Handicapped vs. Disabled

It is possible that a disability is the cause of a handicap. For example, if a person has a disability that prevents them from being able to move their legs, it may result in a handicap in driving.

Disabled people do not have to be handicapped, especially if they can find a way around their disability. For example, braille for the visually impaired or wheel chairs for those who cannot walk.

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Introduction (from Wikipedia) Disability is the consequence of an impairment that may be physical, cognitive, mental, sensory, emotional, developmental, or some combination of these. A disability may be present from birth, or occur during a person's lifetime. any physical or mental defect, congenital or acquired, preventing or restricting a person from participating in normal life or limiting their capacity to work.

Contents: Handicapped vs Disabled

edit Definitions

A disability is an inability to execute some class of movements, or pick up sensory information of some sort, or perform some cognitive function, that typical unimpaired humans are able to execute or pick up or perform. A disability may be physical, cognitive, mental, sensory, emotional, developmental or some combination of these.

A handicap is an inability to accomplish something one might want to do, that most others around one are able to accomplish. For example, reading, walking, catching a ball, or communicating.

edit The Relationship Between Disability and Handicap

The view of disability as a social construct holds that society assumes that everyone is a fully functioning, able-bodied person, which prevents the disabled from fully functioning in society, thereby creating disability.

When systems are designed thoughtfully to accommodate the needs, challenges and varying degrees of ability of different people in society, people with disabilities can fully participate in (or use) these systems. One of the major goals of the disability rights movement is to raise awareness of how systems can (and should) be designed to serve all people, not just the majority of people who happen to have no significant impairments.

For example, buildings and sidewalks that are designed to be wheelchair-accessible eliminate any handicap for people with physical disabilities (whether permanent or temporary). Closed captioning on TV lets people with hearing impairments to enjoy video programming.

edit Sensory, Intellectual or other Neurological Differences

While physical disabilities are easy to identify and appreciate, mental disabilities require the same level of thought when designing systems. Examples include sensory processing challenges that make it hard for some people to stay in very noisy environments or areas with flashing or fluorescent lights. Some kids may have attention, communication or cognitive challenges that can be mitigated by providing extra time for taking their tests. These are all examples of ways in which systems can be designed to let people overcome their disability so it does not become a handicap.

edit What is politically correct to say?

It is politically correct to say that a person has a disability and it's impolite to call someone handicapped.

edit References

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Comments: Disability vs Handicap

Anonymous comments (6)

July 20, 2013, 12:04am

Actually, I have a paralyzed left arm, wrist, and hand. I have arthritis & a bone spur in my lower back. My arm and back is in constant pain. I walk all crooked because of it and I have scoliosis. I prefer to say I am disabled.

— 64.✗.✗.13

November 26, 2013, 12:58am

I disagree. I have been in a wheelchair since I was a teenager. DISABLITY is the result of a medically defiinable condition that limits a person's movements, senses, or activities. A HANDICAP is a barrier or circumstance that makes progress or sucess difficult, such as an impasable flight of stairs or a negative attitude toward a person who has a disability. I'm young and to my ears handicapped is antiquated. No one likes to be labeled period. I perfer to be ME.

— 108.✗.✗.1

June 7, 2014, 8:16am

What is it with this garbage about politically correct. Is everyone out there running for political office? Get real, the terms disabled and handicapped don’t keep you from accomplishing things . Your personal attitude and desire determine what you are capable of doing. Remember what Henry Ford once said
“Whether you think you can, or you think you can't--you're right.”

— 68.✗.✗.64

July 23, 2013, 9:24pm

I agree with the person who said people in wheelchairs prefer the word handicap. I am temporarily in one, and also sometimes using crutches. I am handicapped from doing certain things I want to to do; it presents challenges. There is nothing perjorative about the word handicap - in fact, it has uses in other arenas, like certain sports. It's generally more appropriate than calling someone disabled.

— 98.✗.✗.193

June 28, 2013, 2:43am

I know a few people in wheelchairs - they all hate the term disabled because it emplies one is unable to function. Handicap is the word they prefer as it implies they can function but not without a challenge. The word was changed by people who are NOT in wheelchairs, do-gooders that should butt out.

— 203.✗.✗.2

April 12, 2014, 1:49am

And so many short people wind up bone prb l ems

— 66.✗.✗.239


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