Feta cheese, according to the latest EU regulations, is a variety of cheese that is made in specific areas of Greece and is manufactured using sheep's milk. The cheese may also be considered ‘feta’ if it is made of a mixture of sheep and goat's milk, with goat's milk being less than or equal to 30% of the entire mixture.
Goat cheese, as the name suggests, is cheese prepared using goat's milk.
Feta cheese is known to contain ‘friendly’ bacteria that make antibiotics which help kill Listeria – a food poisoning causing bacteria. However, if you are looking to increase your protein intake, you can feast on goat cheese. Since it is usually made in places that have low refrigeration possibilities, it contains salt as its primary preservative. This is how Goat cheese gets its salty flavor. The cheese is also suitable for patients suffering from chronic kidney disease since it’s very low in potassium.
The Byzantine Empire was the first to taste Feta cheese. It was mainly associated with Crete. Written evidence was also found authored by an Italian visitor in 1494 where he described the storage process very clearly. Archeologists discovered that cheese prepared with goat and cow milk was being manufactured as far back as 6000 BC. At that time, they were stored in tall jars. Switzerland was home to milk curdling vessels which belonged to the 5000 BC era. Egypt has also retained evidence depicting cheese being made in skin bags suspended from poles during the 2000 BC time - line.
Feta cheese is manufactured all over the world. Every country, thus, lends its own flavor to the cheese. French Feta is known to be mild and creamy. Bulgarian Feta however, is creamier and a tad less salty with a tangy finish. Greek Feta can be distinguished by the other Fetas because of its crumbly texture. Israeli Feta however, is a full body sheep milk cheese. American Feta on the other hand, is less creamy and tangy in taste. They use cow milk to process it as well.
Goat cheese is predominantly made in France, Greece, Italy, United Kingdom, Norway, China, Australia, Spain and Portugal. The produce from each country is therefore different. Mato is produced in Spain. Pantysgawn is a Welsh goat's milk cheese, and Gevrik is a Cornish goat's milk cheese (literally: 'little goat'). Caprino is an Italian goat's milk cheese. Buche Noir is a fresh pressed goats curd from the Sydney region covered in fine vine ash.
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Cheese prices vary, but a pound of goat cheese currently costs between $7.5 for regular and upto $30 for speciality goat cheeses.
Feta cheese costs about $5.99 per pound.
- Types of Feta Cheese - About.com Cheese
- Wikipedia: Feta cheese
- Wikipedia: Goat cheese
- Feta Cheese Made From Raw Milk Has Natural Anti-food-poisoning Properties - ScienceDaily
- History of Cheese - I Love Cheese
- Feta Cheese - Nutrition Data
- Goat Cheese - Nutrition Data
- Goat Cheese, Please: A Taster’s Comparison - Divine Caroline