Fruits and vegetables are both edible plant products that are good for health. While most vegetables and fruits are easy to distinguish and classify, sometimes it is hard to tell if something is a vegetable or a fruit. For example, the tomato is often considered a vegetable but is actually a fruit.
|Introduction (from Wikipedia)||The term fruit has different meanings dependent on context, and the term is not synonymous in food preparation and biology. In botany, which is the scientific study of plants, fruits are the ripened ovaries of flowering plants.||The term "vegetable" generally means the edible parts of plants. But the definition is traditional rather than scientific, so the usage of the word is somewhat arbitrary and subjective, as it is determined by individual cultural customs.|
- the developed ovary of a seed plant with its contents and accessory parts, as the pea pod, nut, tomato, or pineapple.
- the edible part of a plant developed from a flower, with any accessory tissues, as the peach, mulberry, or banana
- A plant cultivated for an edible part, such as the root of the beet, the leaf of spinach, or the flower buds of broccoli or cauliflower.
A fruit is the (often sweet and fleshy) part of a plant that surrounds the seeds. Fruits are thus the ripened ovaries of the plant.
All other edible plant parts are considered vegetables. A vegetable is an herbaceous plant cultivated for an edible part.
Differences in popular usage
Most fruits are sweet because they contain a simple sugar called fructose, while most vegetables are less sweet because they have much less fructose. The sweetness of fruit encourages animals to eat it and thereby spread the seeds.
Examples of fruits and vegetables
Here's an interesting list of fruits that are often thought to be vegetables:
- squashes and zucchini
- green, red, and yellow peppers
Apples, eggplants, rose hips and corn kernels are also fruits.
Examples of vegetables include broccoli, potato, lettuce, spinach and cauliflower.
Video explaining the differences