Canada and United States are two of the largest countries in the world. They are friendly neighbor states and share a large border. The worlds largest waterfall, Niagara Falls, is also on the border of the two countries.

While both countries are democracies, their style of government is different. French and English are the official languages in Canada while in the U.S., English is the official language. Many government services in the U.S. are also provided in Spanish because of its large Hispanic population.

Comparison chart

Canada versus United States comparison chart
Edit this comparison chartCanadaUnited States
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CanadaUnited States
Government Parliamentary democracy (federal constitutional monarchy) Federal presidential constitutional republic
Time zone (UTC-3.5 to -8) (UTC−5 to −10)
Currency Canadian Dollar ($) (CAD) United States Dollar ($) (USD)
Official languages Canadian English, Canadian French English (official)
Calling code +1 +1
Introduction (from Wikipedia) Canada (IPA: /ˈkænədə/) is a country occupying most of northern North America, extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States, America, and sometimes the States, is a federal republic consisting of 50 states and a federal district. The 48 contiguous states and Washington, D.C.
Internet TLD .ca .gov .us .gov .mil .edu
Capital Ottawa, Ontario Washington, D.C.
Demonym Canadian American
Largest city Toronto New York City (8.538 M)
Independence July 1st, 1867; From British Empire from Great Britain (July 4, 1776)
National Anthem God Save the Queen (Royal Anthem), O Canada (National Anthem) Star-Spangled Banner
Drives on the Right Right
Monarch Queen Elizabeth II None
Independence : Recognized July 1, 1867 September 3, 1789
Description of Flag Red and White. Red Maple Leaf in the centre Red and white stripes, and 50 white stars on a blue background on the upper left corner.
Upper House Senate Senate
Flag Colors Red and white Red, blue and white
Preceded by British Canada 13 British Colonies
Army Canadian Army U.S. Department of the Army
National language English, French (Official) English (De Facto)
Navy Royal Canadian Navy U. S. Department of the Navy, U. S. Department of the Marine Corps, U. S. Department of the Coast Guard
National Animal Beaver Bald Eagle
Legislature Parliament of Canada Congress of the United States of America
Air Force Royal Canadian Air Force U.S. Department of the Air Force
Most used language English English
Speaker of the House The Hon. Andrew Scheer, M.P. Nancy Pelosi
Language(s) English, French English (De Facto), Spanish
Literacy rate 99% 99%
Written Language Canadian English English
Population 35,151,728 (38th) 321 million (3rd)
Current constitution Adopted and made active on 1867 Adopted on 17 September 1787 and made active on 4 March 1789
Department of defense Department of National Defence U.S. Department of Defense and Homeland Security
Political Leader Justin Trudeau Donald J Trump
Lower House House of Commons House Of Representatives
Regional Divisions 10 Provinces and 3 Territories 56 political divisions (50 States, 1 Federal District, and 5 major overseas territories)
Highest Point Mount Logan, 5,959 m (19,551 ft) Mt. McKinley 6,914m
Muslim population (%) 3.2% 2.1%
Date formats DD/MM/YY MM/DD/YYYY
Recognised regional languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, Dëne Sųłiné, Cree, Gwich’in, Hän, Inuvialuktun, Slavey, Tłįchǫ Yatiì Navajo, Central Alaskan Yup'ik, Dakota, Western Apache, Keres, Cherokee, Zuni, Ojibwe, O'odham
Special Forces CANSOFCOM US Special Operations Command , (not naming groups, tasks, or training)
Religions Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism Christianity, Islam, Judaism
Christian population (%) 67.3% 72%
Hindu population (%) 1.5% 0.4%
Space Organisation Canadian Space Agency NASA
General political conditions It is a democratic independent nation that is part of the Commonwealth of Nations thus has close ties to the United Kingdom. It is an independent nation, a republic.
Official script Latin/Roman Latin/Roman
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean, Sea Level Badwater Basin (−85.5 m)
Measurement system Metric Customary
International abbreviation CA USA
Formation : Finalised 1876 1789
Motto A Mari Usque Ad Mare (Latin for "From Sea to Sea") In God We Trust
Buddhist population 1.1% 0.7%
Life expectancy 82 82
Intelligence Agencies Canadian Security Intelligence Service or CSIS Central Intelligence Agencies or CIA
President None Donald J. Trump
Nobel laureates 25 331
Flag Nickname The Maple Leaf Star-Spangled Banner
Total length of land border 8,893 km 12, 034 kms
Urban population (%) 80% 82%
Total internet users 85.8%% 254,295,536 (81%)
Tallest Building CN Tower (553 m) One World Trade Center (546.2 m)
Weather agencies Environment and Climate Change Canada National Weather Service
Government : Prime Minister Justin Trudeau None
Current Leader Justin Trudeau (Prime Minister) Donald J. Trump (president)
Official Name Canada The United States of America (USA)
Continent North America North America
Head of State Justin Trudeau Donald Trump
Head of Government : Justin Trudeau Donald Trump
Languages English, French English
Flag The Canadian Leaf Star Spangled Banner, Old Glory
Government : President/Prime Minister Justin Trudeau Donald Trump


Both Canada and USA are in the continent of North America. But the epithet "American" usually applies to people and products from the U.S. Likewise "America" usually refers to the US.

Portrayal of Canadians in the U.S.

American sitcoms usually poke fun at their neighbor (e.g. "Oh honey, Canadians don't matter" in That 70s Show) and often portray a stereotype of Canadians as polite people who are passionate about hockey.

Portrayal of Americans in Canada

Canadian television often portrays Americans as loud, opinionated people with a limited knowledge of things outside the U.S. Rick Mercer's Talking to Americans included Governor Mike Huckabee believing that Canada was building a dome over its "National Igloo" to protect it from global warming.

American film can also portray Americans this way. Canadian Bacon, an American film, had John Candy's character say "There is a time for thinking and a time for action and this, gentlemen, is no time to think," when debating whether to initiate an attack.


Football, baseball and basketball are the most popular sports in the U.S. while ice hockey is the most popular Canadian sport.

Video Explaining the Differences

Below is a comical look at the differences between Canadians and Americans.

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"Canada vs United States." Diffen LLC, n.d. Web. 23 Jan 2020. < >