Canada and United States are two of the largest countries in the world. They are friendly neighbor states and share a large border. The worlds largest waterfall, Niagara Falls, is also on the border of the two countries.

While both countries are democracies, their style of government is different. French and English are the official languages in Canada while in the U.S., English is the official language. Many government services in the U.S. are also provided in Spanish because of its large Hispanic population.

Comparison chart

Canada versus United States comparison chart
Edit this comparison chartCanadaUnited States
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CanadaUnited States
Demonym Canadian American
Introduction (from Wikipedia) Canada (IPA: /ˈkænədə/) is a country occupying most of northern North America, extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States, America, and sometimes the States, is a federal republic consisting of 50 states and a federal district. The 48 contiguous states and Washington, D.C.
Capital Ottawa, Ontario Washington, D.C.
Largest city Toronto New York City (8.538 M)
Government Parliamentary democracy (federal constitutional monarchy) Federal presidential constitutional republic
Currency Canadian Dollar ($) (CAD) United States Dollar ($) (USD)
Regional Divisions 10 Provinces and 3 Territories 56 political divisions (50 States, 1 Federal District, and 5 major overseas territories)
Monarch Queen Elizabeth II None
National Animal Beaver Bald Eagle
National Anthem God Save the Queen (Royal Anthem), O Canada (National Anthem) Star-Spangled Banner
Legislature Parliament of Canada Congress of the United States of America
Independence July 1st, 1867; From British Empire from Great Britain (July 4, 1776)
Official languages Canadian English, Canadian French English (de facto)
Population 35,151,728 (38th) 321 million (3rd)
Time zone (UTC-3.5 to -8) (UTC−5 to −10)
Calling code +1 +1
National language English, French (Official) English (De Facto)
Internet TLD .ca .gov .us .gov .mil .edu
Description of Flag Red and White. Red Maple Leaf in the centre Red and white stripes, and 50 white stars on a blue background on the upper left corner.
Army Canadian Army U.S. Department of the Army
Speaker of the House The Hon. Andrew Scheer, M.P. Paul Ryan
Drives on the Right Right
Political Leader Justin Trudeau Donald J Trump
Date formats DD/MM/YY MM/DD/YYYY
Upper House Senate Senate
Current constitution Adopted and made active on 1867 Adopted on 17 September 1787 and made active on 4 March 1789
Flag Colors Red and white Red, blue and white
Measurement system Metric Customary
Navy Royal Canadian Navy U. S. Department of the Navy, U. S. Department of the Marine Corps, U. S. Department of the Coast Guard
Lower House House of Commons House Of Representatives
Air Force Royal Canadian Air Force U.S. Department of the Air Force
Department of defense Department of National Defence yes , U.S. Department of Defense and Homeland Security
Preceded by British Canada 13 British Colonies
Independence : Recognized July 1, 1867 September 3, 1789
Total length of land border 8,893 km 12, 034 kms
Most used language English English
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean, Sea Level Badwater Basin (−85.5 m)
Highest Point Mount Logan, 5,959 m (19,551 ft) Mt. McKinley 6,914m
Written Language Canadian English English
Motto A Mari Usque Ad Mare (Latin for "From Sea to Sea") In God We Trust
Special Forces CANSOFCOM US Special Operations Command , (not naming groups, tasks, or training)
International abbreviation CA USA
Muslim population (%) 3.2% 2.1%
Recognised regional languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, Dëne Sųłiné, Cree, Gwich’in, Hän, Inuvialuktun, Slavey, Tłįchǫ Yatiì Navajo, Central Alaskan Yup'ik, Dakota, Western Apache, Keres, Cherokee, Zuni, Ojibwe, O'odham
Language(s) English, French English (De Facto), Spanish
General political conditions It is a democratic independent nation that is part of the Commonwealth of Nations thus has close ties to the United Kingdom. It is an independent nation, a republic.
Intelligence Agencies Canadian Security Intelligence Service or CSIS Central Intelligence Agencies or CIA
Space Organisation Canadian Space Agency NASA
Religions Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism Christianity, Islam, Judaism
Life expectancy 82 82
Official script Latin/Roman Latin/Roman
Literacy rate 99% 99%
Christian population (%) 67.3% 72%
Hindu population (%) 1.5% 0.4%
Buddhist population 1.1% 0.7%
Formation : Finalised 1876 1789
Tallest Building CN Tower (553 m) One World Trade Center (546.2 m)
Nobel laureates 25 331
Flag Nickname The Maple Leaf Star-Spangled Banner
Urban population (%) 80% 82%
Total internet users 85.8%% 254,295,536 (81%)


Both Canada and USA are in the continent of North America. But the epithet "American" usually applies to people and products from the U.S. Likewise "America" usually refers to the US.

Portrayal of Canadians in the U.S.

American sitcoms usually poke fun at their neighbor (e.g. "Oh honey, Canadians don't matter" in That 70s Show) and often portray a stereotype of Canadians as polite people who are passionate about hockey.

Portrayal of Americans in Canada

Canadian television often portrays Americans as loud, opinionated people with a limited knowledge of things outside the U.S. Rick Mercer's Talking to Americans included Governor Mike Huckabee believing that Canada was building a dome over its "National Igloo" to protect it from global warming.

American film can also portray Americans this way. Canadian Bacon, an American film, had John Candy's character say "There is a time for thinking and a time for action and this, gentlemen, is no time to think," when debating whether to initiate an attack.


Football, baseball and basketball are the most popular sports in the U.S. while ice hockey is the most popular Canadian sport.

Video Explaining the Differences

Below is a comical look at the differences between Canadians and Americans.

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