The United Kingdom consists of Great Britain (which, in turn, consists of England, Scotland and Wales), northeast part of the island of Ireland and many small islands. So the difference between England and the United Kingdom is that England is a part of the United Kingdom.

In the early 18th century, Scotland signed an Act of Union with England to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain. Scotland is getting ready to hold a referendum on whether they want to become an independent nation and secede from the UK.[1]


Comparison chart

England versus United Kingdom comparison chart
Edit this comparison chartEnglandUnited Kingdom
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EnglandUnited Kingdom
Introduction (from Wikipedia) England is a country, which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population, whilst its mainland territory occupies most of the southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK, or Britain) is a country that comprises the island of Great Britain, the northeast part of the island of Ireland and many small islands.
Government Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy
Capital London London
Population 50.7 million 65,648,000 (22nd)
Demonym English British, Britons
Monarch Queen Elizabeth II Queen Elizabeth II
Currency Pound sterling (£) (GBP) Pound sterling (£) (GBP)
Languages English English, Scottish, Irish
Upper House House of Lords House of Lords
Lower House House of Commons House of Commons
GDP (nominal) : Per capita $44,000 $40,096 (19th)
Current constitution No formal constitution No formal constitution
Official language(s) English English
GDP (PPP) : Total $1.9 trillion $2.79 trillion (9th)
GDP (nominal) : Total $2.2 trillion $2.63 trillion (5th)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0) Greenwich Mean Time (UTC⁠)
GDP (PPP) : Per capita $38,000 $42,514 (25th)
Calling code +44 +44
Internet TLD .uk .uk
Time zone : Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1) GMT (UTC+00:00)
Drives on the Left Left
Muslim population (%) 4.5 2.8%
Formation 1066 (Officially marks the start of Norman ruled England after the conquests of William I) A treaty between England and Scotland resulted in 1707 in a unified Kingdom of Great Britain, which merged in 1801 with the Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922
Official Name England The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK)
Date formats dd/mm/yyyy (AD or CE) DD/MM/YYYY
Literacy rate 99% 99%
Preceded by Anglo-Saxon England (Pre-Norman England) The British Empire
EU accession 1 January 1973 1 January 1973
Formation : Finalised 1066 1 January 1801
Army yes, British Army British Army
Navy yes, Royal Navy Royal Navy
Flag St. George's Cross The Union Jack
Christian population (%) 59.5% 59.5%
Air Force yes, Royal Air Force Royal Air Force
Hindu population (%) 1.5% 1.5%
Religions Christianity, Islam, Other Christianity, Islam, Other
General political conditions A democratic nation (part of UK) with a parliamentary monarchy as the government. It is an independent 'nation of nations', a constitutional monarchy
Special Forces yes, UKSF UKSF
Intelligence Agencies Secret Intelligence Service or SIS Secret Intelligence Service or SIS
Description of Flag St. George's Cross. The Cross of Saint Andrew counterchanged with the Cross of Saint Patrick, over all the Cross of Saint George.
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (AD or CE) dd/mm/yyyy (AD or CE)
Department of defense yes, Ministry of Defense Ministry of Defense
Largest city (pop) London London
ISO 3166 code GB-ENG GBR
International abbreviation GB GB
Space Organisation UK Space Agency UK Space Agency
Formation : Declared 1066 1801
Flag Colors Red, white Red, white, blue
Current Leader Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Head of State); David Cameron (Head of Government) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Head of State); Theresa May (Head of Government)
Formation: 1066 1707 (Acts of Union 1707); 1801 (Acts of Union 1800); 1922 (Anglo-Irish Treaty)
Life expectancy 73 years and 6 months 80.1 years
Recognized regional languages Welsh, Scottish, Irish, Polish Welsh, Scottish, Irish, Polish
Measurement system Imperial/Metric Imperial/Metric

References

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