Type 1 Diabetes versus Type 2 Diabetes comparison chart
Type 1 DiabetesType 2 Diabetes
Definition Beta cells in pancreas are being attacked by body's own cells and therefore can't produce insulin to take sugar out of the blood stream. Insulin is not produced. Diet related insulin release is so large and frequent that receptor cells have become less sensitive to the insulin. This insulin resistance results in less sugar being removed from the blood.
Diagnosis Genetic, environmental and auto-immune factors, idiopathic Genetic, obesity (central adipose), physical inactivity, high/low birth weight, GDM, poor placental growth, metabolic syndrome
Warning Signs Increased thirst & urination, constant hunger, weight loss, blurred vision and extreme tiredness, glycouria Feeling tired or ill, frequent urination (especially at night), unusual thirst, weight loss, blurred vision, frequent infections and slow wound healing, asymptomatic
Commonly Afflicted Groups Children/teens Adults, elderly, certain ethnic groups
Prone ethnic groups All more common in African American, Latino/Hispanic, Native American, Asian or Pacific Islander
Bodily Effects Beleived to be triggered autoimmune destruction of the beta cells; autoimmune attack may occur following a viral infection such as mumps, rubells cytomegalovirus Appears to be related to aging, sedentary life-style, genetic influence, but mostly obesity
Common physical attributes found Mostly Normal or Thin Mostly Overweight or Obese
You have this when Your body makes too little or no insulin. Your body can still produce insulin but does not use it properly (insulin resistance)
Estimated percentage of occurance 5% -10% of the 171 million of people affected by diabetes in 2000 90% - 95%-of total cases. Although the projected number of Americans that will have type II diabetes in the year 2030 will double from 171 million to 366 million cases
Affected age group Between 5 - 25 (maximum numbers in this age group; Type 1 can affect at any age) Until recently, the only type of diabetes that was common in children was Type 1 diabetes, most children who have Type 2 diabetes have a family history of diabetes, are overweight, and are not very physically active. Usually develops around puberty
Glucose Channels / Receptors Open and absorb glucose into cell to be utilized by processes after the induction of insulin Are unable to open and absorb glucose, therefore glucose cannot be utilized by processes; as a result the glucose stays in the blood stream
Cure None There is no cure for type 2 diabetes, although sometimes gastric surgery and/or lifestyle/medication treatment can result in remission. Physical exercise, healthy loss of weight & diet control are advised.
Treatment Insulin Injections, dietary plan, regular check up of blood sugar levels, daily exercise Goals: optimal glucose, prevent/treat chronic complications, enhance health with food/PA, individual nutrition needs Diet, exercise, weight loss, and in many cases medication. Insulin Injections may also be used, SMBG
Onset Rapid (weeks) - often present acutely with ketoacidosis Slow (years)