Comparison chart

Christianity versus Hinduism comparison chart
ChristianityHinduism
ChristianityHinduism
Place of worship Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, home bible study, personal dwellings. Temple (Mandir)
Place of origin Roman province of Judea. Indian Subcontinent
Practices Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Meditation, yoga, contemplation, yagna (communal worship), offerings in the temple.
Use of statues and pictures In Catholic & Orthodox Churches. Common
Goal of religion To love God and obey his commandments while creating a relationship with Jesus Christ and spreading the Gospel so that others may also be saved. To break the cycle of birth, death and reincarnation, and attain salvation.
Belief of God One God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Many gods, but realize that they all come from Atman.
Founder The Lord Jesus Christ. Not credited to a particular founder.
Human Nature Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. By knowing right and wrong Christians choose their actions. Humans are a fallen, broken race in need of salvation and repair by God. Depends on sects.
Means of Salvation Through Christ's Passion, Death, and Resurrection. Reaching enlightenment by the Path of Knowledge, the Path of devotion, or the Path of Good Deeds.
Scriptures The Holy Bible Vedas, Upanishad, Puranas, Gita. Smrti and Sruti are oral scriptures.
Life after death Eternity in Heaven or Hell, in some cases temporal Purgatory. A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached.
Clergy Priests, bishops, ministers, monks, and nuns. No official clergy. Gurus, Yogis, Rishis, Brahmins, Pundits, priests, priestesses, monks, and nuns.
Literal Meaning Follower Of Christ. The followers of Vedas are called as Arya, noble person. Arya is not a dynasty, ethnicity or race. Anyone who follows the teachings of Vedas is considered Arya.
Followers Christian (followers of Christ) Hindus.
Geographical distribution and predominance As the largest religion in the world, Christianity has adherents are all over the world. As a % of local population, Christians are in a majority in Europe, North and South America, and Australia and New Zealand. Mainly in India, Nepal and Mauritius. Has significant population in Fiji, Bhutan, UAE, etc.
Marriage A Holy Sacrament. Man may marry one woman. However, kings in mythology often married more than one woman.
Original Language(s) Aramaic, Greek, and Latin. Sanskrit
View of the Buddha N/A. Some Hindu sects claim Buddha was an avatar of Vishnu. Others believe he was a holy man.
Confessing sins Protestants confess straight to God, Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God (Orthodox have similar practice) Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional. God always forgives sins in Jesus. Repentance for unintentional sins are prescribed, but intentional sins have to be repaid through karmic consequences.
About Christianity broadly consists of individuals who believe in the deity Jesus Christ. Its followers, called Christians, often believe Christ is "the Son" of the Holy Trinity and walked the earth as the incarnate form of God ("the Father"). Devotion to the various gods & goddesses of Hinduism.
Religious Law Has existed among Catholics in the form of canon law. Dharma shastras
Symbols Cross, ichthys ("Jesus fish"), Mary and baby Jesus. Om, Swastika, etc.
God's role in salvation Humans cannot save themselves or ascend on their own to a higher level. Only God is good and therefore only God is able to save a person. Jesus came down from Heaven to save mankind. Beliefs vary by sect. Upanishads (scripture) say God chooses who gets salvation. Salvation is attained via good deeds and righteousness (following the "dharma" and avoiding sin)
Day of worship Sunday, the Lord's Day. Orthodox schools prescribe three prayer times a day: at dawn, noon and dusk.
Belief The Nicene Creed sums up Christian belief in the Holy Trinity. Diverse beliefs depending on sects.
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed. N/A.
Population Over a billion adherents worldwide. 1 Billion.
Status of Muhammad N/A. N/A.
Prophets Prophets in the Bible are venerated. No prophets, but Rishis could be considered equivalent in Vedic times. Avataras of Vedic God are different from human reincarnations, but could be considered equivalent to Christian idea of God in flesh.
Definition Disciple of Jesus Christ. The word Hindu has geographical significance and was used originally for those people who lived beyond the river Sindhu or the region watered by the river Indus. Hindus themselves, call their religion "Sanatana Dharma, " meaning "Eternal Law."
Abrahamic Lineage Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. N/A.
Jesus Son Of God. N/A.
View of other Dharmic religions N/A They believe that Buddhists, Jains, & Sikhs should reunite with Hinduism (which is the original Dharmic religion).
Goal of Philosophy Objective reality. Worship of God who created life, the universe, and is eternal. Christianity has its own philosophy, found in the the Bible. That philosophy is Salvation from sin, through the Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ. Salvation, freedom from the cycle of birth and reincarnation.
Holy days/Official Holidays The Lord's Day; Advent, Christmas; New Year, Lent, Easter, Pentecost, every day is dedicated to a Saint. Diwali, Holi, Janmashtami, Ganesh Chaturthi, etc.
Authority of Dalai Lama N/A. N/A.
Place and Time of origin Jerusalem, approx. 33 AD. Indian Subcontinent, beginning with the Vedic civilization circa 3000 BC
Position of Mary Mother Of Jesus. Revered in all denominations. Worshipped in Catholicism. N/A.
Religion which atheists may still be adherents of No. Charvakas and Sankyas are atheistic groups in Hinduism. Hinduism is the only religion which accepts atheism.
Branches Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant. Shaivism and Vaishnavism
imams identified as N/A. N/A.
Promised Holy one. Second Coming of Christ Kalki, the 10'th avatar of Vishnu.
Rites Seven sacraments: Baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance, anointing of the sick, holy orders, matrimony (Catholic and Orthodox). Anglicans: Baptism and Eucharist. Other denominations: Baptism and communion. Some Hindus believe in a "thread ceremony" for men.
Position of Abraham Father of the faithful. N/A.
Holy Days Christmas (celebration of the birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus), Sunday (day of rest), Easter (resurrection of Jesus), Lent (Catholicism), saints' feast days. Diwali, Holi, Ram Navami, Hanuman Jayanti, Ganesh Chaturthi, etc. There are many holy days in Hinduism which differ from region to region.
Birth of Jesus Virgin Birth, through God. N/A.
Death of Jesus Death by crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension to heaven. Will return. N/A.
Identity of Jesus The Son Of God. N/A.
Virtue on which religion is based upon Love. Follow righteousness.
Views on other religion Christianity is the True Faith. Believe all religions have some truth in them.
Views on the afterlife Eternity in Heaven or Hell; some believe in temporal suffering in Purgatory, before admittance into Heaven. A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached after which moksha is attained.
Authority of Pope Leader and overseer of the Catholic Church. his authority is completely rejected by Protestants, and is viewed by Orthodox as first among equals. Orthodox and Protestants reject Papal infallibility and Papal supremacy. N/A.
View of God One God, Who Is the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Monists believe only Brahman exists, Pantheists believe all things/entities are God, Monotheistic sects consider God as immanent and transcendent and different from others. The Nasadiya Sukta even explores creation-ex-nihilo.
Promised Holy One Second Coming Of Christ. Kalki, the 10th Avatar of Vishnu
No. of Gods and Godesses 1 God 33 Crore (330 million)
Use of Statues Forbidden in Protestant denominations; icons are used in Catholic & Orthodox denominations. Allowed, but not compulsory
Status of Vedas N/A. Vedas are generally regarded as sacred in Hinduism. Post-Vedic texts like the Gita are also revered.
Names of God God, Gud, Gott, Deo, Dios. Jehovah, YHWH, Eli Elohim, Allah, (depending on language Christians are of every language and culture around the world) Brahman and many other names in other languages
Use of statues, images some denominations regard It as forbidden and Idolatry. Anglicans and Lutherans allow pictures but forbid venerating them. Catholics encourage pictures and statues and venerate them. Orthodox encourage pictures and venerate them. Common.
On Clothing Conservative Christians dress modestly; women may cover their heads, wear long skirts or dresses; men may wear dress clothes that do not show the chest, legs, and arms. More moderate or liberal Christians generally reject such clothing restrictions. Differ from region region.
Virtue(s) in which religion is based upon Love. Follow dharma (righteouness), eternal law.
sects Catholic, Protestant, & Orthodox. Vaishnava, Shaivaya, & Shaktism.
Related Religions Islam, Judaism, Baha'i faith Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism
On Women Equal to men. In some denominations, they may become nuns. Mainly women are considered equal to men and there are many Goddesses in Hinduism.

Further Reading

For further reading, there are several books available on Amazon.com on Hinduism and Christianity:


References

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