Hinduism and Islam are the third and second most popular religions in the world respectively. They differ in many respects - including idol worship, monotheism and their history.

Islam is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion, founded by Prophet Muhammad in the Middle East in the 7th century CE. Hinduism on the other hand is religious tradition that originated in the Indian subcontinent in the pre-classical era (1500–500 BCE) and does not have a specific founder.

Comparison chart




Practices Meditation, yoga, contemplation, yagna (communal worship), offerings in the temple. Five pillars: Testament that there is one God and Muhammad is his messenger (shahadah); prayer five times daily; fast during Ramadan; charity to the poor (zakat); pilgrimage (Hajj).
Place of worship Temple (Mandir) Mosque/masjid, any place which is considered clean by Islamic standards.
Place of origin Indian Subcontinent Arabian Peninsula.
Use of statues and pictures Common Muslims are not permitted to depict the image of God nor any prophet.
Belief of God Many gods, but realize that they all come from Atman. Only one God.
About Devotion to the various gods & goddesses of Hinduism. Islam consists of individuals who believe in Allah, a deity whose teachings its followers—Muslims—believe were recorded, verbatim, by the god's last prophet, Muhammad.
Religious Law Dharma shastras Sharia law, or law that is loosely or strictly based on the Qur'an, exists in many countries that have a majority Muslim population. Only some regions with sharia law apply it to judicial or criminal issues.
Means of salvation Reaching enlightenment by the Path of Knowledge, the Path of devotion, or the Path of Good Deeds. Belief in one God, remembrance of God, repentance, fear of God and hope in God's mercy.
Life after death A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached. A Muslim and all the beings will be accountable to Allah on the Day of Judgement.
Clergy No official clergy. Gurus, Yogis, Rishis, Brahmins, Pundits, priests, priestesses, monks, and nuns. Imam leads congregational prayer in a mosque. Sheikh, Maulana, Mullah and Mufti
Day of worship Orthodox schools prescribe three prayer times a day: at dawn, noon and dusk. Prayer five times daily is obligatory. Friday is the day of congregational prayer, obligatory for men, but not for women.
Principle To follow dharma, i.e. eternal laws Say, "He is Allah , [who is] One, Allah , the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent." - Quran: Surah Al Ikhlas
Definition The word Hindu has geographical significance and was used originally for those people who lived beyond the river Sindhu or the region watered by the river Indus. Hindus themselves, call their religion "Sanatana Dharma, " meaning "Eternal Law." Islam is an Arabic word for "Submission or surrender in Ultimate Peace".Muslim means a believer in One God (Al-Illah or Allah)
Belief Diverse beliefs depending on sects. Belief in one God,who has sent messengers with revelation and guidance for humanity so they may be guided to Islam (submission to God) & who have came with both good news and a warning, the last & final messenger being Muhammad صلى الله علي
Prophets No prophets, but Rishis could be considered equivalent in Vedic times. Avataras of Vedic God are different from human reincarnations, but could be considered equivalent to Christian idea of God in flesh. Many from Adam, Abraham, Noah, Jesus etc to Muhammed
Concept of God God is in everything and everything is God. Ninety nine names and attributes of Allah (God) who is infinite supreme, Sublimely one, all are dependent on him yet he depends on none. Self sufficient. without beginning and without end, and there is nothing comparable to him.
Angels The concept of angels does not apply in Hinduism. Some mythological stories include rishis, who sometimes serve as the messengers of God. Angels are created from light and remain unseen as they worship and follow God's commands.
View of Oriental religions Buddhism and Jainism were considered atheistic religions by traditional Hindu schools. Buddhists do not consider Buddha an avatar of Vishnu and believe that Hindu priests made that claim to stem the spread of Buddhism, which threatened Hinduism. All Religions were given the book and are people of the book but are FALSE religions
Ressurection of Jesus N/A. Denied because his death is denied. God raised Jesus to him and he will return before end of time.
Status of Muhammad N/A. Deeply loved and revered in Islam, last Prophet, but is not worshipped, only God is worshipped, according to Islam creation is never to be worshipped under any circumstances only the creator
Position of Mary N/A. Mary receives significant admiration from Muslims. She is said by the Prophet Muhammad to be the best woman God created. She is free of sin as the mother of Jesus.
Second coming of Jesus N/A. Affirmed
imams identified as N/A. Shiites believe they are the successors of Ali; Sunnis regard them as their clergy.
Abrahamic Lineage N/A. The ancestor of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is Abraham (Ibrahim) through his son Ismael.
Status of Adam N/A. Free from all major sins and faults. Adam is the first prophet and man on earth as sent by Allah and he is the father of Humanity, and Muhammad is the last prophet in Islam.
Jesus N/A. a Prophet and messenger of God, and his proper name used in the Quran is Isa ibn Maryam [Jesus the son of Mary (not God)]
Position of Abraham N/A. A great Prophet.
View of Dharmic religions Believe that Buddhism, Jainism, & Sikhism should reunite with Hinduism. Extremely false and corrupted

Further Reading

For further reading, there are several books available on Amazon.com on Hinduism and Islam:


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