Christianity vs. Protestantism

Christianity
Protestantism

Protestantism broke away from main stream Christianity some time around the 15th century. The original Protestant Reformer was Martin Luther. Unlike Catholic and Orthodox Christianity, it has no Apostolic Succession, and relies soley on the Holy Bible. Protestantism is divided into thousands of churches. The main ones being Lutheran, Anglican(Episcopalian), Presbyterian, and Methodist. In recent years, Evangelical churches, such as Baptist and Pentecostal churches have been gaining more and more adherents in Protestant churches.

Comparison chart

Edit this comparison chart

Christianity

Christianity

Protestantism

Place of worship Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, home bible study, personal dwellings. Church, chapel,
Place of origin Roman province of Judea. Germany
Practices Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Regularly visit the church, especially on Sundays, Prayers, Sacraments, reading the Holy Bible, communion-partaking in the Body and Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ, under the appearance of Bread and Wine.
Time of origin Approx. 33 AD. Approx. 1500 A.D.
About Christianity broadly consists of individuals who believe in the deity Jesus Christ. Its followers, called Christians, often believe Christ is "the Son" of the Holy Trinity and walked the earth as the incarnate form of God ("the Father"). Protestants broke away from the Catholic Church, & follow strict adherance to their own interpretations of the Bible.
Religious Law Has existed among Catholics in the form of canon law. Christians no longer live under the curse of the law but under grace. We are still expected to live by the law.
Confessing sins Protestants confess straight to God, Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God (Orthodox have similar practice) Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional. God always forgives sins in Jesus. To God
Original Languages Aramaic, Common (Koine) Greek, Hebrew. German
Authority of Pope Leader and overseer of the Catholic Church. his authority is completely rejected by Protestants, and is viewed by Orthodox as first among equals. Orthodox and Protestants reject Papal infallibility and Papal supremacy. N/A.
Holy Days Christmas (celebration of the birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus), Sunday (day of rest), Easter (resurrection of Jesus), Lent (Catholicism), saints' feast days. Sunday is the Lord's Day, Good Friday, Easter, and Christmas
Birth of Jesus Virgin Birth, through God. Virgin Birth
Death of Jesus Death by crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension to heaven. Will return. Death by Crucifixion, Resurrection, and the Ascent to Heaven
Goal of religion To love God and obey his commandments while creating a relationship with Jesus Christ and spreading the Gospel so that others may also be saved. To love God and obey his commandments. To gain a relationship with Jesus Christ, live forever with Christ, spread the good word of God and to gain eternal salvation.
View of other Abrahamic religions Judaism is regarded as a True religion but incomplete (without Gospel, and Messiah) Islam is regarded as a false religion, Christianity does not accept the Qur'an as true. Judaism is a true religion, but with incomplete revelation.
Resurrection of Jesus Affirmed Affirmed
Human Nature Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. By knowing right and wrong Christians choose their actions. Humans are a fallen, broken race in need of salvation and repair by God. "original sin" inherited from Adam, tendency towards evil, but the sins of the father do not pass through the son, therefore Children are holy, and until they reach the age where they can know good from evil, their sins are not held against them.
Branches Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant. Thousands of different branches.
Rites Seven sacraments: Baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance, anointing of the sick, holy orders, matrimony (Catholic and Orthodox). Anglicans: Baptism and Eucharist. Other denominations: Baptism and communion. Two sacraments: Baptism and Eucharist (not matrimony)
View of Animistic religions Paganism is Heathenism. Witchcraft is communication and interaction with demons, fallen evil angelic beings. These have no real interest ultimately, in helping their worshipers. Demonic possession is common. Pagan.
God's role in salvation Humans cannot save themselves or ascend on their own to a higher level. Only God is good and therefore only God is able to save a person. Jesus came down from Heaven to save mankind. Salvation is a completely free gift from the Lord and comes by grace alone through faith in Jesus Christ only. This faith is demonstrated thorugh accepting his message of selfless compassion and producing good works in keeping with repentance.
Goal of Philosophy Objective reality. Worship of God who created life, the universe, and is eternal. Christianity has its own philosophy, found in the 66 books of the Bible. Eternal Salvation
Promised Holy one. Second Coming of Christ The Lord Jesus is the long-awaited Messiah of Old Testament Prophecy; He Will Come again at the end of time, to Fulfill New Testament Prophecy.
Legislation Varies through denomination. Prerogative of the people
Original Language Aramaic, Greek, and Latin German
View of God N/A believe in the Blessed Trinity.
Praying to Saints,Mary, and Angel Affirmed, in Catholic, Orthodox, Lutheran, & Anglican(Episcopalian)Christianity; most Protestants do not. With the exception of Anglicans(Episcopalians) and quite possibly Lutherans, most Protestants do not believe that one needs to pray to Saints, Mary or Angels. Only pray to God the Father and God the Father alone.

edit Further Reading

For further reading, there are several books available on Amazon.com on Protestantism and Christianity:

Share this comparison:

If you read this far, you should follow us on:

"Christianity vs Protestantism." Diffen.com. Diffen LLC, n.d. Web. 24 Oct 2014. < http://www.diffen.com/difference/Christianity_vs_Protestantism >

Related Comparisons Follow Diffen
Make Diffen Smarter.

Log in to edit comparisons or create new comparisons in your area of expertise!

Sign up »
Top 5 Comparisons

Comments: Christianity vs Protestantism

Comments via Facebook

Anonymous comments (11)

May 25, 2014, 2:18am

Protestants originated from protesting the corruption of the Catholic Church (only forced Christian religion at the time) during the selling of indulgences,(paper that gives right to go to heaven) forced confessions, forced tithing, and establishing the epitome of a government body, including taxing for personal land ownership and business. anti sentiment from Christians was all over not from just Germany, the only man that had the cahoneys to call them out, knowing he would later be executed for it, happened to be a German man named Martin Luther........
-Scottsman speaking lol

— 70.✗.✗.24
0

April 21, 2014, 6:38am

Both are just organizations making new rules.

Only one of them can be right, or, ALL of them are wrong right?

Just follow where the evidence leads us and do not rely on mass delusions and what old people told us when we were fragile kids.

Re-investigate how you end up believing in talking snakes which normally will not happen, hopefully if ever you heard about the bible only during your teen years. Age of Reason.

— 202.✗.✗.34
0

March 8, 2014, 6:41am

The biggest difference I could find, according to this article, is that protestant church does not exhault Mary, and sees no need for the Pope. True Christian would go 100% by the Holy Bible to the best of your ability to understand the meanings of the scripture, particularly being a follower of Jesus Christ. Many parts of scripture have been interpreted in many different ways by many different people. Thats why theres so many different denominations. A few pick and choice to suit their own beliefs. Nowhere does the Bible say you need a Pope or to worship Mary.

— 107.✗.✗.96
0

June 18, 2013, 3:19pm

Study the Bible thoroughly and compare with various doctrines. God will help you...as for me i am Protestant Christian..

— 106.✗.✗.129
0

June 7, 2013, 6:59pm

quote: "Hi. I am a young Catholic man, and very confused about my sexuality. I know that god condemns this behavior but my body doesn't want, it needs! I am confused as when i first started to feel the urges as a boy, i confessed it to our families priest. He spoke of the actions being displeasing to god, and i was made to repent. Upon completing, father came on to me. We have had sex numerous times, and at first without consent. He is currently incarcerated waiting charges and i am unsure what to do. Should i testify against my lover??? And if what happened is so wrong, why does a loyal Priest of god acting in a sexual nature towards men and boys? Help"

Dear sir,

I also am a Catholic and primarily want you to know that you will be in my prayers.
God does not condemn those who have sexual urges such as yours; all human beings have sexual urges, whether of homosexual or heterosexual. A common misconception about the Catholic Church is that we condemn those of homosexuality. This is not the case. Outside of marriage, the Church does not approve of engagement of sexual activity. Thus, this applies to those of ALL sexual orientation. However, the Church does not condemn you-only the sin. The purpose of confession is for the forgiveness of such sins.

As to your Priest, he also was not acting in accordance with the Church. As he is human and imperfect, he also experiences temptation and has chosen to act upon it. As to why he does it, I cannot say. But his sin cannot speak for the entire church or for all priests in general; his sin was his mistake and he alone is accountable for it in God's eyes. He was not acting "In Persona Christi" (in the person of Christ); he abused his position. But I do not condemn him nor you because "Let he who is without sin cast the first stone." My advice to you is to return to confession and perhaps talk to a priest about these troubles. I understand that it may be hard for you to return to confession after such experiences, but I can promise you that not every priest is this way. Just as one would not associate all of humanity with those who have murdered, stolen, vandalized or engaged in other criminal activities, so all priests cannot be associated with all of those who have fallen into sin.

I realize that this was posted a while ago, but it is never too late for advice, nor to turn to God. I hope all is well with you and I will keep you in my prayers.

With prayers and love as your sister in Christ,

C.R.H.

— 174.✗.✗.54
0

October 15, 2012, 1:04am

This is not a comparison of Christianity vs. Protestant. It is a comparison of Catholic vs. Protestant. True Christianity has nothing to do with the religious legalism made by man and the Catholic Church.

— 70.✗.✗.254
0

September 10, 2012, 6:56pm

To the people who complained about this being a "Comparison Chart between Christianity & Protestantism:" You do realize, of course, that there is also a comparison chart between "Catholicism & Christianity" don't you?

— 174.✗.✗.41
0

August 18, 2012, 2:48am

To the posterS below (71.203.30.170 & 66.93.140.42): this is a wiki so you can improve the article if there are (m)any errors. Feel free to edit and correct.

— 67.✗.✗.142
0

October 12, 2011, 12:40pm

Hi. I am a young Catholic man, and very confused about my sexuality. I know that god condemns this behavior but my body doesn't want, it needs! I am confused as when i first started to feel the urges as a boy, i confessed it to our families priest. He spoke of the actions being displeasing to god, and i was made to repent. Upon completing, father came on to me. We have had sex numerous times, and at first without consent. He is currently incarcerated waiting charges and i am unsure what to do. Should i testify against my lover??? And if what happened is so wrong, why does a loyal Priest of god acting in a sexual nature towards men and boys? Help!

— 121.✗.✗.211
0

January 24, 2010, 2:57am

I agree. A non-Christian or "baby Christian" might have written this summary. It is full of confusion and non-truths.

— 66.✗.✗.42
0

October 7, 2009, 1:29pm

Whoever wrote this comparison chart does NOT know much about Christianity! Protestantism is part of Christianity; not separate from it! It is part of the Christian faith; not another religion! Christianity incorporates these Churches: Coptic Church, Greek Orthodox Church, Russian Orthodox Church, Catholic Church, and Protestant Church. These five Churches developed more from local, cultural,and linguistic differences than theological ones. Only the Protestant Church was a "break-away" and even that was unintentional. Protestants originally sought to reform the Catholic Church from the inside; they did not desire to become a separate group. The information given in this comparison is completely wrong!

— 71.✗.✗.170
-1

share

Up next

Catholic vs. Protestant