Comparison chart

Christianity versus Orthodox Christianity comparison chart
Edit this comparison chartChristianityOrthodox Christianity
Place of worship Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, home bible study, personal dwellings. Church, Chapel, Cathedral, shrine, parish.
Place of origin Roman province of Judea. Palestine, Rome, and Armenia.
Practices Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Baptism: New Birth in the New Covenant with God. Holy Communion: Partaking in the Body and Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ, under the Form of Bread and Wine. Personal prayer and devotion are also entirely a matter of personal preference.
Use of statues and pictures In Catholic & Orthodox Churches. Icons are widely used in Orthodoxy.
Clergy Priests, bishops, ministers, monks, and nuns. Priests, monks, nuns, Bishops, Patriarchs.
Belief of God One God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The Trinity. Believe in God: father son and holy spirit
Life after death Eternity in Heaven or Hell, in some cases temporal Purgatory. Eternal Salvation in Heaven; Eternal Damnation in Hell.
Holy days/Official Holidays The Lord's Day; Advent, Christmas; New Year, Lent, Easter, Pentecost, every day is dedicated to a Saint. Sunday(The Lord's Day), Advent, Christmas and New Years, Lent, Holy Week, Easter, Pentecost, Saints' Feast Days.
About Christianity broadly consists of individuals who believe in the deity Jesus Christ. Its followers, called Christians, often believe Christ is "the Son" of the Holy Trinity and walked the earth as the incarnate form of God ("the Father"). Following the Teachings of Jesus Christ and His Church.
Means of Salvation Through Christ's Passion, Death, and Resurrection. Through the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Our Lord Jesus Christ, and through the Sacraments(or Mysteries).
Marriage A Holy Sacrament. Monogamistic:. "and two shall become one." One man and one woman are united under God in the holy sacrament of Matrimony. In Heaven, marriage does not exist, except for Marriage between God and the soul.
Human Nature Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. By knowing right and wrong Christians choose their actions. Humans are a fallen, broken race in need of salvation and repair by God. All men and women sin, so Christ Died for all our sins.
Founder The Lord Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ, and His Apostles.
Goal of religion To love God and obey his commandments while creating a relationship with Jesus Christ and spreading the Gospel so that others may also be saved. To gain Eternal Salvation.
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed. Affirmed
Literal Meaning Follower Of Christ. Orthodox: Conforming to approved doctrine. Christian: Follower Of Christ.
View of other Dharmic religions N/A Views all non-Abrahamic religions as pagan in worship.
Identity of Jesus The Son Of God. Jesus is the Logos, or eternal Word. He is the Son in the Holy Trinity Who Descended into time to become the man Christ, Jesus. He is both fully God and fully man.
Ressurection of Jesus Affirmed. Affirmed.
God's role in salvation Humans cannot save themselves or ascend on their own to a higher level. Only God is good and therefore only God is able to save a person. Jesus came down from Heaven to save mankind. Salvation is a completely free gift from the Lord and comes by grace alone through Jesus Christ and partaking in the Sacraments(or Mysteries).
Use of Statues Varies by denomination. Not used in Protestant denominations; icons are used in Catholic & Orthodox denominations. Icons are used.
Day of worship Sunday, the Lord's Day. Sunday(the Lord's Day).
Rites Seven sacraments: Baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance, anointing of the sick, holy orders, matrimony (Catholic and Orthodox). Anglicans: Baptism and Eucharist. Other denominations: Baptism and communion. Sacraments(aka 'Mysteries')
Confessing sins Protestants confess straight to God, Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God (Orthodox have similar practice) Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional. God always forgives sins in Jesus. Confesses to pastors, for absolution and for intercession.
Legislation Varies through denomination. The the particular Church diocese.
Scriptures The Holy Bible Holy Bible, a collection of canonical books in two parts(the Old Testament and the New Testament). Orthodox Bibles have more Books in their Old Testament than Protestant or Catholic Bibles.
View of other Abrahamic religions Judaism is regarded as a True religion but incomplete (without Gospel, and Messiah) Islam is regarded as a false religion, Christianity does not accept the Qur'an as true. Judaism is true revelation, but, with incomplete revelation. Islam and Baha'i are wrong, because they follow men who claim to have been greater than the Christ.
Original Languages Aramaic, Common (Koine) Greek, Hebrew. Aramaic, Greek, and Armenian.
View of Animistic religions Paganism is Heathenism. Witchcraft is communication and interaction with demons, fallen evil angelic beings. These have no real interest ultimately, in helping their worshipers. Demonic possession is common. Pagan.
Branches Roman Catholics, independent Catholics, Protestants (Anglicans, Lutherans etc.), Orthodox (Greek orthodox, Russian orthodox). 2 main branches are: Eastern and Oriental. Both break off into further branches, such as Greek(Eastern), Coptic(Oriental), etc.
Offshoot religions Rastafarianism, Universalism, Deism, Masonry and Mormonism. N/A.
Birth of Jesus Virgin Birth, through God. Virgin Birth in Bethlehem.
Death of Jesus Death by crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension to heaven. Will return. Death by Crucifixion.
Promised Holy one. Second Coming of Christ The Lord Jesus is the long-awaited Messiah of Old Testament Prophecy; He Will Come again at the end of time, to Fulfill New Testament Prophecy.
Geographical distribution and predominance As the largest religion in the world, Christianity has adherents are all over the world. As a % of local population, Christians are in a majority in Europe, North and South America, and Australia and New Zealand. Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and the Far East. Many are in North America too.
Resurrection of Jesus Affirmed Affirmed
Belief The Nicene Creed sums up Christian belief in the Holy Trinity. Believe in Christ Jesus, and received Eternal Salvation from Him and His Church.
Holy Days Christmas (celebration of the birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus), Sunday (day of rest), Easter (resurrection of Jesus), Lent (Catholicism), saints' feast days. Sunday(The Lord's Day), Christmas, Holy Week, and Easter, New Year, Pentecost, Saints' Feast Days
Prophets Prophets in the Bible are venerated. Prophets are people Chosen By the Holy Spirit, to reveal His Message to humanity.
Place and Time of origin Jerusalem, approx. 33 AD. Pentecost.
Original Language Aramaic, Greek, and Latin Aramaic, Greek, and Armenian.

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