Comparison chart

Christianity versus Hinduism comparison chart
ChristianityHinduism
ChristianityHinduism
Place of worship Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, home bible study, personal dwellings. Temple (Mandir)
Place of origin Roman province of Judea. Indian Subcontinent
Practices Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Meditation, yoga, contemplation, yagna (communal worship), offerings in the temple.
Life after death Eternity in Heaven or Hell, in some cases temporal Purgatory. A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached.
Means of Salvation Through Christ's Passion, Death, and Resurrection. Reaching enlightenment by the Path of Knowledge, the Path of devotion, or the Path of Good Deeds.
Belief of God One God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The Trinity. Many gods, but realize that they all come from Atman.
Use of statues and pictures In Catholic & Orthodox Churches. Common
Founder The Lord Jesus Christ. Not credited to a particular founder.
Clergy Priests, bishops, ministers, monks, and nuns. No official clergy. Gurus, Yogis, Rishis, Brahmins, Pundits, priests, priestesses, monks, and nuns.
Goal of religion To love God and obey his commandments while creating a relationship with Jesus Christ and spreading the Gospel so that others may also be saved. To break the cycle of birth, death and reincarnation, and attain salvation.
Human Nature Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. By knowing right and wrong Christians choose their actions. Humans are a fallen, broken race in need of salvation and repair by God. Depends on sects.
Literal Meaning Follower Of Christ. The followers of Vedas are called as Arya, noble person. Arya is not a dynasty, ethnicity or race. Anyone who follows the teachings of Vedas is considered Arya.
Marriage A Holy Sacrament. Man may marry one woman. However, kings in mythology often married more than one woman.
Followers Christian (followers of Christ) Hindus.
View of the Buddha N/A. Some Hindu sects claim Buddha was an avatar of Vishnu. Others believe he was a holy man.
Original Language(s) Aramaic, Greek, and Latin. Sanskrit
Holy days/Official Holidays The Lord's Day; Advent, Christmas; New Year, Lent, Easter, Pentecost, every day is dedicated to a Saint. Diwali, Holi, Janmashtami, Ganesh Chaturthi, etc.
View of other Dharmic religions N/A They believe that Buddhists, Jains, & Sikhs should reunite with Hinduism (which is the original Dharmic religion).
Symbols Cross, ichthys ("Jesus fish"), Mary and baby Jesus. Om, Swastika, etc.
Population Over two billion adherents worldwide. 1 Billion.
Religion which atheists may still be adherents of No. Charvakas and Sankyas are atheistic groups in Hinduism.
Confessing sins Protestants confess straight to God, Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God (Orthodox have similar practice) Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional. God always forgives sins in Jesus. Repentance for unintentional sins are prescribed, but intentional sins have to be repaid through karmic consequences.
Authority of Dalai Lama N/A. N/A.
Religious Law Varies among denominations. Has existed among Catholics in the form of canon law. Dharma shastras
About Christianity broadly consists of individuals who believe in the deity Jesus Christ. Its followers, called Christians, often believe Christ is "the Son" of the Holy Trinity and walked the earth as the incarnate form of God ("the Father"). Devotion to the various gods & goddesses of Hinduism.
Day of worship Sunday, the Lord's Day. Orthodox schools prescribe three prayer times a day: at dawn, noon and dusk.
Scriptures The Holy Bible Vedas, Upanishad, Puranas, Gita. Smrti and Sruti are oral scriptures.
Status of Muhammad N/A. N/A.
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed. N/A.
Geographical distribution and predominance As the largest religion in the world, Christianity has adherents are all over the world. As a % of local population, Christians are in a majority in Europe, North and South America, and Australia and New Zealand. Mainly in India, Nepal and Mauritius. Has significant population in Fiji, Bhutan, UAE, etc.
God's role in salvation Humans cannot save themselves or ascend on their own to a higher level. Only God is good and therefore only God is able to save a person. Jesus came down from Heaven to save mankind. Beliefs vary by sect. Upanishads (scripture) say God chooses who gets salvation. Salvation is attained via good deeds and righteousness (following the "dharma" and avoiding sin)
Position of Mary Mother Of Jesus. Revered in all denominations. Degree of reverence varies from denomination. N/A.
Goal of Philosophy Objective reality. Worship of God who created life, the universe, and is eternal. Christianity has its own philosophy, found in the the Bible. That philosophy is Salvation from sin, through the Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ. Salvation, freedom from the cycle of birth and reincarnation.
Rites Seven sacraments: Baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance, anointing of the sick, holy orders, matrimony (Catholic and Orthodox). Anglicans: Baptism and Eucharist. Other denominations: Baptism and communion. Some Hindus believe in a "thread ceremony" for men.
imams identified as N/A. N/A.
Identity of Jesus The Son Of God. N/A.
Use of Statues Varies by denomination. Not used in Protestant denominations; icons are used in Catholic & Orthodox denominations. Allowed, but not compulsory
Place and Time of origin Jerusalem, approx. 33 AD. Indian Subcontinent, beginning with the Vedic civilization circa 3000 BC
Names of God God, Gud, Gott, Deo, Dios. Jehovah, YHWH, Eli Elohim, (depending on language Christians are of every language and culture around the world) Brahman and many other names in other languages
Branches Roman Catholics, independent Catholics, Protestants (Anglicans, Lutherans etc.), Orthodox (Greek orthodox, Russian orthodox). Shaivism and Vaishnavism
Use of statues, images some denominations regard It as forbidden and Idolatry. Anglicans and Lutherans allow pictures but forbid venerating them. Catholics encourage pictures and statues and venerate them. Orthodox encourage pictures and venerate them. Common.
Belief The Nicene Creed sums up Christian belief in the Holy Trinity. Diverse beliefs depending on sects.
Status of Vedas N/A. Vedas are generally regarded as sacred in Hinduism. Post-Vedic texts like the Gita are also revered.
Prophets Prophets in the Bible are venerated. No prophets, but Rishis could be considered equivalent in Vedic times. Avataras of Vedic God are different from human reincarnations, but could be considered equivalent to Christian idea of God in flesh.
Jesus Son Of God. Second person of the Trinity. God the Son. N/A.
Promised Holy one. Second Coming of Christ Kalki, the 10'th avatar of Vishnu.
Abrahamic Lineage Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. N/A.
Birth of Jesus Virgin Birth, through God. N/A.
On Clothing Conservative Christians dress modestly; women may wear long skirts or dresses; men may wear dress clothes that do not show the chest, legs, and arms. More moderate or liberal Christians generally reject such clothing restrictions. Differ from region region.
Position of Abraham Father of the faithful. N/A.
Death of Jesus Death by crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension to heaven. Will return. N/A.
Virtue on which religion is based upon Love and justice. Follow righteousness.
Views on the afterlife Eternity in Heaven or Hell; some believe in temporal suffering in Purgatory, before admittance into Heaven. A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached after which moksha is attained.
Views on other religion Christianity is the True Faith. Believe all religions have some truth in them.
On Women Equal to men. In some denominations, they may become nuns. Mainly women are considered equal to men and there are many Goddesses in Hinduism.
Holy Days Christmas (celebration of the birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus), Sunday (day of rest), Easter (resurrection of Jesus), Lent (Catholicism), saints' feast days. Diwali, Holi, Ram Navami, Hanuman Jayanti, Ganesh Chaturthi, etc. There are many holy days in Hinduism which differ from region to region.
View of God One Trinity God, Who Is the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Monists believe only Brahman exists, Pantheists believe all things/entities are God, Monotheistic sects consider God as immanent and transcendent and different from others. The Nasadiya Sukta even explores creation-ex-nihilo.
No. of Gods and Godesses 1 God 33 Crore (330 million)
Virtue(s) in which religion is based upon Love and justice. Follow dharma (righteouness), eternal law.
Promised Holy One Second Coming Of Christ. Kalki, the 10th Avatar of Vishnu
Authority of Pope Leader and overseer of the Catholic Church. his authority is completely rejected by Protestants, and is viewed by Orthodox as first among equals. Orthodox and Protestants reject Papal infallibility and Papal supremacy. N/A.
Related Religions Islam, Judaism, Baha'i faith Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism

Further Reading

For further reading, there are several books available on Amazon.com on Hinduism and Christianity:


References

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