Short Message Service (SMS) & Text Messaging (Texting) are the same thing. It is a means of sending short messages to and from mobile phones. SMS was originally defined as part of the GSM series of standards in 1985 as a means of sending messages of up to 160 characters, to and from GSM mobile handsets. Since then, support for the service has expanded to include alternative mobile standards such as ANSI CDMA networks and AMPS, satellite and landline networks. Most SMS messages are mobile-to-mobile text messages, though the standard supports other types of broadcast messaging as well.

The term SMS is frequently used in a non-technical sense to refer to the text messages themselves, particularly in non-English-speaking European countries where the GSM system is well-established.

Comparison chart

SMS versus Text comparison chart
Edit this comparison chartSMSText
Stands for Short Message Service
Transmission mechanism Message centers are responsible for sending and receiving texts. They also try to re-send messages if they failed in the first try.
Challenges Spoofing and spamming
Size 160 characters
Usage 4.1 trillion SMS text messages were sent generating a revenue of $81 billion (in 2008)
Introduction (from Wikipedia) Text may refer to Texting (Cell Phone)

What Can Be Sent Via SMS/Text

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"SMS vs Text." Diffen LLC, n.d. Web. 27 Apr 2016. < >