The U.S. Army is more than twice the size of the U.S. Marine Corps. Their mission and mandate are different, and so are the eligibility criteria for admission into the two institutions. For instance, the maximum age for enlisting in the army is 35 but it is 28 for the Marines.
The Army’s purpose is defined as preserving the peace and security and providing for the defense of the United States, supporting national policies, implementing national objectives, and overcoming any nations responsible for aggressive acts that imperil the peace and security of the US.
The Marines’ mission is the seizure or defense of advanced naval bases and other land operations to support naval campaigns, the development of tactics, techniques and equipment for amphibious landing forces, and other duties such as the President may direct.
edit Recruitment and Initial Training
edit Eligibility and Screening
The minimum age for enlisting in the army is 17 with parental consent, or 18 without consent. The maximum age for enlisting is 35. Individuals must either be US citizens or legal permanent immigrants, including citizens of Guam, Puerto Rico, the US Virgin Islands, the Northern Marianas Islands, American Samao, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Applicants who have been residents of countries considered hostile to the US need a waiver to enlist. A waiver is required if an applicant has two or more dependents. Single parents cannot enlist in the US military. Male applicants must be between 60 and 80 inches, and women must be between 58 and 80 inches.
The maximum age for enlisting in the Marines is 28. The Marines have the same citizenship requirements as the Army. A waiver is required if a potential Marine has any dependents under the age of 18. If a single parent wishes to enlist, they must give up legal custody and wait over a year to enlist. Male marines must be between 58 and 78 inches tall, and female marines must be between 58 and 72 inches.
edit Initial Training
Basic training in the US Army is 10 weeks long, and is usually followed by Advanced Individualized Training (AIT), where they are trained for their future specialties.
Marine boot camp training is more mentally and physically challenging than the basic training programs of any other military services. It last 13 weeks and is open to both men and women. Roughly 35-40,000 recruits undergo this training every year. They must pass a fitness test to start training; those who fail receive individualized attention and training until they pass.
edit Notable Missions
The Marines have been involved in many conflicts, and played key roles in battles such as Tripoli, Iwo Jima, Guadalcanal and Ichon Bay.
Members of the US Army wear a wide assortment of insignia. The Army logo is a white star, outlined in black and yellow, in a black rectangle. The emblem has a Roman cuirass in the center, below on unsheathed sword. A Phrygian cap is supported on the sword point. The emblem also features a flag above a cannon barrel and drum.
The official emblem of the Marine Corps is the Eagle, Globe and Anchor. The present design was adopted in 1955 and features a globe intersected by an anchor. An eagle stands on the globe, its wings spread, with a ribbon in its beak bearing the motto “Semper Fidelis.”