Hinduism vs Islam

Hinduism
Islam

Hinduism and Islam are the third and second most popular religions in the world respectively. They differ in many respects - including idol worship, monotheism and their history.

Islam is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion, founded by Prophet Muhammad in the Middle East in the 7th century CE. Hinduism on the other hand is religious tradition that originated in the Indian subcontinent in the pre-classical era (1500–500 BCE) and does not have a specific founder.

Comparison chart

Hinduism

Hinduism

Islam

Islam
Founder Not credited to a particular founder. Muhammad.
Use of statues and pictures Common Muslims are not permitted to depict the image of God nor any prophet.
Place of origin Indian Subcontinent Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Literal Meaning The followers of Vedas are called as Arya, noble person. Arya is not a dynasty, ethnicity or race. Anyone who follows the teachings of Vedas is considered Arya. Islam means "submission", or the total surrender of oneself to the will of God. The root word means peace.
Clergy No official clergy. Gurus, Yogis, Rishis, Brahmins, Pundits, priests, priestesses, monks, and nuns. Imam leads congregational prayer in a mosque. Sheikh, Maulana, Mullah and Mufti
Place of worship Temple (Mandir) Mosque/masjid, any place which is clean.
Goal of religion To break the cycle of birth, death and reincarnation, and attain salvation. Submission to the will of God, peace.
Practices Meditation, Yoga, contemplation, yagna (communal worship), offerings in the temple. Five pillars: Testament that there is one God and Muhammad is his messenger (shahadah); prayer five times daily; fast during Ramadan; charity to the poor (zakat); pilgrimage (Hajj).
Life after death A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached. A Muslim and all the beings will be accountable to Allah on the Day of Judgement.
Status of women Women can become priestesses or nuns. It it said in the Quran that all woman are equal to men, and should be treated like any other man.
Scriptures Vedas, Upanishad, Puranas, Gita. The Quran/Koran (the direct words of Allah through Angels to the Prophet. Hadith are not holy scriptures but sayings of the Prophet Muhammad.
Angels The concept of angels does not apply in Hinduism. Some mythological stories include rishis, who sometimes serve as the messengers of God. Angels are created from light and remain unseen as they worship and follow God's commands.
Birth of Jesus N/A. Virgin birth from Mary.
Means of salvation Reaching enlightenment by the Path of Knowledge, the Path of devotion, or the Path of Good Deeds. Belief in one God, remembrance of God, repentance, fear of God and hope in God's mercy.
Second coming of Jesus N/A. Affirmed
Human Nature Depends on sects. Man has equal ability to do good or evil. God has given mankind free will.
Definition The word Hindu has geographical significance and was used originally for those people who lived beyond the river Sindhu or the region watered by the river Indus. Hindus themselves, call their religion "Sanatana Dharma, " meaning "Eternal Law." Islam is an Arabic word for "Submission or surrender in Ultimate Peace".Muslim means a believer in One God (Al-Illah or Allah)
Time of origin circa 3000 B.C.E 610 CE
God's role in salvation Beliefs vary by sect. Upanishads (scripture) say God chooses who gets salvation. Salvation is attained via good deeds and righteousness (following the "dharma" and avoiding sin) Mercy
Death of Jesus N/A. He did not die, but was taken into heaven by god, and will come back down to earth. He was never crucified.
Principle To follow dharma, i.e. eternal laws Say, "He is Allah , [who is] One, Allah , the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent." - Quran: Surah Al Ikhlas
Population 1 Billion. There are around 1.5 billion Muslims in the world. Islam is the second-largest faith of the planet and claims to be the fastest growing
Status of Adam N/A. Free from all major sins and faults. Adam is the first prophet and man on earth as sent by Allah and he is the father of Humanity, and Muhammad is the last prophet in Islam.
Marriage Man may marry one woman. However, kings in mythology often married more than one woman. The holy union of a couple. Men in Islam may marry more than one women (but no more than four) as long as he can treat them all fairly, give them all their rights and support them all.
Religious Law Dharma shastras Sharia law is the foundation of Islam - religious law is to be interpreted only by scholars who are knowledgeable in advanced religious studies.
Confessing sins Repentance for unintentional sins are prescribed, but intentional sins have to be repaid through karmic consequences. Praying and repenting to god - no self-harm allowed
Rites Some Hindus believe in a "thread ceremony" for men. Five pillars: Prayer, purification, funerals, circumsicion, sharing of animals in thanksgiving, Quran recitation, marriage.
About Devotion to the various gods & goddesses of Hinduism. Islam is an Abrahamic religion originating with the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (a decendent of Ishmael) born in 560 AD came to teach pure monotheism, restore the true religion which had been lost. submission to the Will of God, pure monotheism.
Day of worship Orthodox schools prescribe three prayer times a day: at dawn, noon and dusk. Prayer five times daily is obligatory. Friday is the day of congregational prayer, obligatory for men, but not for women.
Identity of Jesus N/A. A true prophet of God, born of a chaste virgin mother (Mary). Jesus is highly respected and loved in Islam, but not worshipped or seen as a son of God. Muslims believed that Jesus preached Islam, but his message was corrupted by some.
Religion which atheists may still be adherents of Charvakas and Sankyas are atheistic groups in Hinduism. No.
Abrahamic Lineage N/A. The ancestor of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is Abraham (Ibrahim) through his son Ismael.
View of the Buddha Some Hindu sects claim Buddha was an avatar of Vishnu. Others believe he was a holy man. N/A
Goal of Philosophy Salvation, freedom from the cycle of birth and reincarnation. To Reach Heaven
Original Language(s) Sanskrit Arabic
Authority of Pope N/A. N/A
Position of Mary N/A. Mary receives significant admiration from Muslims. She is said by the Prophet Muhammad to be the best woman God created. She is free of sin as the mother of Jesus.
Views on the afterlife A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached after which moksha is attained. Eternal life in paradise or hell.
View of other Abrahamic religions Hinduism is a Dharmic religion, not an Abrahamic religion. Jews and Christians are respected as "People of the Book". All religions should be respected and tolerated, though Islam is the only correct way.
Status of Muhammad N/A. Deeply loved and revered in Islam, last Prophet, but is not worshipped, only God is worshipped, according to Islam creation is never to be worshipped under any circumstances only the creator
sects Vaishnava, Shaivaya, & Shaktism. Sunnis & Shiites.
Use of statues Allowed Forbidden - a medium between self and Creator does not exist.
Ressurection of Jesus N/A. Denied because his death is denied. God raised Jesus to him and he will return before end of time.
Branches Myriad There is a political division Shia and Sunni Muslims, though it is not doctrinal.
Promised Holy one. Kalki, the 10'th avatar of Vishnu. Mahdi
Concept of God God is in everything and everything is God. Concept of the uncreated creator who brought about the universe - God - and that God had revealed a message (Quran) and a messenger (Muhammad)
Virtue on which religion is based upon Follow righteousness. Peace
Use of statues, images Common. Forbidden
Names of God Brahman Allah, Rahman, Raheem, Malik, Qudoos etc ( There are 99 in total)
Geographical predominance India, Nepal Middle East, Central Asia, North Africa, East Asia (Indonesia Malaysia), and the Balkans
Can atheists partake in this religion's practices? Yes. No.
Belief of God The deity often varies from sect to sect. Smarta/Monists sect believes Everything is God. There are monotheistic sects also. Belief in One God.
Geographical distribution and predominance Mainly in India. Islam exists worldwide while it is the dominant religion of the Middle East, Central Asia, South Asia, South-East Asia, and North Africa.
Followers Hindus. Muslim (means submitter to God)
Status of Vedas Vedas are generally regarded as sacred in Hinduism. Post-Vedic texts like the Gita are also revered. N/A.
Authority of Dalai Lama N/A. N/A.
View of Oriental religions Buddhism and Jainism were considered atheistic religions by traditional Hindu schools. Buddhists do not consider Buddha an avatar of Vishnu and believe that Hindu priests made that claim to stem the spread of Buddhism, which threatened Hinduism. All Religions were given the book and are people of the book but are FALSE religions
imams identified as N/A. Shiites believe they are the successors of Ali; Sunnis regard them as their clergy.
Prophets No prophets in religion, but Rishis would be considered equivalent to prophets in Vedic times. Avataras of Vedic God are different from human reincarnations, but would be considered equivalent to Christian idea of God in flesh. Many from Adam, Abraham, Noah, Jesus etc to Muhammed
View of other Dharmic religions They believe that Buddhists, Jains, & Sikhs should reunite with Hinduism(which is the original Dharmic religion). Has no basis in Islam.
Belief Diverse beliefs depending on sects. Belief in one God,who has sent messengers with revelation and guidance for humanity so they may be guided to Islam (submission to God) & who have came with both good news and a warning, the last & final messenger being Muhammad صلى الله علي
Jesus N/A. a Prophet and messenger of God, and his proper name used in the Quran is Isa ibn Maryam [Jesus the son of Mary (not God)]
Views on other religion Believe all religions have some truth in them. Muslims believe that Islam is the one true faith.
Views on other religions Some scriptures say the path they describe is the only path to God and salvation. Other scriptures are more philosophical than religious. Beliefs vary. Some believe that all spiritual paths lead to the same God. All other religions are false, but Muslims should not disrespect them.
Position of Abraham N/A. A great Prophet.
Place and Time of origin Indian Subcontinent, beginning with the Vedic civilization circa 3000 BC 7'th Century AD.
Virtue(s) in which religion is based upon Follow dharma (righteouness), eternal law. Peace.
View of God Monists believe only Brahman exists, Pantheists believe all things/entities are God, Monotheistic sects consider God as immanent and transcendent and different from others. The Nasadiya Sukta even explores creation-ex-nihilo. God is All Good
Promised Holy One Kalki, the 10th Avatar of Vishnu Mahdi
View of Dharmic religions Believe that Buddhism, Jainism, & Sikhism should reunite with Hinduism. Extremely false and corrupted

Further Reading

For further reading, there are several books available on Amazon.com on Hinduism and Islam:

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Comments: Hinduism vs Islam

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November 19, 2013, 6:00am

Islam came into existence with mohommad.. before that there was no islam, although muslims accept jesus n all others before him to be messanger but dont accept there messages..thats strange indeed... n christians dont accept mohommad as messenger nor Quran as holy book..
So its pointless to say islam existed before mohommad..
Quran says.. prophet were there but their teachings were wrong... lolz..
Then whats the use of accepting them as prophet when u dont believe in their prophecy? ???

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September 26, 2013, 5:37pm

First of all, all Muslim shall be thankful to non Muslim as it was a non Muslim that saved life of Mohammad when he was running for his life after getting kicked out of mecca. Secondly they must clarify why Muslims adore Mohammad along with Allah 5 times a day as even kalma is not complete without swearing Allah along with Mohammad. Why widow of Mohammed not allowed to remarry as all other widows of Muslims, although Aisha was below 14 years when Mohammad passed away. Most of the hadis based on experiences of a 12 year old girl during 3 years of her child marriage life. O.K what is maal-e ganimat? It is looting that Muslims authorized to commit with kafirs and Mohammad secured a major part of it when he alive. What is the difference between kafir, ahle kitab and non Muslim? in Qur'an Allah several times say that Qur'an sent for people living around mecca as they were uncivilized herd of decoits and criminals. Allah even say several times that he sent Qur'an in Arabic so people can understand. Here in India no one know Arabic not even Muslims. Allah several times say himself swear in Qur'an for his being and permit Muslims for false swearing as he will not hold them guilty for false swearing. This is really painful that so many of our cowered brothers choose to adopt a demon religion during mughal regime and forgot that what lord Shiv said to King Bhoj in bhavishya Purana.
In Qur'an there is no mention of any eastern religion and it is impossible that almighty do not knew about other religions apart from western religions. IT PROVES THAT QUR'AN AND ISLAM WAS SENT FOR A SELECT BAND OFPEOPLE LIVING NEAR BY MECCA . There are several issues that not clarified in Qur'an and had-its. I challenge all scholars of Qur'an and Islam to answer my query without saying it wish of Allah and i will convert into a Muslim that very moment. Is there Dr, Zakir Naik listing?

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July 29, 2013, 3:52am

The concept of God in Islam is strange. They believe in a god that has a form but chooses to hide it and would only reveal it on judgement day. But although he hides his form but he speaks freely for everyone to hear.hence the concept of God in Islam is similar toBoney Kapoor s Mr India.....Dekhai Nehi Deta Per Sunai Deta Hai! In Hinduism you can neither see God nor hear Him nor Touch Him for HE is beyond the perception of our senses that is why He takes a form to teach us formed beings.,

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April 7, 2014, 5:33pm

islam is the best religon there is one god

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April 4, 2014, 5:01pm

Hey Friend Hindu Or Muslim Please study A topic of islam care fully read this i m not saying hinduism is fake but read this Islam is not about that we are better islam is about let me show u some thing better 4 u AllAH-U-AKABAR

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March 30, 2014, 3:28pm

A true Hindu is one who follows vedas throughout his life and a true Muslim is one who follows quran throughout but it is hard to find both. All those fighting are none.

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March 15, 2014, 10:48pm

All you people are arguing like idiots and displaying hate and disrespect towards eachother. Face the FACTS, according to World Religions: Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world, while Hinduism is on a major decline. I'm sorry but you just CANNOT deny that. Islam is peaceful but its image has been destroyed by a few radicals. Radicals are evident in every major religion. Majority of religions believe in ONE GOD and Islam is a complete religion in which muslims believe in the teachings and representatives (e.g. Jesus, Moses, Noah) of other religions. On a side note, when a hindu god/idol/statue accidently falls and breaks, how can hindus expect it to help them when it cannot help itself after it breaks ?

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December 23, 2013, 4:16pm

V always want good for all v never harm who r innocent I don't know y only muslims r said to b terrorists.

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December 4, 2013, 3:56pm

Hinduism is the best .Bravest of Bravest

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November 25, 2013, 9:11pm

GOD is the CREATOR, we CREATURES cannot become the CREATOR by creating GOD. . .

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November 4, 2013, 6:04pm

Allah does not allow Muslims to say bad things about other people, but it does give the permission to punish those who criticize it (Nauzubillah). I want some people to explain something to me, Hindu idols are man-made, so what is their power? Just remember one thing, "The world is an unbelievers paradise and a believers prison' Haadis.

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September 27, 2013, 1:37pm

12.FOOLS HOWEVER DECIDE THAT WE ARE PANTHEISTIC.hindusam is not polytesistic it transcends polytheism.

THIS IS WRITEN TO CLEARIFY THE HORTEN POINTS about sanatan dharma/HINDUSAM.
MANY EBRAHAMIC (ISLAM AND CRISTIAN)WEBSITES TWISTING SHORTEN FACT OF HINDUSAM THUS SPREADING LIES ABOUT US

HINDUSAM IS NOT A PANTHEISTIC RELIGION IT ITANSCENDS PANTHEISM
1.when acient hindus rishi's declear every thing is manifestation of brahaman they where using quantom physics to explain universe
2.closest translation of brahaman is un divided universe conciousness which peravdes the universe.
3.matter is and illusion vertual reality, maya .conciousness is the only reality.
4. on the besis of oneness on the universe it not only the central characteristicts of the mystical experiances but it is also one of the important revelations of modern physics the most important discovery in history of science.
---prof.Henry stapp, physicist
5.(om isa vasyam idam sarvam yat kincha jagyatam jagat)
all this whatever is present in changing universe is pervaded by brahaman---isa upnishad.
6.(om purnamadah purnamidam purnat purnamudachyate purnasya purnamadaya purnamewabasisyate.)--isa upnishad
---that pure conciousness is full perfect;this (manufest universe of matter; of name form being maya is full this fullness has been projected from that fulness when this fulness merges in that fulness all that remains is fulness.
7.All matter around us is maya a vartual reality universe is holographic illusion created by limited human brain every thing is energy E=MC2. source of energy brahaman
8.satchidanand brahaman brahaman is pure existence pure conciousness and pure bliss."
inrecent year physicists have mad to address the interplay of conciousness and the physical world in quantom physics much has been made over Bell's thgeorem.
9.they force us to consider that the entire nation of purely objective world is in conflict ont only with the theory of quantam mechanices but with the facts drawn from actual experiments.
10.according to hindus brahm satya jagat mithya pure conciousness is the onky reality, physical world is virtual reality.
11.matter/human body/=sub atomic
partical=energy=brahaman
human being/animals
=soul/conciousness=brahaman
hence every thing is brahamaan i am brahaman you are brahaman.
12.FOOLS HOWEVER DECIDE THAT WE ARE PANTHEISTIC.
13.(Aytam atma brahma")the self the soul is brahman"
aham brahmasmi i am brahaman (tat tvam asi" )thou are that" (sarvam khalv idam brahma" all this that we see in the world is brahman
14.brahaman cannot be known by material means we cannot be made concious of it because brahaman is our very conciousness
"through brahman ,the eyes see the brain functions, but the eyes cannot see it ,the brain cannot comprehead it"
15.Every thing is brahaman.
16.muslim belive that every thing is God's i.e the world 'God'with an atmosphare's' in other world the muslim belive that every thing is belong to god .it seems concept of "muslim God" is some king of tyrant monopolist owner of this univers, a monarch
17.the God of islam is principle simillar ti monarch who creats and rules the world with a set of lows. the concept of God in islam is of a God who is a part from the universe and who is a skillful maker of the world.
18.God stand apart from the world and like a meldievam monarch rules the incident of the world and judges you in the judgement day based on the code of conduct as created in holy book. you are sent to either haven or hell based on your submission.
20.why do they have this "monopolist, monarch owner"concept.
Answer are can be found in BHAGAVAD GITA.
21.Those whose intelligence has been stolen by material desire surrender unto demigods and follow the particular rules and regulations of worship according to their Own nature.
[Bhagavad Gita 7:20]
22.MUSLIM SAY THERE IS NO GOD but Allaha and the mohammad is his massanger." its clear allah is not Bhagvan/ishwar.
all quranic teachings were delivered to muhamad by demi-god /jinn/ashura,jibril.who deny even exixtance of Bhagvan.
23. hindusam is not polytesistic it transcends polytheism.
24.hindu belive we can take any aspect of god and worship according to our mental out look and speritiual disposition. not all human are alike.one theological/spiritual philosophy can never suit all.vsihnu shiva,Durga,are all manifestations of God.
25.they call him indra ,mitra,varuna Etc and he is heavenly nobly winged garutam.
to what is one ,sages give many a title they call it agni,yama,matarisvan."rig veda(Book 1.hymn 164.46)
THE ONE IS BRAHMAN.
26.THUS VARIOUS fORMS (NAMES AND PERCEPTIONS) SYMBOLIZING BRAHMAN reflact different visions according to many sages and seers and devotees
manifestation of God or brahman as perceived by devotees are KRISHNA, RAMA, DURGA SHIV ETC.
27.EVERY ONE KNOWS THAT THERE IS ONLY ONE God devotee call Godor brahman,or allah,krishna ,jesus,any name they please.God dosent really have name ,so its dosent matter what we choose to call God .Ultimately it same God hence its us who Give God name.
28.similarly we can percieve god in Form, any form we want, because ultemately God doesnot have any form.form is powerful tool to tune into divine conciousness. we human being can perceive aspects of divine only with NAME and form.
29.it is ridiculas to say that God has name "Allah"and" there is no God but Allah".God doesnot have any name.
30.God is omnipresent alright,but then would you meditate or pray from your bathroom for that matter?
31.God is like a energy of electricity and magnetism is omnipresent but just as the buld draw that power into light, God's images forms draw his power into light that illuminates the Trouth in the devotee's mind.
32.HINDUSAM SUPPORT BOTH FORM ANNNND FORMLESS WORSHIP
33.Hmans may perceive two aspects of supreme reality, Ultimate truth.
34.Nirguna Brahman : God "without form qualities(guna)," I.e,,.formless, Absolute reality,parabrahman or -totally transcending guna(quality manifest existence.
35.saguna Brahman:God "with divine qualities;" God as suparconscious omnipresent, allknowing, all-loving and all-powerful.
36.the following verse describe Nirguna brahman Nirguna Brahman is referres to as "IT",and never as "HE" or "SHE"
37.(tat tvam asi )"thou are that"
(ekam evdvitiyam")"it is only one without a second."[chandogya upnishad 6:2:1]
(na casya kascij janita na cadhipah.") of it there are neither present not lord".
[svstasvatara upnishad 6.9]"
38. ("na tasya pratima asti") "there is no likness of it."
[svstasvatara upnishad 4:19]
("na samdarse tisthati rupam asya, na caksusa pasyati kas caninam.)
" it's from is not to be seen; no one see it with the eye.'
[svstasvatara upnishad 4:20]
39. nirguna brahman is nirakara (without form) nirvishesha( without parcicularity) and nirupadhika(without limitation) as sach ,is not an bojection and knowledge.
40.According to hindus nirguna Brahman should not be worshiped at all. nirguna brahman is not object of worship but divine trouth or plane of suparconciousness, to be "Realised" or "tuned into "with raja yoga, janna yoga ,karma yoga.
41.meditation is there for nirguna brahman.
42.islam however teaches "incomplete nirguna Brahman"Allah is wothout form and ganderless, but they pray to allah .in reality what they should do is dhyana(meditation)
43.Hindu vedantists who want to tune in to nirguna Brahman. do not engage in ritual Worship at all, but meditate and use raja yoga, jnana yoga.
44.SAGUNA BRAHMAN .GOD WITH FROMAS PERCEIVED BY DEVOTEES.
45.saguna brahman is creator sustainer and controller of the universe. saguna brahman cannot be limited by one form and is therefore worship by hindus in both male and female form. bhakti yogis worship saguna brahman using idols as tools.
46.saguna Brahman is to worshipes by devotees as written in hindu scripture.lets explore how to worship saguna brahman.
47.krishna the suprime presonality og Godhead said." i make no distinction between one religion and another .people may worship me in any form they wish. the "form of worship"dosent matter to me. MY ONLY concern is the "quality of love " which is expressed in worship. i accept every kind of worship because i am suprime.[BHAGWAT GITA 9.20-24]

48.there are various form of worshipping saguna Brahman.
jay sri krishna
radhey radhey

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September 25, 2013, 5:27pm

The Essence of Hindu Philosophy

Teaching Importance of Human Birth Teaching Path of Karm-Dharm
Teaching Life's Ultimate Aim Teaching Four Principles of Karm
Teaching Grace of God Teaching Karm Yog & Karm Sanyas
Teaching Self-surrender Teaching Path of Gyan
Teaching Nature of the Mind Teaching Gyan Vs Devotion
Teaching The Intellect's Decision Teaching Definition & Conditions of Devotion

Importance of Human Birth
The human form of life is the most important and the most valuable. Humans possess far greater knowledge than other creatures. While other creatures possess knowledge pertaining to only the body, humans have access to knowledge pertaining to the material body as well as the spirit soul. Only humans can attain the knowledge of God.
Even devtas (celestial gods) desire the human form. The reason is that humans alone reap fruits of their actions. Humans not only taste fruits of actions of previous lifetimes (known as destiny), but also taste fruits of actions performed in the present. Devtas merely reap fruits of previous actions but are not held accountable for actions of the present life. They must be born human to make spiritual progress and thereby attain God.
One disadvantage of human form is that death may come any moment. Consequently, we must embrace the Godly path without procrastination.
Life is as temporary as that of a bubble that appears in water one moment only to disappear the next. Prahlad says to his little friends, "Do not wait until you are older, to know God. Death may pay a visit any moment to any one of us."
What is the importance of knowing God?

KrishnaLife's Ultimate Aim
Every living creature is engaged in work. Works are of two types; physical + mental, and only mental. The body may or may not be involved in the performance of a work, but the mind is always involved. Mind motivates all activities, which means that there is a motive behind every action of every individual being.
What is our motive? We want happiness. Philosophers say that we desire Immortality, Knowledge, Freedom and Power also, but the Bhagvatam instructs that these are mere means of attaining happiness.
Every creature desires happiness. Everyone is so different from one another. All look different; have distinct tastes; think differently, but all want only happiness. Why?
Reason: All are part of God, and every part desires to unite with the whole. Being part of God, all desire to unite with Him. Vedas tell us that God is happiness, and that the individual soul can attain happiness only by attaining God.
This is the reason we should know God. Through God we will attain genuine happiness; happiness that is unending, everlasting and ever-increasing. Why have we not yet attained God?

Grace of God
The Vedas and Shastras say that there is no means of attaining God. God is beyond the reach of limited and material senses, mind and intellect, and these are the only three criteria through which a human attains knowledge. Material mind and intellect fail to comprehend even material phenomena, what to speak of God!
Moreover, God possesses innumerable mutual contradictions within Him. He is bigger than the biggest, yet smaller than the smallest. He is without name and form, but also with name and form. He is farther than the farthest, yet nearer than the nearest. God does not take birth, yet takes birth innumerable times. For all these reasons and more, it is impossible to know God with material senses, mind and intellect.
Finding out that God cannot be known, is very disappointing. But the Vedas instill hope in our hearts by clarifying that though He cannot be known through self-effort, yet He can be known through Divine Grace.
When God bestows grace, the material senses, mind and intellect become divine, and then they can see, hear, taste, touch, smell and know God. It was only after being granted divine eyesight by Lord Krishna that Arjun was able to behold the Lord's universal form.

Self-surrender
In order to attain God's grace, one must surrender wholeheartedly to Him. Even in the world we see that a newborn child is completely surrendered to its mother, and therefore, the mother assumes full responsibility of the child. As the child starts doing work for himself, the mother starts lessening her responsibility towards the child.
To surrender means to offer the mind to God. In the Geeta, Shri Krishna says, "Arjun! Offer Me your mind and intellect." Speaking fancy words in Sanskrit does not constitute self-surrender to God, nor does the performance of rites, rituals and ceremonies make one surrendered to God.
The mind must focus on God. However, it is extremely attached to the material world. Since we have only one mind, this poses a problem. We need to examine the mind, understand it and then divert it towards God.

Nature of the Mind
The mind continually generates thoughts regarding the world, because it desires people and objects of the world. Desire is the most damaging disease that afflicts the mind. Anger and greed are born of desire. If a desire is fulfilled, it leads to greed. If unfulfilled, it leads to anger. Why does the mind desire the world? Because of attachment. Why does the mind get attached anywhere in the world? Because of continually thinking the world to be a source of happiness.
Why do we constantly look for happiness? Because being part and parcel of God, it is our natural desire to find happiness, which is another name for God.
Is there happiness in the world? No. If there were,
all would be happy with every person and object of the world
all would be happy at all times, and
all would be happy in the same limit.

Using these three criteria as the measuring stick, we come to the conclusion that real happiness cannot be found in any worldly individual or object. Constant reflection on this brings about detachment from the world. What more needs to be done?

The Intellect's Decision
Beyond the mind is the intellect. It is the intellect that decides, and it is the mind that desires. Sometimes mind and intellect are referred to collectively as just the mind; sometimes individually as the mind and intellect. If the mind which desires the world, is governed by the intellect that decides that there is no happiness in the world, detachment from the world will come about naturally.
We see that desires are unending. When one desire is fulfilled, many more are born. Although an individual keeps getting older, his desires are constantly rejuvenating themselves. According to scriptures, a wealthy man is not one who possesses more; he is one who desires less.
Since the body is the means through which one can fulfill the selfish motive of the soul, it is very important to take care of the physical body. Consequently, Materialism is important. However, the material world does not fulfill the purpose of the soul. For the soul, Spiritualism is absolutely necessary.
Materialism should be accepted in small limits, but Spiritualism should be embraced without abandon. Why? Because true happiness, i.e. unending, everlasting, and ever-increasing happiness is found only in God, not the material world.
Detachment from the world is not enough to take us to God. We need to find out which are the paths leading to God.

Path of Karm-Dharm
According to scriptures, there are 3 paths leading to God: KARM, GYAN, BHAKTI. First we shall look at Karm. What is Karm? It is Varnashram Dharm. Vedas and Smritis specify certain duties that are to be performed according to one's Varn (caste), i.e. Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra, and one's Ashram, or stage of life (celibate, householder, forest-dweller, renunciate).
The path of Karm is both praised and condemned by Vedas and Shastras. Even Divine Personalities like Seeta, Lakshman, Bharat, Prahlad and the Gopis rejected the path of Karm-Dharm.
Uddhav asks Shri Krishna why so many paths came into being in the first place. Shri Krishna explains that He had specified one path for all in the Vedas. However, different interpretations of the Vedas came about in accordance with the individual interpreting them. Some paths came into being simply due to tradition. Some say Karm-Dharm is the true path; some say that to earn name and fame is the true path; for some fulfillment of desires is the true path; for others, it is in telling the truth that salvation lies. According to some, sense-control is the way to God; for some, fasting. Are any of these genuine? Shri Krishna says no, since none of these leads to God. Which is the true path? We shall continue searching.

Four Principles of Karm
There are 4 principles in the path of Karm: Karm, Vikarm, Karmyog and Karm Sanyas.
Karm is of four types: Nittya Karm (daily duties), Naimittik Karm (occasional duties), Kaamya Karm (duties performed for desire-fulfillment), and Prayashchitta Karm (duties performed for repentance). There are six most difficult conditions to be fulfilled if this path is to be followed. The fulfillment of these six conditions leads one to the celestial abode, but not to God. Karmi does not practice devotion to God, but does follow the dictates of Dharm, and hence goes to Svarg after death.
Vikarmi is one who neither practices devotion nor follows rules and regulations of Dharm. He is sent to suffer the torments of hell after death.

Karm Yog & Karm Sanyas
Karmyogi is one who practices devotion and follows rules of Karm-Dharm. He attains God because of devotion to God. Karm Sanyasi is one who follows principles of devotion but renounces Karm, and he also attains God.
Path of Karm is praised when it includes devotion; it is condemned when it excludes devotion. The Divine Ones who rejected Karm, are not at fault, for they renounced Karm in favor of devotion to God.

Path of Gyan
Gyan is Knowledge. Knowledge is of two types: theoretical and practical. Mere theoretical knowledge, without any practical experience leads one to become proud. Hence, mere theoretical knowledge is condemned by scriptures. Knowledge equipped with practical experience is praised by scriptures.
Practical knowledge is also of two types: Atma-gyan (knowledge of the self) and Brahm-gyan (knowledge of God). Atma-gyan is only partial knowledge of God, since the Atma (soul) is a part of God.
The gyani says, 'I am God.' Devotee says, 'I am a servant of God.' Through Gyan Sadhana the gyani transcends the five elements and the ego; he attains Nirvikalp Samadhi (in which there are no thoughts), but he cannot attain liberation without practicing devotion to Shri Krishna. The reason is that Rajogun (mode of passion) and Tamogun (mode of ignorance) can be transcended through Gyan Sadhana, but Sattvagun (mode of goodness) remains intact, and it can be transcended only through devotion.
To qualify for the path of Gyan, one must be completely detached from the world of desires. On the other hand, the path of Devotion is open to all, for one must be neither too attached to, nor too detached from the world to follow this path.

Gyan Vs Devotion
Even as one follows the path of Gyan, he constantly falls down, for he does not ask for the grace of God. He meditates on the nameless and formless Brahm. The devotee worships God with form (Shri Krishna), and is therefore given protection at all times. Shri Krishna declares in the Geeta, 'My devotee will never perish.' Gyani is like the baby monkey who holds on himself to its mother; while the devotee is like the kitten that is held protectively within the mouth of its mother.
And if both the gyani and the devotee follow their respective paths and attain God, is there any difference in their respective attainment? Yes. The gyani attains atma-gyan. He then worships Shri Krishna and attains Brahm-gyan, eventually merging into Brahm. He now tastes the bliss of the Impersonal Absolute. The devotee worships Shri Krishna right from the beginning, and attains Premanand (bliss of divine love). Though both are unlimited, Premanand is infinitely sweeter.
They who had tasted BRAHMANAND: the fours sons of Brahma, King Janak, Shukdev Paramhans, and Shankaracharya, renounced it after tasting PREMANAND.
We find three significant differences between Gyan and Devotion.
It is most difficult to qualify for Gyan, but very easy to qualify for Devotion.
Path of Gyan is extremely difficult to follow, whereas Devotion is very easy to follow.
Brahmanand (bliss of the Impersonal Brahm, meditated upon by the gyani) pales before Premanand (bliss of God with form, worshipped by the devotee)
We find that Devotion is the only path that can lead one to God.

Definition & Conditions of Devotion
Devotion has been defined by various Acharyas. One definition is 'to drink the nectar of God.' One is, 'to destroy ignorance.' Still another is 'to understand and accept that I am a part of God.' Another definition is 'to have the mind-stream flowing continually towards God.' One Acharya says that Devotion is 'love-filled meditation on God.'
If devotion is to be properly practiced, there are some conditions to be fulfilled.
First Condition
One must not present desires in front of God for a number of reasons:
God does not alter anyone's destiny.
God is Omniscient and already knows what his children need and do not need.
One who desires something from God will not be able to practice true devotion.
Being ignorant, the devotee does not know what to ask for.
Second Condition
We must establish 4 loving relationships with Shri Krishna:
Dasya Bhav: Servant-Master relationship. There are more rules and regulations and less privileges in this relationship.
Sakhya Bhav: Friendly relationship. More closeness; less restrictions.
Vatsalya Bhav: Parent-child relationship. Shri Krishna is my Son; I am His mother (or father). Far greater closeness; less restrictions.
Madhurya Bhav: Lover-Beloved relationship. Shri Krishna is my Beloved. There are no restrictions in this relationship. Gopis give the dust of their feet to cure their Beloved Shri Krishna.
Madhurya Bhav is the greatest, since it includes access to all other relationships.
Third Condition
Devotion to Shri Krishna must be exclusive. The attachment of the mind must be reserved for God while worldly duties are being performed externally. The performance of any work requires involvement of the mind, not attachment of the mind.
Fourth Condition
Devotion must be practiced daily. One must spend at least an hour with God every single day. During that time, one must attempt to focus the mind on God with the help of bhajans and keertans. Longing for God has to be developed, and as Kabir Das says, "No one can attain God without shedding tears of love for Him." When the mind runs away to the world, you must take Lord Krishna wherever the mind has gone.
Fifth Condition
Devotion must be practiced under the guidance of a GURU. Guru must possess THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE OF SCRIPTURES and PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE OF GOD. One must look for the following in a Guru:
He must clearly answer the questions you have about God and the path leading to God.
He must remove all the doubts you have regarding God.
The Sadhana prescribed by him must bring about internal changes.
Guru is Divinity in human form. One must trust the Guru to lead him to God..

— 101.✗.✗.1
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September 25, 2013, 5:18pm

HINDUSAM BY SUPRIME ACHARYA OF HINDUSAM KRIPALU MAHAPRABHU.
From all the scriptures we need to understand the answers to three questions to get the Essence of philosophy of Divine Love:

What is our relationship with God?
What is the means for establishing that relationship?
What final goal will we attain once that relationship has been established?
These questions are addressed by Shree Maharajji’s philosophy which has been summarized as below as :

Philosophy of Divine Love

Every living being is incessantly searching for happiness. This search is natural to our being, since we are an eternal part of God, who is the ocean of Divine Bliss. The search for happiness is the search for God, except that is unknown to our mind and intellect. Hence, God-realization is the goal of our lives.
We cannot know God by our senses, mind, and intellect. These instruments of knowledge of ours are material, and cannot fathom the Divine nature of the Supreme Being.
The only means of knowing God is through his Grace, whereby He Himself bestows His Divine knowledge upon the soul
If we wish to receive that Divine Grace, we must surrender ourselves to Him. This surrender is not an external act; it should be from within. True surrender is that of the mind.
The difficulty in surrendering our mind to God is that at present, it is attached to the world; we must first detach it from here, only then can we attach it to God.
At this stage, we need a Guru, or a Spiritual Master who can explain to us on the basis of the scriptures how to detach the mind from the world and attach it to God. The qualification of a genuine spiritual Master is that he must be God-realized himself.
Although the Vedas mention the three means of karm, gyana, and bhakti, our goal of God-realization can be accomplished through bhakti alone. Karm needs the addition of bhakti to make it karmyog; gyan needs the addition of bhakti to make it bhakti to it to make it gyanyog; while bhakti is by itself bhaktiyog.
This bhakti or devotion must be performed selflessly, without the desire for any material rewards. Even the desire for liberation is an inferior desire, since liberation is an automatic by-product of attaining devotion.
Shree KrishnaIn this devotion, we can establish five kinds of relationships with the Supreme Being. We can look upon Him as our King, our Master, our Friend, our Child, or our Beloved. Amongst these, worshipping God as our Beloved, in the mood of the gopies of Vrindaban, is the highest.
Longing for our Divine Beloved develops by the practice of Roop-dhyan, or meditation on the personal form of God. Along with this, we must learn to remember Him throughout the day, by feeling His Divine presence with us at all times.
When our heart is perfectly cleansed by the practice of devotion, we will receive another kind of devotion by the Grace of our Spiritual Master, called perfect devotion or Divine Love. This Divine Love is an eternal power of God; it is such a power that God Himself becomes captivated by the devotee who possesses it. With that Divine Love, we will engage in the eternal loving service of the Supreme Lord, and upon leaving this body, we will enter His eternal Divine leelas & finally achieve unlimited happiness & Divine Love.

— 101.✗.✗.1
0

September 21, 2013, 9:25am

To the hell of you who criticized islam... i think you beter read islam more deeply. muslims never critised any religion coz their god doesnt allow them. y many of the sceintists are coming to the islam? bcoz they know the realties of this world. whatever is written in QURAN they experienced it true..........plz dont abuse any religion.

— 39.✗.✗.81
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September 14, 2013, 9:53am

Only Hindu

— 115.✗.✗.90
0

September 14, 2013, 5:11am

"मत्श्य कुर्म बराह हस्त्चा नसिम्घा छ बमन, रमा रामेस्स्स्चा क्रिश्नाचा बुद्ध कल्की तथई वच"
Ten Avataras of Bishnu from the Charles Darwin point of view
1. Fish: Life started in water
2. Tortoise /turtle: half life in water and half in land
3. Wild boar : Animal instinct
4. Nar-simha: Half animal instinct and half human instinct
5. Bamana: Dwarf Human (Total human, height about to get progress)
6. Parshuram: Stone/ Age or Age of Axe? Barbarian period
7. Ram: Age of bow and arrow
8. Balram? : Age of Plough ( Balram is debated incarnation)
9. Krishna: Intelligence
10. Buddha? : Intelligence, peace and love (buddha is debated incarnation)
11. Kalki: Comet attack on Earth ( They explain kalki is a dark complexion human on running high speed white horse with long and shinning sword)..

Some says Mohammad as Kalki cause he had white horse and had sword to destroy enemies..

— 27.✗.✗.23
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August 11, 2013, 5:54pm

aaj ke is insaan ko ye kya ho gaya ,iska purana pyaar kahaa par kho kho gaya?
bhagwaan ne srishti me sarvotkrisht cheej banai inasaan .buddhi vivek gyan diya,
lekin ye nahi socha hoga ki ye insaan uske liye ladega jise na kisi ne dekha na suna na hi mahsoos kiya,hansta hoga in keede makokodo par.ishwar to anant hai use paane ka ek hi rasta kaise ho sakta hai yadi nahi to kaise kah sakte ho kiislaam hi best hai .sanatn dharm me to ishwar ko pane
ke anant marg , kahi bhi nahi likha ki aisa karne se hi ishwar prapt hoga.sanatan dharm to vishaal vatvriksha hai .yaha islam ki tarah aisa nahi ki ek shirt seel di kareem bhi pahno kareem ka baap bhi pahno uski biwi bhi bachche bhi padosi bhi .

— 1.✗.✗.81
0

August 10, 2013, 9:16am

“Yada Yada Hi Dharmasya Glanirva Bhavathi Bharatha,
Abhyuthanam Adharmaysya Tadatmanam Srijami Aham’.
Bhagavad Gita (Chapter IV-7)

“Whenever there is decay of righteousness O! Bharatha and a rise of unrighteousness then I manifest Myself!”
or whenever and wherever there is decline of dharma (righteousness) and ascendance of adharma (unrighteousness), at that time I manifest Myself in visible form. For the protection of the righteous and destruction of the wicked, and for the sake of establishing dharma again, I incarnate Myself on earth ages after ages.

— 203.✗.✗.116
0

August 3, 2013, 7:25pm

islam is true other is wrong so sad.

— 216.✗.✗.231
0

June 11, 2013, 12:18pm

difference between messenger and creator

— 59.✗.✗.252
0

November 11, 2012, 10:29pm

This was so helpful! Thank you!!! #AP WORLD HISTORY

— 97.✗.✗.164
0

March 8, 2014, 1:45pm

Islam is a religion of peace....mein yai nahi keh rahi k baaki sabh mazab bakwas hai...mera koi haq nahi....leiken tum sab jo nahi mante ake kudha ko to apni mazab ki katabein paro unn mai sab koch likha hai....aur phir agar manzoor ho gaya to maanlo k tu muslman hai.....allah hu akhbar

— 78.✗.✗.200
-1

August 16, 2013, 3:39am

Islam states that other religions are FALSE and that those people will go to HELL.

Islam is the only religion that creates hate towards other religions, by stating this. So much for a peacefull religion.

What goes around comes back around! Islam planted a seed of non acceptance and is now getting the same reaction throughout the world!

So sad…but true

— 94.✗.✗.18
-1

April 8, 2013, 9:37pm

Muhammed (peace be upon him) was not the founder of Islam..Please correct it.. He was only a messenger

— 167.✗.✗.119
-1

September 13, 2013, 5:00pm

We the Muslims don't discourage any religion in fact we give the message of peace and tolerance against other religions but some people do not believe in this theory. I request all my Muslim brothers and sisters tell them who disrespect Islam that they can see the English or Hindi version of Holy Quran and then show the dare to say something against our holy religion.

— 27.✗.✗.31
-2

August 26, 2013, 3:42am

Islam is a perfect religion.....

— 39.✗.✗.55
-2

August 23, 2013, 4:23pm

Islam existed before Adam and Eve.
THat was Judaism and Christianity, You people corrupted to Islam.
Everyone can say that his religion is oldest in the world.

We hindus believe in Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh who created Human beings.
Now from whew did these three came.

From where did allah came, who created allah???

One more fact, Christianity is the fastest growing religion in the world.Lakhs of Muslims convert to Christianity everyyear.

Whole countries have been converted to christianity.
Ex Malta

— 49.✗.✗.44
-2

June 29, 2013, 1:21pm

Islam existed before the creation of Adan and Eve, not from 610 AD...please correct your misconceptions..And Muhammed peace be upon him was not the Founder of Islam

— 87.✗.✗.6
-2

July 28, 2011, 10:36pm

Kharijite and Shiite are NOT branches of Islam. They a corrupted!

— 41.✗.✗.1
-3
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