Comparison chart

Confucianism versus Judaism comparison chart
Edit this comparison chartConfucianismJudaism
Place of worship Temple. Synagogues, Western Wall of the Temple in Jerusalem
Place of origin China The Levant
Practices Visit to temples to pay homage to Ti'en(God or Heaven), Confucius, and ancestors; To practice ('Jing zuo, ') or 'Quiet Sitting Prayers 3 times daily, with a fourth prayer added on Shabbat and holidays. Shacarit prayer in the morning, Mincha in the afternoon, Arvit at night; Musaf is an extra Shabbat service.
Use of statues and pictures Permitted. Ancient times: Not allowed as it is considered Idolatry. Today, great artwork is encouraged. Statues of people are fine, but not as religious icons.
Life after death To be worshipped as ancestors. World to come, Reincarnation (some groups); unifying with God, there are different opinions and beliefs
Founder Kong Qiu (Confucius) Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Moses
Belief of God One God. Ancestors also worshipped, though. One God (monotheism), often called HaShem—Hebrew for 'The Name', or Adonai— 'The Lord'. God is the one True Creator. God has always existed, none existed before him and will exist forever. He transcends life and death.
Clergy Bureaucrats. Ancient times: Hereditary privileged priest class--Kohen and Levi. Present day: Religious functionaries like Rabbis, Cantors, Scribes, Mohels.
Scriptures Analects of Confucius and Mencius; I Ching; Doctrine of Mean, etc. Tanakh (Jewish Bible) , Torah.
Goal of religion To have a structured society. To celebrate LIFE! To fulfill the Covenant with God. Do good deeds. Help repair the world. Love God with all your heart. Strong social justice ethic.
Human Nature Humans should respect those who are superior to them. You must choose good from bad. You are responsible for your actions, not thoughts.
Literal Meaning Disciple of Confucius. A Jew (Hebrew: יְהוּדִי, Yehudi (sl.); יְהוּדִים, Yehudim (pl.); Ladino: ג׳ודיו, Djudio (sl.); ג׳ודיוס, Djudios (pl.); Yiddish: ייִד, Yid (sl.); ייִדן, Yidn (pl.))[1] is a member of the Jewish people/ethnicity.
Followers Confucianists Jews
Holy days/Official Holidays Chinese New Year, Teacher Day, Ancestor Day. Sabbath, Havdalla, Rosh HaShanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Simchat Torah, Chanukah, Tu BiShvat, Purim, Passover, Lag BaOmer, Shavout. Holidays given by God or historical events, Israeli holidays. Holocaust remembrance.
Geographical distribution and predominance Asia. Existing in Israel for 1500 years, but the Romans in 70 AD kicked all Jews out. Jews are dispersed all over the world, at one time present in almost every country. Now the majority live in Israel, USA, Canada, Russia, France, England.
Original Language(s) Mandarin or Cantonese Hebrew. Every word has a 3 letter root word. Yiddish: part Hebrew, part German/East European language. Sephardic: part Hebrew, part Arabic language.
View of the Buddha Buddha is followed by many Confucians. N/A.
Goal of Philosophy Social Harmony. To live a proper and Holy Life. To appreciate Life in every way. To do Good Deeds. To live Ethically. To make choice based on Free Will. Universal Education for every Jew; to study, learn. read and write.
Belief Confucianism is both a religion and a philosophy of China, and of Asia as a whole. It stresses human conduct over belief in God. Jewish central belief is that they have chosen to follow the commandments of the One True God and God will look out for them in return. Every man is equal. Jews believe a Messiah coming and proof will be an end to war and hunger all over the world.
View of other Dharmic religions Confucianists usually follow Buddhism, which is a Dharmic religion. N/A.
Promised Holy one. Coming of the Superior Man or Perfect Gentleman. Belief in the Coming of a Messiah.
Branches Han Confucianism; Neo Confucianism; Contemporary Confucianism; Japanese Confucianism; Korean Confucianism; Vietnamese Confucianism; Boston Confucianism. Religious: Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, Renewel, Reconstruction. Traditions: Sephard, (Spain, Arab countries, Turkey). Ashkenazi: (Europe, Russia). MIzrachi: (Iraq, Persia, India).
Holy days Chinese New Year, Teacher Day, Ancestor Day. Rosh HaShanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Simchat Torah, Chanukah, Tu BiShvat, Passover, Lag BaOmer, Shavout. Sabbath most important—one day a week no work, just peace, joy and prayer.
Offshoot religions Cao Dai. Abrahamic religions -- Christianity and Islam.
Views on other religion Sees no contraction in following more than one religion. Judaism is the chosen faith, however, others are good too, provided that they follow Noahide Laws.
Original Languages Mandarin or Cantonese Hebrew common till 500 BCE, Aramaic and Greek koine till 300 CE. Hebrew always for religious services. Local languages and different extinct and living Jewish languages like Carfati, Yiddish, Ladino, Judesmo etc
Views on the afterlife To be worshipped by one's descendants and their families. Jews beleive in a human Soul, and Orthodox believe in A World To Come and a form of Reincarnation. Differing beliefs accepted. Very little discussion on afterlife. Focus is on time on Earth now.
View of other Oriental religions Usually follows other Oriental religions, especially Taoism. N/A.
Names of God Ti'en, Shang Ti. HaShem, Adonai,
Virtue(s) in which religion is based upon Respect Justice; strict adherence to God's law. Reading the Holy Books, and following the Commandments.
Use of statues, images Permitted. Forbidden
Principle Confucianism is all about the brotherhood of humanity. By accepting the covenant, they choose to follow God's commandments. A unique ethnicity. Early monotheists.
Status of women Socially inferior to men. Equal to men in eyes of God and in the Law (Halakha). Woman traditionally have been granted more equal rights than most other world cultures. Today, traditions among the Orthodox and the Reform movements differ greatly.
Time of origin Approx. 550 B.C.E.(Before Common Era) c 1300 BC
Views on Other Religions Confucianists see no contradiction in following more than one religion. All people should obey 7 (Noahide) Commandments, a set of very basic moral laws. Non-Jews should follow their religion, and let Jewish people follow Judaism.
Concept of Deity Most believe in One God. Belief in one God and teachings of the tradition, prophets and rabbis.
Concept of God One God. One God
Can atheists partake in this religion's practices? Yes. Yes.
View of Oriental religions Confucianists usually follow other Oriental religions too. Jews accept others can have different religions. Jews must obey the law of the land, if ethical.

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