Protestantism is a type of Christianity. Protestants broke away from Catholicism some time around the 15th century. The original Protestant Reformer was Martin Luther. Unlike Catholic and Orthodox Christianity, Protestant Christianity usually has no Apostolic Succession. Protestantism is further divided into thousands of churches, the main ones being Lutheran, Anglican (Episcopalian), Presbyterian, and Methodist. In recent years, Evangelical churches, such as Baptist and Pentecostal denominations, have been gaining adherents rapidly.

Comparison chart

Christianity versus Protestantism comparison chart
Edit this comparison chartChristianityProtestantism
Place of worship Church, chapel, home bible study, personal dwellings. Church, chapel,
Place of origin Roman province of Judea. Germany
Use of statues and pictures Art for representation of a story not for idolatry. Not used
Practices Baptism, Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Regularly visit the church, especially on Sundays, Prayers, Sacraments, reading the Holy Bible, communion-partaking in the Body and Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ, under the appearance of Bread and Wine.
Scriptures The Holy Bible Holy Bible, a collection of canonical books in two parts (the Old Testament and the New Testament) and does not include the apocrypha
Means of Salvation Through Christ's Birth, Death, and Resurrection. Through Christ's Death, and Resurrection-saved by faith alone, not through works
Human Nature Mankind inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. Sin separate man from God. Salvation through Christ Jesus is needed in order to restore the broken relationship between man and God. "original sin" inherited from Adam, tendency towards evil, and the sins of the father pass through the son, therefore children are not holy.
Clergy Pastor, Reverend, Minister, Missionary, Evangelist. priests, monks, ministers, pastors
About Christianity consists of individuals who believe in the deity Jesus Christ. Its followers, called Christians, believe Christ is "the Son" of God, the Holy Trinity and walked the earth as the incarnate form of God ("the Father"). Protestants broke away from the Catholic Church, & follow strict adherance to their own interpretations of the Bible.
Goal of religion To have a relationship with Jesus Christ; restoration with God. To love God with all one's heart, mind, and soul. To love one another, share the gospel of Jesus Christ; to obey God. To love God and obey his commandments. To gain a relationship with Jesus Christ, live forever with Christ, spread the good word of God and to gain eternal salvation.
Founder THE TRINITY. (God The Father, Jesus The Son, And The Holy Spirit.) Martin Luther was the first Protestant.
Belief of God One God : Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. All equal in power, nature, and eternal. Believe in the Holy Trinity, God is the Omnipotent, Omniscient, Omnipresent, Holy, Just, Loving Creator of the Universe. Jesus the Christ is the Son of God who died to save us from our sins. The Holy Spirit sustains us after Jesus left the earth.
Life after death Mankind was created to be eternal beings. Either eternally with God through acceptance of Jesus as Savior. Or eternally with Satan for rejection Jesus Christ's Salvation. Eternal Salvation in Heaven or Eternal Damnation in Hell.
Confessing sins Confess to God through prayer. Repent (turn away) and ask for forgiveness from God for sin. Only God can forgive sin although one can confess sin to a human. All sin must be forgiven by God alone. To God
Birth of Jesus Virgin Birth, through the Holy Spirit. Virgin Birth, through the Holy Spirit.
Religious Law Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ is necessary, required, and essential for salvation. The 10 Commandments is the law to show why one needs Jesus Christ's forgiveness. No one is capable of keep all the law, at all time, throughout all their lives. Christians no longer live under the curse of the law but under grace. We are still expected to live by the law.
View of other Abrahamic religions Judaism is regarded as a True religion but incomplete (without Gospel, and Messiah) Islam is regarded as a false religion, Christianity does not accept the Qur'an as true. Judaism is a true religion, but with incomplete revelation. Islam regarded as false.
Literal Meaning Follower Of Christ. Protestant - to 'protest'
God's role in salvation God sent His Son Jesus to earth to save all mankind. That all people who believe and accept Him would be saved. There is no other way to Heaven and restoration with God except through Salvation through His Son Jesus Christ. Salvation is a completely free gift from the Lord and comes by grace alone through faith in Jesus Christ only. This faith is demonstrated through accepting His message of selfless compassion and love.
Belief of God One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. All Protestants believe in the Trinity of God.
Holy days/Official Holidays Sunday, Christmas (celebration of the birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus), Sunday (day of rest), Easter (resurrection of Jesus), Lent (Day of Sacrifice) Sunday, Christmas, Easter.
Rites Baptism and communion, laying on of hands, Anointing, speaking in tongues, marriage. Two sacraments: Baptism and Eucharist (not matrimony)
Branches Baptist, Lutheran, Church of God In Christ, Methodist. Thousands of different branches.
Death of Jesus Death by crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension to heaven. Will return. His ministry continues through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit until His return. Death by Crucifixion, Resurrection, and the Ascent to Heaven. He will return again.
Goal of Philosophy To bring all people to a relationship with God through the salvation given through Jesus Christ. Eternal Salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ.
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed.No one knows when he will return. Affirmed
Legislation Given by Jesus Christ. Prerogative of the people
Day of worship Sunday, the Lord's Day. Sunday is the day to go to church, but worship can and is encouraged to continue personally
Status of Muhammad Not Recognized in Christianity False Prophet
Identity of Jesus The Son Of God. The physical representation of God on earth. Son of God, God Incarnate, Savior of the world.
Definition Disciple of Jesus Christ. To protest.
Promised Holy one. Jesus the Messiah came the first time to offer salvation to all mankind. In the Second Coming of Jesus Christ, Christ will bring His church (Christians) to the land that He has prepared for them. The Lord Jesus is the long-awaited Messiah of Old Testament Prophecy; He Will Come again at the end of time, to Fulfill New Testament Prophecy.
Belief Salvation is found in Jesus Christ alone. The Father, The Son, and The Holy Spirit is God in three persons. He has always existed in three persons and will always exist. (The Nicene Creed) Believe that Jesus Christ is the Messiah & the Savior.
View of the Buddha A false God. Buddha is viewed as a false deity.
Ressurection of Jesus Believe that Jesus was physically resurrected. affirmed
Authority of Pope The Pope has no authority for the Christian. Only in Catholicism does the Pope have authority. N/A.
Geographical distribution and predominance Is a worldwide religion North America, Europe
Holy Days Christmas (celebration of the birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus), Sunday (day of rest), Easter (resurrection of Jesus), Lent (Catholicism), saints' feast days. Sunday is the Lord's Day, Good Friday, Easter, and Christmas
Views on the afterlife Eternity in Heaven or Hell. Eternal life in Heaven or Hell.
Prophet Moses, Samuel, Nathan, Elijah, Elisha, and many others., as well as both Johns in the New Testament too. Moses, Abraham, John the Baptist, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekial, Nahum, Elijah, Elisha, Obadiah, Amos, Hosea, Zechariah, Zephaniah, Malachi, Daniel, Nathan, and many others
View of other Oriental religions Any religion that teaches there is any other truth but God or that there is any other requirement for Salvation other than Salvation through Jesus Christ is false. N/A.
Place and Time of origin Jerusalem, approx. 33 AD. Germany 15'Th Century
Prophets Prophets in the Bible are greatly respected. Prophecy is given directly from God to the prophet and always comes to pass without fail. Prophets are people Chosen By the Holy Spirit, to reveal His Message to humanity.
Praying to Saints,Mary, and Angel Affirmed, in Catholic, Orthodox, Lutheran, & Anglican(Episcopalian)Christianity; most Protestants do not. With the exception of Anglicans(Episcopalians) and quite possibly Lutherans, most Protestants do not believe that one needs to pray to Saints, Mary or Angels. Only pray to God the Father and God the Father alone.
Original Language Aramaic, Greek, and Latin German
View of God One God, Who Is the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Believe in the Holy Trinity. God who is the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.
View of Animistic religions Paganism is Heathenism. Witchcraft is communication and interaction with demons, fallen evil angelic beings. Pagan.
Use of Statues Forbidden in Protestant denominations; icons are used in Catholic & Orthodox denominations. Prohibited.
Position of Mary Mother Of Jesus Christ Mother of God.
Religion which atheists may still be adherents of No. No.
Original Languages Greek, Hebrew. German
Virtues in which religion is based upon Love, charity, and mercy. Love.

Further Reading

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