A full-size bed is sometimes called a “double bed” or simply a “full bed”; it is bigger than the twin bed (a.k.a. single bed) and smaller than a queen-size bed. A full size bed is 54 inches wide and 75 inches long while queen size beds are 60 inches in width and 80 inches in length.

Comparison chart

Full Bed

Queen Bed

Width 54 inches (137 cm) 60 inches (152 cm)
Length 75 inches (191 cm) 80 inches (203 cm)
Width per person 27 inches (68.6 cm) per person 30 inches (76 cm) per person
Cost Frames, mattresses, and sheets for full beds are cheaper compared with queen size mattresses. They are slightly more expensive than twin beds. More expensive than twin or full beds, but less expensive than king beds.
Usage Full beds are better for a single person and can be used in teenagers’ rooms. Some smaller couples can use them. Queen beds are generally put in guest rooms and smaller master bedrooms.
Popularity 21% of all mattress purchases 32% of all mattress purchases
Frame The frame for a full bed is just a rectangular box. The frame for a queen bed is required to have a center leg support besides the normal rectangular structure.
Advantage The size of the bed is just right for a single sleeper who is under 5′ 9″ tall. It is better suited for two people or for somebody who is tall.
Size Full size bed dimensions: 54″ wide x 75″ long. Queen bed dimensions: 60″ wide, 80″ long
Disadvantages Some people find the full bed too narrow for a couple and sometimes too short also. Comforter bedding for a full bed may not be available in different styles. Even in a queen bed, the space available for a couple is 30″ each which can be insufficient for everyday comfort.

Dimensions

Full size beds are 54″ (137 cm) wide and 75″ (191 cm) long, making them smaller than a standard queen size bed that measures 60″ x 80″ (152 cm x 203 cm).

The following picture is a handy reference for — and easy visual representation of — all the different bed sizes: twin, full, queen, king and California king size.

A handy reference for the various bed sizes available in the U.S.
A handy reference for the various bed sizes available in the U.S.

For folks who prefer video, the following is a good guide to mattress sizes:

Non-Standard Dimensions

There are several nonstandard full- and queen-sized mattresses. Because of this, it is important to measure mattresses, box-springs, and bed frames to ensure they all match before purchase; refer to manufacturer details when possible.

The most common non-standard dimensions for full size and queen size beds include the following:

IKEA Dimensions

IKEA has grown in popularity in the U.S. as the company has expanded to a number of different locations. As such, many more Americans are buying furniture and mattresses from IKEA now than in the past.[1] However, those who are looking for a mattress and/or bed should be careful as IKEA mattresses are not made to standard lengths. All of their mattresses run a half-inch to inch (1.27 cm to 2.5 cm) shorter. Using an IKEA mattress with a non-IKEA bed frame can leave a gap between the furniture and mattress. Similarly, IKEA bed frames will struggle to contain standard mattress sizes, if they can contain them at all.

Pros and Cons

In the case of very small bedrooms, a full bed allows for much greater maneuverability than a queen bed. In general, full size beds are ideal for teenagers, young adults in dorm rooms, and single individuals of any age who do not mind trading bed space for room space. Twin beds may be more appropriate for younger children.

Slender, smaller couples can perhaps use full size beds as well, but these beds offer very little space — 27 inches (68.6 cm) — per person. Couples will almost certainly be happier with a queen or king size bed, which will give each person 30 inches (76 cm) or 38 inches (96.5 cm) of space, respectively.

A queen bed is able to "grow" with a person — go from being a single-person bed to one a couple can share — in a way that a full bed cannot (for most).

Price

Mattress, box-spring, and bed frame prices vary significantly according to the materials used (e.g., spring, memory foam; hardwood or softwood furniture, etc.). Manufacturers and distributors also affect pricing. In all cases, though, a full size bed will be cheaper than a comparable queen size bed from the same company and/or store.

Linens, comforters and duvets, and other bed accessories will likely be more expensive for queen size beds than full size ones.

Popularity

Queen beds are the most popular bed size in the U.S. In a (somewhat dated) survey by the Sleep Products Association, queen beds accounted for 32% of the U.S. mattress market, followed closely by twin beds (31%). Full beds (21%) and king beds (7%) trailed behind in sales.[2]


References

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