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Communism versus Republic comparison chart
Edit this comparison chartCommunismRepublic
Philosophy From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs. Free-access to the articles of consumption is made possible by advances in technology that allow for super-abundance. All eligible citizens get equal say in decisions with protection of unalienable rights to individuals.
Political System A communist society is stateless, classless and is governed directly by the people. This however has never been practised. Republican. [Note: this is not meant as a reference to a Republican Party.]
Definition International theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, with actual ownership ascribed to the community or state. Rejection of free markets and extreme distrust of Capitalism in any form. A republic is similar to a representative democracy except it has a written constitution of basic rights that protect the minority from being completely unrepresented or overridden by the majority.
Social Structure All class distinctions are eliminated. A society in which everyone is both the owners of the means of production and their own employees. Class distinctions can become pronounced due to capitalist society. Varies from state to state.
Private Property Abolished. The concept of property is negated and replaced with the concept of commons and ownership with "usership". Generally, private property is permitted, especially insofar as there is a constitutional prohibition on interfering with property rights.
Free Choice Either the collective "vote" or the state's rulers make economic and political decisions for everyone else. In practice, rallies, force, propaganda etc. are used by the rulers to control the populace. Individuals may make decisions for themselves, especially insofar as there is a constitutional prohibition on interfering with freedom of choice.
Key Elements Centralized government, planned economy, dictatorship of the "proletariat", common ownership of the tools of production, no private property. equality between genders and all people, international focus. Usually anti-democratic with a 1-party system. Free elections, constitution.
Religion Abolished - all religious and metaphysics is rejected. Engels and Lenin agreed that religion was a drug or “spiritual booze” and must be combated. To them, atheism put into practice meant a “forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions. Generally, freedom of religion is permitted, especially insofar as there is a constitutional prohibition on interfering with freedom of religion.
Discrimination In theory, all members of the state are considered equal to one another. In theory, all citizens have an equal say and so are treated equally by the government, especially insofar as there is a constitutional prohibition on government discrimination.
Key Proponents Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Peter Kropotkin, Rosa Luxemburg, Vladimir Lenin, Emma Goldman, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Ho Chi Minh, Mao Zedong, Josip Broz Tito, Enver Hoxha, Che Guevara, Fidel Castro. Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison.
Economic System The means of production are held in common, negating the concept of ownership in capital goods. Production is organized to provide for human needs directly without any use for money. Communism is predicated upon a condition of material abundance. Elected by the voters or their elected representatives. Usually capitalist or Keynesian.
Way of Change Government in a Communist-state is the agent of change rather than any market or desire on the part of consumers. Change by government can be swift or slow, depending on change in ideology or even whim. Voting.
Variations Left Anarchism, Council Communism, European Communism, Juche Communism, Marxism, National Communism, Pre-Marxist Communism, Primitive Communism, Religious Communism, International Communism. Democratic republics, Constitutional republics.
Modern Examples Recent far-left dictatorships include the USSR (1922-1991) and its sphere throughout eastern Europe. Only five nations presently have Communist governments: China, North Korea, Cuba, Laos and Russia. The United States of America is a republic.
View of war Communists believe that war is good for the economy by spurring production, but should be avoided. Constitutional republics rarely wage war against one another, and they especially eschew war when a condition of free trade exists between them.

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