sikh notion of a saint or prophet is called a guru, meaning one who can offer salvation, and deliver a soul from darkness into light (Sanskrit: gu = darkness, ru = light).
Praying to Saints, Mary, and Angel Encouraged in the Catholic & Orthodox Churches; most Protestants only pray directly to God. forbidden Worship is to be for One God only, gurus may be Praised because they are manifestations of God in the flesh.
Important Tenets The Ten Commandments, The Beatitudes. Rehat Maryada, 52 Hukams of Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
Revered People Varies by sect/denomination. Saints, the Pope, cardinals, bishops, nuns, church pastors, or deacons. Gurus, bhagats, sants, gursikhs.
Sacred Texts Christian Bible (includes Old and New Testaments). What is considered canon may vary slightly by sect/denomination. Some groups, like Mormons with the Book of Mormon, have other important books, too. Adi Granth. Nihang Sikhs regard Dasam Granth and Sarbloh Granth also as sacred, but orthodox Sikhs consider them true but lesser. Janamsakhis provide stories of the gurus' lives.
Number of Adherents An estimated 2.1 billion, largest religion in the world. A estimated 30 million, fifth largest religion in the world.
On Women Equal to men. In some denominations, they may become nuns. Equal to men.
Belief of deities Only One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. There is one God whom is without form.
Views about other religions No other religion leads to God. Judaism being a unique exception, Jews viewed as ignorant of the Messiah. All religions are equal, 15 of the legendary saints in sikhism (Bhagats), in the Sikh Guru, have came from different religions and reflect its universality.

edit The concept of Heaven and Hell in Christianity vs Sikhism

edit Heaven and Hell in Christianity

Christians believe that God created human beings to live with Him eternally. Resurrection of all people; judgment; eternal life in heaven or hell. Heaven is God's abode. Salvation is finally received and fully realised when people go there and be with God individually. Many Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the only way to heaven, but for a few it is a mixed matter. Hell is the bottomless pit unto which God cast away Satan after his rebellious acts against God. The people who are not close to God and reject him will be judged and be separated from God forever.

Another theory is that before judgement day, Satan's home is here on earth where he is busy deceiving and destroying. On judgement day Satan, the fallen angels, his followers and the people that did not commit to God the creator will be sent to hell.

edit Heaven and Hell in Sikhism

Sikhs believe that through good deeds, worship of God, helping the poor, and living a pure life, you can join God in Sach Khand (Sikh concept of Heaven). It is a Sikh's goal to end his own suffering, and join God.

Heaven: Known as Sach Khand. Salvation is finally recieved when a Sikh unites with God, master and creator. Sikhs believe that all religions are paths to God, but must follow their religions truthfully.

Hell: Hell is a mixed matter in Sikhism. Mainstream Sikhism believes that Hell is the cycle of rebirth over and over again. Unless one finally reaches God, he/she must go through 8.4 million lives (different life forms) to become human again and get the next chance to reach God. Yet other Sikhs believe Hell is a real place, and the wicked are sent there.


edit Beliefs

The video below showcases some of the elementary beliefs of Sikhism in comparison to Christianity beliefs:


edit Further Reading

For further reading, there are several books available on Amazon.com on Sikhism and Christianity:

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