The United Kingdom consists of Great Britain (which, in turn, consists of England, Scotland and Wales), northeast part of the island of Ireland and many small islands. So the difference between England and the United Kingdom is that England is a part of the United Kingdom.

In the early 18th century, Scotland signed an Act of Union with England to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain. Scotland is getting ready to hold a referendum on whether they want to become an independent nation and secede from the UK.[1]


Comparison chart

England versus United Kingdom comparison chart
Edit this comparison chartEnglandUnited Kingdom
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EnglandUnited Kingdom
Currency Pound sterling (£) (GBP) Pound sterling (£) (GBP)
Demonym English British, Britons
Time zone GMT (UTC+0) GMT (UTC+0)
Calling code +44 +44
Internet TLD .uk .uk
Government Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy
Introduction (from Wikipedia) England is a country, which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population, whilst its mainland territory occupies most of the southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK, or Britain) is a country that comprises the island of Great Britain, the northeast part of the island of Ireland and many small islands.
Capital London London 51°30′N, 0°7′W
Official languages English English (de facto)
Largest city London London (15,010,295)
Drives on the Left Left
Monarch Queen Elizabeth II Queen Elizabeth II (Royal) Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary (Christened)
National Anthem God Save the Queen God Save the Queen (King)
Population 50.7 million 63.23 million
Date formats dd/mm/yyyy (AD or CE) DD/MM/YYYY
Upper House House of Lords House of Lords
Time zone : Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1) GMT (UTC+00:00)
GDP (nominal) : Total $2.2 trillion $2.849 trillion
GDP (nominal) : Per capita $44,000 $43,771
Literacy rate 99% 99%
GDP (PPP) : Total $1.9 trillion $2.679 trillion
Lower House House of Commons House of Commons
GDP (PPP) : Per capita $38,000 $41,159
Preceded by Anglo-Saxon England (Pre-Norman England) The British Empire
ISO 3166 code GB-ENG GBR
Muslim population (%) 4.5 2.8%
Most used language English English
Patron saint Saint George, St Edmund the Martyr None
Government : Prime Minister David Cameron Theresa May
Largest city (in population) London London
Language(s) English, Irish, Scottish Gaelic English (National language)
Head of State Queen Elizabeth II (Monarch) Queen Elizabeth II
Written Language English British English
General political conditions A democratic nation (part of UK) with a parliamentary monarchy as the government. It is an independent 'nation of nations', a constitutional monarchy
Current constitution No formal constitution No formal constitution
Head of Government : David Cameron (Prime Minister) Theresa May (Prime Minister)
HDI (2005) 0.892 (very high) (14th) 0.892 (very high) (14th)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (AD or CE) dd/mm/yyyy (AD or CE)
EU accession 1 January 1973 1 January 1973
Government : President None None
Languages English English, Scottish, Irish
Largest city (pop) London London
International abbreviation GB GB
Formation 1066 (Officially marks the start of Norman ruled England after the conquests of William I) Scotland and England were joined together in 1707, along with the previously joined Wales, to officially form the Kingdom of Great Britain. Ireland decided to join up in 1801, at which point the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was formed
Army yes, British Army yes, British Army
Navy yes, Royal Navy yes, Royal Navy
Air Force yes, Royal Air Force yes, Royal Air Force
Special Forces yes, UKSF yes, UKSF
Intelligence Agencies Secret Intelligence Service or SIS Secret Intelligence Service or SIS
Formation : Declared 1066 1801
Hindu population (%) 1.5% 1.5%
Christian population (%) 59.5% 59.5%
National language English English
Religions Christianity, Islam, Other Christianity, Islam, Other
Flag Colors Red, white Red, white, blue
Current Leader Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Head of State); David Cameron (Head of Government) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Head of State); Theresa May (Head of Government)
Formation : Finalised 1066 1801
Department of defense yes, Ministry of Defense yes, Ministry of Defense
Official language(s) English English
Flag St. George's Cross Union Jack
Population (2013) 53.01 million 64.1 million
Proclaimed 1066 1801
Space Organisation UK Space Agency UK Space Agency
Capital (and largest city) London 51.5074° N, 0.1278° W London 51.5074° N, 0.1278° W
Formation: 1066 1707 (Acts of Union 1707); 1801 (Acts of Union 1800); 1922 (Anglo-Irish Treaty)
Government : Chancellor None None
Description of Flag St. George's Cross. The Cross of Saint Andrew counterchanged with the Cross of Saint Patrick, over all the Cross of Saint George.
Life expectancy 73 years and 6 months 80.1 years
Recognized regional languages Welsh, Scottish, Irish, Polish Welsh, Scottish, Irish, Polish
Speaker of the House John Bercow John Bercow
Official Name England The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK)
Area: Total 50,346 mi² 244,820 km² (79th) 94,526 sq mi
Divorce rate 9.8% 29%
Name of Flag St. George's Cross The Union Flag or The Union Jack
Measurement system Imperial/Metric Imperial/Metric
Official Script Latin/Roman Latin/Roman
Tallest Building The Shard (309m) The Shard (309m)

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