Buddha (Siddhārtha Gautama) insisted he was human and that there is no almighty, benevolent God. He preached that desire was the root cause of suffering and that people should seek to eliminate desire. He was born in present-day Nepal roughly 500 years before Jesus Christ (Jesus of Nazareth).
Christ was born in Bethlehem in present-day Palestine. He was a Galilean Jewish Rabbi who was regarded as a teacher and healer in Judaea. Christians believe that he was the Messiah promised in the Old Testament and that he was the son of God. In fact, the Christian concept of God is a holy trinity: God (the Father), Christ (the Son) and the holy Spirit.
|Died||c. 483 BCE (aged 80) or 411 and 400 BCE, Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh, today in India||33 AD, Jerusalem|
|Born||c. 563 BCE, Lumbini, Sakya, Nepal||Approx. 07-04 B.C.|
|Islam||Islam does not mention the Buddha.||In Islam as opposed Christianity, Jesus was just a prophet but also revered as the messiah who will return to save the world from the tyranny of the anti-christ.|
|Incarnation||Buddhism believes in in reincarnation until one achieves enlightenment and "nibbana" (or "nirvana") after which one escapes the cycle of birth and death. The Buddha is believed to have attained nibbana.||Affirmed in Christianity|
|Judaism||Judaism predates Buddhism and does not discuss the Buddha.||Not accepted as a prophet, the Jewish people are still waiting for a Messiah to come.|
|Christianity||Christianity does not mention the Buddha.||Christianity teaches that Jesus is the Son of God, and Saviour the world. Jesus was the founder of Christianity.|
|Parents||King Suddhodana and Queen Maya.||Father: God, Mother: Mary|
|Ethnicity||Indian (Shakya)||Palestinian Jew|
|Raised in||India||Nazareth in ancient Israel|
|Born in||Lumbini, Nepal||Bethlehem in Judea|
|Birth mother||Queen Maya||The Virgin Mary|
|Cause of death||Believed to be either unintentional food poisoning or natural causes.||Crucifixion|
|Father||King Śuddhodana||God the Father according to Christianity|
|Hinduism||Many Hindus believe that the Buddha was a reincarnation of Vishnu, just like Krishna.||N/A|
|Buddhism||Buddhism teaches Gautama was the Enlightened One. He attained enlightenment through meditation, without the benefit of a teacher or teachings. His teachings are meant to enlighten his followers.||N/A|
|Marriage||Before he renounced his family, he was married to Yasodhara and had a son Rahula.||Christ Is Married to His Church|
|Resurrection||No claimed||Affirmed in Christianity|
|Monotheism||The Buddha encouraged people to follow his teachings: the noble eightfold path. He did not teach about deities, an omnipotent God or prayer. Rather, he encouraged finding the truth yourself through meditation.||God Is Father, Son(Jesus) and Holy Spirit|
|Religious Symbol||The wheel||The Cross, because of His Passion and Death|
Videos comparing Buddha and Christ
This video compares the the beliefs of Christianity and Buddhism and draws parallels between the two religions.
Similarities in teachings
Christian scholar Marcus Borg found several similarities between the teachings of Buddha and Jesus.
In this video a Buddhist contrasts Christian and Buddhist philosophies by narrating two stories about death.
Books and Novelties
There are several good books about Buddhism on Amazon.com: