Canada and United States are two of the largest countries in the world. They are friendly neighbor states and share a large border. The worlds largest waterfall, Niagara Falls, is also on the border of the two countries.

While both countries are democracies, their style of government is different. French and English are the official languages in Canada while in the U.S., English is the official language. Many government services in the U.S. are also provided in Spanish because of its large Hispanic population.

Comparison chart

Canada versus United States comparison chart
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CanadaUnited States
Currency Canadian Dollar ($) (CAD) United States Dollar ($) (USD)
Introduction (from Wikipedia) Canada (IPA: /ˈkænədə/) is a country occupying most of northern North America, extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States, America, and sometimes the States, is a federal republic consisting of 50 states and a federal district. The 48 contiguous states and Washington, D.C.
Government Parliamentary democracy (federal constitutional monarchy) Federal presidential constitutional republic
Preceded by British Canada Thirteen Colonies
Capital Ottawa, Ontario Washington, D.C.
Population 38,142,273 (38th) 329.5 million (2020 census)
Time zone (UTC-3.5 to -8) (UTC−5 to −10)
Calling code +1 +1
Demonym Canadian American
Monarch Queen Elizabeth II None
Drives on the Right Right
Language(s) English, French English (De Facto), Spanish
National Anthem God Save the Queen (Royal Anthem), O Canada (National Anthem) Star-Spangled Banner
Date formats DD/MM/YY MM/DD/YYYY
Religions Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism Christianity, Islam, Judaism
Legislature Parliament of Canada Congress of the United States of America
Flag Colors Red and white Red, blue and white
National language English, French (Official) English (De Facto)
Literacy rate 99% 99%
Description of Flag Red and White. Red Maple Leaf in the centre Red and white stripes, and 50 white stars on a blue background on the upper left corner.
President None Joe Biden
Christian population (%) 67.3% 72%
Upper House Senate Senate
Largest city Toronto (2.8 M) - Metro Area app. 6 Million New York City (8.538 M) - Metro Area 19 - 20 Million
Most used language English English
Continent North America North America
International abbreviation CA USA
Space Organisation Canadian Space Agency NASA
Official Name Canada The United States of America (USA)
Written Language Canadian English, Canadian / Quebec French English
Official languages Canadian English, Canadian French None
Internet TLD .ca .us .gov .mil .edu
Lower House House of Commons House Of Representatives
Regional Divisions 10 Provinces and 3 Territories 56 political divisions (50 States, 1 Federal District, and 5 major overseas territories)
Measurement system Metric / Imperial (legacy) Customary
Current constitution Adopted and made active on 1867 (authority Parliament of Great Britain) - Constitution Act 1982 (Canada gains total sovereignty) BNA adopted on 17 September 1787 and made active on 4 March 1789 - CA signed off by Queen Elizabeth on April 17, 1982
Head of State Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II Joe Biden
Navy Royal Canadian Navy U. S. Department of the Navy, U. S. Department of the Marine Corps, U. S. Department of the Coast Guard
Army Canadian Army U.S. Department of the Army
Flag The Maple Leaf - February 15, 1965 Star Spangled Banner, Old Glory
Air Force Royal Canadian Air Force U.S. Department of the Air Force
Department of defense Department of National Defence U.S. Department of Defense and Homeland Security
Speaker of the House The Hon. Andrew Scheer, M.P. Nancy Pelosi
Muslim population (%) 3.2% 2.1%
National Animal Beaver Bald Eagle
Special Forces CANSOFCOM US Special Operations Command , (not naming groups, tasks, or training)
Intelligence Agencies Canadian Security Intelligence Service or CSIS Central Intelligence Agencies or CIA
Political Leader Justin Trudeau Joe Biden
Official script Latin/Roman Latin/Roman
Independence Confederation July 1st, 1867; 1931 Statute of Westminster (From British Empire to Commonwealth Nation) from Great Britain (July 4, 1776)
Independence : Recognized July 1, 1867 (Canada created subject to British law - British North America Act) September 3, 1783
Life expectancy 82 79
Current Leader Justin Trudeau (Prime Minister) Joe Biden (President)
Highest Point Mount Logan, 5,959 m (19,551 ft) Mt. McKinley 6,914m (20,308 ft)
Languages English, French (mainly in Quebec) English
Recognized regional languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, Dëne Sųłiné, Cree, Gwich’in, Hän, Inuvialuktun, Slavey, Tłįchǫ Yatiì Navajo, Central Alaskan Yup'ik, Dakota, Western Apache, Keres, Cherokee, Zuni, Ojibwe, O'odham
Hindu population (%) 1.5% 0.4%
General political conditions It is a democratic independent nation that is part of the Commonwealth of Nations thus has close ties to the United Kingdom. Over time, the United States has become Canada's major international relation. It is an independent nation, a republic.
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean, Sea Level Badwater Basin (−85.5 m)
Motto A Mari Usque Ad Mare (Latin for "From Sea to Sea") In God We Trust
Buddhist population 1.1% 0.7%
Nobel laureates 25 331
Flag Nickname The Maple Leaf Star-Spangled Banner
Total length of land border 8,893 km 12, 034 kms
Urban population (%) 80% 82%
Total internet users 85.8%% 254,295,536 (81%)
Tallest Building CN Tower (446.5 m) 1,464.9 ft. One World Trade Center (541.3 m) 1776 ft.
Weather agencies Environment and Climate Change Canada National Weather Service
Area 9,984,670 km² (2nd) 3,854,085 sq mi 9,857,348 km²
Biggest Company Shopify Walmart


Both Canada and USA are in the continent of North America. But the epithet "American" usually applies to people and products from the U.S. Likewise "America" usually refers to the US.

Portrayal of Canadians in the U.S.

American sitcoms usually poke fun at their neighbor (e.g. "Oh honey, Canadians don't matter" in That 70s Show) and often portray a stereotype of Canadians as polite people who are passionate about hockey.

Portrayal of Americans in Canada

Canadian television often portrays Americans as loud, opinionated people with a limited knowledge of things outside the U.S. Rick Mercer's Talking to Americans included Governor Mike Huckabee believing that Canada was building a dome over its "National Igloo" to protect it from global warming.

American film can also portray Americans this way. Canadian Bacon, an American film, had John Candy's character say "There is a time for thinking and a time for action and this, gentlemen, is no time to think," when debating whether to initiate an attack.


Football, baseball and basketball are the most popular sports in the U.S. while ice hockey is the most popular Canadian sport.

Video Explaining the Differences

Below is a comical look at the differences between Canadians and Americans.

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"Canada vs United States." Diffen LLC, n.d. Web. 23 May 2023. < >