Sikhism and Judaism are both monotheistic religions i.e. they believe that there is only one God.

Comparison chart

Judaism versus Sikhism comparison chart
JudaismSikhism
JudaismSikhism
Place of origin The Levant Punjab, in an area which was partitioned into modern-day Pakistan. Sikhs are now predominant in Indian-Punjab.
Place of worship Synagogues, Western Wall of the Temple in Jerusalem Gurdwara for congregational worship. Anyone may enter a Gurdwara, however-no matter their faith, caste, or skin color. Personal worship can be done in any place at any time. God resides in everything and everyone.
Practices Prayers 3 times daily, with a fourth prayer added on Shabbat and holidays. Shacarit prayer in the morning, Mincha in the afternoon, Arvit at night; Musaf is an extra Shabbat service. Daily prayers. The three pillars of Sikhism are: a) To remember God at all times which includes being thankful to God for what you have been given, b) To live your life honestly/with integrity and c) Sharing what you have with those less fortunate.
Use of statues and pictures Ancient times: Not allowed as it is considered Idolatry. Today, great artwork is encouraged. Statues of people are fine, but not as religious icons. Not allowed as considered Idolatry. Pictures of the Sikh Gurus are considered Idolatry and are not accepted from a religious perspective. Gurus maybe praised because they are equivalent to God.
Belief of God Only one God (monotheism). God is the one True Creator. God has always existed, none existed before him and will exist forever. He transcends life and death. Monotheism
Means of salvation Through belief in God, good deeds, complete faith. Worship God, do Good Deeds in the name of God, performing service for community. Fight 5 evils (5 sins) - Greed, Ego, Attachment, Anger, and Lust. Meditate, pray, and improve your relationship with God and God will forgive, cleanse, and save you.
About Judaism is created by Abraham 2000 BCE and his descendants of Issac and Jacob. The Law: the 10 Commandments was given to Moses (and 600 000 Jews who left Egyptian slavery) in c, 1300 BCE to return to Israel and follow God's will. A Religion spread by 10 Gurus to preach to worship one creator
Life after death World to come, Reincarnation (some groups); unifying with God, there are different opinions and beliefs A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached. Sikhs believe that there are 8,400,000 forms of life and that many souls have to travel though a number of these before they can reach Waheguru. The goal is to merge with God.
Goal of religion To celebrate LIFE! To fulfill the Covenant with God. Do good deeds. Help repair the world. Love God with all your heart. Strong social justice ethic. To merge with and have the greatest relationship with God possible. To love and obey God unconditionally. Guru Nanak Dev Ji stressed that we should not be afraid of God's wrath, but instead be afraid of not receiving the full benefits of God's love.
Founder Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Moses Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Religious Law Halakhah. Ethics. Commandments. 613 mitzvahs to be followed. Charity. Prayer. Rabbinical rulings with minority opinions. Debate very important part of system. Debate is encouraged in schools. Part of Bible addresses specific laws for everyday life. No necessary laws but a sikh may follow the 3 rules of their life such as 1)Naam Japna (remember/meditate on God) 2)Vand K Shakhna (give to those who need it) 3)Kirat Karna (earn by honest means).
Literal Meaning A Jew (Hebrew: יְהוּדִי, Yehudi (sl.); יְהוּדִים, Yehudim (pl.); Ladino: ג׳ודיו, Djudio (sl.); ג׳ודיוס, Djudios (pl.); Yiddish: ייִד, Yid (sl.); ייִדן, Yidn (pl.))[1] is a member of the Jewish people/ethnicity. Sikh means "Student" in Persian-Punjabi. It Means To Learn.Sikh means a person who learn all his life from others.
Day of worship Friday at sunset through Saturday sunset, is the Sabbath, THE most Holy Day (yes, all 52 of them). Taking time off from work, once a week, was invented by Judaism. It is more Holy than any other holiday, and is spent in contemplation and prayer. Every day Sikhs worship the one God at their homes, even with or without a Gurdwara service.
Human Nature You must choose good from bad. You are responsible for your actions, not thoughts. People are essentially good; the divine spark within them needs only to be fanned into a flame of goodness. Sinning is following the veil of illusion "Maya". Karma is unavoidably paid f you sin.
Clergy Ancient times: Hereditary privileged priest class--Kohen and Levi. Present day: Religious functionaries like Rabbis, Cantors, Scribes, Mohels. The Granthi is appointed as one take care of Guru Granth Sahib besides No clergy. Raagi who sings the Granth Sahib Baani in Respective Raagas.
Original Language(s) Hebrew. Every word has a 3 letter root word. Yiddish: part Hebrew, part German/East European language. Sephardic: part Hebrew, part Arabic language. Punjabi was the original language in Sikhism and Persian also but Sikhs can learn as many languages as they want to learn.
God's role in salvation Divine revelation of God's law and to judge man's actions. Good deeds, and righteousness. Each New Year, during Yom Kippur, Jews fast and pray for forgiveness from God, and if accepted, are written into the Book of Life, for the next year. God is generous and loving. mankind will reincarnate until he becomes a Sikh and achieves paradise.
Ressurection of Jesus Denied N/A
Confessing sins Ancient times: there was a sin offering for individuals. Today people individually repair their sins. On Yom Kippur, they confess sins, and ask forgiveness from God. But also they must ask forgiveness directly from any people they may have wronged. As the Divine light is in all of us, God already knows of our "sins". We are to pray to God for God to forgive us and cleanse us. Only through God and doing Good Deeds in God's name in a way that God is pleased can we obtain salvation-escape from sin
Status of Muhammad N/A. Saint, a guru of time. He is mentioned in Sikhism- but is used to name the guru incarnate of god.(irrelevant to some)
Followers Jews Sikhs
Marriage Ancient times: unlimited polygamy with concubinage. In modern times, monogamy officially since 1310 AD. Marriage can be arranged or it can be a love marriage. Monogamistic, against premarital sex. Marriage is the merging of two souls as one.
Symbols Star of David, Menorah. The Khanda ☬
Position of Mary Not applicable, as Jews do not believe that Jesus is their Messiah, and therefore, his Jewish mother plays no role in the Jewish religion other than history. N/A
Definition Of the tribe of Judah. Disciple, student or learner of God.
Second coming of Jesus Not part of liturgy. Irrelevant
View of the Buddha N/A. There is an important person in Sikhism who is called Buddha.
imams identified as N/A. N/A.
Original Languages Hebrew common till 500 BCE, Aramaic and Greek koine till 300 CE. Hebrew always for religious services. Local languages and different extinct and living Jewish languages like Carfati, Jiddish, Ladino, Judesmo etc Punjabi
Revered People The Patriarchs, Moses, various rabbis, and Tzaddics, down through the centuries. Gurus, bhagats, sants, gursikhs.
On Race Jews believe they are the "chosen people" i.e. descendants of the ancient Israelites are chosen to be in a covenant with God. However, all human beings are God's people, descended from Adam and Eve who were created in the image of God. All are equal.
On Clothing Orthodox men always wear hats; Orthodox women either wear hats or wigs. Orthodox dress is modest. Wear the 5 Ks (kangha, kara, kachera, kirpan, kesh)
On Food/Drink Jews are required to eat kosher food. Pork is forbidden. Requirement for prayer and ritual butchery of meat. Quick and swift slaughter at single point on the throat; blood has to be completely drained. Do not drink intoxicating drinks, vegetarianism encouraged, eating animals killed ritualistically is forbidden. Only "jhatka" meat allowed, i.e. animal must be slaughtered in 1 stroke. Therefore, fish is not allowed.
View of Jesus Regular Person. A very holy messenger of God.
Praying to Saints, Mary, and Angel Jews only pray to God. They do not need Rabbis to pray. Each Jew can pray directly to God whenever he or she wants to. forbidden Worship is to be for One God only, gurus may be Praised because they are manifestations of God in the flesh.
Rites Mitzvahs. Bar & Bat Mitvahs are the most well known, but, there are others too. Amrit Sanchar (Being Initiated into the Khalsa. Equivalent to baptism).
Important Tenets The Law of Moses. Rehat Maryada, 52 Hukams of Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
View of other Abrahamic religions Believe that Christians are wrong in believing that Jesus is the Messiah; they neither believe nor disbelieve that Muhammad and/or Bah-u-llah are prophets. All faiths will get what they work towards. Sikhism does not condemn others to Hell or say if you are not Sikh you are eternally damned. Sikhs prays for "Sarbat Da Bhala", meaning the good and prosperity of all Humanity regardless of differences.
Names of God HaShem, Adonai, Waheguru, Ik Onkaar, Sat Nam, Akhal Purakh.
Use of statues Forbidden to use in religion Forbidden
Branches Religious: Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, Renewel, Reconstruction. Traditions: Sephard, (Spain, Arab countries, Turkey). Ashkenazi: (Europe, Russia). MIzrachi: (Iraq, Persia, India). Udasis – An order of ascetics & holy men who follow Guru Nanak's son Baba Sri Chand. Sahajdharis – who are clean shaven but have chosen the path of Sikhism & eventual baptism. The Khalsa, who are baptized and follow the traditional practices of S
Holy days/Official Holidays Sabbath, Rosh HaShanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Simchat Torah, Chanukah, Tu BiShvat, Purim, Passover, Lag BaOmer, Shavout. Holidays given by God or historical events, Israeli holidays. Holocaust remembrance. No one day is deemed holier then another. However dates that have historical significance such as Vasaikhi and Gurpurabs are celebrated with Prayers in Gurdwaras.
Population Around 13-16 Million, debated. Population varies due to conversion (although some types are not recognized by the state of Israel) and "marrying out" (of the faith) 30 million
View of Animistic religions The earliest Jewish holidays correspond to agricultural seasons. Jews uniquely developed monotheism as a God of All. They were surrounded by pagen tribes who believed in gods based on their location, or nature. Sikhism respects animistic religions.
Legislation Prerogative of the people Panj Pyare, (Akal Takht is meeting place)
Use of statues, images Forbidden Forbidden.
Religion which atheists may still be adherents of Yes, since Judaism emphasizes Deed over Creed; Many Jews profess to be atheists, and are committed and proud to be Jews. A person must believe in God to be a Sikh
Belief of deities One God. There is one God whom is without form.
Three Jewels Torah, People, Land, Law. love God. Naam Japna (Meditate on God), Kirat Karni (To work and earn by the sweat of the brow, to live a family way of life, and practice truthfulness and honesty in all dealings), Vand Chakna (To share with others without expecting anything in return).
Marriage and Divorce Monogamous. Marriage permitted. One can marry peacefully and take Laavan (wedding prayer) in Gurudwara but if personal differences occur they can take divorce. Conservative Sikhs believe marriage is a holy bond that cannot be broken.
View of other Dharmic religions N/A. Sikhs respect other Dharmic religions.
Identity of Jesus Simply not part of liturgy. Not mentioned one way or the other. Jesus is looked as a "saint". Sikhs do not believe that Jesus is God because Sikhism teaches that God is neither born, nor dead. Jesus was born and lived a human life, therefore, he cannot be God. However, Sikhs still show respect to all beliefs.
Saints Jewish holy figures are known as Tzaddics. The Sikh notion of a saint or prophet is called a guru, meaning one who can offer salvation, and deliver a soul from darkness into light (Sanskrit: gu = darkness, ru = light).
Prophet Moses, Samuel, Nathan, Elijah, Elisha, etc. No prophets in Sikhism only direct relation with God with no mediator. No Prophets but Gurus existed.
Concept of God One God Self Created, Indestructible, Unborn, Creater of Universe, Guru Nanak is God and Manifest.
Authority of Dalai Lama N/A. N/A.
Concept of Deity Belief in one God and teachings of the tradition, prophets and rabbis. Belief in one God and teachings of the Sikh Gurus. Gurus are the messengers of God.
Angels Angels serve God as messengers. World is full of beings existing that we cannot see or understand. Kabbalah includes mystical studies of this. N/A
Direction of Prayer Toward Jerusalem. Sikh's reject the notion of fixed direction of Prayer as God is everywhere.
Principle By accepting the covenant, they choose to follow God's commandments. A unique ethnicity. Early monotheists. The worship of the One God through prayer and devotion. Sikhs are required to meditate on God's name to clear their mind and eliminate the 5 evils. Meditation is also used to bring oneself closer to God.
Status of women Equal to men in eyes of God and in the Law (Halakha). Woman traditionally have been granted more equal rights than most other world cultures. Today, traditions among the Orthodox and the Reform movements differ greatly. Sikhism teaches that men and women are 100% equal in the eyes of God. Women have the exact same rights as men and are to be respected and honored. God loves both equally and neither is better than the other.
Status of Adam First known use of the Adam/Eve mythology. Only God knows who was created first and who will be created last. Most likely the first Guru on earth as a fish form.
Time of origin c 1300 BC 1469 AD.
Geographical predominance Israel, USA, Canada, France, England, Russia, Argentina. Has varied throughout history, Arabia, Persia, Babylonia, Rome, Greece, Ottoman Empire, Eastern Europe, due to various migrations and persecutions. Indian Punjab, hundreds of thousands in the US, Canada, UK , Europe, Africa, Australia, New Zealand and elsewhere.
Can atheists partake in this religion's practices? Yes. Yes.
Clothes Jews wear skullcaps called kippot, or yarmulkes. In prayer, Men over 13 wear shawls, called Tallit, and during morning prayer, leather straps called Tefillin, which awaken the spiritual connection with God. Women cover their heads with a prayer shawl Men should wear turbans and women are permitted to wear turbans or scarfs if they so desire, once baptized. In addition to that, they wear the five articles of faith: Kesh(uncut hair), Kanga(comb), Kara(metal bangle), Kirpan(dagger), Kachera(shorts).

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