Islam vs. Judaism

Islam
Judaism

Judaism is the oldest of all the Abrahamic religions. Its founding prophet is Moses, who had been chosen by God to lead the Israelite slaves out of Egypt. Camped under Mount Sinai, Moses gave the Israelite slaves the Torah of their God, and after wandering in the desert for 40 years, they went to live in what is now known as Israel, which they believe is God's gift to them.

Jews trace their Abrahamic lineage through his son, Isaac.

Islam was founded by Muhammad in the year 622. Muhammad believed that God chose him to be his prophet and to reveal to his Arab countrymen that there is only one God. Muhammad wrote down the revelations he believed he received from God and called it the 'Qur'an.'

Muslims trace their Abrahamic lineage through his son Ismael.

Comparison chart

Islam

Islam

Judaism

Judaism
Place of origin Arabian Peninsula. The Levant
Place of worship Mosque/masjid, any place which is considered clean by Islamic standards. Synagogues, Western Wall of the Temple in Jerusalem
Practices Five pillars: Testament that there is one God and Muhammad is his messenger (shahadah); prayer five times daily; fast during Ramadan; charity to the poor (zakat); pilgrimage (Hajj). Prayers 3 times daily, with a fourth prayer added on Shabbat and holidays. Shacarit prayer in the morning, Mincha in the afternoon, Arvit at night; Musaf is an extra Shabbat service.
Use of statues and pictures Muslims are not permitted to depict the image of God nor any prophet. Ancient times: Not allowed as it is considered Idolatry. Today, great artwork is encouraged. Statues of people are fine, but not as religious icons.
Clergy Imam leads congregational prayer in a mosque. Sheikh, Maulana, Mullah and Mufti Ancient times: Hereditary privileged priest class--Kohen and Levi. Present day: Religious functionaries like Rabbis, Cantors, Scribes, Mohels.
Life after death A Muslim and all the beings will be accountable to Allah on the Day of Judgement. World to come, Reincarnation (some groups); unifying with God, there are different opinions and beliefs
Concept of Deity God (Allah) is the only god and is all-powerful and omniscient. Belief in one God and teachings of the tradition, prophets and rabbis.
Principle Say, "He is Allah , [who is] One, Allah , the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent." - Quran: Surah Al Ikhlas By accepting the covenant, they choose to follow God's commandments. A unique ethnicity. Early monotheists.
Angels Angels are created from light and remain unseen as they worship and follow God's commands. Angels serve God as messengers. World is full of beings existing that we cannot see or understand. Kabbalah includes mystical studies of this.
Status of Adam Free from all major sins and faults. Adam is the first prophet and man on earth as sent by Allah and he is the father of Humanity, and Muhammad is the last prophet in Islam. First known use of the Adam/Eve mythology.
Definition Islam is an Arabic word for "Submission or surrender in Ultimate Peace".Muslim means a believer in One God (Al-Illah or Allah) Of the tribe of Judah.
Belief of God Only one God. God is the one True Creator. God has always existed, none existed before him and will exist forever. He transcends life and death.
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed Not part of liturgy.
About Islam consists of individuals who believe in Allah, a deity whose teachings its followers—Muslims—believe were recorded, verbatim, by the god's last prophet, Muhammad. Judaism is created by Abraham 2000 BCE and his descendants of Issac and Jacob. The Law: the 10 Commandments was given to Moses (and 600 000 Jews who left Egyptian slavery) in c, 1300 BCE to return to Israel and follow God's will.
Means of salvation Belief in one God, remembrance of God, repentance, fear of God and hope in God's mercy. Through belief in God, good deeds, complete faith.
Concept of God Ninety nine names and attributes of Allah (God) who is infinite supreme, Sublimely one, all are dependent on him yet he depends on none. Self sufficient. without beginning and without end, and there is nothing comparable to him. One God
Religious Law Sharia law, or law that is loosely or strictly based on the Qur'an, exists in many countries that have a majority Muslim population. Only some regions with sharia law apply it to judicial or criminal issues. Halakhah. Ethics. Commandments. 613 mitzvahs to be followed. Charity. Prayer. Rabbinical rulings with minority opinions. Debate very important part of system. Debate is encouraged in schools. Part of Bible addresses specific laws for everyday life.
Holy Days Ramadan (month of fasting), Eid-ul Adha (feast of the sacrifice), Eid-ul Fitr (sweet festival at the end of Ramadan). Rosh HaShanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Simchat Torah, Chanukah, Tu BiShvat, Passover, Lag BaOmer, Shavout. Sabbath most important—one day a week no work, just peace, joy and prayer.
View of Oriental religions All Religions were given the book and are people of the book but are FALSE religions Jews accept others can have different religions. Jews must obey the law of the land, if ethical.
Ressurection of Jesus Denied because his death is denied. God raised Jesus to him and he will return before end of time. Denied
Day of worship Prayer five times daily is obligatory. Friday is the day of congregational prayer, obligatory for men, but not for women. Friday at sunset through Saturday sunset, is the Sabbath, THE most Holy Day (yes, all 52 of them). Taking time off from work, once a week, was invented by Judaism. It is more Holy than any other holiday, and is spent in contemplation and prayer.
Status of Muhammad Deeply loved and revered in Islam, last Prophet, but is not worshipped, only God is worshipped, according to Islam creation is never to be worshipped under any circumstances only the creator N/A.
Abrahamic Lineage The ancestor of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is Abraham (Ibrahim) through his son Ismael. Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are thanked every prayer day. Jacob's 12 sons became the 12 tribes of israel. Of these, 10 were lost during Assyrian Exile.
Jesus a Prophet and messenger of God, and his proper name used in the Quran is Isa ibn Maryam [Jesus the son of Mary (not God)] A fellow Jew, a respected, learned scholar. Not mentioned in the Jewish texts.
Position of Abraham A great Prophet. Father of Jewish Nation. From city of Ur. His father was an idol maker, but when he broke an idol, his father told him not to worry, the statue was not God Travelled to what is today Israel & purchased land. He found God during his travels in dessert
View of other Oriental religions N/A N/A.
Belief Belief in one God,who has sent messengers with revelation and guidance for humanity so they may be guided to Islam (submission to God) & who have came with both good news and a warning, the last & final messenger being Muhammad صلى الله علي Jewish central belief is that they have chosen to follow the commandments of the One True God and God will look out for them in return. Every man is equal. Jews believe a Messiah coming and proof will be an end to war and hunger all over the world.
Position of Mary Mary receives significant admiration from Muslims. She is said by the Prophet Muhammad to be the best woman God created. She is free of sin as the mother of Jesus. Not applicable, as Jews do not believe that Jesus is their Messiah, and therefore, his Jewish mother plays no role in the Jewish religion other than history.
Prophets Many from Adam, Abraham, Noah, Jesus etc to Muhammed Moses, and the subsequent Prophets of Israel as told in the Jewish Bible (Tanakh).
Original Languages Arabic. Hebrew common till 500 BCE, Aramaic and Greek koine till 300 CE. Hebrew always for religious services. Local languages and different extinct and living Jewish languages like Carfati, Jiddish, Ladino, Judesmo etc
View on Abrahamic religions Believe that Jews & Christians should accept Muhammad as the final Prophet; believe that Baha'is are wrong in believing that Bah-u-llah is a prophet. Jews began Abrahamic religions. Christians share early prophets.The Koran also has renditions of these prophets. The New Testament can be viewed as written by Jews for the Jews of that time.
imams identified as Shiites believe they are the successors of Ali; Sunnis regard them as their clergy. N/A.
Symbols None that are universal, though Muhammad's name in calligraphy is common. The popular star and crescent symbol is also common, but mainly relates to historical and political issues, not necessarily religious ones. Star of David
Praying to Saints, Mary, and Angel Shiites ask for Saints' intercession, but, Sunnis do not. Mary is venerated by both Sunnis and Shiites however. Jews only pray to God. They do not need Rabbis to pray. Each Jew can pray directly to God whenever he or she wants to.

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Comments: Islam vs Judaism

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Anonymous comments (15)

April 20, 2014, 6:45am

Islam is the best ! Straight path no deviations ... simple n best :) ...

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September 10, 2013, 7:01am

You did a good job on comparing these without showing favouritism. although some of the facts are a little rusty, finding information on any religion is hard, and you can't really ask someone from the religion. But anyways, this was real helpful, Thanks!

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August 4, 2013, 5:04am

befor judge .......please read and compare between "the Quran" and the other holy books ...please .....

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June 6, 2013, 3:05am

the QURAN is the holy book sent down by GOD to MOHAMMED PEACE UPPON HIM

“This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” [Qur’an 5:3]

“If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to God), never will it be accepted of Him.” [Qur’an 3:85]

Hence, Islam does not claim to be a new religion brought by Prophet Mohammed into Arabia in the seventh century, but rather to be a re-expression in its final form of the true religion of Almighty God, Allah, as it was originally revealed to Adam and subsequent prophets.

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May 7, 2011, 4:23am

To the person who asked this article to be unlocked (174.95.70.245), please create a login at http://www.diffen.com/difference/index.php?title=Special:Userlogin&type=signup

This has many advantages: you can edit protected articles (like this one), there is no CAPTCHA when you edit comparison tables, and there are no in-text ads when you view the website. Leave feedback (tab at the top) if you have questions. And thanks for all your great contributions! Are you a student of comparative religion?

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February 22, 2011, 11:44pm

CORRECTION

Muhammad DID NOT WRITE the revelation.

Stop spreding IGNORANCE, cure yourself firsts.

Everyone who wish to know about anything, PLEASE resource to the first hand sources, want to know about ISLAM, ask the Muslims, get the info from Muslim sources. Want to know about CHRISTIANITY, ask the Christians and their sources, makes sense ah...

Peace

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August 22, 2013, 5:25am

Well never Mind all these edited books :) I believe I love you all. No matter what. Lets have faith in us.

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December 30, 2012, 6:55am

Since the Muslims have seen fit to add "PBUH" after Muhammad's name, we might as well add "z"l" (May his/her memory be for a blessing) after our dead folks. - A Jew

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April 28, 2012, 1:36am

you are all going to think im so ridiculous but i have no clue about anything that has to do with this subject ! I actually asked a friend of mine from afghanistan if he was jewish ! Not because im an ass or because i was trying to offend him but because i honestly had no idea! Im so lucky he didnt get angry! I really wish i had paid more attention in school

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April 19, 2012, 11:22pm

Why are so many categories repeated under the "all attributes" page? Being concise leads to clarit

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August 13, 2011, 7:38am

both are respectable reliogens but islam is the perfetct releigon and god says in the koran that the only releigen acceptable to god is islam and we muslim does not differenciate among any prophet becoz god says in koran that we does'nt differenciate among any prophet all are beloved of god. God further says in koran that these jews know about the truth that holly prophet will come and in there scriptures it is stated but thay doesn't accept that bcoz of there creed and hate to the prophet /

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May 7, 2011, 1:16am

Could someone please unlock this article, in order so it can be categorized?

If the editor does not wish to unlock it, could he/she categorize it in 'Religion?' Thank you in advance.

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September 23, 2009, 5:05am

arabs or muslims aren't all the sons of abraham just some of them such as "banu hacheem" family of muhammed "pbuh" was the descendents of abraham "pbuh" it's obvious that the majority of the prophets 'pbut' in the quran are hebrew at least that's what we believe as muslims but the mean problem here is why god would send such prophet as (jesus, john , zachary) "pbut" if hebrews were still in the same straight path that abraham isaac jackob joseph moses david salomon traced for them ?? those three holy prophets are still called names in the jewish society!!! that's ENVY peeps dying with their own poison...
you'll have to be a descendent of jackob or your mum should be jew so you can be a jewish :D waw no wonder why they're always a minority, i am not an arab but i never felt that i am a stranger in the islamic boby doesn't matter what my mum or father is, and i love jesus muhammed moses and the whole prophets may god make me see and be among then in the heresfter Ameeen peace

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September 23, 2009, 5:29am

Status of women: (Strongly affected by cultural traditions. Severely oppressed in some countries)


that's a big LIE we might find some examples for instance yeah it's true but lets go to what islam itssefl says instead of writing your own point of view :) you don't have the right to give your own point of view and say that's islam!!!!! no one has opressed the muslim woman but the american media!!! even worse in the western minds, i am a woman i bear witness that no religion has ever given the woman its rights but islam have a close look in the islamic culture and see how they purify and respect the ladies more then 5000 american women die cause domistic vielence every year we don't have the media cover such as hollywood to spread it around the world but if doesn't change the facts on the ground muslim woman is so dignified :) xxxxxxx

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December 8, 2013, 3:02am

Allah is the one and only god, creator and master of all living things

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