While there is a lot of overlap between blockchain and cryptocurrency, there are important differences between them. Cryptocurrencies usually use blockchains as the underlying technology, and the currency or token is an incentive mechanism for the adoption of a particular blockchain.

Comparison chart

Blockchain versus Cryptocurrency comparison chart
Edit this comparison chartBlockchainCryptocurrency
Introduction (from Wikipedia) A blockchain is a distributed ledger with growing lists of records that are securely linked together via cryptographic hashes. Each block contains a cryptographic hash of the previous block, a timestamp, and transaction data. A cryptocurrency, crypto-currency, or crypto is a digital currency designed to work as a medium of exchange through a computer network that is not reliant on any central authority, such as a government or bank, to uphold or maintain it.
Definition A distributed ledger technology that records transactions across multiple computers or nodes. Digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography for security and operates on a blockchain.
Purpose To provide a secure and transparent way of recording and verifying transactions without the need for a central authority. To serve as a medium of exchange, enabling secure and decentralized peer-to-peer transactions.
Technology Consists of a decentralized network of nodes, each maintaining a copy of the blockchain and participating in consensus mechanisms. Utilizes cryptographic techniques to secure transactions and control the creation of new units.
Features Transparency, immutability, decentralization, security, and trustlessness. Portability, divisibility, fungibility, security, and anonymity (depending on the cryptocurrency).
Examples Bitcoin and Ethereum are both cryptocurrencies that have their own blockchain. Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Ripple (XRP), Litecoin (LTC).
Relationship Cryptocurrencies often operate on a blockchain or utilize blockchain technology as a foundational component. Blockchain serves as the underlying technology that powers the storage and verification of cryptocurrency transactions.
Scope Can be used for various applications beyond cryptocurrencies, such as supply chain management, voting systems, and smart contracts. Refers specifically to digital currencies that use cryptography and blockchain technology for secure transactions.
Regulation Regulations and legal frameworks vary across jurisdictions, as blockchain technology has applications beyond cryptocurrencies. Cryptocurrencies are subject to specific regulations in many countries due to their potential impact on financial systems and the risk of misuse.

What is Blockchain?

Blockchain is a distributed database technology that can be used to maintain a secure and publicly visible ledger of transactions. At its core, it is a secure and incorruptible distributed ledger that allows for immutable records of all types of transactions. This technology is used to power such applications as cryptocurrencies, smart contracts, supply chain management, Internet of Things (IoT) networks, and more.

What is a Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency, on the other hand, is an encrypted digital currency that is traded and exchanged on a distributed ledger. Cryptocurrencies are powered by blockchain technology and adhere to certain security protocols. They are not centralized or owned by any one entity, making them highly secure. They can be used as a digital form of payment and are accepted in many places.

What are the differences between blockchain and cryptocurrency?

The main difference between blockchain and cryptocurrency is in their purpose. Blockchain technology is used to facilitate digital transactions on a distributed ledger, while cryptocurrency is the digital currency used as a form of payment in a given network.

Blockchain is the underlying technology that enables cryptocurrency transactions to take place. It is the distributed ledger technology that allows users to securely and immutably record and store data, while cryptocurrency provides the digital currency used to pay for goods and services.

While they are related, they serve different purposes. Blockchain allows for secure digital transactions on a distributed ledger, while cryptocurrency provides the digital currency used as a form of payment. Together, these two technologies are revolutionizing the way we interact with data.

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"Blockchain vs Cryptocurrency." Diffen.com. Diffen LLC, n.d. Web. 24 May 2023. < >