Christianity vs. Protestantism


Protestantism broke away from main stream Christianity some time around the 15th century. The original Protestant Reformer was Martin Luther. Unlike Catholic and Orthodox Christianity, it has no Apostolic Succession, and relies soley on the Holy Bible. Protestantism is divided into thousands of churches. The main ones being Lutheran, Anglican(Episcopalian), Presbyterian, and Methodist. In recent years, Evangelical churches, such as Baptist and Pentecostal churches have been gaining more and more adherents in Protestant churches.

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Place of worship Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, home bible study, personal dwellings. Church, chapel,
Birth of Jesus Virgin Birth, through God. Virgin Birth
Resurrection of Jesus Affirmed Affirmed
Place of origin Roman province of Judea. Germany
Practices Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Regularly visit the church, especially on Sundays, Prayers, Sacraments, reading the Holy Bible, communion-partaking in the Body and Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ, under the appearance of Bread and Wine.
Goal of religion To love God and obey his commandments while creating a relationship with Jesus Christ and spreading the Gospel so that others may also be saved. To love God and obey his commandments. To gain a relationship with Jesus Christ, live forever with Christ, spread the good word of God and to gain eternal salvation.
Death of Jesus Death by crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension to heaven. Will return. Death by Crucifixion, Resurrection, and the Ascent to Heaven
Human Nature Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. By knowing right and wrong Christians choose their actions. Humans are a fallen, broken race in need of salvation and repair by God. "original sin" inherited from Adam, tendency towards evil, but the sins of the father do not pass through the son, therefore Children are holy, and until they reach the age where they can know good from evil, their sins are not held against them.
View of other Abrahamic religions Judaism is regarded as a True religion but incomplete (without Gospel, and Messiah) Islam is regarded as a false religion, Christianity does not accept the Qur'an as true. Judaism is a true religion, but with incomplete revelation.
About Christianity broadly consists of individuals who believe in the deity Jesus Christ. Its followers, called Christians, often believe Christ is "the Son" of the Holy Trinity and walked the earth as the incarnate form of God ("the Father"). Protestants broke away from the Catholic Church, & follow strict adherance to their own interpretations of the Bible.
Branches Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant. Thousands of different branches.
Rites Seven sacraments: Baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance, anointing of the sick, holy orders, matrimony (Catholic and Orthodox). Anglicans: Baptism and Eucharist. Other denominations: Baptism and communion. Two sacraments: Baptism and Eucharist (not matrimony)
View of Animistic religions Paganism is Heathenism. Witchcraft is communication and interaction with demons, fallen evil angelic beings. These have no real interest ultimately, in helping their worshipers. Demonic possession is common. Pagan.
Religious Law Has existed among Catholics in the form of canon law. Christians no longer live under the curse of the law but under grace. We are still expected to live by the law.
Legislation Varies through denomination. Prerogative of the people
Use of statues and pictures In Catholic & Orthodox Churches. Not used
God's role in salvation Humans cannot save themselves or ascend on their own to a higher level. Only God is good and therefore only God is able to save a person. Jesus came down from Heaven to save mankind. Salvation is a completely free gift from the Lord and comes by grace alone through faith in Jesus Christ only. This faith is demonstrated thorugh accepting his message of selfless compassion and producing good works in keeping with repentance.
Authority of Pope Leader and overseer of the Catholic Church. his authority is completely rejected by Protestants, and is viewed by Orthodox as first among equals. Orthodox and Protestants reject Papal infallibility and Papal supremacy. N/A.
Founder The Lord Jesus Christ. Martin Luther was the first Protestant.
Goal of Philosophy Objective reality. Worship of God who created life, the universe, and is eternal. Christianity has its own philosophy, found in the the Bible. That philosophy is Salvation from sin, through the Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ. Eternal Salvation
Promised Holy one. Second Coming of Christ The Lord Jesus is the long-awaited Messiah of Old Testament Prophecy; He Will Come again at the end of time, to Fulfill New Testament Prophecy.
Confessing sins Protestants confess straight to God, Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God (Orthodox have similar practice) Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional. God always forgives sins in Jesus. To God
Scriptures The Holy Bible Holy Bible, a collection of canonical books in two parts (the Old Testament and the New Testament) and does not include the apocrypha
Literal Meaning Follower Of Christ. Protestant - to 'protest'
Means of salvation Through Christ's Passion, Death, and Resurrection. Through Christ's Death, and Resurrection-saved by faith alone, not through works
Original Languages Aramaic, Common (Koine) Greek, Hebrew. German
View of God One God, Who Is the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. believe in the Blessed Trinity.
Belief of God One God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Believe in the Holy Trinity, God is the Omnipotent, Omniscient, Omnipresent, Holy, Just, Loving Creator of the Universe
Day of worship Sunday, the Lord's Day. Sunday is the day to go to church, but worship can and is encouraged to continue personally
Holy Days Christmas (celebration of the birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus), Sunday (day of rest), Easter (resurrection of Jesus), Lent (Catholicism), saints' feast days. Sunday is the Lord's Day, Good Friday, Easter, and Christmas
View of the Buddha N/A. Buddha is viewed as a false deity.
Status of Muhammad N/A. False Prophet
Praying to Saints,Mary, and Angel Affirmed, in Catholic, Orthodox, Lutheran, & Anglican(Episcopalian)Christianity; most Protestants do not. With the exception of Anglicans(Episcopalians) and quite possibly Lutherans, most Protestants do not believe that one needs to pray to Saints, Mary or Angels. Only pray to God the Father and God the Father alone.
Belief of God One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Most Protestants believe in the Trinity of God.
Original Language Aramaic, Greek, and Latin German
Religion which atheists may still be adherents of No. No.
Holy days/Official Holidays The Lord's Day; Advent, Christmas; New Year, Lent, Easter, Pentecost, everyday is dedicated to a Saint. Sunday, Christmas, Easter.
Prophet Moses, Samuel, Nathan, Elijah, Elisha, etc., as well as both Johns in the New Testament too. Moses, Abraham, John the Baptist, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekial, Nahum, Elijah, Elisha, Obadiah, Amos, Hosea, Zechariah, Zephaniah, Malachi, Daniel, Nathan, and many others
Position of Mary Mother Of God. The Queen of all Saints and Mother Of God in Anglican(Episcopalian) & Lutheran Churches. The rest of Protestantism does not venerate Mary.
Three Jewels Christ, Grace, and Virtue Faith, Hope and Charity
Ressurection of Jesus Affirmed. affirmed
Belief The Nicene Creed sums up Christian belief in the Holy Trinity. Believe that Jesus Christ is the Messiah & the Saviour.
imams identified as N/A. N/A.
Place and Time of origin Jerusalem, approx. 33 AD. Germany 15'Th Century
Prophets Prophets in the Bible are venerated. Prophets are people Chosen By the Holy Spirit, to reveal His Message to humanity.
View of other Oriental religions N/A. N/A.
Geographical distribution and predominance Europe, North and South America, and Australia and New Zealand. North America, Europe
Views on the afterlife Eternity in Heaven or Hell; some believe in temporal suffering in Purgatory, before admittance into Heaven. Eternal life in Heaven or Hell.
Virtues in which religion is based upon Love, charity, and mercy. Love.

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Comments: Christianity vs Protestantism

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Anonymous comments (6)

June 18, 2013, 3:19pm

Study the Bible thoroughly and compare with various doctrines. God will help for me i am Protestant Christian..

— 106.✗.✗.129

March 8, 2014, 6:41am

The biggest difference I could find, according to this article, is that protestant church does not exhault Mary, and sees no need for the Pope. True Christian would go 100% by the Holy Bible to the best of your ability to understand the meanings of the scripture, particularly being a follower of Jesus Christ. Many parts of scripture have been interpreted in many different ways by many different people. Thats why theres so many different denominations. A few pick and choice to suit their own beliefs. Nowhere does the Bible say you need a Pope or to worship Mary.

— 107.✗.✗.96

October 15, 2012, 1:04am

This is not a comparison of Christianity vs. Protestant. It is a comparison of Catholic vs. Protestant. True Christianity has nothing to do with the religious legalism made by man and the Catholic Church.

— 70.✗.✗.254

January 24, 2010, 2:57am

I agree. A non-Christian or "baby Christian" might have written this summary. It is full of confusion and non-truths.

— 66.✗.✗.42

September 10, 2012, 6:56pm

To the people who complained about this being a "Comparison Chart between Christianity & Protestantism:" You do realize, of course, that there is also a comparison chart between "Catholicism & Christianity" don't you?

— 174.✗.✗.41

October 7, 2009, 1:29pm

Whoever wrote this comparison chart does NOT know much about Christianity! Protestantism is part of Christianity; not separate from it! It is part of the Christian faith; not another religion! Christianity incorporates these Churches: Coptic Church, Greek Orthodox Church, Russian Orthodox Church, Catholic Church, and Protestant Church. These five Churches developed more from local, cultural,and linguistic differences than theological ones. Only the Protestant Church was a "break-away" and even that was unintentional. Protestants originally sought to reform the Catholic Church from the inside; they did not desire to become a separate group. The information given in this comparison is completely wrong!

— 71.✗.✗.170


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Catholic vs. Protestant