Judaism and Christianity are both Abrahamic religions. The orthodox adherents of both Christianity and Judaism follow certain practices and hold some beliefs that distinguish them from each other and from other members of their faith.

Comparison chart

Orthodox Christianity versus Orthodox Judaism comparison chart
Edit this comparison chartOrthodox ChristianityOrthodox Judaism
Practices Baptism: New Birth in the New Covenant with God. Holy Communion: Partaking in the Body and Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ, under the Form of Bread and Wine. Personal prayer and devotion are also entirely a matter of personal preference. Circumcision, Bar Mitzvah, Marriage, Death and Mourning, (Kippah, Tefillin, Tallit, Keeping Kosher, 613 Mitzvots, lunar and solar calendar, Sabbath, Kiddish, Challah bread, 10 comment's
Clergy Priests, monks, nuns, Bishops, Patriarchs. Rebbes, Rabbis, Mohels, Cantors.
Place of worship Church, Chapel, Cathedral, shrine, parish. Synagogue, Shul, Temple
Place of origin Palestine, Rome, and Armenia. The Middle East
Use of statues and pictures Icons are widely used in Orthodoxy. Forbidden.
God's role in salvation Salvation is a completely free gift from the Lord and comes by grace alone through Jesus Christ and partaking in the Sacraments(or Mysteries). Jews and righteous Gentiles will receive salvation in olam ha-bah. through prayer, repentance, and good deeds.
Scriptures Holy Bible, a collection of canonical books in two parts(the Old Testament and the New Testament). Orthodox Bibles have more Books in their Old Testament than Protestant or Catholic Bibles. The Torah.
Means of Salvation Through the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Our Lord Jesus Christ, and through the Sacraments(or Mysteries). Based on 3 elements repentance - "teshuva, " good deeds resulting from repentance - "tzedakah and mitzvot" and a life of devotion - "kavanah and tefilah." Judaism denies the need for individual and personal salvation, it acknowledges the need for for
Marriage Monogamistic:. "and two shall become one." One man and one woman are united under God in the holy sacrament of Matrimony. In Heaven, marriage does not exist, except for Marriage between God and the soul. Monogamistic. Marriage is understood to mean that the husband and wife are merging into a single soul. This is why a man is considered "incomplete" if he is not married, as his soul is only one part of a larger whole that remains to be unified.
Goal of religion To gain Eternal Salvation. To fulfill the Covenant with God
Confessing sins Confesses to pastors, for absolution and for intercession. Process of atonement during which a Jew admits to committing a sin before God.The confession of a sin does not bring immediate forgiveness they will have have to prove they have learnt their lesson through their actions.
Holy days/Official Holidays Sunday(The Lord's Day), Advent, Christmas and New Years, Lent, Holy Week, Easter, Pentecost, Saints' Feast Days. Saturday is the Sabbath, Rosh Hashannah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Passover, Shavout, Purim, Chanakkah,
Use of Statues Icons are used. Forbidden.
Founder Jesus Christ, and His Apostles. Abraham and Moses.
Belief of God Believe in God: father son and holy spirit There is one God
Literal Meaning Orthodox: Conforming to approved doctrine. Christian: Follower Of Christ. Orthodox: Conforming to the traditional Laws. Jewish: Descendant of Judah.
Belief of God One True God in 3 Divine Persons: The Father, the Son(the Lord Jesus), and the Holy Spirit. One God.
Offshoot religions N/A. Christianity, Islam.
Life after death Eternal Salvation in Heaven; Eternal Damnation in Hell. There are 7 Heavens. The better you are during life the higher you go. Do not believe in Hell.
Belief Believe in Christ Jesus, and received Eternal Salvation from Him and His Church. Prayer is to be directed to God alone and to no other. The words of the prophets are true. The Written Torah. The Messiah will come.
Birth of Jesus Virgin Birth in Bethlehem. Normal Birth.
About Following the Teachings of Jesus Christ and His Church. Obeying God's Commandments and spreading God's message.
Geographical distribution and predominance Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and the Far East. Many are in North America too. Israel, Europe, and North America
View of other Abrahamic religions Judaism is true revelation, but, with incomplete revelation. Islam and Baha'i are wrong, because they follow men who claim to have been greater than the Christ. Judaism does not believe that Jesus was the Messiah; It does not recognize Prophets from the descendants of Ismael, or the children of Ketura.
Death of Jesus Death by Crucifixion. Death by Crucifixion.
Identity of Jesus Jesus is the Logos, or eternal Word. He is the Son in the Holy Trinity Who Descended into time to become the man Christ, Jesus. He is both fully God and fully man. he was an ordinary Jewish man and preacher living during the Roman occupation of the Holy Land in the first century C.E. The Romans executed him - and also executed many other nationalistic and religious Jews - for speaking out against the Romans
Rites Sacraments(aka 'Mysteries') Mitzvahs
Holy Days Sunday(The Lord's Day), Christmas, Holy Week, and Easter, New Year, Pentecost, Saints' Feast Days Saturday(Sabbath), all Jewish Holidays.
Original Languages Aramaic, Greek, and Armenian. Hebrew.
Branches 2 main branches are: Eastern and Oriental. Both break off into further branches, such as Greek(Eastern), Coptic(Oriental), etc. Haredim, Chassidim, Modern Orthodox etc.
View of Animistic religions Pagan. Gentile.
Ressurection of Jesus Affirmed. Denied.
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed Denied.
Resurrection of Jesus Affirmed Denied.
Promised Holy one. The Lord Jesus is the long-awaited Messiah of Old Testament Prophecy; He Will Come again at the end of time, to Fulfill New Testament Prophecy. Jews await the Messiah.
View of other Dharmic religions Views all non-Abrahamic religions as pagan in worship. Gentile.
Day of worship Sunday(the Lord's Day). Saturday is the Sabbath.
Original Language Aramaic, Greek, and Armenian. Hebrew, Aramaic, Yiddish.
Place and Time of origin Pentecost. Around 1943 BCE, city in Babylonia, named Ur of the Chaldees
Prophets Prophets are people Chosen By the Holy Spirit, to reveal His Message to humanity. 7 female and 46 males. spokesperson for G-d, a person chosen by G-d to speak to people on G-d's behalf and convey a message or teaching.
Concept of Deity One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. One God.
Status of women Women may become nuns. Women are born more holier then men. Naturally women are born more spiritual people so they do not have to do a lot of the things men do to try and connect with G-D
Geographical predominance Eastern Europe, Middle East, Far East, and North America. Europe, Israel, and North America.
Three Jewels Christ, Grace and Virtue People, Land, and Torah.
View of Abrahamic religions Judaism is complete without the Messiah; Both Islam and Baha'i are wrong to believe in men that are greater than the Messiah. Judaism believes that Christianity and Islam exist in order to spread monotheism and bring about the prophecy in Zechariah "All the world will worship one God and his name will be One."
Status of Adam Adam was the first man Created By God. He disobeyed God, and sin entered into the world. Adom means man in Hebrew. Jews believe Adam was the first human being and the progenitor of the human race.
Virtue in which religion is based upon Love. Justice.
Angels Angels are God's messengers. Angels are God's messengers.
Concept of God One God: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. 1 God.
Clothes Encouraged to dress conservatively; Clergy dress in robes. Men wear hats or yarmulkasl Long coats, etc; Women wear long skirts and either scarves or wigs.
Time of origin Pentecost. Around 1943 BCE, city in Babylonia, named Ur of the Chaldees
Principle Because our first parents sinned, all human beings sin. So Christ Came down from Heaven to Save us all from our sins. Do not do to others as what you would not done to you. Love your fellow person as much as you love your self
View of Oriental religions N/A. N/A.

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