Plant Cell vs. Animal Cell

Animal Cell
Plant Cell

Plant and animal cells have several differences and similarities. For example, animal cells do not have a cell wall or chloroplasts but plant cells do. Animal cells are round and irregular in shape while plant cells have fixed, rectangular shapes.

Comparison chart

Animal Cell

Plant Cell

Cell wall Absent Present (formed of cellulose)
Shape Round (irregular shape) Rectangular (fixed shape)
Vacuole One or more small vacuoles (much smaller than plant cells). One, large central vacuole taking up 90% of cell volume.
Centrioles Present in all animal cells Only present in lower plant forms.
Chloroplast Animal cells don't have chloroplasts. Plant cells have chloroplasts because they make their own food.
Cytoplasm Present Present
Endoplasmic Reticulum (Smooth and Rough) Present Present
Ribosomes Present Present
Mitochondria Present Present
Plastids Absent Present
Golgi Apparatus Present Present
Plasma Membrane Only cell membrane Cell wall and a cell membrane
Microtubules/ Microfilaments Present Present
Flagella May be found in some cells May be found in some cells
Lysosomes Lysosomes occur in cytoplasm. Lysosomes usually not evident.
Nucleus Present Present
Cilia Present It is very rare.

Contents: Plant Cell vs Animal Cell

Chloroplasts

Plant cells have chloroplast for photosynthesis whereas animal cells do not have chloroplasts.

Shape

Vacuoles

Shape and size of vacuoles

Animal cells have one or more small vacuoles whereas plant cells have one large central vacuole that can take up to 90% of cell volume.

Difference in function of vacuoles

In plant cells, the function of vacuoles is to store water and maintain turgidity of the cell. Vacuoles in animal cells store water, ions and waste.

Pictures of plant and animal cells

Structure of a Typical Plant Cell (click to enlarge)
Structure of a Typical Plant Cell (click to enlarge)
Structure of a Typical Animal Cell (click to enlarge)
Structure of a Typical Animal Cell (click to enlarge)

Video comparing plant and animal cells

This video summarizes the differences between animal and plant cells:

Types of plant cells

This is a picture of the various types of plant cells, including xylem, phloem, sclerenchyma and collenchyma.
This is a picture of the various types of plant cells, including xylem, phloem, sclerenchyma and collenchyma.

References

Share this comparison:

If you read this far, you should follow us on:

"Plant Cell vs Animal Cell." Diffen.com. Diffen LLC, n.d. Web. 1 Sep 2014. < http://www.diffen.com/difference/Animal_Cell_vs_Plant_Cell >

Stay informed Related Comparisons
Follow Diffen
Make Diffen Smarter.

Log in to edit comparisons or create new comparisons in your area of expertise!

Sign up »
Top 5 Comparisons Recently Compared

Comments: Animal Cell vs Plant Cell

Comments via Facebook

Anonymous comments (40)

August 30, 2013, 6:22pm

Who doesn't like Biology? I know I love Biology!

thank you for the great help!

— 72.✗.✗.229
6

April 12, 2012, 10:09am

wohooooo....i like it....

— 106.✗.✗.23
5

September 8, 2010, 5:12am

great work helped SOOOOOO much ...thanx a million

— 69.✗.✗.227
5

July 6, 2010, 9:14am

Thanks man Great work real friend.

— 202.✗.✗.220
5

July 28, 2010, 2:42pm

its useful

— 121.✗.✗.249
4

June 11, 2013, 11:44am

Thanks! It helped me a lot! :D

— 124.✗.✗.207
3

June 19, 2012, 3:55pm

Thank You very much!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

— 115.✗.✗.83
3

June 24, 2010, 2:43am

thank you so much buddy!!!! this will be very helpful in my assignment... thanks a lot God Bless

— 121.✗.✗.148
3

April 1, 2010, 1:11am

it really helped me for my science project!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

— 72.✗.✗.1
3

January 10, 2010, 6:01pm

soooooooooooooo helpful for ny science essay about similarities and differences in cell function between each type of cell.

— 32.✗.✗.37
3

July 19, 2010, 12:33pm

nice work!!!! i learned more about cells _kenzi_

— 121.✗.✗.55
2

June 30, 2010, 7:33pm

this is a very good web paga , thank you so much

— 209.✗.✗.12
2

June 21, 2010, 1:55pm

THANKS ALOT ..BUDDYY..

— 212.✗.✗.200
2

July 17, 2010, 11:57am

Thanks a lot this is realy usefull!

— 182.✗.✗.81
1

June 17, 2010, 11:46am

who ever posted this...thanks a lot. God bless you. don't worry I used proper citations for me not to commit plagiarism. Coz i'm also a writer myself thus i know how to respect other people's work.

— 122.✗.✗.145
1

June 16, 2010, 11:23am

TY! helped a lot for my assignment on cells...........Love Ya!!!:)

— 112.✗.✗.79
1

February 19, 2010, 7:52pm

thanks alot it helped me on my science class work

— 165.✗.✗.140
1

January 11, 2010, 5:09pm

thanx for da help 2day reeaaaallllyyyyy helpful!!!!!!! from green bay--- Antonio Alexander

— 70.✗.✗.121
1

January 5, 2010, 5:15am

thank you guys .. .. keep it up !! hope that the bacterial cell is also there :)
very very very super super HELPFUL

— 202.✗.✗.133
1

January 4, 2010, 10:19pm

its great!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

— 24.✗.✗.140
1

March 25, 2012, 5:13pm

i loved it thx!!

— 108.✗.✗.73
0

May 31, 2010, 7:24pm

u guys rule!!

— 76.✗.✗.200
0

May 19, 2010, 10:04pm

thanks!!!

— 75.✗.✗.8
0

May 9, 2010, 4:57am

helped in my venn-diagram....very handy!!!!!

— 115.✗.✗.20
0

April 27, 2010, 4:44pm

It helped on my science project, and got a good grade

— 168.✗.✗.220
0

April 25, 2010, 6:59pm

Thank you very much this helped me do my biology prep. Love Tess ( Year 9 )

— 93.✗.✗.210
0

April 20, 2010, 1:00pm

Thanks helped alot sitting in ISA doing alot of science work! THANK YOU! :):)

— 208.✗.✗.90
0

April 20, 2010, 12:59pm

Thank you so much! :)

— 208.✗.✗.90
0

April 16, 2010, 12:39am

thank you for the information......it helps a lot!!!!!!!!

— 121.✗.✗.131
0

April 14, 2010, 11:20am

ohh thank you it help me a lot in my summer class biology lesson

— 115.✗.✗.13
0

March 23, 2010, 11:51pm

thx that helped me on my essay for plant and animal cells!

— 99.✗.✗.166
0

February 17, 2010, 2:12pm

helped me a lot seriously!!!!!

— 115.✗.✗.163
0

February 15, 2010, 9:43pm

This helped me a lot for my science fair project! Thanks for the help!

— 74.✗.✗.50
0

February 14, 2010, 12:18pm

that great! it show a lot about cell

— 113.✗.✗.25
0

February 14, 2010, 12:17pm

it is helpful for my biology lesson

— 113.✗.✗.25
0

February 8, 2010, 2:49am

thanks for helping me by preparing my assingment

— 116.✗.✗.67
0

February 4, 2010, 9:01pm

this website is great

— 169.✗.✗.176
0

January 22, 2010, 3:54am

it was 4 my biology homework i am so glad i chose this link becuz i wood have serchin
all night and its funny becuz i remember saying this stuff even thow i was sleep the hole time

* i no i got an A *
*but thank so much*

— 24.✗.✗.216
0

January 18, 2010, 8:33pm

very, very helpful. thanks so much. from new jersey...alexa =]

— 76.✗.✗.251
0

January 12, 2010, 6:54pm

this is so confurrrrzing... D:

— 150.✗.✗.210
0

share

Up next

Cross Pollination vs. Self Pollination