Hinduism vs. Islam


Hinduism and Islam are the third and second most popular religions in the world respectively. They differ in many respects - including idol worship, monotheism and their history.

Islam is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion, founded by Prophet Muhammad in the Middle East in the 7th century CE. Hinduism on the other hand is religious tradition that originated in the Indian subcontinent in the pre-classical era (1500–500 BCE) and does not have a specific founder.

Comparison chart




Practices Meditation, yoga, contemplation, yagna (communal worship), offerings in the temple. Five pillars: Testament that there is one God and Muhammad is his messenger (shahadah); prayer five times daily; fast during Ramadan; charity to the poor (zakat); pilgrimage (Hajj).
Place of worship Temple (Mandir) Mosque/masjid, any place which is considered clean by Islamic standards.
Place of origin Indian Subcontinent Arabian Peninsula.
Use of statues and pictures Common Muslims are not permitted to depict the image of God nor any prophet.
Belief of God Many gods, but realize that they all come from Atman. Only one God.
Religious Law Dharma shastras Sharia law, or law that is loosely or strictly based on the Qur'an, exists in many countries that have a majority Muslim population. Only some regions with sharia law apply it to judicial or criminal issues.
About Devotion to the various gods & goddesses of Hinduism. Islam consists of individuals who believe in Allah, a deity whose teachings its followers—Muslims—believe were recorded, verbatim, by the god's last prophet, Muhammad.
Means of salvation Reaching enlightenment by the Path of Knowledge, the Path of devotion, or the Path of Good Deeds. Belief in one God, remembrance of God, repentance, fear of God and hope in God's mercy.
Life after death A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached. A Muslim and all the beings will be accountable to Allah on the Day of Judgement.
Clergy No official clergy. Gurus, Yogis, Rishis, Brahmins, Pundits, priests, priestesses, monks, and nuns. Imam leads congregational prayer in a mosque. Sheikh, Maulana, Mullah and Mufti
Day of worship Orthodox schools prescribe three prayer times a day: at dawn, noon and dusk. Prayer five times daily is obligatory. Friday is the day of congregational prayer, obligatory for men, but not for women.
Principle To follow dharma, i.e. eternal laws Say, "He is Allah , [who is] One, Allah , the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent." - Quran: Surah Al Ikhlas
Definition The word Hindu has geographical significance and was used originally for those people who lived beyond the river Sindhu or the region watered by the river Indus. Hindus themselves, call their religion "Sanatana Dharma, " meaning "Eternal Law." Islam is an Arabic word for "Submission or surrender in Ultimate Peace".Muslim means a believer in One God (Al-Illah or Allah)
Belief Diverse beliefs depending on sects. Belief in one God,who has sent messengers with revelation and guidance for humanity so they may be guided to Islam (submission to God) & who have came with both good news and a warning, the last & final messenger being Muhammad صلى الله علي
Prophets No prophets, but Rishis could be considered equivalent in Vedic times. Avataras of Vedic God are different from human reincarnations, but could be considered equivalent to Christian idea of God in flesh. Many from Adam, Abraham, Noah, Jesus etc to Muhammed
Concept of God God is in everything and everything is God. Ninety nine names and attributes of Allah (God) who is infinite supreme, Sublimely one, all are dependent on him yet he depends on none. Self sufficient. without beginning and without end, and there is nothing comparable to him.
Angels The concept of angels does not apply in Hinduism. Some mythological stories include rishis, who sometimes serve as the messengers of God. Angels are created from light and remain unseen as they worship and follow God's commands.
View of Oriental religions Buddhism and Jainism were considered atheistic religions by traditional Hindu schools. Buddhists do not consider Buddha an avatar of Vishnu and believe that Hindu priests made that claim to stem the spread of Buddhism, which threatened Hinduism. All Religions were given the book and are people of the book but are FALSE religions
Ressurection of Jesus N/A. Denied because his death is denied. God raised Jesus to him and he will return before end of time.
Status of Muhammad N/A. Deeply loved and revered in Islam, last Prophet, but is not worshipped, only God is worshipped, according to Islam creation is never to be worshipped under any circumstances only the creator
Position of Mary N/A. Mary receives significant admiration from Muslims. She is said by the Prophet Muhammad to be the best woman God created. She is free of sin as the mother of Jesus.
Second coming of Jesus N/A. Affirmed
imams identified as N/A. Shiites believe they are the successors of Ali; Sunnis regard them as their clergy.
Abrahamic Lineage N/A. The ancestor of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is Abraham (Ibrahim) through his son Ismael.
Status of Adam N/A. Free from all major sins and faults. Adam is the first prophet and man on earth as sent by Allah and he is the father of Humanity, and Muhammad is the last prophet in Islam.
Jesus N/A. a Prophet and messenger of God, and his proper name used in the Quran is Isa ibn Maryam [Jesus the son of Mary (not God)]
Position of Abraham N/A. A great Prophet.
View of Dharmic religions Believe that Buddhism, Jainism, & Sikhism should reunite with Hinduism. Extremely false and corrupted

Further Reading

For further reading, there are several books available on Amazon.com on Hinduism and Islam:


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Comments: Hinduism vs Islam

Anonymous comments (14)

September 25, 2013, 5:18pm

From all the scriptures we need to understand the answers to three questions to get the Essence of philosophy of Divine Love:

What is our relationship with God?
What is the means for establishing that relationship?
What final goal will we attain once that relationship has been established?
These questions are addressed by Shree Maharajji’s philosophy which has been summarized as below as :

Philosophy of Divine Love

Every living being is incessantly searching for happiness. This search is natural to our being, since we are an eternal part of God, who is the ocean of Divine Bliss. The search for happiness is the search for God, except that is unknown to our mind and intellect. Hence, God-realization is the goal of our lives.
We cannot know God by our senses, mind, and intellect. These instruments of knowledge of ours are material, and cannot fathom the Divine nature of the Supreme Being.
The only means of knowing God is through his Grace, whereby He Himself bestows His Divine knowledge upon the soul
If we wish to receive that Divine Grace, we must surrender ourselves to Him. This surrender is not an external act; it should be from within. True surrender is that of the mind.
The difficulty in surrendering our mind to God is that at present, it is attached to the world; we must first detach it from here, only then can we attach it to God.
At this stage, we need a Guru, or a Spiritual Master who can explain to us on the basis of the scriptures how to detach the mind from the world and attach it to God. The qualification of a genuine spiritual Master is that he must be God-realized himself.
Although the Vedas mention the three means of karm, gyana, and bhakti, our goal of God-realization can be accomplished through bhakti alone. Karm needs the addition of bhakti to make it karmyog; gyan needs the addition of bhakti to make it bhakti to it to make it gyanyog; while bhakti is by itself bhaktiyog.
This bhakti or devotion must be performed selflessly, without the desire for any material rewards. Even the desire for liberation is an inferior desire, since liberation is an automatic by-product of attaining devotion.
Shree KrishnaIn this devotion, we can establish five kinds of relationships with the Supreme Being. We can look upon Him as our King, our Master, our Friend, our Child, or our Beloved. Amongst these, worshipping God as our Beloved, in the mood of the gopies of Vrindaban, is the highest.
Longing for our Divine Beloved develops by the practice of Roop-dhyan, or meditation on the personal form of God. Along with this, we must learn to remember Him throughout the day, by feeling His Divine presence with us at all times.
When our heart is perfectly cleansed by the practice of devotion, we will receive another kind of devotion by the Grace of our Spiritual Master, called perfect devotion or Divine Love. This Divine Love is an eternal power of God; it is such a power that God Himself becomes captivated by the devotee who possesses it. With that Divine Love, we will engage in the eternal loving service of the Supreme Lord, and upon leaving this body, we will enter His eternal Divine leelas & finally achieve unlimited happiness & Divine Love.

— 101.✗.✗.1

August 10, 2013, 9:16am

“Yada Yada Hi Dharmasya Glanirva Bhavathi Bharatha,
Abhyuthanam Adharmaysya Tadatmanam Srijami Aham’.
Bhagavad Gita (Chapter IV-7)

“Whenever there is decay of righteousness O! Bharatha and a rise of unrighteousness then I manifest Myself!”
or whenever and wherever there is decline of dharma (righteousness) and ascendance of adharma (unrighteousness), at that time I manifest Myself in visible form. For the protection of the righteous and destruction of the wicked, and for the sake of establishing dharma again, I incarnate Myself on earth ages after ages.

— 203.✗.✗.116

July 29, 2013, 3:52am

The concept of God in Islam is strange. They believe in a god that has a form but chooses to hide it and would only reveal it on judgement day. But although he hides his form but he speaks freely for everyone to hear.hence the concept of God in Islam is similar toBoney Kapoor s Mr India.....Dekhai Nehi Deta Per Sunai Deta Hai! In Hinduism you can neither see God nor hear Him nor Touch Him for HE is beyond the perception of our senses that is why He takes a form to teach us formed beings.,

— 103.✗.✗.9

December 4, 2013, 3:56pm

Hinduism is the best .Bravest of Bravest

— 117.✗.✗.215

September 26, 2013, 5:37pm

First of all, all Muslim shall be thankful to non Muslim as it was a non Muslim that saved life of Mohammad when he was running for his life after getting kicked out of mecca. Secondly they must clarify why Muslims adore Mohammad along with Allah 5 times a day as even kalma is not complete without swearing Allah along with Mohammad. Why widow of Mohammed not allowed to remarry as all other widows of Muslims, although Aisha was below 14 years when Mohammad passed away. Most of the hadis based on experiences of a 12 year old girl during 3 years of her child marriage life. O.K what is maal-e ganimat? It is looting that Muslims authorized to commit with kafirs and Mohammad secured a major part of it when he alive. What is the difference between kafir, ahle kitab and non Muslim? in Qur'an Allah several times say that Qur'an sent for people living around mecca as they were uncivilized herd of decoits and criminals. Allah even say several times that he sent Qur'an in Arabic so people can understand. Here in India no one know Arabic not even Muslims. Allah several times say himself swear in Qur'an for his being and permit Muslims for false swearing as he will not hold them guilty for false swearing. This is really painful that so many of our cowered brothers choose to adopt a demon religion during mughal regime and forgot that what lord Shiv said to King Bhoj in bhavishya Purana.
In Qur'an there is no mention of any eastern religion and it is impossible that almighty do not knew about other religions apart from western religions. IT PROVES THAT QUR'AN AND ISLAM WAS SENT FOR A SELECT BAND OFPEOPLE LIVING NEAR BY MECCA . There are several issues that not clarified in Qur'an and had-its. I challenge all scholars of Qur'an and Islam to answer my query without saying it wish of Allah and i will convert into a Muslim that very moment. Is there Dr, Zakir Naik listing?

— 117.✗.✗.222

September 14, 2013, 9:53am

Only Hindu

— 115.✗.✗.90

September 14, 2013, 5:11am

"मत्श्य कुर्म बराह हस्त्चा नसिम्घा छ बमन, रमा रामेस्स्स्चा क्रिश्नाचा बुद्ध कल्की तथई वच"
Ten Avataras of Bishnu from the Charles Darwin point of view
1. Fish: Life started in water
2. Tortoise /turtle: half life in water and half in land
3. Wild boar : Animal instinct
4. Nar-simha: Half animal instinct and half human instinct
5. Bamana: Dwarf Human (Total human, height about to get progress)
6. Parshuram: Stone/ Age or Age of Axe? Barbarian period
7. Ram: Age of bow and arrow
8. Balram? : Age of Plough ( Balram is debated incarnation)
9. Krishna: Intelligence
10. Buddha? : Intelligence, peace and love (buddha is debated incarnation)
11. Kalki: Comet attack on Earth ( They explain kalki is a dark complexion human on running high speed white horse with long and shinning sword)..

Some says Mohammad as Kalki cause he had white horse and had sword to destroy enemies..

— 27.✗.✗.23

June 11, 2013, 12:18pm

difference between messenger and creator

— 59.✗.✗.252

June 5, 2014, 9:47am

Islam means surrender to the will of Allah. But we Muslims don't obey Allah he says don't fight but we do he say be polite and gentle with every Muslim and non Muslim. We should follow Mohammed who never raise his sword to attack but for defence.He prayed even for his enemies peace and love also obedience to God.islam just means rights of human and rights of Allah.

— 119.✗.✗.99

March 30, 2014, 3:28pm

A true Hindu is one who follows vedas throughout his life and a true Muslim is one who follows quran throughout but it is hard to find both. All those fighting are none.

— 49.✗.✗.63

August 11, 2013, 5:54pm

aaj ke is insaan ko ye kya ho gaya ,iska purana pyaar kahaa par kho kho gaya?
bhagwaan ne srishti me sarvotkrisht cheej banai inasaan .buddhi vivek gyan diya,
lekin ye nahi socha hoga ki ye insaan uske liye ladega jise na kisi ne dekha na suna na hi mahsoos kiya,hansta hoga in keede makokodo par.ishwar to anant hai use paane ka ek hi rasta kaise ho sakta hai yadi nahi to kaise kah sakte ho kiislaam hi best hai .sanatn dharm me to ishwar ko pane
ke anant marg , kahi bhi nahi likha ki aisa karne se hi ishwar prapt hoga.sanatan dharm to vishaal vatvriksha hai .yaha islam ki tarah aisa nahi ki ek shirt seel di kareem bhi pahno kareem ka baap bhi pahno uski biwi bhi bachche bhi padosi bhi .

— 1.✗.✗.81

November 11, 2012, 10:29pm

This was so helpful! Thank you!!! #AP WORLD HISTORY

— 97.✗.✗.164

June 17, 2014, 4:54pm

For hindu brother who have commented on
September 26, 2013, 5:37.
You r chalanging to DR ZAKIR NAIK at back,y dont u went to ask him these question?
I dont dont know much more about ur religion but ur best scripture is SHRUTI.
In ur veda there mention of only 1 god,whom there no image.
Remember DAYA SHANKAR who says

— 23.✗.✗.53

April 21, 2014, 3:23pm

Dear Keshav,

We are not here to decide ur came frm where. ISLAM IS TO THE ONLY RELIGION NEVER ASK ANYTHING ALWAYS TEACH U.

— 42.✗.✗.231


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