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Jehovah's Witnesses


Place of worship Kingdom Hall for organized worship or Bible study; or private place for personal prayer, or in small groups in homes for group Bible study - depending on circumstances. Church, Chapel or Temple for organized worship, though in extremis, any place where two followers of Christ gather together.
Place of origin As Jesus was the original "witness", it can be said that ancient Israel is the place of origin. Upstate New York
Practices Adult and child baptism, but not for infants or the dead. Bible study. Voluntary tithing, not pressured public tithing. Worship in Kingdom halls. House to House Preaching. Personal & family prayer & scripture study. Missionary work. Baptism, partaking of Sacrament at weekly church meetings, tithing, temple marriage & baptism for the dead. Personal & family prayer & scripture study, Family home evening. Following the teachings of modern prophets such as Thomas S. Monson.
Use of statues and pictures No veneration of images or idols. Depictions of the life of Christ and other Bible characters are acceptable. Art for representation of a story not for idolatry. Idols are not accepted, Depictions of the life of Christ and other saints are acceptable. Art for representation of a story not for idolatry.
About Satan claimed that no one would serve Jehovah out of unselfish love. God’s patience allows all of us to show whether we favor rule by God or rule by man. We indicate our choice by the way we live.—Job 1:8; Proverbs 27:11 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon). or for more information.
Religious Law Jesus: “‘You must love Jehovah your God with your whole heart and with your whole soul and with your whole mind.’ This is the greatest and first commandment. The second, like it, is this: ‘You must love your neighbor as yourself.’ Matt 22:3 Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ is necessary but not sufficient for salvation. Christ said those who loved him would follow his commandments. Accordingly, we must follow God's laws, such as the Word of Wisdom, Law of Chastity etc.
Means of salvation (John 17:3) This means everlasting life, their taking in knowledge of you, the only true God, and of the one whom you sent forth, Jesus Christ. Through the Atonement of Christ, by obedience to the laws and ordinances of the Gospel.
Belief of God The true God is the Creator of all things. He had no beginning and will never have an end. (Psalm 90:2) He is the Source of the good news found in the Bible. (1 Timothy 1:11) Since God gave us life, we should worship only him.—Revelation 4:11. As is made plain in the scriptures, Heavenly Father has a body of flesh and bone. He was once a man like us but ascended to godhood through obedience to eternal law. We can do likewise, but since we are imperfect, we need a Savior, Jesus Christ.
Day of worship Love for God needs constant cultivation. (1 Peter 2:2) Our hope of everlasting life depends on whether we continue to draw close to God by studying his Word.—John 17:3; Jude 21. Sunday
Life after death 144,000 righteous resurrected to Heaven to rule as Kings and Priests over those others resurrected to eternal life on Earth. Unrighteous are "cut off." All have been gifted immortality through the Atonement of Jesus Christ. Righteous to spirit paradise and wicked to spirit prison. Salvation possible after death. Final destination decided after the Millennium. Body and spirit go to Heaven (3 levels.)
Clergy We do not have a paid clergy in our organization. Instead, as was done when the Christian congregation got its start, qualified overseers are appointed “to shepherd the con- gregation of God.” (Acts 20:28) Most "worthy" male members hold priesthood offices. Some are called out of the congregation to preside over wards, stakes, and areas. Missionaries mostly support themselves. Only non-clergy who administer to the affairs of the Church are paid.
Definition Follower of Christ A member of the true restored Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, which was restored through the Prophet Joseph Smith in the 19th century after centuries of apostasy.
Status of Muhammad Many millions of people who are dead in the grave will return to life on earth. Even some who did not know God and who practiced bad things will be resurrected.—Luke 23:43; Acts 24:15. Founder of Islam. Not officially recognized as a prophet.
Concept of Deity Jehovah's Witnesses do not believe in the Trinity; They Believe that there is one true God named Jehovah and that Jesus is God's only begotten son. Jehovah is greater than Jesus Father, Son and Holy Spirit are three distinct beings who are "one in purpose". Mormons believe that Jesus is not God the Father; they are separate beings. Humans can become like God in the eternities.
Angels Under the archangel are the seraphs, who declare Jehovah’s holiness and help to keep his people clean spiritually. There are also the cherubs, who serve as upholders of his majesty. Gen 3:24; Isa. 6:1-3,6,7 Other angels, are messengers Heb.12:22, 2 Angels are God's messengers. Angels can also be demonic spirits. Not all angels are good. (1 John 4:1). Some angels are righteous resurrected beings who previously lived on the earth.
Status of Adam First created man, never an angel. Because of his sin against God, all his offspring are sinners. Jesus paid for those sins thru his ransom sacrafice of death. Adam, the same person as the angel Michael, along with Eve made life possible for all mankind through their transgression in the Garden of Eden, which made Christ's sacrifice necessary for all men.
Ressurection of Jesus Affirmed Affirmed as a literal, historic event.
Founder Charles Taze Russell Jesus Christ restored the church that he created anciently by revelation to Joseph Smith both directly (as in the first vision) and through angels and the Book of Mormon.
Human Nature 2 Timothy 3:1-5 Man has the potential for good or evil and he chooses which to pursue. He who chooses evil can be enslaved to sin but is set free by coming to Christ.
Praying to Saints, Mary, and Angel Jehovah is the “Hearer of prayer” and He delights in the prayers of all sorts of people. (Psalm 65:2; Matthew 7:7-11) Prayer is directed only to God the Father in the name of Jesus Christ.
Rites Steps leading to baptism begin with taking in knowledge and showing faith followed by repentance and the dedicating of oneself to God. John 17:3; Acts 3:19; 18:8. Baptism involves complete immersion in water Matt 3:16 Ordinances include baptism, confirmation (receiving the Holy Spirit through the laying on of hands), ordination to the Melchizedek Priesthood (for men), the temple endowment, and the marriage sealing.
Scriptures The Old and New Testaments of the Bible. Other "added" texts are unscriptural. Use of a variety of Bibles, but mostly The New World Translation. The Holy Bible (Old & New Testaments), The Book of Mormon, The Doctrine and Covenants, The Pearl of Great Price and sanctioned words of modern prophets.
Branches none The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (mainline church does not sanction the existence or beliefs of offshoots listed elsewhere on this chart).
Literal Meaning A witness of Jehovah: The Bible calls him “the faithful and true witness.” (Revelation 3:14) Jesus himself said that he ‘made God’s name known’ and kept ‘bearing witness to the truth’ about God. ( John 17:26; 18:37) Church of Jesus Christ because he is the founder; "Latter-day Saints to distinguish today's restored church from that which existed in the Savior's time
Confessing sins Daily supplication is to God-Ephesians 6:18; For serious sins: James 5:16 "openly confess your sins to one another and pray for one another, that you may get healed." To God through prayer. Confession of more serious sins to one's bishop or stake president.
God's role in salvation Colossians 1:20 "and through him [Jesus} to reconcile again to himself [Jehovah] all other things by making peace through the blood he shed on the torture stake, no matter whether they are the things upon the earth or the things in the heavens." All will be resurrected through the perfect sacrifice of Christ. All who choose to follow him will gain life eternal, which is life in the presence of God. Exaltation to a higher state is dependent on grace and obedience to laws and ordinances.
Birth of Jesus Unknown date intentional. Eccl 7:1 "A name is better than good oil, and the day of death than the day of one’s being born." (Matt 26:18; Luke 22:19) Jesus was the Only Begotten Son of our Heavenly Father in the flesh—the only child whose mortal body was begotten by our Heavenly Father. His mortal mother, Mary, was called a virgin, both before and after she gave birth.
Legislation Acts 15:1-35 shows how the first-century governing body discussed and resolved a dispute with the help of the Scriptures and holy spirit. As in ancient times when his 12 apostles regulated the affairs of the church, in the restored church there is an order to the authority he has given to men to act in his name, beginning with the First Presidency and 12 apostles.
Death of Jesus According to the Bible, death “entered” the world of mankind through Adam. Thus, Adam passed on to all his descendants sin and its penalty, death. We need a ransom to release us from the penalty of death that we inherited from Adam.—Romans 5:12 Death by crucifixion followed by resurrection and continued ministry among his followers in Judea and the New World.
Promised Holy one. During Jesus’ 1,000-year rule from heaven over the earth, he will bring all suffering to an end. (Isaiah 9:6, 7; 11:9) Besides serving as King, Jesus will act as High Priest and will cancel the sins of those who love God. Thus, by means of Jesus, G The Lord Jesus is the long-awaited Messiah of Old Testament prophecy; He will come again at the end of time to fulfill Old and New Testament prophecy. He has restored his church to the earth today through the prophet Joseph Smith.
Concept of God God cares about us. Since Jehovah has given us life, we should love him more than we love anyone else. (Mark 12:30) As you express your love for God by learning more about him and doing as he asks, you will draw ever closer to him.1 Timothy 2:4 "As man is, God once was. As God is, man may become." We are gods in embryo and are here on earth to learn and progress.
Holy days/Official Holidays The Lord's Evening Meal is commemorated once a year as commanded by Jesus.--> "Keep doing this in rememberance of me." Sunday (The Lord's Day), Christmas, Easter.
Identity of Jesus Jesus is the son of God. Created as a spirit by God, born as a male from Mary, ascended to Heaven as a spirit once again. Sent by God to do the will of God. Lord and Savior of all mankind. The Way, the Truth, and the Life. Not equal to God, not God. Jesus is the eldest of Heavenly Father's spirit children. He is the Son of God, the Lord of all and the Savior of all who believe in Him and truly repent, or turn from, their sins. He is also given the name, Jehovah as well as the title, God.
Time of origin 1870s: Bible Student movement 1931: Jehovah's witnesses Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and New York City, U.S. 1820's
Population 7,7 million 15,372,337 (April 2015)
Status of women “You husbands, continue . . . assigning them honor,” he wrote. (1 Peter 3:7) Men hold priesthood keys. Women's role as mother seen as equally divine and important as priesthood. Women take leadership in women, young women and children's organizations and sit on congregational councils.
Goal of Philosophy Suffering will end only when God clears the earth of bad people. (Zephaniah 2:3) God’s Word foretold the conditions that now threaten mankind. Current events indicate that God’s time to act is close. Read 2 Timothy 3:1-5. To bring all people unto Christ
Authority of Pope Matthew 23:9-10, 12 "Moreover, do not call anyone your father on earth, for one is your Father, the heavenly One. Neither be called ‘leaders, ’ for your Leader is one, the Christ.""Whoever exalts himself will be humbled[...]" Viewed only as the worldwide leader of Catholicism. No special standing in the eyes of God.
Direction of Prayer Bible does not prescribe assuming a certain position, such as kneeling and folding the hands, when praying. But we do read of persons praying while standing, kneeling or in a prostrate position, and with hands outstretched-Genesis 24:26; 1 Kings 8:22 No physical direction. Prayer is rightly directed to God the Father, in the name of Jesus.
Clothes The Bible encourages Christians to dress “with modesty and soundness of mind” as those who “reverence God.” 1 Timothy 2:9, 10 Without a word, our tasteful appearance can “adorn the teaching of our Savior” and “glorify God.” Titus 2:10 Temple Endowed men and women wear the garments of the holy priesthood. All are counseled to dress modestly. Those attending church services are encouraged to wear "Sunday best" to show respect.
Geographical predominance 239 lands Is found in over 162 countries throughout North, Central and South America; Europe; Asia; Africa; and Oceania.
Praying to Saints,Mary, and Angel Jesus said: “It is written, ‘It is Jehovah your God you must worship, and it is to him alone you must render sacred service.’” hence also prayers are to be addressed only to his Father, Jehovah God.—Luke 4:8; 6:12. Pray only to God (The Father) in Jesus' name.
Followers Christians Saints, Latter-day Saints, Mormons
View of God God's name is Jehova. The LDS faith believes in God the Father, His Son Jesus Christ and in the Holy Ghost as separate beings of which the Father and the Son have glorified physical bodies and the Holy Ghost is a spirit in the likeness of a man.
Classification Restorationist Christian primitivism ---
Geographical areas Worldwide Worldwide
Origin 1870s: Bible Student movement, 1931: Jehovah's witnesses, Pennsylvania and New York, US The Church of Jesus Christ was established by Christ himself during his "mortal ministry" in Isreal. The Church was currupted after the death of Christ's Apostles. Christ's Church was restored through Joseph Smith Jr. in 1830 in Fayette, NY.
Congregations 111,719 29,621 (April 2013)
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