Anime vs. Cartoon


Japanese anime is different from cartoons. While both are caricatures that may be animated, anime usually has visually distinct features for characters, and a more "limited animation" style for depicting movement.

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Visual characteristics Distinct facial expressions. Wide variation in physical characteristics. Physical features of characters are, on the whole, closer to reality than cartoons. Larger eyes and smaller mouths make for a cuter style. Characters usually have features that are not relative to the rest of the body and therefore further from reality than anime.
Definition and Term English dictionaries define the word as ‘Japanese style of motion picture animation’. A cartoon was used as a model or study for a painting but is now associated with caricatures for humor and satire.
Topics / Themes Anime concentrates mostly on life issues or things tied closer to human emotion and has more violent and sexual themes. Cartoons are generally made to make people laugh and so are more comical.

Contents: Anime vs Cartoon

edit Differences in Visual Characteristics

Anime illustrations are known to be exaggerated as far as physical features are concerned. Usually, one can differentiate anime from a cartoon by observing the physical traits of the characters. Anime characters include "large eyes, big hair and elongated limbs" and — in the case of manga (anime comics) — "dramatically shaped speech bubbles, speed lines and onomatopoeic, exclamatory typography."[1]


Cartoons, however, approximate reality a little more and carry traces of day-to-day life in them. Striking resemblances to humans can be spotted in various cartoons. However, cartoon characters are still caricatures, so they often diverge from reality (e.g., Marge Simpson's large, blue hair or Brian, the talking dog, on Family Guy).

edit Facial Expressions

Facial expressions for anime characters are often different in form than their counterparts in western animation. For example, Embarrassed or stressed characters produce a massive sweat-drop (which has become one of the most widely recognized motifs of conventional anime). Characters that are shocked or surprised perform a "face fault", in which they display an extremely exaggerated expression. Angry characters may exhibit a "vein" or "stress mark" effect, where lines representing bulging veins will appear on their forehead. Angry women will sometimes summon a mallet from nowhere and strike another character with it, mainly for comic relief. Male characters will develop a bloody nose around their female love interests, typically to indicate arousal. Characters who want to childishly taunt someone may pull an "akanbe" face by pulling an eyelid down with a finger to expose the red underside.

edit Anime vs Cartoon Animation Techniques

Anime and cartoons both use traditional animation production processes of storyboarding, voice acting, character design and cel production.

Anime is often considered a form of limited animation i.e. common parts are re-used between frames instead of drawing each frame. This fools the eye into thinking there is more movement than there is, and lowers production costs becase fewer frames need to be drawn.

Anime scenes place an emphasis on achieving three-dimensional views. Backgrounds depict the scenes' atmosphere. For example, anime often puts emphasis on changing seasons, as can be seen in numerous anime, such as Tenchi Muyo!.

edit Anime vs. Cartoon Videos

In the video below, an anime fan discusses the similarities and differences between cartoons and anime, with a focus on the differences between story arcs.

edit Subject Matter

Cartoons are usually intended to induce laughter; thus revolve around humorous concepts. There are some cartoons in the market that are educational in nature whilst retaining their amusing qualities that are generally targeted towards toddlers and kids.

Anime movies don't always follow a general concept. Their stories can range from pirate attacks to humorous adventures to tales of samurai. The majority of anime movies and shows differentiate themselves from their American counterparts by creating a plot that stays in place through out the entire series, showing viewers morals and a certain level of complexity. In short, Anime is aimed at people with longer attention spans who like to see a plot unravel over multiple episodes.

edit Examples

Death Note, Bleach and One Piece are examples of famous anime shows. Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, Bugs Bunny and Superman are examples of cartoons.

edit History

The first cartoon is said to have been produced in 1499. It depicted the pope, the holy roman emperor and the kings of France and England playing a game of cards. Since then, many humorists and satirists have been known to produce cartoon strips for the general audience. Even today, one can find archives of old cartoon strips and newly published cartoon on the web.

Anime has a very recent history as compared to a cartoon. In 1937 the United States of America was introduced to Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs though the first anime (full length feature) to be released was Momotaro's Divine Sea Warriors’ in Japan in 1945. Since then, there has been no looking back and with each passing year, anime has become a profitable venture for many TV & film producers.

edit Terminology

While "anime" in Japan refers to all animated productions, English dictionaries define the word as Japanese style of motion picture animation. The word anime is said to have been derived from the French term dessin animé while others claim that it was used as an abbreviation during the late 1970s. The word "Japanimation" was also in vogue in the 70s and 80s and referred to anime produced in Japan.

Cartoon, on the other hand, was initially used as a model or study for a painting. Derived from the word "karton" meaning strong or heavy paper, these were depicted by great artists like Leonardo da Vinci and gained appreciation in their own right. Over the turn of the centuries, the term cartoon was distanced from its original meaning and used excessively to define a humor picture with a caption or a dialogue.

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Comments: Anime vs Cartoon

Anonymous comments (12)

March 28, 2014, 10:19am

Anime is much more better than cartoons..

— 118.✗.✗.207

June 8, 2013, 5:50am

Anime is not cartoon, if I ever hear someone say that I will yell at them,

Cartoons are usually for children

While most anime is not for them, I don't recall any cartoons with blood and gore, zombies, body parts flying off etc

— 58.✗.✗.181

August 19, 2012, 5:20pm

well in addition anime has an epic Japanese openings and endings with a deep meaning unlike the cartoons

— 222.✗.✗.50

October 9, 2013, 2:30pm

I love cartoons because it teach me one thing important: Changing my mind, and after i change my mind, i choose to prefer anime instead.

— 36.✗.✗.35

April 21, 2014, 3:43pm

I like both anime and cartoons equally!

— 142.✗.✗.96

November 20, 2012, 1:03am

I have to say I am a fan of both anime an western cartoons. Don't get me wrong I mean who dosen't like fun characters with tons of personality. However, I prefer anime because it tends to be more deep in meaning and is geared towards a more mature audience and as well as children.

— 98.✗.✗.175

February 16, 2012, 5:58pm

There are some differences between anime and cartoons. I watched anime and cartoon, but I mostly prefer anime because it's more fun than cartoons.

— 205.✗.✗.135

May 28, 2013, 4:23pm

I think Anime is far more better than cartoon(Honestly I watched both of them) but the storyline, graphics, and plot is a real difference between them. for the cartoon pros, I suggest to watch anime before arguing that anime is all about blood, gore, sex etc. not all anime are made like that. Honestly, they are cartoons that have subliminal messages, try to check that :)

— 120.✗.✗.96

December 27, 2012, 4:02pm

@180.✗.✗.29 on 2012-12-12 09:53:44 what i does believe in is the watchers of sex and the city ldeserve to burn in hell,so lets just call it a tie

— 180.✗.✗.222

November 20, 2012, 8:48pm

It's important to note that cartoon means here doesn't mean animation movies in general but the american (occiental) genre of animation movies.

Here, we're comparing japanese animation movies v.s occidental animation movies.

— 76.✗.✗.92

November 8, 2012, 5:15am

Weeaboos absolutely everywhere...

— 128.✗.✗.19

October 15, 2013, 11:51pm

Japanese Anime tends to be more Original than American Cartoons

— 97.✗.✗.151


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