|Stands for ||Emotional Quotient (aka emotional intelligence)
|Definition ||Emotional quotient (EQ) or emotional intelligence is the ability to identify, assess, and control the emotions of oneself, of others, and of groups.
||An intelligence quotient (IQ) is a score derived from one of several standardized tests designed to assess intelligence.
|Abilities ||Identify, evaluate, control and express emotions ones own emotions; perceive, and assess others' emotions; use emotions to facilitate thinking, understand emotional meanings.
||Ability to learn, understand and apply information to skills, logical reasoning, word comprehension, math skills, abstract and spatial thinking, filter irrelevant information.
|In the workplace ||Teamwork, leadership, successful relations, service orientation, initiative, collaboration.
||Success with challenging tasks, ability to analyze and connect the dots, research and development.
|Identifies ||Leaders, team-players, individuals who best work alone, individuals with social challenges.
||Highly capable or gifted individuals, individuals with mental challenges and special needs.
|Origin ||1985, Wayne Payne's doctoral thesis "A Study of Emotion: Developing Emotional Intelligence" Popular use came in Daniel Goleman's 1995 book "Emotional Intelligence - Why it can matter more than IQ"
||1883, English statistician Francis Galton's paper "Inquiries into Human Faculty and Its Development" First application came in French psychologist Alfred Binet's 1905 test to assess school children in France.
|Popular Tests ||Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Test (emotion-based problem-solving tasks); Daniel Goleman model Score (based on emotional competencies).
||Stanford-Binet test; Wechsler; Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive Abilities.