Andragogy vs. Pedagogy

Andragogy
Pedagogy

Today, pedagogy refers to the theories and methods used in teaching. However, in the past, pedagogy referred specifically to the methods used to educate children. Andragogy was coined to focus on the practices used to teach adults.

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Andragogy

Pedagogy

Definition The methods and practices used in teaching adults. The methods and practices used in teaching, especially of children.
Focus On independent, self-directed, and/or cooperative learning among adults. On a teacher's methods of transferring knowledge to a student, who is dependent on the teacher's methods and understanding.
Authority Adults have control over much of their learning experience and must be motivated to learn. Can often seek out new or different learning experience, at will. Teacher controls the learning experience for children, and much of what is taught is based on rigid curricula.
Importance of Grades May be very low High

edit Teaching Focus

In the traditional sense of the word, pedagogy is authority-focused, "top-down," in that a teacher has complete or nearly complete control over a child's learning experience. The teaching methods employed in pedagogy are very much about transferring foundational knowledge, not about critical discourse. It is a formal process, and usually grades are involved as a means of documenting children's progress.

Meanwhile, andragogy is focused on the learning experience of adults and which methods work best in adult education. It is much more self-directed, in that adults must often set their own schedules for learning and be motivated to commit to study or practice. Adult education is also often cooperative, in that adults tend to work together and review each other's work and understanding of a subject. In many adult education courses — for example, a cooking or art class — learning is somewhat informal, and grades may not be important or may be absent altogether.

edit Pedagogy and Andragogy Origins

The word "pedagogy" is much older than the word "andragogy." Pedagogy, as a word, first appeared in the mid- to late-1500s, in Middle French, and has roots in Latin and Greek. It literally meant "to guide or teach a child."[1] Today, it often simply refers to the art of teaching.[2]

Andragogy, which refers to "methods or techniques used to teach adults," is a newer word that was coined in the 1800s by Alexander Knapp, a German educator, and popularized in the 1960s by Malcolm Knowles, an American educator whose focus was on adult education.

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Comments: Andragogy vs Pedagogy

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Anonymous comments (1)

January 31, 2013, 2:54pm

Andragogy is adult learning. For example, adults who go to college for a specific degree of their interest (willingly).
Pedagogy refers to mostly all the learning of a child that came beyond choice (k-12) or required learning. This type of learning was less respected than Andragogy for the most part because the child had no concept of *reason* or purpose to their learning. Usually in Andragogy the learner is more involved and interested to a whole new level because their area of choice has reason and purpose behind it which drives their personal life into their learning making this type of learning more memorable, respected, and successful.

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