Islam vs Sikhism


This is a comparison of the principles, teachings and philosophy of Islam and Sikhism.

Comparison chart

Edit this comparison chart




Founder Muhammad. Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Place of worship Mosque/masjid, any place which is clean. Gurdwara for congregational worship. Anyone may enter a Gurdwara, however-no matter their faith, caste, or skin color. Personal worship can be done in any place at any time. God resides in everything and everyone.
Place of origin Mecca, Saudi Arabia Punjab, in an area which was partitioned into modern-day Pakistan. Sikhs are now predominant in Indian-Punjab.
Concept of Deity God (Allah) is the only god and is all-powerful and omniscient. Belief in one God and teachings of the Sikh Gurus. God is merged with the Gurus and the Gurus are Manifests of The Creator.
Practices Five pillars: Testament that there is one God and Muhammad is his messenger (shahadah); prayer five times daily; fast during Ramadan; charity to the poor (zakat); pilgrimage (Hajj). Daily prayers. The three pillars of Sikhism are: a) To remember God at all times which includes being thankful to God for what you have been given, b) To live your life honestly/with integrity and c) Sharing what you have with those less fortunate.
Use of statues and pictures Muslims are not permitted to depict the image of God nor any prophet. Not allowed as considered Idolatry. Pictures of the Sikh Gurus are considered Idolatry and are not accepted from a religious perspective. Gurus maybe praised because they are equivalent to God.
Scriptures The Quran/Koran (the direct words of Allah through Angels to the Prophet. Hadith are not holy scriptures but sayings of the Prophet Muhammad. Sahib Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji Maharaaj (Holy Scripture and final Guru of the Sikhs completed by the 10th Guru, Sahib Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji Maharaaj)
Literal Meaning Islam means "submission", or the total surrender of oneself to the will of God. The root word means peace. Sikh means "Student" in Persian-Punjabi. It Means To Learn.Sikh means a person who learn all his life from others.
Clergy Imam leads congregational prayer in a mosque. Sheikh, Maulana, Mullah and Mufti The Granthi is appointed as one take care of Guru Granth Sahib besides No clergy. Raagi who sings the Granth Sahib Baani in Respective Raagas.
Goal of religion Submission to the will of God, peace. To merge with and have the greatest relationship with God possible. To love and obey God unconditionally. Guru Nanak Dev Ji stressed that we should not be afraid of God's wrath, but instead be afraid of not receiving the full benefits of God's love.
Life after death A Muslim and all the beings will be accountable to Allah on the Day of Judgement. A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached. Sikhs believe that there are 8,400,000 forms of life and that many souls have to travel though a number of these before they can reach Waheguru. The goal is to merge with God.
Angels Angels are created from light and remain unseen as they worship and follow God's commands. N/A
Definition Islam is an Arabic word for "Submission or surrender in Ultimate Peace".Muslim means a believer in One God (Al-Illah or Allah) Disciple, student or learner of God.
Time of origin 610 CE 1469 AD.
Principle Say, "He is Allah , [who is] One, Allah , the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent." - Quran: Surah Al Ikhlas The worship of the One God through prayer and devotion. Sikhs are required to meditate on God's name to clear their mind and eliminate the 5 evils. Meditation is also used to bring oneself closer to God.
Means of salvation Belief in one God, remembrance of God, repentance, fear of God and hope in God's mercy. Worship God, do Good Deeds in the name of God, performing service for community. Fight 5 evils (5 sins) - Greed, Ego, Attachment, Anger, and Lust. Meditate, pray, and improve your relationship with God and God will forgive, cleanse, and save you.
Human Nature Man has equal ability to do good or evil. God has given mankind free will. People are essentially good; the divine spark within them needs only to be fanned into a flame of goodness. Guru Nanak taught that a man's sins are moral lapses caused by his environment. They may be cleansed through meditation and prayer.
View of Animistic religions Paganism is idolatry. N/A
Status of women It it said in the Quran that all woman are equal to men, and should be treated like any other man. Sikhism teaches that men and women are 100% equal in the eyes of God. Women have the exact same rights as men and are to be respected and honored. God loves both equally and neither is better than the other.
About Islam is an Abrahamic religion originating with the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (a decendent of Ishmael) born in 560 AD came to teach pure monotheism, restore the true religion which had been lost. submission to the Will of God, pure monotheism. A Religion spread by 10 Gurus to preach to worship one creator
Marriage The holy union of a couple. Men in Islam may marry more than one women (but no more than four) as long as he can treat them all fairly, give them all their rights and support them all. Marriage can be arranged or it can be a love marriage. Monogamistic, against premarital sex. Marriage is the merging of two souls as one.
God's role in salvation Mercy God is generous and loving. mankind will reincarnate until he becomes a Sikh and achieves paradise.
Population There are around 1.5 billion Muslims in the world. Islam is the second-largest faith of the planet and claims to be the fastest growing 30 million
Birth of Jesus Virgin birth from Mary. N/A
Identity of Jesus A true prophet of God, born of a chaste virgin mother (Mary). Jesus is highly respected and loved in Islam, but not worshipped or seen as a son of God. Muslims believed that Jesus preached Islam, but his message was corrupted by some. Jesus is looked as a "saint". Sikhs do not believe that Jesus is God because Sikhism teaches that God is neither born, nor dead. Jesus was born and lived a human life, therefore, he cannot be God. However, Sikhs still show respect to all beliefs.
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed Irrelevant
Rites Five pillars: Prayer, purification, funerals, circumsicion, sharing of animals in thanksgiving, Quran recitation, marriage. Amrit Sanchar (Being Initiated into the Khalsa. Mandatory for both men and women).
Status of Adam Free from all major sins and faults. Adam is the first prophet and man on earth as sent by Allah and he is the father of Humanity, and Muhammad is the last prophet in Islam. Only God knows who was created first and who will be created last. Most likely the first Guru on earth as a fish form.
Belief of God Only one God. Monotheism
Religious Law Sharia law is the foundation of Islam - religious law is to be interpreted only by scholars who are knowledgeable in advanced religious studies. No necessary laws but a sikh may follow the 3 rules of their life such as 1)Naam Japna 2)Vand K Shakhna 3)Kirat Karna.
Death of Jesus He did not die, but was taken into heaven by god, and will come back down to earth. He was never crucified. N/A
Branches There is a political division Shia and Sunni Muslims, though it is not doctrinal. Udasis – An order of ascetics & holy men, often active as missionaries. Sahajdharis – who are clean shaven but have chosen the path of Sikhism & eventual baptism. The Khalsa, who are baptized and follow the traditional practices of Sikhism
Offshoot religions Baha'i Dharmik Schools and Teachings In Gurudwara.
Confessing sins Praying and repenting to god - no self-harm allowed As the Divine light is in all of us, God already knows of our "sins". We are to pray to God for God to forgive us and cleanse us. Only through God and doing Good Deeds in God's name in a way that God is pleased can we obtain salvation-escape from sin
Day of worship Prayer five times daily is obligatory. Friday is the day of congregational prayer, obligatory for men, but not for women. Every day Sikhs worship the one God at their homes, even with or without a Gurdwara service.
Authority of Pope N/A Not relevant to Sikhism.
Clothes Women must present themselves modestly to cover the hair and body shape. The hands, face and feet may be left bare. Men must be modestly dressed and covered from waist to knee. Men should wear turbans and women are permitted to wear turbans or scarfs if they so desire, once baptized. In addition to that, they wear the five articles of faith: Kesh(uncut hair), Kanga(comb), Kara(metal bangle), Kirpan(dagger), Kachera(shorts).
Religion which atheists may still be adherents of No. A person must believe in God to be a Sikh
View of other Abrahamic religions Jews and Christians are respected as "People of the Book". All religions should be respected and tolerated, though Islam is the only correct way. All faiths will get what they work towards. Sikhism does not condemn others to Hell or say if you are not Sikh you are eternally damned. Sikhs prays for "Sarbat Da Bhala", meaning the good and prosperity of all Humanity regardless of differences.
Goal of Philosophy To Reach Heaven Refer to Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji.
Status of Muhammad Deeply loved and revered in Islam, last Prophet, but is not worshipped, only God is worshipped, according to Islam creation is never to be worshipped under any circumstances only the creator Saint, a guru of time. He is mentioned in Sikhism- but is used to name the guru incarnate of god.(irrelevant to some)
Geographical predominance Middle East, Central Asia, North Africa, East Asia (Indonesia Malaysia), and the Balkans Indian Punjab, hundreds of thousands in the US, Canada, UK , Europe, Africa, Australia, New Zealand and elsewhere.
Legislation Sharia Panj Pyare, (Akal Takht is meeting place)
Position of Mary Mary receives significant admiration from Muslims. She is said by the Prophet Muhammad to be the best woman God created. She is free of sin as the mother of Jesus. N/A
Holy days/Official Holidays Ramadan, Eid-ul Adha, Eid-ul Fitr No one day is deemed holier then another. However dates that have historical significance such as Vasaikhi and Gurpurabs are celebrated with Prayers in Gurdwaras.
Ressurection of Jesus Denied because his death is denied. God raised Jesus to him and he will return before end of time. N/A
Concept of God Concept of the uncreated creator who brought about the universe - God - and that God had revealed a message (Quran) and a messenger (Muhammad) Self Created, Indestructible, Unborn, Creater of Universe, Guru Nanak is God and Manifest.
Original Language(s) Arabic Punjabi was the original language in Sikhism and Persian also but Sikhs can learn as many languages as they want to learn.
Three Jewels None Naam Japna (Meditate on God), Kirat Karni (To work and earn by the sweat of the brow, to live a family way of life, and practice truthfulness and honesty in all dealings), Vand Chakna (To share with others without expecting anything in return).
Promised Holy one. Mahdi N/A
Prophet Muslims believe in all prophets of the Holy Books, joining over 124,000 prophets who were unknown and unmentioned. Muhammad is the final prophet. No prophets in Sikhism only direct relation with God with no mediator. No Prophets but Gurus existed.
View of the Buddha N/A There is an important person in Sikhism who is called Buddha.
Use of statues, images Forbidden Forbidden.
Names of God Allah, Rahman, Raheem, Malik, Qudoos etc ( There are 99 in total) WaheGuru, Ik Onkaar, Sat Nam, Akhal Purakh, Allah, Bhagwan, Ishwar, Allah, Alakh, Jeshua, Kareem, Krishna, Ram and Sai Baba and Vishnu and Hafeez and Aziz
Direction of Prayer the Ka'bah Mecca, Saudi Arabia Sikh's reject the notion of fixed direction of Prayer
Marriage and Divorce Allowed One can marry peacefully and take Laavan in Gurudwara but if personal differences occur they can take divorce.
Praying to Saints, Mary, and Angel Shiites ask for Saints' intercession, but, Sunnis do not. Mary is venerated by both Sunnis and Shiites however. forbidden Worship is to be for One God only, gurus may be Praised because they are manifestations of God in the flesh.
Resurrection of Jesus No because his death is denied in Islam. N/A.
Saints Sunni (mainstream Islam) - non-existent, all humans after the prophet Muhammad sin. Shia (minority): infallibility of 12 imams after revelation. The Sikh notion of a saint or prophet is called a guru, meaning one who can offer salvation, and deliver a soul from darkness, into light.
Followers Muslim (means submitter to God) Sikhs
Use of statues Forbidden - a medium between self and Creator does not exist. Forbidden
Can atheists partake in this religion's practices? No. Yes.
View of other Dharmic religions Has no basis in Islam. Sikhs respect other Dharmic religions.
Authority of Dalai Lama N/A. N/A.
View of God God is All Good One God
Symbols none (star & moon symbol is in remembrance of the ottoman empire) The Khanda
sects Sunnis & Shiites. Jat, Namdhari, Nirmala, Sanatan, and many others.
imams identified as Shiites believe they are the successors of Ali; Sunnis regard them as their clergy. N/A.
Teachings about Behavior Scholars of morality have divided moral issues into two categories: 1 - Morals in the common meaning 2 - Morals in the particular meaning that includes good manners and Islamic behaviour Never Commit any sin always do good thing and praise god's name.

Comments: Islam vs Sikhism

Your IP address will be logged and parts of it shown publicly.
Write <youtube v=YouTubeVideoID /> to embed a YouTube video in your comment.
Comments with links (URLs) are not allowed because we get overrun by spam.

July 16, 2013, 9:32am

wow Sikhism is so much more enlightened than Islam. Islam seems to be a very medieval and backwards belief system.

— 96.✗.✗.141

May 4, 2013, 10:27pm

It took 249 years to complete Khalsa Panth (Sikhism). Apparently, Sikhism is the complete and final religion on earth and SatGuru Gobind SIngh Sahib was the last and final prophet of God...SAT SRI AKAL

— 174.✗.✗.210

May 4, 2013, 9:12am

brother i think you dont have knowledge of is islam this all are absuletely wrong islam knowledge is very simple and loveable that is why islam growing in world very fast its my request you and reader please take good knowledge its simple check dr zakir naik website fi iman allah please excuse me

— 113.✗.✗.161

January 2, 2013, 7:57pm

Sikhism is about the right way of living life with equality and love
Islam is about the perfect way of living life with equality and love and strict rules
i beleive both are almost the same with minor diefferences which endup in misconcepts

— 216.✗.✗.21

October 17, 2012, 6:55am

Contradicting information

Fouder: Mohammad (pbuh)
Staus of Adam: Last messenger in Islam

— 122.✗.✗.85

September 24, 2012, 8:32am

hardwork with honesty. pray and charity are 3 pillars of Sikhism. selfless service. compassion, truth, contentment and humility are virtues of Sikhism

— 14.✗.✗.3

July 28, 2011, 10:36pm

Kharijite and Shiite are NOT branches of Islam. They a corrupted!

— 41.✗.✗.1
Stay informed Related Comparisons
Follow Diffen
Make Diffen Smarter.

Log in to edit comparisons or create new comparisons in your area of expertise!

Sign up »
Top 5 Comparisons Recently Compared


Up next

Sikhism vs. Hinduism