UTI vs Yeast Infection

UTI
Yeast Infection

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) and Yeast Infection are two different types of infections that can affect the urinary tract. Men and women are both vulnerable, but they are more common in women. One major difference in the symptoms is the presence of white discharge with an abnormal odor in the case of yeast infection.

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UTI

Yeast Infection

Description Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are infections of any part of urinary tract which includes the urethra, bladder, ureters, or the kidneys Yeast infections affect different parts of the body in different ways. It may affect the mouth, esophagus, vagina, skin, and bloodstream. While comparing with UTI we are talking about vaginitis (vaginal)
Causal Agent Mostly E. coli bacteria, other bacteria, viruses or fungi may rarely be the cause. Fungus called Candida albicans
Risk Factors After sexual activity or when using a diaphragm for birth control, menopause, diabetes, enlarged prostate, congenital urinary tract abnormalities, and inflammation, patients using catheter, after urinary surgery Immunosuppressive drugs, after chemotherapy, diabetes mellitus, pregnancy, while taking oral contraceptives, use of douches or perfumed vaginal hygiene sprays, after sexual intercourse with an infected partner
Symptoms Lower urinary tract infection – (also called simple cystitis), burning with urination and having to urinate frequently. No white discharge Upper urinary tract infection – (also called pyelonephritis), flank pain, fever, or nausea and vomiting Vaginitis-Itching or soreness in the vagina. Pain or burning while urinating. Presence of white discharge with an abnormal odor
Medication Antibiotics like nitrofurantoin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, amoxicillin, Augmentin, doxycycline, and fluoroquinolones. Antifungal drugs like antimycotics or clotrimazole, topical nystatin, fluconazole, and topical ketoconazole.
ICD-10 N39.0 B37
ICD-9 599.0 112
DiseasesDB 13657 1929
MeSH D014552 D002177
MedicinePlus 000521 001511

Contents: UTI vs Yeast Infection

Vagistat, one of the many over the counter medication available to treat yeast infection
Vagistat, one of the many over the counter medication available to treat yeast infection

edit What it means

edit What is UTI or Urinary Tract Infection?

UTI is a bacterial infection that affects part of the urinary tract. When it affects the lower urinary tract it is known as a simple cystitis (a bladder infection) and when it affects the upper urinary tract it is known as pyelonephritis (a kidney infection).

edit What is an Yeast Infection?

Yeast is commonly present on normal human skin and in areas of moisture, such as the mouth and vagina. Our immune system normally keeps the growth and proliferation of yeast in check but when it fails, infection may occur. Yeast infection is also known as candidiasis, candidosis, moniliasis, or oidiomycosis. Commonly found forms include oral thrush and vaginitis. Severe form of Candidiasis is referred to as candidemia and it can occur in pharynx, esophagus and skin.

edit Symptoms

edit UTI Symptoms

The symptoms of UTI can be categorized in two parts: lower and upper urinary tract infections.

The urinary tract

Lower urinary tract infection is also referred to as a bladder infection. Symptoms include:

200px]An agar plate culture of Ecoli (pink colonies) isolated from a 67 year old man with UTI
200px]An agar plate culture of Ecoli (pink colonies) isolated from a 67 year old man with UTI

Upper urinary tract infection or pyelonephritis symptoms include:

If the infection travels to the kidney then symptoms include:

edit Yeast Infection Symptoms

An agar plate culture of the fungus Candida, which causes a yeast infection called Candidiasis
An agar plate culture of the fungus Candida, which causes a yeast infection called Candidiasis

Symptoms of yeast infection in the vagina/penis:

Symptoms of yeast infection in other parts of the body:

edit Who can get it?

UTI and yeast infection are more common in females because of their anatomy, short Urethra.

Yeast Infection is common in:

edit Treatment

edit Treatment for UTI

UTI is treated with nitrofurantoin and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. Commonly used antibiotics include trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, amoxicillin, Augmentin, doxycycline, and fluoroquinolones. Phenazopyridine hydrochloride (Pyridium) may be given to relieve the burning pain and urgent need to urinate.

edit Yeast Infection Treatment

Yeast infection is commonly treated with antimycotics, antifungal drugs like topical clotrimazole, topical nystatin, fluconazole, and topical ketoconazol. For vaginal infection a one-time dose of fluconazole (150-mg tablet taken orally) is very effective. In severe infections amphotericin B, caspofungin, or voriconazole may be used.

edit References

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