Protestantism is a type of Christianity. Protestants broke away from Catholicism some time around the 15th century. The original Protestant Reformer was Martin Luther. Unlike Catholic and Orthodox Christianity, Protestant Christianity usually has no Apostolic Succession. Protestantism is further divided into thousands of churches, the main ones being Lutheran, Anglican (Episcopalian), Presbyterian, and Methodist. In recent years, Evangelical churches, such as Baptist and Pentecostal denominations, have been gaining adherents rapidly.

Comparison chart

Edit this comparison chart

Christianity

Protestantism

Place of worship Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, home bible study, personal dwellings. Church, chapel,
Use of statues and pictures In Catholic & Orthodox Churches. Not used
Place of origin Roman province of Judea. Germany
Founder The Lord Jesus Christ. Martin Luther was the first Protestant.
Practices Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Regularly visit the church, especially on Sundays, Prayers, Sacraments, reading the Holy Bible, communion-partaking in the Body and Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ, under the appearance of Bread and Wine.
Scriptures The Holy Bible Holy Bible, a collection of canonical books in two parts (the Old Testament and the New Testament) and does not include the apocrypha
Goal of religion To love God and obey his commandments while creating a relationship with Jesus Christ and spreading the Gospel so that others may also be saved. To love God and obey his commandments. To gain a relationship with Jesus Christ, live forever with Christ, spread the good word of God and to gain eternal salvation.
View of other Abrahamic religions Judaism is regarded as a True religion but incomplete (without Gospel, and Messiah) Islam is regarded as a false religion, Christianity does not accept the Qur'an as true. Judaism is a true religion, but with incomplete revelation.
Clergy Priests, bishops, ministers, monks, and nuns. priests, monks, ministers, pastors
Literal Meaning Follower Of Christ. Protestant - to 'protest'
Human Nature Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. By knowing right and wrong Christians choose their actions. Humans are a fallen, broken race in need of salvation and repair by God. "original sin" inherited from Adam, tendency towards evil, but the sins of the father do not pass through the son, therefore Children are holy, and until they reach the age where they can know good from evil, their sins are not held against them.
Means of salvation Through Christ's Passion, Death, and Resurrection. Through Christ's Death, and Resurrection-saved by faith alone, not through works
Resurrection of Jesus Affirmed Affirmed
Branches Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant. Thousands of different branches.
Birth of Jesus Virgin Birth, through God. Virgin Birth
Rites Seven sacraments: Baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance, anointing of the sick, holy orders, matrimony (Catholic and Orthodox). Anglicans: Baptism and Eucharist. Other denominations: Baptism and communion. Two sacraments: Baptism and Eucharist (not matrimony)
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed. Affirmed
Religious Law Has existed among Catholics in the form of canon law. Christians no longer live under the curse of the law but under grace. We are still expected to live by the law.
About Christianity broadly consists of individuals who believe in the deity Jesus Christ. Its followers, called Christians, often believe Christ is "the Son" of the Holy Trinity and walked the earth as the incarnate form of God ("the Father"). Protestants broke away from the Catholic Church, & follow strict adherance to their own interpretations of the Bible.
Belief of God One God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Believe in the Holy Trinity, God is the Omnipotent, Omniscient, Omnipresent, Holy, Just, Loving Creator of the Universe
Death of Jesus Death by crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension to heaven. Will return. Death by Crucifixion, Resurrection, and the Ascent to Heaven
Definition Disciple of Jesus Christ. To protest.
Life after death Eternity in Heaven or Hell, in some cases temporal Purgatory. Eternal Salvation in Heaven or Eternal Damnation in Hell.
Belief of God One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Most Protestants believe in the Trinity of God.
Day of worship Sunday, the Lord's Day. Sunday is the day to go to church, but worship can and is encouraged to continue personally
God's role in salvation Humans cannot save themselves or ascend on their own to a higher level. Only God is good and therefore only God is able to save a person. Jesus came down from Heaven to save mankind. Salvation is a completely free gift from the Lord and comes by grace alone through faith in Jesus Christ only. This faith is demonstrated thorugh accepting his message of selfless compassion and producing good works in keeping with repentance.
Confessing sins Protestants confess straight to God, Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God (Orthodox have similar practice) Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional. God always forgives sins in Jesus. To God
View of Animistic religions Paganism is Heathenism. Witchcraft is communication and interaction with demons, fallen evil angelic beings. These have no real interest ultimately, in helping their worshipers. Demonic possession is common. Pagan.
Belief The Nicene Creed sums up Christian belief in the Holy Trinity. Believe that Jesus Christ is the Messiah & the Saviour.
Identity of Jesus The Son Of God. Son of God, God Incarnate, Saviour of the world
Holy days/Official Holidays The Lord's Day; Advent, Christmas; New Year, Lent, Easter, Pentecost, every day is dedicated to a Saint. Sunday, Christmas, Easter.
Holy Days Christmas (celebration of the birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus), Sunday (day of rest), Easter (resurrection of Jesus), Lent (Catholicism), saints' feast days. Sunday is the Lord's Day, Good Friday, Easter, and Christmas
Promised Holy one. Second Coming of Christ The Lord Jesus is the long-awaited Messiah of Old Testament Prophecy; He Will Come again at the end of time, to Fulfill New Testament Prophecy.
Three Jewels Christ, Grace, and Virtue Faith, Hope and Charity
Legislation Varies through denomination. Prerogative of the people
View of the Buddha N/A. Buddha is viewed as a false deity.
Geographical distribution and predominance Europe, North and South America, and Australia and New Zealand. North America, Europe
Ressurection of Jesus Affirmed. affirmed
Status of Muhammad N/A. False Prophet
Goal of Philosophy Objective reality. Worship of God who created life, the universe, and is eternal. Christianity has its own philosophy, found in the the Bible. That philosophy is Salvation from sin, through the Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ. Eternal Salvation
Place and Time of origin Jerusalem, approx. 33 AD. Germany 15'Th Century
Prophet Moses, Samuel, Nathan, Elijah, Elisha, etc., as well as both Johns in the New Testament too. Moses, Abraham, John the Baptist, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekial, Nahum, Elijah, Elisha, Obadiah, Amos, Hosea, Zechariah, Zephaniah, Malachi, Daniel, Nathan, and many others
View of other Oriental religions N/A. N/A.
Authority of Pope Leader and overseer of the Catholic Church. his authority is completely rejected by Protestants, and is viewed by Orthodox as first among equals. Orthodox and Protestants reject Papal infallibility and Papal supremacy. N/A.
Prophets Prophets in the Bible are venerated. Prophets are people Chosen By the Holy Spirit, to reveal His Message to humanity.
Praying to Saints,Mary, and Angel Affirmed, in Catholic, Orthodox, Lutheran, & Anglican(Episcopalian)Christianity; most Protestants do not. With the exception of Anglicans(Episcopalians) and quite possibly Lutherans, most Protestants do not believe that one needs to pray to Saints, Mary or Angels. Only pray to God the Father and God the Father alone.
Original Language Aramaic, Greek, and Latin German
Use of statues Forbidden in Protestant denominations; icons are used in Catholic & Orthodox denominations. Prohibited.
Position of Mary Mother Of God. The Queen of all Saints and Mother Of God in Anglican(Episcopalian) & Lutheran Churches. The rest of Protestantism does not venerate Mary.
Views on the afterlife Eternity in Heaven or Hell; some believe in temporal suffering in Purgatory, before admittance into Heaven. Eternal life in Heaven or Hell.
Religion which atheists may still be adherents of No. No.
View of God One God, Who Is the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. believe in the Blessed Trinity.
Original Languages Aramaic, Common (Koine) Greek, Hebrew. German
imams identified as N/A. N/A.
Virtues in which religion is based upon Love, charity, and mercy. Love.

edit Further Reading

For further reading, there are several books available on Amazon.com on Protestantism and Christianity:

Share this comparison:

If you read this far, you should follow us:

"Christianity vs Protestantism." Diffen.com. Diffen LLC, n.d. Web. 3 Aug 2015. < >