Running and jogging are forms of aerobic exercises. Both these aerobic exercises help the body to lose weight and make general improvements in ones health. Jogging requires more muscle than walking and can be done by anyone, where as running requires more effort than jogging. It is more intense than jogging. Running speed is affected by stride length and frequency as well as total body fitness.
History of Jogging and running
Jogging simply put is running in a leisurely manner that mainly aims towards body fitness. Jogging is also known as roadwork. Jogging was invented in Europe, in the middle of 17th century. Then in New Zealand, the word jogging was promoted by Coach Arthur Lydiard. University of Oregon track coach Bill Bowerman, adopted the concept of jogging as exercise to the United States in 1962.
Running is defined as the fastest means to move on foot. It is an intense form of jogging and requires the runner to be athletic. Running as a form of physical exercise or sport evolved from jogging.
Jogging and running both help the body shed calories and so eventually help to reduce weight. At the same time, they help to strengthen leg muscles, abdominal muscles, and the cardiovascular system. Jogging prevents muscle and bone loss that often occurs with age. Both jogging and running benefit the human body as a whole.
Running helps to reduce the risk of stroke and breast cancer. Regular running has become a treatment option for doctors to prescribe to patients who are at a high risk or early stages of osteoporosis, diabetes, and hypertension. It reduces the risk of heart attacks, by strengthening the heart and lowering blood pressure. Running also helps maintain and improve general health. It raises HDL or "good “cholesterol reduces the risk of blood clots and encourages use of the 50% of the lungs that usually go unused. It also helps to increase the concentration of lymphocytes i.e. white blood cell.
However, the phrase "everything in moderation" may hold true for running as well. In some studies, such as the one discussed in the video below, frequent, prolonged running sessions — i.e., over-exercising — have been correlated with an increased chance of early death similar to what is seen among sedentary individuals. For this reason, some doctors recommend jogging over running.
In jogging, the speed is generally considered to be less than 9MPH, while in running, the speed is normally more than 9MPH.
Due to high impact nature, activities like running and hiking can be more injurious than jogging or walking. Common injuries include "runner's knee" (pain in the knee), shin splints, pulled muscles (especially the hamstring), "jogger's nipple" (irritation of the nipple due to friction), twisted ankles. Most of the injuries can be prevented if proper form of running or jogging can be practiced. These injuries mainly occur due to lack of concentration while running and wrong movement of feet.