Hurricane vs. Typhoon


A cyclone is any mass of air that spirals around a low pressure center. It is an organized collection of thunderstorms embedded in a swirling mass of air. In general, both typhoons and hurricanes are tropical cyclones but differ in their locations. The difference between hurricane and typhoon is that tropical cyclones in the west Pacific are called Typhoons and those in the Atlantic and east Pacific Ocean are called Hurricanes. It's the longitude that matters.

To help the people whose lives have been shattered by Typhoon Haiyan, please donate to Red Cross or UNICEF.

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About A hurricane is a cyclone that is located in the North Atlantic Ocean, or the NE Pacific Ocean east of the International Date Line, or the South Pacific Ocean east of 160E, and with sustained winds that reach or exceed 74 mph. Tropical cyclones in the Northwest Pacific Ocean west of the International Date Line with sustained winds of (or those that exceed) 74 mph are typhoons.
Rotation Clockwise in the southern hemisphere and counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere Clockwise in the southern hemisphere and counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere
Intensity Hurricanes are classified into five categories according to the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. The wind speed and intensity of damage increases as from category 1 to category 5. Typhoons are generally very strong because of the Pacific’s warm water, and therefore are more frequent. They are also classified on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale, but can also be classified on the Japan Meteorological Agency typhoon scal
Location North Atlantic Ocean, the Northeast Pacific Ocean east of the International Date Line, or the South Pacific Ocean east of 160E. Hurricanes are found near the tropical zone, over warm waters in the Atlantic and Pacific ocean. Northwest Pacific Ocean west of the International Date Line
Most affected areas Caribbean Sea South East Asia, China Sea etc.
Frequency 10-15 per year 25-30 per year
Occurrence Usually warm areas Usually warm areas
Characteristics Heavy winds, floods, storm surge, a lot of rain, tornadoes Heavy winds, floods, storm surge, a lot of rain, tornadoes
Forms of precipitation Rain Rain

Contents: Hurricane vs Typhoon

Hurricane Irene as seen from space
Hurricane Irene as seen from space

Speed of a Typhoon vs. Hurricane

A tropical cyclone is one in which the maximum sustained surface wind (using the U.S. 1-minute average) is generally 64 kt (74 mph or 119 km/hr) or more.

Differences in Location

The term hurricane is used for Northern Hemisphere tropical cyclones east of the International Date Lineto the Greenwich Meridian. The term typhoon is used for Pacific tropical cyclones north of the Equator west of the International Date Line i.e. between 100E and 180E in the northern hemisphere.

Hurricane Isaac as seen from a NASA satellite on August 28, 2012.
Hurricane Isaac as seen from a NASA satellite on August 28, 2012.

Differences in Intensity

Typhoons are generally stronger than hurricanes. This is because of warmer water in the western Pacific which creates better conditions for development of a storm. This unlimited amount of warm water also makes for increased frequency of typhoons. Even the wind intensity in a typhoon is stronger than that of a hurricane but they cause comparatively lesser loss due to their location. However, both use the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale for classification.

Direction of Rotation

Some reports also suggest that typhoons can only be counterclockwise ("anti-clockwise" in British English) while hurricanes can be both anti-clockwise and clockwise.

Areas where hurricanes and typhoons occur

Figures suggest the most common area for a Hurricane to occur is the Caribbean Sea while typhoons have a frequent occurrence off the coast of South East Asia.

Names of hurricanes and typhoons

Some commonly occurring hurricanes and typhoons have been named to categorize them. The names of Hurricanes are given each year. A few hurricanes named in the Atlantic in 2007 are Andrea, Barry and Dean. Some Typhoons named in the Western North Pacific and the South China Sea are Damrey, Langwang and Kirogi. Typhoons in the Chinese and Japanese regions are named after living things and often objects like flowers, rivers etc. Check out every hurricane name since 1950.

News about Hurricanes

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Comments: Hurricane vs Typhoon

Anonymous comments (8)

November 11, 2013, 2:37pm

1992 Hurricane Andrew was crazy , scariest days of my life . Lotta love for Florida and City of Homestead for bouncing back from that tragedy !

— 172.✗.✗.168

November 11, 2013, 3:48am

has a Hurricane ever become a typhoon or vice verse?

— 107.✗.✗.158

November 22, 2010, 9:06pm

For the guy that said he the article is not entirely true, it is. If you were to actually read the whole thing, it states that hurricanes are in the Atlantic AND the east pacific (Hawaii). And typhoons are in the west pacific, past the international date line.

— 166.✗.✗.190

October 12, 2013, 6:29pm

Had to chuckle at the anonymous commenter who said that the "tai" (not "ty" which is just the English spelling of the word) of typhoon (tai-fu in Japanese) means "great," as in his "great wind." The tai of taifu is a completely different character. The "tai" of taifu is 台 (flat), whereas the tai for "great" is (大). Both Chinese and Japanese use the character 台 in the word taifu (English spelling typhoon). So, it does NOT mean "great wind at all. A little knowledge is a dangerous thing.

— 65.✗.✗.86

February 19, 2011, 7:44am

well, me and my boyfriend are debating about hurricane and typhoon thats why i got into this page..questions still unanswered...

— 112.✗.✗.48

June 29, 2010, 5:00am

Heck, I've known this for years. Just had to see what the bloomin computer would actually say!

— 72.✗.✗.70

October 18, 2009, 12:17pm

Excellent! I have wondered about the distinction between the two for years. Finally googled it, this was the first site and here isnthe answer. Thanks!

— 71.✗.✗.143

November 13, 2009, 4:22am

This article is not entirely true where it says hurricanes are in the Atlantic & Typhoons are in the Pacific. I survived Hurricane Iniki over Hawaii which happens to be in the PACIFIC Ocean. It has to do with the date line...anything that approaches the Asian region are classified as typhoons.

— 67.✗.✗.3


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