Confucianism vs. Taoism

Confucianism
Taoism

Confucianism and Taoism are both ancient chinese styles of living.

Confucianism believes in setting good examples for others to follow primarily in 5 key relationships: ruler & subject, wife & husband, older & younger sibling, friend & friend, father & son.

Taoism, aka daoism, was a way of living in which there were not many rules and believes in the dialectical philosophy of inaction.Through nature and harmony you can be happy.This is where yin and yang come from.

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Confucianism

Taoism

Place of origin China China
Concept of Deity Most believe in One God. Most believe in numerous deities.
Place of worship Temple. Temple, shrine.
Practices Visit to temples to pay homage to Ti'en(God or Heaven), Confucius, and ancestors; To practice ('Jing zuo, ') or 'Quiet Sitting Visit to shrines, to pay homage to Taoist deities; Tai Chi, etc.
Founder Kong Qiu (Confucius) Lao Tzu
Life after death To be worshipped as ancestors. Taoists believe that the soul survives after death and has the ability to travel through space.
Goal of religion To have a structured society. To be one with nature.
Status of women Socially inferior to men. generally equal, spoken of highly in the tao te ching (oldest taoist text) but varies among schools.
Scriptures Analects of Confucius and Mencius; I Ching; Doctrine of Mean, etc. Tao Te Ching; I Ching
Human Nature Humans should respect those who are superior to them. Humans should just follow the Tao(or 'the Way').
Time of origin Approx. 550 B.C.E.(Before Common Era) Approx. 550 B.C.E (before common Era)
Belief of God One God. Ancestors also worshipped, though. Most follow numerous deities.
Principle Confucianism all about the brotherhood of humanity. Taoists believe that life is good. Taoism lays emphasis on the body.
Belief Confucianism is both a religion and a philosophy of China, and of Asia as a whole. It stresses human conduct over belief in God. Taoism is both a religion and a philosophy of China, and of Asia as a whole. It stresses humanity's relationship with nature.
View of the Buddha Buddha is followed by many Confucianists. Buddha is followed by many Taoists.
Holy days/Official Holidays Chinese New Year, Teacher Day, Ancestor Day. Chinese New Year, 3 Day Festival of the Dead, Ancestor Day.
Concept of God One God. Numerous deities.
Original Languages Mandarin or Cantonese Mandarin or Cantonese.
Views on other religion Sees no contraction in following more than one religion. Sees no contradiction in following more than one religion.
Original Language(s) Mandarin or Cantonese Old Chinese
Goal of Philosophy Social Harmony. To gain balance in life.
Holy days Chinese New Year, Teacher Day, Ancestor Day. Chinese New Year, Three Day Festival of the Dead, Lantern Festival
Virtue(s) in which religion is based upon Respect. Contemplation
Views on the afterlife To be worshipped by one's descendants and their families. The soul lives on.
View of other Oriental religions Usually follows other Oriental religions, especially Taoism. Usually follows other Oriental religions, especially Confucianism.

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Comments: Confucianism vs Taoism

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Anonymous comments (6)

May 31, 2014, 6:16pm

Thank you very much for these information. There are very useful for my studies.

— 118.✗.✗.87
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May 3, 2014, 11:37pm

Principle Confucianism all about the brotherhood of humanity. Taoists believe that life is good. Taoism lays emphasis on the body.

— 207.✗.✗.94
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March 12, 2014, 12:20am

Is really helped me out with my project for my Word History Class Thank you for the info! to everyone who need help with

— 162.✗.✗.110
0

February 11, 2014, 1:47am

why does the chart say two things about the original languages???????

— 99.✗.✗.4
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October 14, 2013, 2:40pm

Confusianism does not have one god, per se, that's my only problem

— 71.✗.✗.162
-1

March 5, 2014, 9:26am

Thanks for the Info! Really Helped me out!

— 112.✗.✗.79
-4

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