Thanksgiving in America vs. Thanksgiving in Canada

Thanksgiving in America
Thanksgiving in Canada

In the United States, Thanksgiving is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November but in Canada, it is celebrated on the second Monday in October (which is Columbus Day in the U.S.). While Americans and Canadians both celebrate Thanksgiving Day, there are several differences between the traditions and practices in the two neighboring countries.

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Thanksgiving in America

Thanksgiving in Canada

Date of celebration 4th Thursday in November 2nd Monday in October
Weekend Four day weekend (Thursday - Sunday) Three day weekend (Saturday - Monday)
Significance Thankful for God's bounty and the generosity of Native Americans Thank God for a good harvest
National Holiday Yes -- Thanksgiving is observed in all 50 states in the U.S. No -- optional in Atlantic Canada (NL, NS, NB, PEI)
Origins Thanksgiving was founded as a religious observance for all the members of the community to give thanks to God for a common purpose. Historic reasons for community thanksgivings are: the 1541 thanksgiving mass after the expedition of Francisco Vásque What started out as a religious feast about giving thanks for a bountiful harvest, has evolved into one of the most important weekends on the Canadian calendar.

Contents: Thanksgiving in America vs Thanksgiving in Canada

edit Origins and Significance

Thanksgiving in Canada originated purely as a harvest festival. On January 31, 1957, the Canadian Parliament proclaimed:

A Day of General Thanksgiving to Almighty God for the bountiful harvest with which Canada has been blessed – to be observed on the 2nd Monday in October.

English explorer Martin Frobisher hosted the first Canadian Thanksgiving. It was held in what is now Newfoundland during his expedition's attempts to find the Northwest Passage to the Orient in 1578 and marked their safe arrival to the New World. So it was not hosted to celebrate a bountiful harvest. With time, French, Scottish and German immigrants to Canada added some of their traditions to the harvest festival. American traditions like the turkey were added by the United Empire Loyalists around the time of the American Revolution.

The first American Thanksgiving was celebrated 43 years later in 1621 at the site of Plymouth Plantation, in Massachusetts. The Wampanoag Native Americans helped the pilgrims who arrived in Massachusetts cultivate the land and fish, saving them from starvation. At harvest time in the winter of 1621, they were very thankful that they had a good crop of food to eat during the coming winter. They thanked God and the Wampanoags for teaching them how to grow crops.

edit Date of Thanksgiving

In the United States, Thanksgiving was observed on various dates but by the mid 20th century, most states celebrated on the last Thursday in November. On December 26, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill into law making Thanksgiving a national holiday and settling it to the 4th Thursday in November. The day after Thanksgiving is also a holiday so Thanksgiving is always a 4-day weekend for Americans.

Similarly in Canada, the festival did not have a fixed date until the late 19th century, at which time it was typically held on November 6. In 1957 the Canadian Parliament proclaimed Thanksgiving to be observed on the 2nd Monday of October. Thanksgiving is a 3-day weekend in Canada.

edit Differences in Traditions

There are many common Thanksgiving traditions in Canada and the United States.

edit Travel and family

In both countries Thanksgiving is a time to get together with family. In the U.S. the Thanksgiving holiday weekend is the busiest travel day of the year. Some Canadians use the 3-day holiday for a weekend getaway.

edit Thanksgiving meal

A traditional Thanksgiving meal
A traditional Thanksgiving meal

During the American Revolution, Americans loyal to England moved to Canada and brought along Thanksgiving customs and practices. So there are many similarities in the Thanksgiving meals in both countries.

The featured item in a traditional Thanksgiving meal in America is turkey (Thanksgiving is sometimes called "Turkey Day"). The meal is usually a feast cooked for 5-10 people because families (and friends) often get together on this day. Stuffing, mashed potatoes with gravy, sweet potatoes, cranberry sauce, sweet corn, other fall vegetables, and pumpkin pie are commonly associated with Thanksgiving dinner.

There are some differences between Canadian and American recipes for Thanksgiving. For example,

The traditional Thanksgiving meal is dinner on Thursday in the U.S. whereas in Canada the feast could be held either on Sunday or Monday.

edit Shopping

In America the day after Thanksgiving is characterized by heavy shopping, encouraged by several enticing deals and discounts offered by retailers. Stores typically open early on Friday morning and people line up at night to be the first ones through the door when stores open so that they get the choicest "doorbuster" deals. The day is called "Black Friday" because traditionally that is the day when retail stores go from red to black (turn a profit) for the year. The Monday after Thanksgiving is called "Cyber Monday" because of the heavy online shopping people do on that day.

edit Parades and Football

Thanksgiving in the United States is characterized by large parades, the Macy's Parade being most well known. Parades in Canada are smaller and at a local level. The Kitchener-Waterloo Oktoberfest parade serves as Canada's only Thanksgiving Day parade and is broadcast nationwide. Canadians also enjoy football on Thanksgiving Day - the Canadian Football League holds a nationally televised doubleheader known as the "Thanksgiving Day Classic".

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Comments: Thanksgiving in America vs Thanksgiving in Canada

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Anonymous comments (2)

November 27, 2013, 2:46pm

Thanksgiving is not a four-day holiday in the US. Only the Thursday is considered a federal holiday. Many employers DO give their employees the day off, but this is not universal.

As for the foods, most of the American foods listed seem to describe Southern cuisine. In other parts of the country, the dishes are more like the Canadian ones listed.

— 98.✗.✗.3
0

October 7, 2013, 5:53pm

I grew up in the American South & we always used marshmallows on our sweet potatoes - try 'em, yum, yum...

— 67.✗.✗.19
0

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