Both hashish and marijuana — also called weed, pot or ganja — are parts of the cannabis sativa plant. The major difference between the two is that the term “weed” usually applies to dried pieces of the plant, mainly flower buds, while hash is a paste from resin, or sap of the plant. Hash contains a higher concentration of psychoactive chemicals.
|Introduction||Hashish, often known as "hash", is a cannabis product composed of compressed or purified preparations of stalked resin glands called trichomes.||Weed (marijuana) is a preparation of the cannabis plant intended for use as a psychoactive drug and as medicine.|
|Legality in the U.S.||Illegal under U.S. federal law||Illegal under U.S. federal law; legal with come restrictions in Washington state and Colorado.|
|Ingestion||Smoking, eating, vaporizing||Smoking (pipe or cigarette), eating, vaporizing, skin absorption|
|Form||Semi-solid or paste||Dried plant matter|
|Name origin||Arabic America||Latin American|
For centuries, the cannabis plant has been used in the Americas for its psychoactive and perceived health benefits. Most recently, weed, also called marijuana or pot, has been a popular recreational drug in North America.
Cannabis was also used in other parts of the world. Users in Africa and the Middle East preferred ingesting the resin of the plant, which contains a highly concentrated dose of the psychoactive substance THC. In Arabic, hashish means “grass.”
Despite strict prohibitions on drugs of any kind, hash is widely available across Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Middle East.
In general, marijuana is a type of grass plant that grows quickly – a reason for its nickname “weed” - in tropical or subtropical climates. Buds, stems, and flowers from a mature plant are typically dried and turned into smoking weed, or pot.
To get hash from a marijuana plant, cultivators separate glandular hairs called trichomes and compress them into a dense block using heat. Looked at under a microscope, trichomes appear as clear, viscous tentacles. The resulting product resembles a sort-of marijuana sap.
Broadly, marijuana products are illegal across the world with a few notable exceptions.
Marijuana is illegal but tolerated and openly used in Pakistan; it is also legal in the Netherlands and Uruguay. Spain and Iran allow for the cultivation of marijuana, but not the use.
Hashish is not specifically illegal in Pakistan, Netherlands, Uruguay, Colorado or Washington.
A number of countries and states have decriminalized marijuana use, which means that possessing a small amount is not punishable.
Some states and countries have legalized marijuana use for medical purposes. These laws do not generally distinguish between weed and hash.
Both hash and marijuana are believed to be widely available in illegal black markets around the world.
While hash is available in America, it is less popular than marijuana. Generally, the hash form of cannabis is more popular and more widely used in Europe and Asia.
In North America, hash is also called “resin,” and some drug users cultivate it from drug paraphernalia. When the marijuana plant is smoked, it leaves behind a thick black resin on pipes. That resin can be scraped off and smoked, though it does not contain as powerful a dose of THC as pure hash.
Many cultures believe that marijuana has spiritual and physical benefits. Modern scientific studies have shown that THC reduces nausea and pain associated with diseases like AIDS and cancer. THC may also aid in mediating symptoms of glaucoma.
For many, the main benefit of using marijuana is recreational, as it induces euphoria in users. Physically, it is not possible to use so much of either hash or weed that a person would overdose like with alcohol or cocaine; however, using too much of either product could lead to extreme paranoia, anxiety, and panic.
Both weed and hashish are used by medical marijuana patients to treat various symptoms, including pain, nausea, swelling, depression, and anxiety.
Because hashish contains such a high concentration of THC, much less of it is needed to attain the same high as with the plant form. Though hash may vary in quality due to its producer and the plant it came from, in general, users should moderate the amount they use to avoid negative psychoactive effects.
Smoking marijuana does have negative effects on the body, causing tar to build up on lungs, which can cause certain types of cancer.
Both hashish and weed have similar negative effects on short-term memory. Though there is no evidence that use of either drug is physically addictive – no withdrawal symptoms result from stopping use – they are habitually addictive, causing users to feel a necessity to use out of habit.
Other Negative Associations
Marijuana is one of the top drugs used in the international drug trade. Though not a direct side effect of the drug itself, many people have been killed trafficking and transporting the drug. The illegal trade of marijuana between the U.S. and other countries has been linked to terrorist groups and violent drug cartels.
Particularly in the U.S., possession or sale of hash and marijuana has sent tens of thousands of citizens to jail.
In the U.S., there is often no distinction between marijuana and hash in terms of criminal laws. So, a person possessing 10 ounces of hash may be treated similarly to a person possessing10 ounces of dried marijuana plant.