New Testament vs. Old Testament

New Testament
Old Testament

The Old Testament is the first division of the Christian Bible. It is a collection of books which varies from church to church and dates earlier than the New Testament. The New Testament is the second major division of the Christian Bible. It is also known as the New Law or New Covenant.

Comparison chart

Edit this comparison chart

New Testament

Old Testament

Number of Books 27 Books 39 In Protestant Old Testaments; 51 In Catholic Old Testaments; 55 In Orthodox Bibles; 57 In Coptic Bibles
Vocabulary The New Testament contains a vocabulary of 4,800 words. The Old Testament contains a vocabulary of 5,800 words.
Content The New Testament focuses more on the life and teachings of Jesus and the Christian church. The Old Testament explains the history of the creation of the World, the exodus of Israelites, and the Ten Commandments given to Moses by God.
What is it The New Testament is the second major division of the Christian Bible. Old Testament is the first division of the Christian Bible.
Languages Greek Hebrew and Aramaic
What you have to do to be forgiven? All you have to do is to repent and you're forgiven automatically. You have to bring a lamb as a sacrifice for your sin to be forgiven.
GOD's Identity Trinity of God. (God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. The Lord is the only God (is 42:8; Is 44:6)
END TIMES Jesus came to save the Earth God (YHWH/Adonai) will send a messenger to bring salvation on earth.

Contents: New Testament vs Old Testament

The Holy Bible

edit History

The Old Testament is the first division and the only source for the history of Israel and Judah, the earliest material dates back to 12th century BC. The Old Testament is similar to the Hebrew Bible and varies primarily in the order of books. In the Old Testament the Book of Malachi is placed last whereas in the Hebrew Bible the Book of Chronicles comes last. The Greek translation of the Bible, known as Septuagint, forms the basis of the Orthodox churches as well as Eastern Old Testament. The Latin translation of the Septuagint known as the Vetus Latina originally formed the basis of the Old Testaments in the Western churches, and was later replaced by Jerome’s Vulgate. Protestant churches follow the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia.

The first record of the New Testament - Ryland Library Papyrus P52, is found dated between 117 and 138 A.D. The original texts have been written by various authors in Koine Greek. Later these books were made into a single volume and consist of a twenty-seven book canon or set.

edit Differences in Content

The Old Testament is written with a vocabulary of 5,800 words whereas the New Testament is written with a vocabulary of 4,800 words.

The contents and order of books of the Old Testament varies in different churches. The Orthodox communion has 51 books and the Protestant communion has 39 books. The books include the Codex Vaticanus, Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Alexandrinus and Peshitta. There are books of poetry, thanksgiving, wisdom proverbs and prophets.

The New testament may contain additional books such as Tobit, Judith, Wisdom of Solomon, Wisdom of Jesus Seirach, Baruch to name a few, and also some additions to other sections of the Bible. The New Testament contains the gospels, which are the four narratives of Jesus' life and death, narratives of the Apostles' ministries, epistles which are twenty one early letters written by different authors, and an Apocalyptic Prophecy. These books focus on the life of Christ, his teachings and also a book of prophecy that predicts the end of time.

edit Teachings of the Old vs the New Testament

The Old Testament provides the basis of the present day Judeo-Christian faith. It talks about the history of how the world was created, exodus of Israelites, and the Ten Commandments given to Moses by God, and also includes real life stories. The function of this text is to teach people through the experiences of people throughout history. Several books also foretell the arrival of the Messiah and the end of the world.

The New Testament, on the other hand, focuses more on the life and teachings of Jesus and the Christian church. The stories are narrated through gospels and emphasize the importance of the sacrifice of Jesus. The function of the New Testament is to lead people to follow the example of Jesus more closely. The other books, written by various authors also talk about the end of the world and last battle between good and evil.

edit References

Share this comparison:

If you read this far, you should follow us on:

"New Testament vs Old Testament." Diffen.com. Diffen LLC, n.d. Web. 25 Oct 2014. < http://www.diffen.com/difference/New_Testament_vs_Old_Testament >

Related Comparisons Follow Diffen
Make Diffen Smarter.

Log in to edit comparisons or create new comparisons in your area of expertise!

Sign up »
Top 5 Comparisons

Comments: New Testament vs Old Testament

Comments via Facebook

Anonymous comments (3)

December 15, 2013, 8:38am

And now ....we need a new(new) testament...... For the 20th century?..

— 137.✗.✗.210
0

June 30, 2013, 6:01am

GOD's Identity
New Testament Old Testament
Jesus Christ is Son of God The Lord is the only God
(is 42:8; Is 44:6)
Which statement is True?
If Jesus is Son of God then he is God!

— 182.✗.✗.216
0

November 13, 2012, 1:50pm

This page says that books like Judith, Wisdom, And Tobit are part of the apocryphal NEW Testament - but that is incorrect - they are part of the apocryphal OLD Testament. As Protestants we declined to include them in our Old Testament - and so - apart from the fact that the order of the books is different, our Old Testament is the Jewish Bible.

— 66.✗.✗.25
0

share

Up next

Christianity vs. Judaism