Accountability vs. Responsibility

The main difference between responsibility and accountability is that responsibility can be shared while accountability cannot. Being accountable not only means being responsible for something but also ultimately being answerable for your actions. Also, accountability is something you hold a person to only after a task is done or not done. Responsibility can be before and/or after a task.

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Accountability

Responsibility

Introduction In ethics and governance, accountability is answerability, blameworthiness, liability, and the expectation of account-giving. Responsibility may refer to: being in charge, being the owner of a task or event.
Explanation owed Yes Not necessarily

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It is Tom's responsibility to make sure there are supplies in the office room. So Tom will be aware of this task and keep bringing in more supplies before they run out. At this point, you cannot say Tom has been held accountable (answerable) for performing this task. Tom is responsible for the office supplies, but he is only held accountable — owes an explanation for his actions — if the supplies ever run out.

To cite another example, take the case of the notorious 2001 Enron scandal that led to the bankruptcy of the Enron Corporation. Members of the executive board were indicted for their illegal and unethical actions. CEO Kenneth Lay was one of the people indicted. Lay insisted that Enron's collapse was due to a conspiracy waged by short sellers, rogue executives, and the news media — implying that while he could be held accountable as the CEO and leader of the organization, he was not in any way responsible for the fraud in the company. However, a jury found Lay guilty on six counts of conspiracy and fraud, making the CEO responsible as well as accountable for the downfall of the company.

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"Accountability vs Responsibility." Diffen.com. Diffen LLC, n.d. Web. 1 Oct 2014. < http://www.diffen.com/difference/Accountability_vs_Responsibility >

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Comments: Accountability vs Responsibility

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Anonymous comments (2)

November 24, 2013, 5:19pm

Accountability is absolute( cannot be passed on to others). Responsibility is not absolute.( i.e it can be passed on to others) .Example. A teachers in a school has the responsibility of teaching and taking care of the children. But if anything goes wrong, the Principal of the school is accountable to the parent and the government.

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November 24, 2013, 5:25pm

Accountability is absolute( cannot be passed on to others). Responsibility is not absolute.( i.e it can be passed on to others) .Example. A teachers in a school has the responsibility of teaching and taking care of the children. But if anything goes wrong, the Principal of the school is accountable to the parent and the government.Responsibility usually go downwards while accountability goes upwards in the chains( lines).
Samuel HM Teacher for economics, The Winchester School,Dubai

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