Comparison chart

Cao Dai versus Taoism comparison chart
Edit this comparison chartCao DaiTaoism
Place of worship Temple. Taoist monasteries, temples, shrines.
Place of origin Vietnam China
Founder Ngo Van Chieu. Lao Tzu
Use of statues and pictures Common. Common
Practices Prayer, Veneration of ancestors, Nonviolence, and vegetarianism. Philosophical maturity, virtuous conduct, internal alchemy, and some sexual practices.
Scriptures 1)Prayers of the Heavenly and Earthly Way. 2)The Religious Constitution of Cao Daism. 3)The New Canonical Codes. 4)Compilation of Divine Messages. 5)Sermons of His Holiness, Ho Phap Pham Cong Tac. Daozang, a collection of 1400 texts organized in 3 sections which includes the Tao Te Ching, Zhuang Zi, I Ching, and some others.
Goal of religion To unite all the world religions into one religion. To be one with the Tao.
Literal Meaning God's Palace. To follow the Tao.
Principle All religions should become one world religion. The Tao is the only principle. The rest are its manifestations.
Concept of Deity One God. Being manifestations of the Tao, Gods are seen as higher life forms.
Clergy Priests, etc. Taoist clergies are led by the daoshis, masters of the Tao, and followed by daojiaotus, followers of Taoism who also support the clergy, although it is not common.
Belief of God One God. Ancestors are also worshipped. Tao literally means the Way, which indicates the movement of a dynamic existence that is composed of opposing forces. Taoists do not believe in a personal God.
Time of origin Early part of the 20'Th Century. Approx. 550 B.C.E (Before Common Era)
Geographical distribution and predominance Vietnam, North America. China, Korea, to lesser extent Vietnam and Japan.
View of the Buddha Buddha is one of the religious figures revered in Cao Dai. Some Taoists argue that the Buddha was a student of Lao Tzu, although there is no concrete evidence for it. Most Taoists respect and follow the Buddha's teachings.
View of other Dharmic religions Buddha is counted amongst Cao Dai's religious figures. Taoism has many similarities with Buddhism. Taoists are neutral against other Dharmic religions.
Marriage Between one man and one woman. A social bonding, applicable with clerics as well.
Original Language(s) Vietnamese Old Chinese
Holy days/Official Holidays Hoi Yen Dieo Tri Chinese New Year, 3 Day Festival of the Dead, Ancestor Day.
Confessing sins Not discussed. Sin is not a Taoist concept.
Authority of Dalai Lama N/A. Taoists respect the general Buddhist traditions, but the Dalai Lamas have no special significance to Taoists.

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