This is a comparison of the principles, teachings and philosophy of Islam and Sikhism.

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Place of origin Arabian Peninsula, Mecca at Mount Hira. Punjab, in an area which was partitioned into modern-day Pakistan. Sikhs are now predominant in Indian-Punjab.
Place of worship Mosque/masjid, any place which is considered clean by Islamic standards. Gurdwara for congregational worship. Anyone may enter a Gurdwara, however-no matter their faith, caste, or skin color. Personal worship can be done in any place at any time. God resides in everything and everyone.
Practices Five pillars: Testament that there is one God and Muhammad is his messenger (shahadah); prayer five times daily; fast during Ramadan; charity to the poor (zakat); pilgrimage (Hajj). Daily prayers. The three pillars of Sikhism are: a) To remember God at all times which includes being thankful to God for what you have been given, b) To live your life honestly/with integrity and c) Sharing what you have with those less fortunate.
Belief of God Only one God. Monotheism
Use of statues and pictures Muslims are not permitted to depict the image of God nor any prophets. Not allowed as considered Idolatry. Pictures of the Sikh Gurus are considered Idolatry and are not accepted from a religious perspective. Gurus maybe praised because they are equivalent to God.
Life after death A Muslim and all the beings will be accountable to Allah on the Day of Judgement. A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached. Sikhs believe that there are 8,400,000 forms of life and that many souls have to travel though a number of these before they can reach Waheguru. The goal is to merge with God.
Clergy Imam leads congregational prayer in a mosque. Sheikh, Maulana, Mullah and Mufti The Granthi is appointed as one take care of Guru Granth Sahib besides No clergy. Raagi who sings the Granth Sahib Baani in Respective Raagas.
About Islam consists of individuals who believe in Allah, a deity whose teachings its followers—Muslims—believe were recorded, verbatim, by the god's last prophet, Muhammad. A Religion spread by 10 Gurus to preach to worship one creator
Means of salvation Belief in one God, remembrance of God, repentance, fear of God and hope in God's mercy. Worship God, do Good Deeds in the name of God, performing service for community. Fight 5 evils (5 sins) - Greed, Ego, Attachment, Anger, and Lust. Meditate, pray, and improve your relationship with God and God will forgive, cleanse, and save you.
Concept of God Ninety nine names and attributes of Allah (God) who is infinite supreme, Sublimely one, all are dependent on him yet he depends on none. Self sufficient. without beginning and without end, and there is nothing comparable to him. Self Created, Indestructible, Unborn, Creater of Universe, Guru Nanak is God and Manifest.
Goal of religion Follow the guidance of the Qur'an and Hadiths to reach eternal paradise. To merge with and have the greatest relationship with God possible. To love and obey God unconditionally. Guru Nanak Dev Ji stressed that we should not be afraid of God's wrath, but instead be afraid of not receiving the full benefits of God's love.
Religious Law Sharia law, or law that is loosely or strictly based on the Qur'an and the Hadiths, exists in many countries that have a majority Muslim population. Only some regions with sharia law apply it to judicial or criminal issues. No necessary laws but a sikh may follow the 3 rules of their life such as 1)Naam Japna (remember/meditate on God) 2)Vand K Shakhna (give to those who need it) 3)Kirat Karna (earn by honest means).
Literal Meaning Islam is derived from the Arabic root "Salema": peace, purity, submission and obedience. In the religious sense, Islam means submission to the will of God and obedience to His law. Sikh means "Student" in Persian-Punjabi. It Means To Learn.Sikh means a person who learn all his life from others.
Definition Islam is an Arabic word for "Submission or surrender in Ultimate Peace".Muslim means a believer in One God (Al-Illah or Allah) Disciple, student or learner of God.
Founder Prophet Muhammad Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Angels Angels are created from light and remain unseen as they worship and follow God's commands. N/A
Day of worship Prayer five times daily is obligatory. Friday is the day of congregational prayer, obligatory for men, but not for women. Every day Sikhs worship the one God at their homes, even with or without a Gurdwara service.
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed Irrelevant
View of the Buddha He may be one of the 124,000 Prophets. There is an important person in Sikhism who is called Buddha.
Original Language(s) Arabic Punjabi was the original language in Sikhism and Persian also but Sikhs can learn as many languages as they want to learn.
Ressurection of Jesus Denied because his death is denied. God raised Jesus to him and he will return before end of time. N/A
Principle Say, "He is Allah , [who is] One, Allah , the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent." - Quran: Surah Al Ikhlas The worship of the One God through prayer and devotion. Sikhs are required to meditate on God's name to clear their mind and eliminate the 5 evils. Meditation is also used to bring oneself closer to God.
Marriage Islam is totally opposed to monasticism and celibacy. Marriage is an act of Sunnah in Islam and is strongly recommended. Men can onlymarry the people of the book. Women can only marry Muslims man. Marriage can be arranged or it can be a love marriage. Monogamistic, against premarital sex. Marriage is the merging of two souls as one.
Status of women The prophet said "Do good to and serve your mother, then your mother, then your mother, then your father, then the near relatives and then those who come after them." Islam's honoring women is the great status of the mother in Islam. Sikhism teaches that men and women are 100% equal in the eyes of God. Women have the exact same rights as men and are to be respected and honored. God loves both equally and neither is better than the other.
Status of Muhammad Deeply loved and revered in Islam, last Prophet, but is not worshipped, only God is worshipped, according to Islam creation is never to be worshipped under any circumstances only the creator Saint, a guru of time. He is mentioned in Sikhism- but is used to name the guru incarnate of god.(irrelevant to some)
Position of Mary Mary receives significant admiration from Muslims. She is said by the Prophet Muhammad to be the best woman God created. She is free of sin as the mother of Jesus. N/A
imams identified as Shiites believe they are the successors of Ali; Sunnis regard them as their clergy. N/A.
Followers Muslims Sikhs
Confessing sins The Qur'an asks them to become repentant, seek Allah’s forgiveness, and make a sincere tawba, and assures them that if they do this, Allah will forgive them, and exonerate them from their misdeeds. As the Divine light is in all of us, God already knows of our "sins". We are to pray to God for God to forgive us and cleanse us. Only through God and doing Good Deeds in God's name in a way that God is pleased can we obtain salvation-escape from sin
Human Nature Human beings are not believed to be inherently sinful, but are seen as equally capable of both good and evil. Islam also teaches that faith and action go hand-in-hand. People are essentially good; the divine spark within them needs only to be fanned into a flame of goodness. Sinning is following the veil of illusion "Maya". Karma is unavoidably paid f you sin.
God's role in salvation Islam teaches us that salvation is attainable through the worship of God alone. A person must believe in God and follow His commandments. God is generous and loving. mankind will reincarnate until he becomes a Sikh and achieves paradise.
Status of Adam Free from all major sins and faults. Adam is the first prophet and man on earth as sent by Allah and he is the father of Humanity, and Muhammad is the last prophet in Islam. Only God knows who was created first and who will be created last. Most likely the first Guru on earth as a fish form.
Concept of Deity God (Allah) is the only god and is all-powerful and omniscient. Belief in one God and teachings of the Sikh Gurus. God is merged with the Gurus and the Gurus are Manifests of The Creator.
Original Languages Arabic. Punjabi
Symbols None that are universal, though Muhammad's name in calligraphy is common. The popular star and crescent symbol is also common, but mainly relates to historical and political issues, not necessarily religious ones. The Khanda ☬
Teachings about Behavior Follow the Qur'an and the Hadiths (Sayings of the Prophet Muhammad) Never Commit any sin always do good thing and praise god's name.
On Race Races generally viewed as equal, but those that accept Islam are viewed more favorably than those that do not. "Among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the variations in your languages and your colors..." —Surat 30:22 All are equal.
On Clothing Women must present themselves modestly to cover hair and body shape. Men must be modestly dressed and covered from waist to knee. In most Muslim culture, women wear a form of the hijab; in some, they must wear the full-body cover known as the burqa. Wear the 5 Ks (kangha, kara, kachera, kirpan, kesh)
On Food/Drink Muslims are only supposed to eat foods that are considered halal. Do not drink intoxicating drinks, vegetarianism encouraged, eating animals killed ritualistically is forbidden.
View of Jesus Prophet from Allah whose message has been misinterpreted or corrupted. In Islam, Jesus did not die, but was taken into heaven. A disciple died instead. Some believe Christ will return in an apocalypse, but the significance of his return varies. A very holy messenger of God.
Number of Adherents An estimated 1.5 billion, second largest religion in the world. A estimated 30 million, fifth largest religion in the world.
Praying to Saints, Mary, and Angel Shiites ask for Saints' intercession, but, Sunnis do not. Mary is venerated by both Sunnis and Shiites however. forbidden Worship is to be for One God only, gurus may be Praised because they are manifestations of God in the flesh.
Sacred Texts While the Qur'an is the only holy text of Islam, the Hadith, which is said to be the sayings of Muhammad, is also highly revered. Adi Granth. Nihang Sikhs regard Dasam Granth and Sarbloh Granth also as sacred, but orthodox Sikhs consider them true but lesser. Janamsakhis provide stories of the gurus' lives.
Important Tenets The Five Pillars of Islam among Sunni Muslims and the Seven Pillars of Islam among Shia Muslims. The Shia Twelvers also have the Ancillaries of the Faith. Rehat Maryada, 52 Hukams of Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
Revered People Prophets, imams (spiritual leaders). Gurus, bhagats, sants, gursikhs.
On Women Varies. Some Muslims view women as equal, while others believe women should be subservient. Clothing is usually controlled (e.g., hijab, burqa); health choices may be restricted. Surat An-Nisa 4:34 allows for "light beating" of "disobedient" wives. Equal to men.

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