Pro-life refers to the abortion rights movement and pro-life refers to the anti-abortion camp. Both "pro-life" and "pro-choice" are considered political framing and unspeak i.e. naming a group or ideology in a way that the name conveys an argument in favor of the group.


Comparison chart

Pro-choice versus Pro-life comparison chart
Edit this comparison chartPro-choicePro-life
About Pro-choice is most commonly used to describe the position which advocates the existence of a woman's right to choose whether or not to have an abortion. Pro-life describes the anti-abortion movement's position that an abortion is the same as taking a life.
Prominent proponents Democratic party, Planned Parenthood, NARAL Pro-choice America, ACLU, Natl. Org. for Women. Republican party; Christian groups, especially the Catholic church; National Right to Life
Justifications (1) Women's lives are lost due to unsafe abortions when abortion is illegal. (2) A woman has a right to control her own body and to decide if she wants to be a mother. (3) When mother's life is in danger. (4) Rape and incest cases. (1) A fetus is a living person and abortion is therefore murder. (2) A fetus feels pain when the pregnancy is terminated.
Exceptions Pro-choice proponents tend to make an exception and agree that late-stage or partial-birth abortions should not be allowed. Pro-life proponents tend to make an exception for cases where the pregnancy is a result of rape or incest.
Neutral terminology "Abortion rights" is considered a more neutral description of this position. Reuters and Associated Press use "abortion rights." "Anti-abortion" is considered a neutral description of the "pro-life" position. Reuters and Associated Press use "anti-abortion."

References

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