Fedora vs. Ubuntu


While Ubuntu is the most popular Linux distribution, Fedora is the fourth most popular. Fedora is based on Red Hat Linux while Ubuntu is based on Debian. Software binaries for these two distributions are therefore incompatible. Both distributions release a new version every 6 months but there's a difference in their long-term support models — Ubuntu offers support for 18 months after a version is released and also releases LTS (or Long Term Support) versions every two years that are supported for 5 years. Fedora, on the other hand, offers a shorter support period of only 13 months. This promotes promotes leading-edge software because it frees Fedora developers from some backward compatibility restraints, but also makes Fedora a poor choice for product development (e.g., embedded systems) or web servers. There are other differences between Ubuntu and Fedora, such as bundled apps, desktop environment and the size of the distribution.

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Kernel type Linux (Monolithic) Linux (Monolithic)
Company / developer Fedora Project (sponsored by Red Hat Inc.) Canonical Ltd. / Ubuntu Foundation
Source model Free and open-source Free and open-source
Initial release 16th November 2003 20th October 2004
Default user interface GNOME Unity
Website http://fedoraproject.org/ www.ubuntu.com
OS family Unix-like Unix-like
Latest stable release Heisenbug (Fedora 20), 17th December 2013 14.04 Trusty Tahr, 16th April 2014
License Primarily GPL Various, primarily GPL and GFDL
Working state Current Current
Package manager RPM Package Manager dpkg
Update method yum (GUIs avialable) APT (GUIs available)
Available language(s) Multilingual Multilingual (more than 55)
Introduction (from Wikipedia) Fedora /fɨˈdɒr.ə/, formerly Fedora Core, is an RPM-based, general purpose collection of software, including an operating system based on the Linux kernel, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and owned by Red Hat. The Fedora Projec Ubuntu (IPA: [uːˈbuːntuː] in English, [ùɓúntú] in Zulu) is a computer operating system based on Debian GNU/Linux, a popular Linux distribution. Its name comes from the Zulu word "ubuntu", translated as "humanity to others", describing the ubu
What is it? A popular flavor of Linux (free operating system based on Linux) A popular flavor of Linux (free operating system based on Linux)
Security No real threats No real threats
Supported architectures amd64, i386 amd64, i386
Release date 16th November 2003 October 20, 2004 (2004-10-20)
Software used RedHat based (uses RPM files and yum) Debian based (uses .deb files and apt-get), sometimes non-GPL compliant
Distribution Based on RedHat, RHEL Debian
Popular Applications Mozilla Firefox, Rhythmbox, Evolution, Rhythmbox, Libreoffice, Nautilus (file manager) Mozilla Firefox, Mozilla Thunderbird, Rhythmbox, Evolution, Libreoffice, Nautilus (file manager)
Gaming OK for gaming, supports Steam OK for gaming, supports Steam
Development and Distribution Developed by contributers, IBM, and RedHat, Inc. Developed and distributed by Canonical ltd.
Price Distributed freely under GNU license Distributed freely under GNU license, support can be purchased, ad supported
Targeted applications Home, devs, and business Home users, developers, Business
Developed and supported by RedHat, IBM, and contributors Canonical Ltd.

Contents: Fedora vs Ubuntu

Laptop stickers showing Fedora, Red Hat, "no bugs", and "no worms. The center one is GNOME Love with the internationalization (i18n) and accessibility (a11y) and a GTK+ cube mapping to those.
Laptop stickers showing Fedora, Red Hat, "no bugs", and "no worms. The center one is GNOME Love with the internationalization (i18n) and accessibility (a11y) and a GTK+ cube mapping to those.

edit Philosophy

There are some common principles for both Fedora and Ubuntu, including promoting free, open source software, and community participation and collaboration in maintaining software. Both projects are owned and maintained by commercial interests — Fedora is owned by Red Hat and Ubuntu is maintained by Canonical.

The Fedora project believes in leading-edge software, as well as providing free alternatives to proprietary code. Ubuntu has put a stronger emphasis on usability, accessibility, as well as expansion into other spheres like mobile.

edit Bundled apps

The big differences between Ubuntu and Fedora when it comes to bundled apps are as follows:

edit Interface differences

Fedora’s default desktop is GNOME 3.2.1. This is quite different from other desktop environments, even when compared to other GNOME desktops. For example, users must press the alt key to reach the shutdown menu, instead of accessing it from the regular menu, and windows cannot be easily shrunk or re-sized. However, web sites, such as Gmail, are treated as local applications and can start automatically when you turn on your PC. The system requires 3D-capable graphics cards.

Ubuntu’s default desktop is unity, which is available in 2D and 3D. It uses a standard GNOME based interface and is designed to be a universal interface for desktops, tablets and smartphones. It allows users to pin web applications to the Launcher on the desktop and conduct an online search in the dash.

edit Release Schedule and Support

Both Ubuntu and Fedora release a new version every six months. Ubuntu versions for both desktop and server are supported for 9 months while Fedora versions are supported for 13 months after release. Every two years, Ubuntu releases an LTS version (Long Term Support), that is guaranteed support for 5 years.

edit Use on servers

Many users choose a Linux distribution on a server based on the environment they are comfortable with. This is either Debian-based (where Ubuntu Server is a popular choice), or RPM-based, where CentOS is a more popular choice compared with Fedora because CentOS offers maintenance for 4 years and security releases for up to 7 years.

edit Popularity on desktop

According to online surveys, including with PC World, and ZDNet, Ubuntu is the most popular Linux distribution. As of January 2013, the latest version of Ubuntu was downloaded 81,063 from CNet. Although Fedora is now downloaded from its own website, an earlier edition saw 10,000 downloads in the first 24 hours after release.

edit Performance/Speed

Different hardware can affect the comparative performance of Fedora and Ubuntu. Some benchmark tests suggest that Ubuntu boots faster while Fedora is faster to shut down. Fedora won more of these tests than Ubuntu, but many of these were practical ties in performance.[1] [2] [3]

edit Compatibility

Fedora is based on Red Hat Linux and uses the RPM package manager; Ubuntu is based on Debian and uses APT. Software binaries for Fedora and Ubuntu are incompatible.

edit History

The Fedora Project was founded in 2003. It was began as an undergraduate project by Warren Togami and its development was based on collaboration with the global volunteer community.

Ubuntu was based on the Debian project’s codebase. Since its initial release in October 2004, a new version has been released every 6 months.

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Comments: Fedora vs Ubuntu

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Anonymous comments (9)

December 23, 2013, 11:52pm

Well in my opinion fedora means innovation and experimentation, which comes with community support. The writer is being particularly biased about Ubuntu and have not used fedora up to its full potential and have not even considered Red Hat.
The most stable apps in fedora cycle goes to red hat which is paid and does provide Super long term support.
And Gnome have extensions which are more like plugins, which gives flexibility to heavily customise your GUI and that too without any performance overhead.
Most importantly fedora comes in spins, like security spin, packed with latest forensic tools which is again heavily supported by community

— 115.✗.✗.45

March 15, 2014, 6:41am

Somebody forgot to update the second listing for latest stable release for Fedora. Fedora is also not based on RHEL, because Red Hat uses it as a technology testbed, making RHEL based on Fedora.

— 23.✗.✗.236

March 6, 2014, 2:50am

ubuntu has a great app-store (software center; nothing wrong with apper just ubuntu's is better in my opinion) ; but more applicatons are available on ubuntu.

Yes many apps are available in .tar.gz|bz|.. format that will run on both; but more run on ubuntu with its 'debian' core than fedora due to library differences. (eg. XTrkCAD runs on debian, mint, ubuntu, solydk - but hasn't in suse/fedora for years due conflicts in libraries)

there is no best distro - each has pros & cons; and YES Fedora runs DosBOX & WINE; even PlayonLinux

— 203.✗.✗.34

February 13, 2014, 2:06am

Fedora runs Wine just fine, actually

— 172.✗.✗.97

December 31, 2013, 9:52am

i use fedora and i think is the best

— 83.✗.✗.109

September 16, 2013, 12:46pm

Fedora is way better than Ubuntu. It is simply always two steps ahead in terms of technology (latest kernels, latest filesystems et cetera). Ubuntu comes with amazon adds, old tweaked kernels and drivers that do not have the latest performance improvements, which is more important that people use to think...

— 163.✗.✗.10

March 2, 2013, 12:24am

I'm not a current user of either distro, but I did have a much better experience with Fedora in terms of stability & performance. Also importantly, Fedora was community-focused -- users with all kinds of talents were encouraged to pitch in and our feedback or needs/wishes truly mattered, which wasn't the case with Ubuntu.

These days, I prefer Simply Mepis, which is a fully customized descendant of Debian with KDE4...it's the easiest, most stable, and friendliest distro I've tried in my 5 years using Linux.

— 72.✗.✗.166

December 23, 2013, 11:56pm

Ah one more thing since they both are Linux. So apps available on Ubuntu is available on fedora and vice-versa. So wine, Gnome or kde desktop environment etc etc all are available on both the flavours of Linux (that is Ubuntu and fedora)

— 115.✗.✗.45

September 14, 2013, 10:49pm

Fedora as a desktop is a joke, as well as CentOS on the server. Both was a very good choice - 10 years ago

— 87.✗.✗.31


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